Lakota people

LakotaSiouxLakota SiouxDakotaTeton SiouxTetonLakotasSioux IndiansLakota TribeLakota Nation
The Lakota (pronounced, Lakota language: Lakȟóta) are a Native American tribe.wikipedia
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Lakota language

LakotaLakhotaStandard Lakota Orthography
The Lakota (pronounced, Lakota language: Lakȟóta) are a Native American tribe. Early Lakota history is recorded in their Winter counts (Lakota: waníyetu wówapi), pictorial calendars painted on hides or later recorded on paper.
Lakota (Lakȟótiyapi), also referred to as Lakhota, Teton or Teton Sioux, is a Siouan language spoken by the Lakota people of the Sioux tribes.

Sioux

DakotaDakota SiouxSiouan
Also known as the Teton Sioux (from Thítȟuŋwaŋ), they are one of the three Sioux tribes of Plains.
The modern Sioux consist of two major divisions based on language divisions: the Dakota and Lakota.

South Dakota

SDState of South DakotaDakota
Their current lands are in North and South Dakota.
It is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who compose a large portion of the population and historically dominated the territory.

Sitting Bull

Chief Sitting Bullhalf-brother Sitting BullMarcellus Red Tomahawk
Notable Lakota persons include Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake (Sitting Bull) from the Húnkpapȟa band; Touch the Clouds from the Miniconjou band Maȟpíya Lúta (Red Cloud), Heȟáka Sápa (Black Elk), Siŋté Glešká (Spotted Tail), Billy Mills, and the legendary Tȟašúŋke Witkó, Crazy Horse from the Oglala and Miniconjou Band.
Sitting Bull ( in Standard Lakota orthography, also nicknamed Húŋkešni or "Slow") was a Hunkpapa Lakota leader who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies.

North Dakota

NDNorthState of North Dakota
Their current lands are in North and South Dakota.
Later came divisions of the Dakota people - the Lakota, the Santee and the Yanktonai.

Oglala

Oglala SiouxOglala Sioux TribeOglála
Oglála ("They Scatter Their Own")
The Oglala (pronounced, meaning "to scatter one's own" in Lakota language ) are one of the seven subtribes of the Lakota people who, along with the Dakota, make up the Očhéthi Šakówiŋ (Seven Council Fires).

Plains Indians

PlainsPlains IndianPlains tribes
Also known as the Teton Sioux (from Thítȟuŋwaŋ), they are one of the three Sioux tribes of Plains.
These include the Blackfoot, Arapaho, Assiniboine, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Gros Ventre, Kiowa, Lakota, Lipan, Plains Apache (or Kiowa Apache), Plains Cree, Plains Ojibwe, Sarsi, Nakoda (Stoney), and Tonkawa.

Black Elk

Nicholas Black ElkHeȟáka SápaNick Black Elk
Notable Lakota persons include Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake (Sitting Bull) from the Húnkpapȟa band; Touch the Clouds from the Miniconjou band Maȟpíya Lúta (Red Cloud), Heȟáka Sápa (Black Elk), Siŋté Glešká (Spotted Tail), Billy Mills, and the legendary Tȟašúŋke Witkó, Crazy Horse from the Oglala and Miniconjou Band.
Heȟáka Sápa (Black Elk) (December 1, 1863 – August 19, 1950) was a famous wičháša wakȟáŋ (medicine man and holy man) and heyoka of the Oglala Lakota (Sioux) who lived in the present-day United States, primarily South Dakota.

Touch the Clouds

Touch the Clouds (''Maȟpíya Ičáȟtagya'')
Notable Lakota persons include Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake (Sitting Bull) from the Húnkpapȟa band; Touch the Clouds from the Miniconjou band Maȟpíya Lúta (Red Cloud), Heȟáka Sápa (Black Elk), Siŋté Glešká (Spotted Tail), Billy Mills, and the legendary Tȟašúŋke Witkó, Crazy Horse from the Oglala and Miniconjou Band.
Touch the Clouds (Lakota: Maȟpíya Ičáȟtagya or Maȟpíya Íyapat'o) (c. 1838 – September 5, 1905) was a chief of the Minneconjou Teton Lakota (also known as Sioux) known for his bravery and skill in battle, physical strength and diplomacy in counsel.

Hunkpapa

HúŋkpapȟaHunkpapa LakotaHunkpappa
Húŋkpapȟa (Hunkpapa, "End Village", Camps at the End of the Camp Circle)
The Hunkpapa (Lakota: Húŋkpapȟa) are a Native American group, one of the seven council fires of the Lakota tribe.

Sihasapa

SihásapaBlackfeetBlackfoot Sioux
Sihásapa ("Blackfeet, or Blackfoot")
The Sihásapa or Blackfoot Sioux are a division of the Lakota people, Titonwan, or Teton.

Two Kettles

OóhenuŋpaO'ohenuŋpaOohenumpa
Oóhenuŋpa (Two Kettles)
Two Kettles or O'ohe Nuŋpa (O'ohenuŋpa, O'ohenonpa - "Two Boilings" or "Two Kettles") are one of the seven subtribes of the Lakota people who, along with the Dakota, make up the Očhéthi Šakówiŋ (Seven Council Fires).

