A report on Laos and Lao people

Map showing linguistic family tree overlaid on a geographic distribution map of Tai-Kadai family. This map only shows general pattern of the migration of Tai-speaking tribes, not specific routes, which would have snaked along the rivers and over the lower passes.
Pha That Luang in Vientiane is the national symbol of Laos.
Lan Xang's zone of influence and neighbours, c. 1540
Fa Ngum, founder of the Lan Xang Kingdom
The French forced the Siamese to renounce their claims to Lao territory in 1893, thus signalling the genesis of the modern Lao state.
Local Lao soldiers in the French Colonial guard, c. 1900
Offering of food to monks to make merit at a temple in Vientiane
French General Salan and Prince Sisavang Vatthana in Luang Prabang, 4 May 1953
A spirit house near Wat Kham Chanot, Udon Thani Province, Thailand
Ruins of Muang Khoun, former capital of Xiangkhouang province, destroyed by the American bombing of Laos in the late 1960s
A statue of Lord Brahma (background) at a temple in Vientiane.
Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, 1972
A dish of Tam mak hoong, ping gai, and khao nio, a very common Lao meal.
Mekong River flowing through Luang Prabang
Paddy fields in Laos
Laos map of Köppen climate classification.
Flag of the ruling Lao People's Revolutionary Party
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and ASEAN heads of state in New Delhi on 25 January 2018
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2016
Hmong girls in Laos, 1973
A proportional representation of Laos exports, 2019
GDP per capita development in Laos
Near the sanctuary on the main upper level of Vat Phou, looking back towards the Mekong River
Rivers are an important means of transport in Laos.
Pha That Luang in Vientiane. The Buddhist stupa that is a national symbol of Laos.
Mahosot Hospital in Vientiane.
National University of Laos in Vientiane.
An example of Lao cuisine
Lao women wearing sinhs
Lao dancers during the New Year celebration
New Laos National Stadium in Vientiane.
Wat Nong Sikhounmuang - buddhist pagoda in Luang Prabang.

They are the majority ethnic group of Laos, making up 53.2% of the total population.

- Lao people

The politically and culturally dominant Lao people make up 53.2% of the population, mostly in the lowlands.

- Laos

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Overall

Khmu people

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Ethnic group of Southeast Asia.

Ethnic group of Southeast Asia.

Elderly Khmu woman from Bokeo Province
Khmu women and their children from Bokeo Province

The majority (88%) live in northern Laos where they constitute the largest minority ethnic group, comprising eleven percent of the total population.

The Khmu form the largest ethnic group, outnumbering even the Lao, in five Northern provinces (Luang Prabang, Phongsaly, Oudomxay, Bokeo and Luangnamtha Provinces).

Lao Loum

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The Lao Loum (ລາວລຸ່ມ; ลาวลุ่ม,, ) is an official Lao People's Democratic Republic designation for lowland dwelling Tai peoples, including the majority Lao people.

Causeway, looking towards the sanctuary

Vat Phou

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Causeway, looking towards the sanctuary
Northern palace in the Wat Phou complex.
Phou Khao has a natural lingam on its peak.
The facade of the sanctuary. The Buddha image inside is modern, and the site is used for religious worship today.
A plan of Vat Phou: proportions and positions are approximate.
View from near the sanctuary on the upper level of Vat Phou, looking back towards the Mekong
Buddha statue
Carving of a crocodile on the upper level, possibly the site of an annual human sacrifice in pre-Angkorian times.
A lintel showing Vishnu on Garuda, on the northeast wall of the sanctuary.
A lintel showing Krishna killing Kamsa, on the south wall of the sanctuary.

Vat Phou (or Wat Phu; ວັດພູ temple-mountain) is a ruined Khmer Hindu temple complex in southern Laos.

This continued after the area came under control of the Lao, and a festival is held on the site each February.