A report on NigeriaWest Africa and Lagos

Mansa Musa depicted holding a gold nugget from a 1395 map of Africa and Europe
13th-century Africa – Map of the main trade routes and states, kingdoms and empires.
West Africa circa 1875
Aerial view of Lagos in 1929
Ceremonial Igbo pot from 9th-century Igbo-Ukwu
French in West Africa circa 1913
Map of Lagos' initial city boundaries, showing its contemporary districts. This definition is rarely used in the present day; the expanded metropolitan area is now a more accepted definition of Lagos.
Yoruba copper mask of Obalufon from the city of Ife c. 1300
A rhinoceros in Bandia Nature Reserve, Senegal. Credit: Corine REZEL.
Lekki Conservation Centre canopy walk
Royal Benin ivory mask, one of Nigeria's most recognized artifacts. Benin Empire, 16th century.
African bush elephants in Yankari National Park, Nigeria
Lagos Marina
Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard who as Governor-General of Nigeria led the amalgamation of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and Southern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914.
Deforestation in Nigeria.
Victoria Island
Emir of Kano with cavalry, 1911
Satellite imagery from outer space of West Africa
Civic Towers, Victoria Island, Lagos
Railway systems in West Africa, 2022
A map showing the 16 LGAs making up Lagos Metropolitan Area
1953 postage stamp with portrait of Queen ElizabethII
Railway systems in West Africa 2030, projection
Lagos market scene
Nnamdi Azikiwe, first president of Nigeria from 1963 to 1966
Apapa port
The Republic of Biafra in June 1967, when it declared its independence from the rest of Nigeria
A street and airport in the famous town of Timbuktu, Mali, showing the Sudano-Sahelian architectural style of the West African interior
Shehu Shagari was the first democratically elected President of Nigeria from 1979 to 1983.
Philip Emeagwali wearing the Boubou (or Agbada), a traditional robe symbolic of West Africa
Entrance of the Lekki Free Trade Zone
Olusegun Obasanjo was civilian President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007.
Jollof rice or Benachin, one of many Pan–West African dishes found only in West Africa
Construction of the Dangote Raffinerie
Muhammadu Buhari is currently serving as President of Nigeria, since 2015.
Supporters of ASEC Mimosas
Tree growing in Freedom Park
Nigerian National Assembly, Abuja
The talking drum is an instrument unique to West Africa.
Tinubu Square
Nigerian Army self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Kora-playing griots in Senegal, 1900. Both the Kora, a 21-stringed harp-lute, and the griot musical-caste are unique to West Africa.
National Stadium.
Nigerian Air Force Mil Mi-35P
The 13th-century Great Mosque of Djenné is a superb example of the indigenous Sahelian architectural style prevalent in the Savannah and Sahelian interior of West Africa. It is listed an UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Lagos Black Heritage Festival Parade, 2012
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja
Voodoo altar with several fetishes in Abomey, Benin
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Former Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan (centre) with United States President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama in August 2014
The Cathedral Church of Christ Marina on Lagos Island
Map of Nigeria with administrative divisions
Map of petroleum and natural gas within West Africa
Arewa Traditional Kitchen
Climate map of Nigeria
Praia, Cape Verde
Lagos Business School
Palm plantation in Delta State
Dakar, Senegal
Lagos Business School's Cafeteria
Rainforest range of Obudu Mountains
Lomé, Togo
Dowen College in Lagos
Clouds kissing the mountains of Obudu
Porto-Novo, Benin
University of Lagos
A proportional representation of Nigeria exports, 2019
Niamey, Niger
Toll gates and roads at the Lekki-Ẹpẹ Expressway
Farm ploughing in Kwara State
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
Lagos, its ports, airports, free trade zone and light rail system
Oil facility at Bonny Island, Rivers State
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Distilling column of the Dangote refinery in compare to a Saturn rocket
PTDF – Petroleum Technology Development Fund
Banjul, Gambia
Pharmacy in Epe
Countries by natural gas proven reserves (2014). Nigeria has the largest reserves in Africa.
Conakry, Guinea
Innoson vehicles
Bissau, Guinea-Bissau
Steel factory in Ajaokuta
Monrovia, Liberia
Meridien Akwa Ibom golf course park
Bamako, Mali
Lekki Beach in Lagos
Georgetown, Ascension Island
Substation in Abuja
Tristan da Cunha, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Railway system in Nigeria, 2022
Second Niger bridge at Onitsha, artistic impression
SpaceX launch of CRS-11 with Nigeria EduSat-1 on board in 2017
Population density (persons per square kilometer) in Nigeria
Map of Nigeria's linguistic groups
The Abuja National Mosque
National Church of Nigeria, Abuja
Nigerian states that implement some form of sharia law (in green)
A hospital in Abuja
The University of Lagos
A Nigerian police officer at the Eyo festival in Lagos
End SARS is a decentralised social movement and series of mass protests against police brutality in Nigeria.
Nigerian women in tech
Lisa Folawiyo, Fashion Designer From Nigeria
An Eyo Iga Olowe Salaye masquerade jumping
Chinua Achebe's Things Fall Apart, Africa's most popular and best selling literary piece ever, has been translated into more than forty languages.
Wizkid is a popular musician in Nigeria, Africa and worldwide.
Nigeria at the 2018 FIFA World Cup
Nigerian football supporters at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia
Imota Rice Mill, close to Lagos
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
Oil and gas fields in the Niger delta
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
The world's biggest distilling column at the Dangote refinery in comparison
Pharmacy in Epe
Ituen Basi, Lagos based Nigerian fashion designer

