A report on Lao peopleLaos and Mor lam

A khene player in Isan
Map showing linguistic family tree overlaid on a geographic distribution map of Tai-Kadai family. This map only shows general pattern of the migration of Tai-speaking tribes, not specific routes, which would have snaked along the rivers and over the lower passes.
The xo ou (BGN/PCGN)/so u (RTGS), the low-pitched fiddles common in some styles of lam from southern Laos and most of northeastern Thailand.
Lan Xang's zone of influence and neighbours, c. 1540
Pha That Luang in Vientiane is the national symbol of Laos.
A lanat ék/ranat ék (BGN/PCGN)/ranat ek (RTGS), a xylophone used in some varieties of khap and lam. The many types of lanat/ranat are also used in classical Lao music.
The French forced the Siamese to renounce their claims to Lao territory in 1893, thus signalling the genesis of the modern Lao state.
Fa Ngum, founder of the Lan Xang Kingdom
Mor lam performance-the men are playing the khene and wearing pha sarong
Offering of food to monks to make merit at a temple in Vientiane
Local Lao soldiers in the French Colonial guard, c. 1900
The san and yao scales.
A spirit house near Wat Kham Chanot, Udon Thani Province, Thailand
French General Salan and Prince Sisavang Vatthana in Luang Prabang, 4 May 1953
The basic rhythm of traditional mor lam
A statue of Lord Brahma (background) at a temple in Vientiane.
Ruins of Muang Khoun, former capital of Xiangkhouang province, destroyed by the American bombing of Laos in the late 1960s
A dish of Tam mak hoong, ping gai, and khao nio, a very common Lao meal.
Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, 1972
A mor lam VCD featuring Jintara. The karaoke text, dancers, and backdrop are typical of the genre.
Mekong River flowing through Luang Prabang
Paddy fields in Laos
Laos map of Köppen climate classification.
Flag of the ruling Lao People's Revolutionary Party
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and ASEAN heads of state in New Delhi on 25 January 2018
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2016
Hmong girls in Laos, 1973
A proportional representation of Laos exports, 2019
GDP per capita development in Laos
Near the sanctuary on the main upper level of Vat Phou, looking back towards the Mekong River
Rivers are an important means of transport in Laos.
Pha That Luang in Vientiane. The Buddhist stupa that is a national symbol of Laos.
Mahosot Hospital in Vientiane.
National University of Laos in Vientiane.
An example of Lao cuisine
Lao women wearing sinhs
Lao dancers during the New Year celebration
New Laos National Stadium in Vientiane.
Wat Nong Sikhounmuang - buddhist pagoda in Luang Prabang.

Mor lam (Lao: ໝໍລຳ; Thai/Isan: หมอลำ ; ) is a traditional Lao form of song in Laos and Isan.

- Mor lam

They are the majority ethnic group of Laos, making up 53.2% of the total population.

- Lao people

The politically and culturally dominant Lao people make up 53.2% of the population, mostly in the lowlands.

- Laos

As the lowland areas of Laos and Isan are essentially one shared cultural region of Lao people, few differences, especially at its most traditional level, are present to distinguish traditional forms on either side.

- Mor lam

The traditional folk music is lam lao (ລຳລາວ, ลำลาว, ), although it is also known as morlam (Lao: ໝໍລຳ, หมอลำ, ) which is the preferred term in Isan language.

- Lao people

The khaen traditionally accompanied the singer in mor lam, the dominant style of folk music.

- Laos

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A khene player in Isan

Khene

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Mouth organ whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown.

Mouth organ whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown.

A khene player in Isan
Khene

The khene is the national instrument of Laos.

The khene music is an integral part of Lao life that promotes family and social cohesion and it was inscribed in 2017 on the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Although it is associated with the Lao people of Laos and Isan (Northeast Thailand) nowadays, other similar instruments date back to the Bronze Age.

Khene can be played as a solo instrument (dio khene), as part of an ensemble (such as wong pong lang and khene wong), or as an accompaniment to a Lao or Isan solo singer (mor lam).