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Aerial view of Lagos in 1929
Ceremonial Igbo pot from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu
Map of Lagos' initial city boundaries, showing its contemporary districts. This definition is rarely used in the present day; the expanded metropolitan area is now a more accepted definition of Lagos.
Yoruba copper mask of Obalufon from the city of Ife c. 1300
Lekki Conservation Centre canopy walk
Royal Benin ivory mask, one of Nigeria's most recognized artifacts. Benin Empire, 16th century.
Lagos Marina
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard who as Governor-General of Nigeria led the amalgamation of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.
Victoria Island
Emir of Kano with cavalry, 1911
Civic Towers, Victoria Island, Lagos
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A map showing the 16 LGAs making up Lagos Metropolitan Area
1953 postage stamp with portrait of Queen ElizabethII
Lagos market scene
Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966
Apapa port
The Republic of Biafra in June 1967, when it declared its independence from the rest of Nigeria
Filming
Shehu Shagari was the first democratically elected President of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983.
Entrance of the Lekki Free Trade Zone
Olusegun Obasanjo was civilian President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Construction of the Dangote Raffinerie
Muhammadu Buhari is currently serving as President of Nigeria, since 2015.
Tree growing in Freedom Park
Nigerian National Assembly, Abuja
Tinubu Square
Nigerian Army self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
National Stadium.
Nigerian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
The Lagos Black Heritage Festival Parade, 2012
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (centre) with United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2014
The Cathedral Church of Christ Marina on Lagos Island
Map of Nigeria with administrative divisions
Arewa Traditional Kitchen
Climate map of Nigeria
Lagos Business School
Palm plantation in Delta State
Lagos Business School's Cafeteria
Rainforest range of Obudu Mountains
Dowen College in Lagos
Clouds kissing the mountains of Obudu
University of Lagos
A proportional representation of Nigeria exports, 2019
Toll gates and roads at the Lekki-Ẹpẹ Expressway
Farm ploughing in Kwara State
Lagos, its ports, airports, free trade zone and light rail system
Oil facility at Bonny Island, Rivers State
Distilling column of the Dangote refinery in compare to a Saturn rocket
PTDF – Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Pharmacy in Epe
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014). Nigeria has the largest reserves in Africa.
Innoson vehicles
Steel factory in Ajaokuta
Meridien Akwa Ibom golf course park
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Substation in Abuja
Railway system in Nigeria, 2022
Second Niger bridge at Onitsha, artistic impression
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 on board in 2017
Population density (persons per square kilometer) in Nigeria
Map of Nigeria's linguistic groups
The Abuja National Mosque
National Church of Nigeria, Abuja
Nigerian states that implement some form of sharia law (in green)
A hospital in Abuja
The University of Lagos
A Nigerian police officer at the Eyo festival in Lagos
End SARS is a decentralised social movement and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.
Nigerian women in tech
Lisa Folawiyo, Fashion Designer From Nigeria
An Eyo Iga Olowe Salaye masquerade jumping
Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Africa's most popular and best selling literary piece ever, has been translated into more than forty languages.
Wizkid is a popular musician in Nigeria, Africa and worldwide.
Nigeria at the 2018 FIFA World Cup
Nigerian football supporters at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Imota Rice Mill, close to Lagos
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
Pharmacy in Epe
Ituen Basi, Lagos based Nigerian fashion designer

Lagos (Nigerian English: ; Èkó) is the largest city in Nigeria and the second most populous city in Africa, with a population of 15.3 million as of 2022 within the city proper.

- Lagos

The largest city in Nigeria is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and the second-largest in Africa.

- Nigeria

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Abuja

National Assembly Building with Mace, Abuja, Nigeria
Hilton, Abuja
Sheraton, Abuja
National Christian Centre
Abuja National Mosque
Spectators at a football match held at the Abuja National Stadium
Jabi lake
National Children's Park and Zoo
Jabi lake mall
Millennium Park in Maitama District
Millennium Park water fountain at night
Abuja, Nigeria
Green hills in Abuja
View of Abuja from Katampe hill
Cars on Sani Abacha way, Abuja
Abuja-Kubwa expressway part of the A234 highway in Nigeria
Train at Idu Station Platform
Abuja Rail Mass Transit map
Abuja city gate
Zuma rock
Terminal at the Abuja International Airport
Nigeria's National Assembly Building with the Mace
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Shehu Musa Yar'adua Center
Glass Dome of Shehu Musa Yar'adua Centre in Abuja
Side view of Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja
Usman Dam, Bwari Abuja
Nigeria Senate Building (Red Chamber)
Millennium Park
Abuja Millennium Park

Abuja is the capital and eighth most populous city of Nigeria.

