Landscape architecture

landscape architectlandscape gardenerlandscape gardeninglandscapedlandscapinglandscapeMaster of Landscape Architecturelandscape architectslandscape designerparkland
Landscape architecture is the design of outdoor areas, landmarks, and structures to achieve environmental, social-behavioural, or aesthetic outcomes.wikipedia
885 Related Articles

Landscape architect

landscape architectslandscapehorticultural designs
A practitioner in the profession of landscape architecture is called a landscape architect.
A landscape architect is a person who is educated in the field of landscape architecture.

Architecture

architecturalarchitectarchitecturally
Landscape architecture is a multi-disciplinary field, incorporating aspects of botany, horticulture, the fine arts, architecture, industrial design, soil sciences, environmental psychology, geography, ecology, and civil engineering.
Urban design is an inter-disciplinary field that utilizes elements of many built environment professions, including landscape architecture, urban planning, architecture, civil engineering and municipal engineering.

Site planning

The scope of the profession includes landscape design; site planning; stormwater management; erosion control; environmental restoration; parks and recreation planning; visual resource management; green infrastructure planning and provision; and private estate and residence landscape master planning and design; all at varying scales of design, planning and management.
Site planning in landscape architecture and architecture refers to the organizational stage of the landscape design process.

Horticulture

horticulturisthorticulturalcultivation
Landscape architecture is a multi-disciplinary field, incorporating aspects of botany, horticulture, the fine arts, architecture, industrial design, soil sciences, environmental psychology, geography, ecology, and civil engineering.

Frederick Law Olmsted

OlmstedFrederick OlmstedFrederick Law Olmsted, Sr.
The term "landscape architect" was used as a professional title by Frederick Law Olmsted in the United States in 1863 and
He is popularly considered to be the father of American landscape architecture.

Gilbert Laing Meason

The term landscape architecture was invented by Gilbert Laing Meason in 1828, and John Claudius Loudon (1783–1843) was instrumental in the adoption of the term landscape architecture by the modern profession.
Gilbert Laing Meason of Lindertis FRSE FSA (3 July 1769 – 14 August 1832) was a Scottish merchant and agricultural improver, best remembered as the originator of the term landscape architecture.

Landscape design

landscape designerlandscapelandscaping
The scope of the profession includes landscape design; site planning; stormwater management; erosion control; environmental restoration; parks and recreation planning; visual resource management; green infrastructure planning and provision; and private estate and residence landscape master planning and design; all at varying scales of design, planning and management.
In contemporary practice, landscape design bridges the space between landscape architecture and garden design.

American Society of Landscape Architects

ASLALandscape ArchitectureAmerican Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA)
During the latter 19th century, the term landscape architect begun to be used by professional landscapes designers, and was firmly established after Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. and Beatrix Jones (later Farrand) with others founded the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) in 1899.
The American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) is a professional association for landscape architects in the United States.

Beatrix Farrand

Beatrix Jones FarrandBeatrix Cadwalader JonesBeatrix Cadwalader Jones Farrand
During the latter 19th century, the term landscape architect begun to be used by professional landscapes designers, and was firmly established after Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. and Beatrix Jones (later Farrand) with others founded the American Society of Landscape Architects (ASLA) in 1899.
Beatrix Farrand is one of the most accomplished persons, and women, recognized in both the first decades of the landscape architecture profession and the centuries of landscape garden design arts and accomplishments.

Landscape planning

Landscape plannersLandscape and Territorial PlanningLandscape of agriculture
Landscape planners are concerned with landscape planning for the location, scenic, ecological and recreational aspects of urban, rural and coastal land use.
Landscape planning is a branch of landscape architecture.

Urban design

urban designerUrbandesign
Urban design is an inter-disciplinary field that utilizes elements of many built environment professions, including landscape architecture, urban planning, architecture, civil engineering and municipal engineering.

History of gardening

garden historyGarden historianGardens
The combination of the tradition of landscape gardening and the emerging field of urban planning offered landscape architecture an opportunity to serve these needs.
Garden construction and design was a primary precursor to landscape architecture, and it began in West Asia, eventually spreading westward into Greece, Spain, Germany, France, and Britain.