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa.

- Nigeria

Lagos (Nigerian English: ; Èkó) is the largest city in Nigeria and the second most populous city in Africa, with a population of 15.4 million as of 2015 within the city proper - daily the Lagos area is growing by some 3,000 people, or around 1.1 million annually, so the true population figure of the greater Lagos area in 2022 is roughly 28 million (up from some 23.5 million in 2018).

- Lagos

The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 16 countries of Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, and Togo, as well as Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom Overseas Territory).

- West Africa

The largest city in Nigeria is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and the second-largest in Africa.

- Nigeria

Lagos initially emerged as a home to the Awori subgroup of the Yoruba of West Africa and later emerged as a port city that originated on a collection of islands, which are contained in the present day Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Lagos Island, Eti-Osa, Amuwo-Odofin and Apapa.

- Lagos

Lagos, Nigeria

- West Africa

5 related topics with Alpha


A group of Yoruba people at a public event

Yoruba people

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A group of Yoruba people at a public event
Degree of Presence of The Yoruba and derived' Ede 
groups in Nigeria, Benin & Togo at Subnational levels
Palace of the King of Oyo circa 1900s - Colorized
Anna Hinderer church and mission house at Ibadan, 1850s
Yoruba door, wood carvings; used to record events c. 1910
Early 19th century Yoruba architecture showing their unique inner courtyard layout used as a safe space for storing livestock and a space where children could play
Gbedu drummers
Wooden Ere Ibeji figures representing twins. Yorubas have the highest twinning rate in the world.
An older traditional Agbada clothing historically worn by Yoruba men. This exhibit was obtained in the town of Òkukù.
African Languages Spoken in American Households
Commemoration of Black consciousness, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Amala is a Yoruba food.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Vocabulary_of_the_Yoruba_Language/oXxBAAAAYAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=amala|title=A Vocabulary of the Yoruba Language|author=Owen Emeric Vidal|publisher=Seeleys|date=1852|isbn=9781976589218}}</ref>
Akara is a Yoruba bean fritter.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Vocabulary_of_the_Yoruba_Language/oXxBAAAAYAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=akara|title=A Vocabulary of the Yoruba Language|author=Owen Emeric Vidal|publisher=Seeleys|date=1852|isbn=9781976589218}}</ref>
Ofada rice is a Yoruba dish.<ref name="Olusegun Obasanjo 1983">{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Management_in_Agriculture_Rural_Developm/JdrSAAAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22ofada%20rice%22|title=Management in Agriculture & Rural Development: A Practicioner's View|author=Olusegun Obasanjo|date=1983|isbn=9789782399243}}</ref>
Ofada rice is traditionally in a leaf.
Moin Moin is a Yoruba steamed bean pudding.<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Adim%C3%BA/w3r4Xx2059AC?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22moin+moin%22|title=Adimú: Gbogbó Tén'unjé Lukumí|author=Miguel Willie Ramos|publisher=Eleda.Org Publications|date=July 2012|isbn=9781877845109}}</ref>
A collection of foods eaten by Yorubas in general