It replaced Lagos, the country's most populous city, as the capital on 12 December 1991.

Colonial Nigeria

Nigeria (red) British possessions in Africa (pink) 1914
Map of Negroland and Guinea including the Slave Coast, 1736, by London cartographer Hermann Moll
Nigeria (red) British possessions in Africa (pink) 1914
Flag of the Lagos Colony (1886–1906)
Queen Victoria on a stamp of the Niger Coast Protectorate, 1894
Ensign of the Royal Niger Company (1888–1899)
British stamps used in 1898 at Akassa by the Royal Niger Company
King Koko in His War Canoe, London Daily Graphic, 30 March 1895; depicting King Frederick William Koko—onetime antagonist to the Royal Niger Company
Undated British archival photo of a locomotive in Nigeria
A map displaying Southern and Northern Nigeria, 1914
Yoruba sculpture from colonial period depicting the British technique of indirect rule
Emir of Kano, with cavalry, photographed in 1911
Sculptural representation of Africa at the Colonial Office building on Whitehall street; created by Henry Hugh Armstead
Looms in Lagos, photographed in 1910–1913 by H. Hunting of the Patterson Zuchonis trading company
Colonial Lagos circa 1910

Colonial Nigeria was ruled by the British Empire from the mid-nineteenth century until 1960 when Nigeria achieved independence.

Ouidah (now part of Benin) and Lagos were the major ports on the coast.

A group of Yoruba people at a public event

Yoruba people

A group of Yoruba people at a public event
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Degree of Presence of The Yoruba and derived' Ede 
groups in Nigeria, Benin & Togo at Subnational levels
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Palace of the King of Oyo circa 1900s - Colorized
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Anna Hinderer church and mission house at Ibadan, 1850s
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Yoruba door, wood carvings; used to record events c. 1910
Early 19th century Yoruba architecture showing their unique inner courtyard layout used as a safe space for storing livestock and a space where children could play
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Gbedu drummers
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Wooden Ere Ibeji figures representing twins. Yorubas have the highest twinning rate in the world.
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An older traditional Agbada clothing historically worn by Yoruba men. This exhibit was obtained in the town of Òkukù.
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African Languages Spoken in American Households
Commemoration of Black consciousness, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
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Amala is a Yoruba food.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Vocabulary_of_the_Yoruba_Language/oXxBAAAAYAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=amala|title=A Vocabulary of the Yoruba Language|author=Owen Emeric Vidal|publisher=Seeleys|date=1852|isbn=9781976589218}}</ref>
Akara is a Yoruba bean fritter.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Vocabulary_of_the_Yoruba_Language/oXxBAAAAYAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=akara|title=A Vocabulary of the Yoruba Language|author=Owen Emeric Vidal|publisher=Seeleys|date=1852|isbn=9781976589218}}</ref>
Ofada rice is a Yoruba dish.<ref name="Olusegun Obasanjo 1983">{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Management_in_Agriculture_Rural_Developm/JdrSAAAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22ofada%20rice%22|title=Management in Agriculture & Rural Development: A Practicioner's View|author=Olusegun Obasanjo|date=1983|isbn=9789782399243}}</ref>
Ofada rice is traditionally in a leaf.
Moin Moin is a Yoruba steamed bean pudding.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Adim%C3%BA/w3r4Xx2059AC?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22moin+moin%22|title=Adimú: Gbogbó Tén'unjé Lukumí|author=Miguel Willie Ramos|publisher=Eleda.Org Publications|date=July 2012|isbn=9781877845109}}</ref>
A collection of foods eaten by Yorubas in general
Simple Iro and Buba with Gele<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988">{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Fundamentals_of_Nigerian_Marketing/JfbTAAAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22iro+and+buba%22&dq=%22iro+and+buba%22&printsec=frontcover|title=Fundamentals of Nigerian Marketing|author=Esogwa C. Osuala|date=1988|publisher=Pacific Publishers|isbn=9789782347299}}</ref>
Agbádá àti Fìlà<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Yoruba_Dress/CzAqd4vGphoC?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=agbada+and+fila&dq=agbada+and+fila&printsec=frontcover|title=Yoruba Dress: A Systematic Case Study of Five Generations of a Lagos Family|author=Betty Marguerite Wass|date=1975|publisher=Michigan State University. Department of Family Ecology|isbn=9789782347299|pages=143–183}}</ref>
Iro and Bùbá, with Gele and Ipele. Blouse, wrapper and headgear<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988"/>
Bùbá àti Kèmbè. Agbada top with short baggy pants<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Handbook_of_Nigerian_Culture/n1AuAQAAIAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=kembe|title=A Handbook of Nigerian Culture|author1=Frank Aig-Imoukhuede|author2=Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Information and Culture|date=1992|publisher=Department of Culture, Federal Ministry of Information and Culture|isbn=9789783131613|page=134}}</ref>
Iro and Bùbá, with Gele and Ipele made from Òfì<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Aso_Oke_Yoruba/bH5djwEACAAJ?hl=en|title=Aso Oke Yoruba: A Tapestry of Love & Color, a Journey of Personal Discovery|author=Tola Adenle|date=February 2, 2016|publisher=CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform|isbn=9781523495221}}</ref>
Agbádá àti Sóró, Agbada and long slim pants<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Lekki/o9EuAQAAIAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=They%20wear%20dresses%20like|title=Lekki|author=Bola researcher/writer Sebastian|date=1992|publisher=Public Information Department, Lagos State Ministry of Information, Culture, Youth & Sports|page=3}}</ref>
Ìró and Bùbá with gele<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988"/>

