A report on War and Land degradation

Mural of War (1896), by Gari Melchers
Serious land degradation in Nauru after the depletion of the phosphate cover through mining
The percentages of men killed in war in eight tribal societies, and Europe and the U.S. in the 20th century. (Lawrence H. Keeley, archeologist)
Potato field with soil erosion
The Egyptian siege of Dapur in the 13th century BC, from Ramesseum, Thebes.
The rate of global tree cover loss has approximately doubled since 2001, to an annual loss approaching an area the size of Italy.
Japanese samurai attacking a Mongol ship, 13th century
Overgrazing by livestock can lead to land degradation
Finnish soldiers during the Winter War.
Soil erosion in a wheat field near Pullman, US
American tanks moving in formation during the Gulf War.
Soldiers of the Australian 4th Division equipped for chemical warfare in WWI, Ypres sector, 1917
Global deaths in conflicts since the year 1400.
The Apotheosis of War (1871) by Vasily Vereshchagin
The remains of dead Crow Indians killed and scalped by Sioux c. 1874
Les Grandes Misères de la guerre depict the destruction unleashed on civilians during the Thirty Years' War.
Ruins of Warsaw's Napoleon Square in the aftermath of World War II
The Ottoman campaign for territorial expansion in Europe in 1566
Women and priests retrieve the dead bodies of Swabian soldiers just outside the city gates of Constance after the battle of Schwaderloh. (Luzerner Schilling)
Increasing population and constant warfare among the Maya city-states over resources may have contributed to the eventual collapse of the Maya civilization by AD 900.
Kuwaiti oil wells on fire, during the Gulf War, 1 March 1991
U.S. Marine helicopter on patrol in Somalia as part of the Unified Task Force, 1992
Median age by country. War reduces life expectancy. A youth bulge is evident for Africa, and to a lesser extent in some countries in West Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia and Central America.
U.S. soldiers directing artillery on enemy trucks in A Shau Valley, April 1968
U.S. Marines direct a concentration of fire at their opponents, Vietnam, 8 May 1968
Morning after the Battle of Waterloo, by John Heaviside Clark, 1816
In besieged Leningrad. "Hitler ordered that Moscow and Leningrad were to be razed to the ground; their inhabitants were to be annihilated or driven out by starvation. These intentions were part of the 'General Plan East'." – The Oxford Companion to World War II.
Anti-war rally in Washington, D.C., 15 March 2003
Disability-adjusted life year for war per 100,000 inhabitants in 2004 
no data
less than 100
more than 8800

land-use constraints associated with armed conflicts.

- Land degradation

The violent herder–farmer conflicts in Nigeria, Mali, Sudan and other countries in the Sahel region have been exacerbated by land degradation and population growth.

- War
Mural of War (1896), by Gari Melchers

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A woman, a man and a child, all three dead from starvation due to the Russian famine of 1921–1922


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A woman, a man and a child, all three dead from starvation due to the Russian famine of 1921–1922
Skibbereen, Ireland during the Great Famine, 1847 illustration by James Mahony for the Illustrated London News
People waiting for famine relief in Bangalore, India (from the Illustrated London News, 1877)
WFP's HungerMap LIVE monitors food security and predicts the status of crisis-hit areas where data is limited, World Food Programme, 2021
A 1906 Punch cartoon depicting King Leopold II as a snake entangling a Congolese man
Malnourished children in Niger, during the 2005 famine
A girl during the Nigerian Civil War of the late 1960s. Pictures of the famine caused by Nigerian blockade garnered sympathy for the Biafrans worldwide.
Laure Souley holds her three-year-old daughter and an infant son at a MSF aide center during the 2005 famine, Maradi Niger
Famine-affected areas in the western Sahel belt during the 2012 drought.
Chinese officials engaged in famine relief, 19th-century engraving
Skulls of Khmer Rouge murder victims at Choeung Ek
Victims of the Great Famine of 1876–78 in India during British rule, pictured in 1877.
A starving woman and child during the Assyrian genocide. Ottoman Empire, 1915
An engraving from Goya's Disasters of War, showing starving women, doubtless inspired by the terrible famine that struck Madrid in 1811–1812.
Illustration of starvation in northern Sweden, Swedish famine of 1867–1869
Depiction of victims of the Great Famine in Ireland, 1845–1849
Victims of the Russian famine of 1921–22 during the Russian Civil War
Malnourished child during Brazil's 1877–78 Grande Seca (Great Drought).
Lake Chad in a 2001 satellite image, with the actual lake in blue. The lake has shrunk by 95% since the 1960s.
A victim of starvation in besieged Leningrad suffering from dystrophia in 1941.
A child suffering extreme starvation in India, 1972
The government's forced collectivization of agriculture was one of the main causes of the Soviet famine of 1932–1933.
Famines since 1850 by political regime
A starving child during the 1869 famine in Algeria.
Norman Borlaug, father of the Green Revolution, is often credited with saving over a billion people worldwide from starvation.
A Somali boy receiving treatment for malnutrition at a health facility in Hilaweyn during the drought of 2011.
Freshly-dug graves for child victims of the 2011 East Africa drought, Dadaab refugee camp, Kenya

A famine is a widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors including war, natural disasters, crop failure, population imbalance, widespread poverty, an economic catastrophe or government policies.

Other agricultural problems include soil infertility, land degradation and erosion, swarms of desert locusts, which can destroy whole crops, and livestock diseases.