Simple Iro and Buba with Gele<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988">{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Fundamentals_of_Nigerian_Marketing/JfbTAAAAMAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=%22iro+and+buba%22&dq=%22iro+and+buba%22&printsec=frontcover|title=Fundamentals of Nigerian Marketing|author=Esogwa C. Osuala|date=1988|publisher=Pacific Publishers|isbn=9789782347299}}</ref>
Agbádá àti Fìlà<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Yoruba_Dress/CzAqd4vGphoC?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=agbada+and+fila&dq=agbada+and+fila&printsec=frontcover|title=Yoruba Dress: A Systematic Case Study of Five Generations of a Lagos Family|author=Betty Marguerite Wass|date=1975|publisher=Michigan State University. Department of Family Ecology|isbn=9789782347299|pages=143–183}}</ref>
Iro and Bùbá, with Gele and Ipele. Blouse, wrapper and headgear<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988"/>
Bùbá àti Kèmbè. Agbada top with short baggy pants<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/A_Handbook_of_Nigerian_Culture/n1AuAQAAIAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=kembe|title=A Handbook of Nigerian Culture|author1=Frank Aig-Imoukhuede|author2=Nigeria. Federal Ministry of Information and Culture|date=1992|publisher=Department of Culture, Federal Ministry of Information and Culture|isbn=9789783131613|page=134}}</ref>
Iro and Bùbá, with Gele and Ipele made from Òfì<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Aso_Oke_Yoruba/bH5djwEACAAJ?hl=en|title=Aso Oke Yoruba: A Tapestry of Love & Color, a Journey of Personal Discovery|author=Tola Adenle|date=February 2, 2016|publisher=CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform|isbn=9781523495221}}</ref>
Agbádá àti Sóró, Agbada and long slim pants<ref>{{cite book|url=https://www.google.com/books/edition/Lekki/o9EuAQAAIAAJ?hl=en&gbpv=1&bsq=They%20wear%20dresses%20like|title=Lekki|author=Bola researcher/writer Sebastian|date=1992|publisher=Public Information Department, Lagos State Ministry of Information, Culture, Youth & Sports|page=3}}</ref>
Ìró and Bùbá with gele<ref name="Esogwa C. Osuala 1988"/>

The Yoruba people (Ìran Yorùbá, Ọmọ Odùduwà, Ọmọ Káàárọ̀-oòjíire ) are a West African ethnic group that mainly inhabits parts of Nigeria, Benin and Togo.

Today, Lagos (Èkó), another major Yoruba city, with a population of over twenty million, remains the largest on the African continent.


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Map of the Kingdom of Dahomey, 1793.
The Portuguese Empire was the longest European presence in Benin, beginning in 1680 and ending in 1961, when the last forces left Ajudá.
Dahomey Amazons with the King at their head, going to war, 1793.
The French conquest of Dahomey in 1893
The flag of the People's Republic of Benin
Yayi Boni's 2006 presidential inauguration
Patrice Talon, current President of Benin
A Celestial Church of Christ baptism in Cotonou. Five percent of Benin's population belongs to this denomination, an African Initiated Church.
Benin map of Köppen climate classification.
Atakora, one of Benin's two northernmost departments.
The Pendjari National Park in Benin is one of the most important reserves for the West African lion and other large animals of West Africa.
A proportional representation of Benin exports, 2019
Extensive agriculture in the north of Benin, near Djougou.
Real GDP per capita development of Benin since 1950
Cotton field in northern Benin.
Beninese students.
Palais Des Congres in Cotonou.
Traditional music group.
Acarajé is peeled black-eyed peas formed into a ball and then deep-fried.