The Yoruba people (Ìran Yorùbá, Ọmọ Odùduwà, Ọmọ Káàárọ̀-oòjíire) are a West African ethnic group that mainly inhabits parts of Nigeria, Benin and Togo that constitute Yorubaland.

Today, Lagos (Èkó), another major Yoruba city, with a population of over twenty million, remains the largest on the African continent.

Badagry

Royal Palace of Mobee of Badagry
Badagry (February 1851)<ref name=Offering1851>{{cite journal|title=Badagry|journal=Wesleyan Juvenile Offering|date=February 1851|volume=VIII|pages=12|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=bFwEAAAAQAAJ&q=The+Wesleyan+juvenile+offering+1851|access-date=30 November 2015|publisher=Wesleyan Mission-House|location=London}}</ref>
Nigeria's first Christian Mission in Badagry. This is located at the museum of slavery.
Seriki Faremi Abass Slave Museum, Badagry
Seme Route
Slave Port Badagry
The First Administrative Building, Badagry, Lagos
The first story building in Nigeria
Badagry heritage museum model, Badagry, Lagos
Badagry heritage museum stone, Badagry, Lagos
Badagry, Apapa, Ikeja landmark

Badagry (traditionally Gbagli) also spelled Badagri, is a coastal town and Local Government Area (LGA) in Lagos State, Nigeria.

It is quite close to the city of Lagos, and located on the north bank of Porto Novo Creek, an inland waterway that connects Lagos (Nigeria's largest city and economic capital) to the Beninese capital of (Porto-Novo).

Western State (Nigeria)

The former Western State of Nigeria was formed in 1967 when the Western Region was subdivided into the states of Lagos and Western State.

Lagos can be said to be the most prominent state with over 20 million people residing therein.

Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget from a 1395 map of Africa and Europe

West Africa

Westernmost region of Africa.

Westernmost region of Africa.

Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget from a 1395 map of Africa and Europe
13th-century Africa – Map of the main trade routes and states, kingdoms and empires.
West Africa circa 1875
French in West Africa circa 1913
A rhinoceros in Bandia Nature Reserve, Senegal. Credit: Corine REZEL.
African bush elephants in Yankari National Park, Nigeria
Deforestation in Nigeria.
Satellite imagery from outer space of West Africa
Railway systems in West Africa, 2022
Railway systems in West Africa 2030, projection
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A street and airport in the famous town of Timbuktu, Mali, showing the Sudano-Sahelian architectural style of the West African interior
Philip Emeagwali wearing the Boubou (or Agbada), a traditional robe symbolic of West Africa
Jollof rice or Benachin, one of many Pan–West African dishes found only in West Africa
Supporters of ASEC Mimosas
The talking drum is an instrument unique to West Africa.
Kora-playing griots in Senegal, 1900. Both the Kora, a 21-stringed harp-lute, and the griot musical-caste are unique to West Africa.
The 13th-century Great Mosque of Djenné is a superb example of the indigenous Sahelian architectural style prevalent in the Savannah and Sahelian interior of West Africa. It is listed an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Voodoo altar with several fetishes in Abomey, Benin
Map of petroleum and natural gas within West Africa
Praia, Cape Verde
Dakar, Senegal
Lomé, Togo
Porto-Novo, Benin
Niamey, Niger
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Banjul, Gambia
Conakry, Guinea
Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
Monrovia, Liberia
Bamako, Mali
Georgetown, Ascension Island
Tristan da Cunha, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha

