Languages of Europe

European languagesLatin EuropeEuropean languageEuropeanLatin identityRomance-speaking EuropeLatinRomanceLatin Europeanlanguages
Most languages of Europe belong to the '''Indo-European language family.wikipedia
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Indo-European languages

Indo-EuropeanIndo-European languageIndo-European language family
Most languages of Europe belong to the '''Indo-European language family.
The Indo-European family includes most of the modern languages of Europe.

Albanian language

7 million), Albanian (c.
With about 7.5 million speakers, it comprises an independent branch within the Indo-European languages and is not closely related to any other language in Europe.

Portuguese language

PortuguesePortuguese-languageBrazilian Portuguese
Portuguese (c.
According to estimates by UNESCO, Portuguese is the fastest-growing European language after English and the language has, according to the newspaper The Portugal News publishing data given from UNESCO, the highest potential for growth as an international language in southern Africa and South America.

Northwestern Europe

Northwest EuropeNorth West EuropeNorth-West Europe
The Germanic languages make up the predominant language family in northwestern Europe.
Germanic languages are widely spoken in most of Northwestern Europe, although other languages are also present, including Romance languages in Northern France, Wallonia and Luxembourg, and Celtic languages along the western fringes of the British Isles and in Brittany.

Norwegian language

6 million) and Norwegian (c.
Norwegian verbs are not conjugated for person or number unlike English and most European languages, though a few Norwegian dialects do conjugate for number.

Romani language

5 million), Indo-Aryan (Romani, c. 1.5 million) and Celtic (including Welsh, c. 1 million).
The second class is loanwords from European languages.


EuropeanEUEuropean continent
Most languages of Europe belong to the '''Indo-European language family.
This shared cultural heritage is combined by overlapping indigenous national cultures and folklores, roughly divided into Slavic, Latin (Romance) and Germanic, but with several components not part of either of these group (notably Greek and Celtic).

Gallo-Italic languages

Gallo-ItalicGallo-ItalianGallo-Italian languages
The Western Romance languages in turn separate into the Gallo-Romance languages, including French and its varieties (Langues d'oïl), the Rhaeto-Romance languages and the Gallo-Italic languages; the Occitano-Romance languages, grouped with either Gallo-Romance or East Iberian, including Occitan, Catalan and Aragonese; and finally the West Iberian languages (Spanish-Portuguese), including the Astur-Leonese languages, Galician-Portuguese and Castilian.

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

CEFRCommon European Framework of ReferenceCommon European Framework
The European Union and the Council of Europe have been collaborating in education of member populations in languages for "the promotion of plurilingualism" among EU member states, The joint document, "Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, Assessment (CEFR)", is an educational standard defining "the competencies necessary for communication" and related knowledge for the benefit of educators in setting up educational programs.
Its main aim is to provide a method of learning, teaching and assessing which applies to all languages in Europe.

Latin alphabet

LatinRoman alphabetRoman
Around 1900 there were mainly two typeface variants of the Latin alphabet used in Europe: Antiqua and Fraktur.
English is the only major modern European language requiring no diacritics for native words (although a diaeresis may be used in words such as "coöperation").

Welsh language

The phonology of Welsh includes a number of sounds that do not occur in English and are typologically rare in European languages.

Chechen language

The Chechen language has, like most indigenous languages of the Caucasus, a large number of consonants: about 40 to 60 (depending on the dialect and the analysis), far more than in most European languages.

Romance languages

RomanceRomance languageRomanic
within Indo-European, the three largest phyla are Romance, Germanic and Slavic with more than 200 million speakers each, between them accounting for close to 90% of Europeans.
These incursions isolated the Vlachs from the rest of Romance-speaking Europe.


Arabic languageArabic-languageArab
Immigration has added sizeable communities of speakers of African and Asian languages, amounting to about 4% of the population, with Arabic being the most widely spoken of them.
Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as .


Eurolinguistics is a neologistic term for the study of the languages of Europe.


SpanishESPKingdom of Spain
Almost every aspect of Spanish life is permeated by its Roman heritage, making Spain one of the major Latin countries of Europe.

Standard Average European

European languagesmost EuropeanSAE languages
Standard Average European (SAE) is a concept introduced in 1939 by Benjamin Whorf to group the modern Indo-European languages of Europe with shared common features.

Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth

Polish-Lithuanian CommonwealthPolandPolish
The two great religious cultures of the Commonwealth, Latin and Eastern Orthodox, coexisted and penetrated each other, which is reflected in the great popularity of icons (Pic. 13) and the icons resembling effigies of Mary, as well as the metal dresses typical of the Orthodox Church in the predominantly Latin territories of today's Poland (Black Madonna) and Lithuania (Our Lady of the Gate of Dawn).

Latin script

LatinLatin alphabetRoman script
The main scripts used in Europe today are the Latin and Cyrillic.
English is the only major modern European language requiring no diacritics for native words (although a diaeresis may be used in words such as "coöperation").

Scottish Gaelic

GaelicScots GaelicGaelic language
The Scottish government will have to pay for the translation from Gaelic to other European languages.


HungarianHUNRepublic of Hungary
Hungarian is the 13th most widely spoken first language in Europe with around 13 million native speakers and it is one of 24 official and working languages of the European Union.


ESTRepublic of EstoniaEstonian
Estonian is closely related to Finnish, spoken in Finland, across the other side of the Gulf of Finland, and is one of the few languages of Europe that is not of an Indo-European origin.


Fraktur scriptFraktur typefaceGerman Script
Around 1900 there were mainly two typeface variants of the Latin alphabet used in Europe: Antiqua and Fraktur.