Benin (, ; Bénin ), officially the Republic of Benin (République du Bénin), and formerly Dahomey, is a country in West Africa.

It is bordered by Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east, Burkina Faso to the north-west, and Niger to the north-east.

Cadjehoun Airport, located at Cotonou, has direct international jet service to Accra, Niamey, Monrovia, Lagos, Ouagadougou, Lomé, and Douala, and other cities in Africa.

The de facto independent Republic of Biafra in June 1967

Nigerian Civil War

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The de facto independent Republic of Biafra in June 1967
The new republic adopted the Flag of Biafra which was unveiled on the 30th May 1967.
The proposed breakup of the East, West and Northern regions following Gowon's military decree.
Flag of the Republic of Benin
Lynn Garrison in cockpit of his F4U-7 Corsair 1966
Control over petroleum in the Niger Delta was a paramount military objective during the war.
A makeshift airport in Calabar, Nigeria, where relief efforts to aid famine victims were deployed by helicopter teams.
Malmö MFI-9 Biafra Baby two-view silhouette
A child suffering the effects of kwashiorkor, a disease brought on due to a severe dietary protein deficiency. Pictures of the famine caused by the Nigerian blockade garnered worldwide sympathy for the Biafrans. It was regarded in the Western press as the genocide of two million people, half of them children.
New Nigerian newspaper page 7 January 1970. End of the Nigerian civil war with Biafra. "Owerri is now captured. Ojukwu flees his enclave." Photographs of the military Obasanjo, Jallo, Bissalo, Gowon.
A severely malnourished woman during the war.
Disabled Biafran war veterans in 2017.

The Nigerian Civil War (6 July 1967 – 15 January 1970; also known as the Nigerian-Biafran War or the Biafran War) was a civil war fought between the government of Nigeria and the Republic of Biafra, a secessionist state which had declared its independence from Nigeria in 1967.

When the war broke out in 1967, there were still 5,000 Igbos in Lagos.

French involvement in the war can be viewed in the context of its geopolitical strategy (Françafrique) and competition with the British in West Africa.


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National Assembly Building with Mace, Abuja, Nigeria
Hilton, Abuja
Sheraton, Abuja
National Christian Centre
Abuja National Mosque
Spectators at a football match held at the Abuja National Stadium
Jabi lake
National Children's Park and Zoo
Jabi lake mall
Millennium Park in Maitama District
Millennium Park water fountain at night
Abuja, Nigeria
Green hills in Abuja
View of Abuja from Katampe hill
Cars on Sani Abacha way, Abuja
Abuja-Kubwa expressway part of the A234 highway in Nigeria
Train at Idu Station Platform
Abuja Rail Mass Transit map
Abuja city gate
Zuma rock
Terminal at the Abuja International Airport
Nigeria&#039;s National Assembly Building with the Mace
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Shehu Musa Yar'adua Center
Glass Dome of Shehu Musa Yar'adua Centre in Abuja
Side view of Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja
Usman Dam, Bwari Abuja
Nigeria Senate Building (Red Chamber)
Millennium Park
Abuja Millennium Park

Abuja is the capital and eighth most populous city of Nigeria.

It replaced Lagos, the country's most populous city, as the capital on 12 December 1991.

Abuja light rail system serves city's centre, Idu industrial neighbourhood and airport, opened in 2018 and became the first rapid transit in the country and in Western Africa.

Nigerian musician Wizkid


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Nigerian musician Wizkid
Nigerian musician Burna Boy

Afrobeats (not to be confused with Afrobeat or Afroswing ), also known as Afro-pop, Afro-fusion (also styled as Afropop and Afrofusion), is an umbrella term to describe popular music from West Africa and the diaspora that initially developed in Nigeria, Ghana, and the UK in the 2000s and 2010s.

Afrobeats is primarily produced in Lagos, Accra, and London.