Languages of Singapore

four official languagesofficial languages4 diverse linguistic landscapelanguagesmain languages spoken at homenational languageofficial languages of SingaporeOtherSingapore
According to the Constitution of Singapore, the single national language of Singapore is Malay, which plays a symbolic role, as Malays are constitutionally recognized as the indigenous peoples of Singapore, and it is the government's duty to protect their language and heritage.wikipedia
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Malay language

MalayBahasa MelayuMalaysian
According to the Constitution of Singapore, the single national language of Singapore is Malay, which plays a symbolic role, as Malays are constitutionally recognized as the indigenous peoples of Singapore, and it is the government's duty to protect their language and heritage. “The national language shall be the Malay language and shall be in the Roman script […]” (Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, PART XIII) Also according to the constitution, the four commonly used languages of Singapore are English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil. In the early years, the lingua franca of the island was Bazaar Malay (Melayu Pasar), a creole of Malay and Chinese, the language of trade in the Malay Archipelago.
Malay (Bahasa Melayu بهاس ملايو) is a major language of the Austronesian family spoken in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore.

Singapore

🇸🇬Republic of SingaporeSingaporean
According to the Constitution of Singapore, the single national language of Singapore is Malay, which plays a symbolic role, as Malays are constitutionally recognized as the indigenous peoples of Singapore, and it is the government's duty to protect their language and heritage.
There are four official languages: English, Malay, Mandarin Chinese, and Tamil; most Singaporeans are bilingual and English serves as the nation's lingua franca.

Standard Chinese

MandarinChineseMandarin Chinese
Hokkien (Min Nan) briefly emerged as a lingua franca among the Chinese, but by the late 20th century they had been eclipsed by Mandarin. Despite government efforts to promote Mandarin through the Speak Mandarin Campaign, the propagation of Mandarin and Chinese culture amongst Chinese Singaporeans continues to be a challenge because Mandarin faces stiff competition from the strong presence of English.
Standard Chinese, also known as Modern Standard Mandarin, Standard Mandarin, Modern Standard Mandarin Chinese (MSMC), or simply Mandarin, is a standard variety of Chinese that is the sole official language of China, the de facto official language of Taiwan and also one of the four official languages of Singapore.

Varieties of Chinese

ChineseSiniticChinese varieties
Other Chinese varieties such as Hokkien, Teochew, Hakka, Hainanese and Cantonese have been classified by the Government as "dialects", and language policies and language attitudes based on this classification and discouragement of usage in Non-Mandarin Chinese or "Chinese dialects" in official settings and television media have led to a decrease in the number of speakers of these varieties.
It is the sole official language of China and the de facto official language of Taiwan, one of the four official languages of Singapore, and one of the six official languages of the United Nations.

Singaporean Hokkien

HokkienSingaporefrom the Hokkien dialect
Hokkien (Min Nan) briefly emerged as a lingua franca among the Chinese, but by the late 20th century they had been eclipsed by Mandarin.
Languages of Singapore

Speak Good English Movement

Speak Good English
In an attempt to eradicate the usage of Singlish, the government then began the Speak Good English Movement, encouraging people to use Standard Singaporean English in all contexts instead.
The port attracted migrants from neighbouring countries, such as China and India, resulting in a diverse linguistic landscape.

Singaporean Mandarin

MandarinChineseSingaporean Chinese
In particular, Singapore has its own lect of Mandarin; Singaporean Mandarin, itself with two varieties, Standard and Colloquial or spoken.
Languages of Singapore

Singdarin

Colloquial
In particular, Singapore has its own lect of Mandarin; Singaporean Mandarin, itself with two varieties, Standard and Colloquial or spoken.
Languages of Singapore

Mandarin Chinese

MandarinChineseChinese language
Some examples of the different ways in which popular tourist attractions in Singapore display ethnolinguistic diversity can be seen at tourist attractions such as Lau Pa Sat, where the words "Lau Pa Sat" on the directory boards consist of the Mandarin Chinese word lau for "old" (老;lăo) and from the Hokkien words pa sat for "market" (巴刹;bā sha), written in roman script.
Standard Chinese is the official language of the People's Republic of China and Taiwan and one of the four official languages of Singapore.