Native Americans in the United States

Native AmericanNative AmericansAmerican Indian
The Lakota (pronounced, Lakota language: Lakȟóta) are a Native American tribe.
In the years leading up to it the U.S. government had continued to seize Lakota lands.

Sans Arc

ItazipcoItázipčhoSans Arc Lakota
Itázipčho (Sans Arc, Without Bows)
The Sans Arc, or Itázipčho (Itazipcola, Hazipco - ‘Those who hunt without bows’) in Lakota, are a subdivision of the Lakota people.

Miniconjou

MnikȟówožuMinneconjouMiniconjou Sioux
Mnikȟówožu (Miniconjou, "Plant Near Water", Planters by the Water)
The Miniconjou (Lakota: Mnikȟówožu, Hokwoju – ‘Plants by the Water’) are a Native American people constituting a subdivision of the Lakota people, who formerly inhabited an area in western present-day South Dakota from the Black Hills in to the Platte River.

Red Cloud

Chief Red CloudJack Red Cloud
Notable Lakota persons include Tȟatȟáŋka Íyotake (Sitting Bull) from the Húnkpapȟa band; Touch the Clouds from the Miniconjou band Maȟpíya Lúta (Red Cloud), Heȟáka Sápa (Black Elk), Siŋté Glešká (Spotted Tail), Billy Mills, and the legendary Tȟašúŋke Witkó, Crazy Horse from the Oglala and Miniconjou Band.
The battles were waged between the Northern Cheyenne, allied with Lakota and Arapaho bands, against the United States Army between 1866 and 1868.

White Buffalo Calf Woman

Ptesáŋwiŋ
The Battiste Good winter count records Lakota history back to 900 CE, when White Buffalo Calf Woman gave the Lakota people the White Buffalo Calf Pipe.
White Buffalo Calf Woman (Lakȟótiyapi: Ptesáŋwiŋ) is a sacred woman of supernatural origin, central to the Lakota religion as the primary cultural prophet.

Cheyenne

Northern CheyenneSouthern CheyenneCheyenne Indians
Around 1730, Cheyenne people introduced the Lakota to horses, called šuŋkawakaŋ ("dog [of] power/mystery/wonder"). In 1765, a Saône exploring and raiding party led by Chief Standing Bear discovered the Black Hills (the Paha Sapa), then the territory of the Cheyenne.
At times they have been allied with the Lakota and Arapaho, and at other points enemies of the Lakota.

Black Hills

Black Hills of South DakotaB'''lack '''H'''illsBlack '''H'''ills
In 1765, a Saône exploring and raiding party led by Chief Standing Bear discovered the Black Hills (the Paha Sapa), then the territory of the Cheyenne.
After conquering the Cheyenne in 1776, the Lakota took over the territory of the Black Hills, which became central to their culture.

Massacre Canyon

massacre on the Pawnee IndiansSioux–Pawnee relations
Next time the Lakotas inflicted a blow so severe on the Pawnee would be in 1873, during the Massacre Canyon battle near Republican River.
It was one of the last hostilities between the Pawnee and the Sioux (or Lakota) and the last battle/massacre between Great Plains Indians in North America.

Nebraska

NEState of NebraskaNeb.
On September 3, 1855, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenged the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Lakota village in Nebraska, killing about 100 men, women, and children.
Indigenous peoples including Omaha, Missouria, Ponca, Pawnee, Otoe, and various branches of the Lakota (Sioux) tribes lived in the region for thousands of years before European exploration.

Grattan massacre

Grattan affairmassacred
On September 3, 1855, 700 soldiers under American General William S. Harney avenged the Grattan Massacre by attacking a Lakota village in Nebraska, killing about 100 men, women, and children.
The Grattan Massacre, also known as the Grattan Fight, was the opening engagement of the First Sioux War, fought between United States Army and Lakota Sioux warriors on August 19, 1854.

Red Cloud's War

1867–77 Chaired Investigatory Commissions on Indian Warsbattle with IndiansFetterman massacre
Oglala Chief Red Cloud led his people to victory in Red Cloud's War.
Red Cloud's War (also referred to as the Bozeman War or the Powder River War) was an armed conflict between the Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, and Northern Arapaho on one side and the United States in Wyoming and Montana territories from 1866 to 1868.

Winter count

winter countscalendar keepercalendars
Early Lakota history is recorded in their Winter counts (Lakota: waníyetu wówapi), pictorial calendars painted on hides or later recorded on paper.
The Blackfeet, Mandan, Kiowa, Lakota, and other Plains tribes used winter counts extensively.

Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868)

Treaty of Fort LaramieFort Laramie TreatyFort Laramie Treaty of 1868
In 1868, the United States signed the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868, exempting the Black Hills from all white settlement forever.
The Treaty of Fort Laramie (also the Sioux Treaty of 1868) was an agreement between the United States and the Oglala, Miniconjou, and Brulé bands of Lakota people, Yanktonai Dakota and Arapaho Nation, following the failure of the first Fort Laramie treaty, signed in 1851.