The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo as well as Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

Lagos, Nigeria

Ibadan

Government house gate
The church and mission in Ibadan, Yoruba country, 1850's
Iwo Road1, Ibadan, Oyo State
Front view of Mapo Hall, Ibadan
Cocoa House, Ibadan
Bower Memorial Tower
University of Ibadan
New railway station in Ibadan, artistic impression
Railway network of Nigeria 2021
Archbishop Ayo Lidigbolu House
Ayefele music house
Bower towers
Bower towers gate
bowers towers, Ibadan
Cocoa Dome, Dupe Ibadan
Crown Trust Plaza
Dugbe roundabout, Ibadan
Havsns Royale hall and event centre
Ibadan brow roofs
Kudi Avenue
Ring road
Mobolaji Johnson house
Kola Daisi University city building
Maharaji village
Molete baptist church
Ibadan ring road
Oba Adessoji Adereni house
Specialist hospital
High court of Justice
Presbyterian church
Stadium
Shooprite
St. Annes Church
Sango Ojurin Market
Symentry, Bodija road
Ventura mall

Ibadan (, ; Ìbàdàn) is the capital and most populous city of Oyo State, in Nigeria.

It is the third-largest city by population in Nigeria after Lagos and Kano, with a total population of 3,649,000 as of 2021, and over 6 million people within its metropolitan area.

Benin

Country in West Africa.

Country in West Africa.

Map of the Kingdom of Dahomey, 1793.
The Portuguese Empire was the longest European presence in Benin, beginning in 1680 and ending in 1961, when the last forces left Ajudá.
Dahomey Amazons with the King at their head, going to war, 1793.
The French conquest of Dahomey in 1893
The flag of the People's Republic of Benin
Yayi Boni's 2006 presidential inauguration
Patrice Talon, current President of Benin
A Celestial Church of Christ baptism in Cotonou. Five percent of Benin's population belongs to this denomination, an African Initiated Church.
Benin map of Köppen climate classification.
Atakora, one of Benin's two northernmost departments.
The Pendjari National Park in Benin is one of the most important reserves for the West African lion and other large animals of West Africa.
A proportional representation of Benin exports, 2019
Extensive agriculture in the north of Benin, near Djougou.
Real GDP per capita development of Benin since 1950
Cotton field in northern Benin.
Beninese students.
Palais Des Congres in Cotonou.
Traditional music group.
Acarajé is peeled black-eyed peas formed into a ball and then deep-fried.

It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso to the north-west, and Niger to the north-east.

Cadjehoun Airport, located at Cotonou, has direct international jet service to Accra, Niamey, Monrovia, Lagos, Ouagadougou, Lomé, and Douala, as well as other cities in Africa.

Map showing urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006

Megacity

Very large city, typically with a population of more than 10 million people.

Very large city, typically with a population of more than 10 million people.

Map showing urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006
Bangkok is notorious for its traffic congestion.
A flat land area in the Greater Los Angeles Area in the U.S. state of California with houses, buildings, roads, and freeways. Areas constructed to capacity contribute to urban expansion.

African megacities are present in Nigeria, Egypt, South Africa, and the DRC; European megacities are present in Russia, France, the United Kingdom, and Turkey (also in Asia); megacities can be found in Latin America in the countries of Brazil, Mexico, Colombia, Peru, and Argentina.

In Africa, Lagos, Nigeria has grown from 300,000 in 1950 to an estimated 21 million today.

Greater Tokyo Area, Japan, the world's most populated urban area, with about 38 million inhabitants

Urban area

Human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

Human settlement with a high population density and infrastructure of built environment.

Greater Tokyo Area, Japan, the world's most populated urban area, with about 38 million inhabitants
Greater Melbourne, Australia at night, seen from the International Space Station
Urban land area (km2), 2010
Urban areas with at least one million inhabitants in 2006
India gate panorama.
A street sign indicating the beginning of an urban area in Finland. The picture was taken in Vimpeli.
São Paulo, the largest city in Brazil, the largest city proper in the Southern Hemisphere, in the Americas, and the world's ninth-largest urban area by population.
Moscow, the capital and largest city of Russia
Saint Petersburg, the cultural capital and the second-largest city
Yekaterinburg, the fourth-largest city in the country.

2) 🇳🇬 Lagos (Nigeria) - 13,904,000