Speak Mandarin Campaign

deliberate policy to encourage MandarinPinyinizationprogramme to promote Mandarin
Despite government efforts to promote Mandarin through the Speak Mandarin Campaign, the propagation of Mandarin and Chinese culture amongst Chinese Singaporeans continues to be a challenge because Mandarin faces stiff competition from the strong presence of English.
Languages of Singapore

Constitution of Singapore

ConstitutionConstitution of the Republic of SingaporeSingapore constitution
According to the Constitution of Singapore, the single national language of Singapore is Malay, which plays a symbolic role, as Malays are constitutionally recognized as the indigenous peoples of Singapore, and it is the government's duty to protect their language and heritage.

Malays (ethnic group)

MalayMalaysethnic Malay
According to the Constitution of Singapore, the single national language of Singapore is Malay, which plays a symbolic role, as Malays are constitutionally recognized as the indigenous peoples of Singapore, and it is the government's duty to protect their language and heritage.

Indigenous peoples

indigenousindigenous peopleaboriginal
According to the Constitution of Singapore, the single national language of Singapore is Malay, which plays a symbolic role, as Malays are constitutionally recognized as the indigenous peoples of Singapore, and it is the government's duty to protect their language and heritage.

English language

EnglishEnglish-languageen
“The national language shall be the Malay language and shall be in the Roman script […]” (Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, PART XIII) Also according to the constitution, the four commonly used languages of Singapore are English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil.

Chinese language

ChineseRegional dialectChinese:
“The national language shall be the Malay language and shall be in the Roman script […]” (Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, PART XIII) Also according to the constitution, the four commonly used languages of Singapore are English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
“The national language shall be the Malay language and shall be in the Roman script […]” (Constitution of the Republic of Singapore, PART XIII) Also according to the constitution, the four commonly used languages of Singapore are English, Chinese, Malay and Tamil.

Language

languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity
In 2009, more than 20 languages were identified as being spoken in Singapore, reflecting a rich linguistic diversity in the city.

Early history of Singapore

Pre-colonialpre-colonial Singaporeroots as a trading settlement
Singapore's historical roots as a trading settlement gave rise to an influx of foreign traders, and their languages were slowly embedded in Singapore's modern day linguistic repertoire.

Lingua franca

trade languagecommon languagelinguae francae
In the early years, the lingua franca of the island was Bazaar Malay (Melayu Pasar), a creole of Malay and Chinese, the language of trade in the Malay Archipelago. English became the lingua franca due to British rule of Singapore, and was made the main language upon Singaporean independence.

Creole language

creolecreolescreole languages
In the early years, the lingua franca of the island was Bazaar Malay (Melayu Pasar), a creole of Malay and Chinese, the language of trade in the Malay Archipelago.

Malay Archipelago

MalayaIndonesian ArchipelagoMalay
In the early years, the lingua franca of the island was Bazaar Malay (Melayu Pasar), a creole of Malay and Chinese, the language of trade in the Malay Archipelago.

Colony of Singapore

SingaporeCrown Colony of Singaporepost-war Singapore
English became the lingua franca due to British rule of Singapore, and was made the main language upon Singaporean independence.

History of the Republic of Singapore

Singapore's independenceindependenceSingapore's independence from Malaysia
English became the lingua franca due to British rule of Singapore, and was made the main language upon Singaporean independence.

President of Singapore

PresidentPresident of the Republic of SingaporePresidents of Singapore
As Singaporean President Halimah Yacob said during her 2018 speech, “Through the education system, we adopted a common working language in English.”

Halimah Yacob

Madam. Halimah YacobMdm Halimah Yacob
As Singaporean President Halimah Yacob said during her 2018 speech, “Through the education system, we adopted a common working language in English.”