Conservation and restoration of historic gardens

Historic garden conservationhistoric gardenconservation
Practitioners predominantly come from backgrounds in horticulture, garden design, landscape design, and landscape architecture.

John Claudius Loudon

LoudonJ. C. LoudonJohn Loudon
The term landscape architecture was invented by Gilbert Laing Meason in 1828, and John Claudius Loudon (1783–1843) was instrumental in the adoption of the term landscape architecture by the modern profession.
Loudon was instrumental in the adoption of the term landscape architecture by the modern profession.

Park

parkscounty parkpublic parks
The scope of the profession includes landscape design; site planning; stormwater management; erosion control; environmental restoration; parks and recreation planning; visual resource management; green infrastructure planning and provision; and private estate and residence landscape master planning and design; all at varying scales of design, planning and management.

Garden design

formal gardensgardenrock garden
For the period before 1800, the history of landscape gardening (later called landscape architecture) is largely that of master planning and garden design for manor houses, palaces and royal properties, religious complexes, and centers of government.
The same approach is sometimes used in modern campus or commercial landscaping, but can also be applied in smaller private gardens.

Dumbarton Oaks

Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and CollectionDumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine StudiesDumbarton Oaks Research Library
Her numerous private estate projects include the landmark Dumbarton Oaks in the Georgetown neighborhood of Washington, D.C..
The research institute that has emerged from this bequest is dedicated to supporting scholarship in the fields of Byzantine and Pre-Columbian studies, as well as garden design and landscape architecture, especially through its research fellowships, meetings, exhibitions, and publications.

Urban planning

Planningurban developmenttown planning
Through the 19th century, urban planning became a focal point and central issue in cities.
Urban planners work with the cognate fields of architecture, landscape architecture, civil engineering, and public administration to achieve strategic, policy and sustainability goals.

Roberto Burle Marx

Burle MarxAwards
Roberto Burle Marx in Brazil combined the International style and native Brazilian plants and culture for a new aesthetic.
He is accredited with having introduced modernist landscape architecture to Brazil.

Carlos Thays

Charles ThaysCharles or Carlos Thays
Since 1889, with the arrival of the French architect and urbanist landscaper Carlos Thays, recommended to recreate the National Capital's parks and public gardens, it was consolidated an apprentice and training program in landscaping that eventually became a regulated profession, currently the leading academic institution is the UBA University of Buenos Aires"UBA Facultad de Arquitectura, Diseño y Urbanismo" (Faculty of Architecture, Design and Urbanism) offering a Bacherlor’s degree in Urban Landscaping Design and Planning, the profession itself is regulated by the National Ministry of Urban Planning of Argentina and the Institute of the Buenos Aires Botanical Garden.
Carlos Thays (August 20, 1849 – January 31, 1934) was a French-Argentine landscape architect, and a student of French landscape architect Édouard André.

Jens Jensen (landscape architect)

Jens Jensen
Jens Jensen designed sophisticated and naturalistic urban and regional parks for Chicago, Illinois, and private estates for the Ford family including Fair Lane and Gaukler Point.
In 1920 he retired from the park system and started his own landscape architecture practice.

Thomas Church (landscape architect)

Thomas ChurchThomas Dolliver ChurchThomas D. Church
Thomas Church was a mid-century landscape architect significant in the profession.
He received his B.A. degree in Landscape Architecture from the College of Agriculture at the University of California, Berkeley in 1922.

André Le Nôtre

Le NôtreAndré Le NotreLe Notre
An example is the extensive work by André Le Nôtre at Vaux-le-Vicomte for King Louis XIV of France at the Palace of Versailles.

Ian McHarg

Ian L. McHargIan McHarg Medalthe 50th anniversary of Ian McHarg’s landmark book
Ian McHarg was known for introducing environmental concerns in landscape architecture.
He was admitted to the school of architecture at Harvard University's Graduate School of Design where he received professional degrees in both landscape architecture and city planning in 1949.

Energy-efficient landscaping

Energy-efficient landscape designplanting
Energy-efficient landscaping is a type of landscaping designed for the purpose of conserving energy.