Pha That Luang in Vientiane is the national symbol of Laos.
Fa Ngum, founder of the Lan Xang Kingdom
Local Lao soldiers in the French Colonial guard, c. 1900
French General Salan and Prince Sisavang Vatthana in Luang Prabang, 4 May 1953
Ruins of Muang Khoun, former capital of Xiangkhouang province, destroyed by the American bombing of Laos in the late 1960s
Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, 1972
Mekong River flowing through Luang Prabang
Paddy fields in Laos
Laos map of Köppen climate classification.
Flag of the ruling Lao People's Revolutionary Party
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and ASEAN heads of state in New Delhi on 25 January 2018
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2016
Hmong girls in Laos, 1973
A proportional representation of Laos exports, 2019
GDP per capita development in Laos
Near the sanctuary on the main upper level of Vat Phou, looking back towards the Mekong River
Rivers are an important means of transport in Laos.
Pha That Luang in Vientiane. The Buddhist stupa that is a national symbol of Laos.
Mahosot Hospital in Vientiane.
National University of Laos in Vientiane.
An example of Lao cuisine
Lao women wearing sinhs
Lao dancers during the New Year celebration
New Laos National Stadium in Vientiane.
Wat Nong Sikhounmuang - buddhist pagoda in Luang Prabang.

Socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia.

- Laos

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Trans-boundary river in East Asia and Southeast Asia.

Trans-boundary river in East Asia and Southeast Asia.

Mekong River south of Chamdo.
The Mekong from Phou si
The confluence of the Mekong and the Nam Ou Rivers, Laos
Floating homes on the Mekong, Cambodia
Mekong Delta, Vietnam
The Mekong in Laos
Floating market, Cần Thơ, Mekong delta
Cầu khỉ (monkey bridge) and small nước mắm (fish sauce) workshop on the bank of the Tiền River (branch of Mekong), Binh Dai District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam
Hamlet, Tiền River, Binh Dai District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam
19th century map showing the Mekong river as the "Mei-Kong" river
Members of the Mekong expedition of 1866–1868
Extirpated from most of its pan-Asian range, Cantor's giant softshell turtle can still be found along a stretch of the Mekong in Cambodia (Khmer called "Kanteay")
Bank erosion on the Song Tien, a Mekong branch, Binh Dai District, Ben Tre Province, Vietnam.
Fish Farming on Mekong branch, Song Tien, Đồng Tháp Province, Vietnam
Mekong ferry, Neak Loeung, Cambodia
Slow cruise boats, Pakbeng, Laos

From the Tibetan Plateau the river runs through China, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam.


Country in Southeast Asia.

Country in Southeast Asia.

Pyu city-states, c. 8th century; Pagan is shown for comparison only and is not contemporary.
Pagodas and kyaungs in present-day Bagan, the capital of the Pagan Kingdom
Temples at Mrauk U.
Toungoo Empire under Bayinnaung in 1580
A British 1825 lithograph of Shwedagon Pagoda shows British occupation during the First Anglo-Burmese War.
The landing of British forces in Mandalay after the last of the Anglo-Burmese Wars, which resulted in the abdication of the last Burmese monarch, King Thibaw Min
British troops firing a mortar on the Mawchi road, July 1944
British governor Hubert Elvin Rance and Sao Shwe Thaik at the flag-raising ceremony on 4 January 1948 (Independence Day of Burma)
Protesters gathering in central Rangoon, 1988.
Protesters in Yangon during the 2007 Saffron Revolution with a banner that reads non-violence: national movement in Burmese. In the background is Shwedagon Pagoda.
Cyclone Nargis in southern Myanmar, May 2008.
U.S. President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton with Aung San Suu Kyi and her staff at her home in Yangon, 2012
Map of Myanmar and its divisions, including Shan State, Kachin State, Rakhine State and Karen State.
Protesters against the military coup in Myanmar
Myanmar map of Köppen climate classification.
The limestone landscape of Kayin State
Assembly of the Union (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw)
Myanmar President Thein Sein meets US President Barack Obama in Yangon, 2012
The former Secretary-General of the United Nations, U Thant (1961–1971)
A Myanmar Air Force Mikoyan MiG-29 multirole fighter
Map of conflict zones in Myanmar. States and regions affected by fighting during and after 1995 are highlighted in yellow.
Mae La camp, Tak, Thailand, one of the largest of nine UNHCR camps in Thailand
Displaced Rohingya people of Myanmar
A Rohingya refugee camp in Bangladesh
A proportional representation of Myanmar exports, 2019
The trains are relatively slow in Myanmar. The railway trip from Bagan to Mandalay takes about 7.5 hours (179 km).
Rice is Myanmar's largest agricultural product.
Tourists in Myanmar
U Bein Bridge in Mandalay.
A block of apartments in downtown Yangon, facing Bogyoke Market. Much of Yangon's urban population resides in densely populated flats.
Population pyramid 2016
Ethnolinguistic Groups of Burma/Myanmar
Praying Buddhist monks in Shwedagon Pagoda
Students on their way to school, Kalaymyo, Sagaing Region, Myanmar
Burmese Kinnayi Kinnaya dance
A Buddhist Shinbyu ceremony in Mandalay.
An Arakan (Rakhine) girl pours water at revellers during the Burmese New Year Thingyan Water Festival in Yangon.
Men playing chinlone
Kayan women in a village near Inle Lake, 2010

Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and Thailand to its east and southeast, and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal to its south and southwest.

Luang Prabang

View of Luang Prabang, 1897
Market in Luang Prabang, pre-1901
Damage caused by a communist ground attack on Luang Prabang airfield, 1967
Statue of Sisavang Vong, King of Luang Phrabang 1904–46, King of Laos 1946–59
A riverboat and marchers in the Lao New Year parade in Luang Prabang
O-lam, the most popular dish in Luang Prabang
Luang Prabang International Airport
Monks collecting alms at dawn
Buddhist Temple at Haw Kham (Royal Palace) complex
Royal Palace
Primary school
Luang Prabang night market
Buddha images at Vat Visounarath
Boats on the Mekong
Pak Ou Caves
Landscape with a wooden footbridge crossing the Nam Khan river, where two workers are working at the consolidation of this structure, holding a big beam during the monsoon
Wat Nong Sikhounmuang

Luang Phabang, (Lao: ຫລວງພະບາງ/ຫຼວງພະບາງ) or Louangphabang (pronounced ), commonly transliterated into Western languages from the pre-1975 Lao spelling ຫຼວງພຣະບາງ (ຣ = silent r) as Luang Prabang, literally meaning "Royal Buddha Image", is a city in north central Laos, consisting of 58 adjacent villages, of which 33 comprise the UNESCO Town Of Luang Prabang World Heritage Site.

Flower Hmong women in traditional dress at the market in Bắc Hà, Vietnam

Hmong people

Flower Hmong women in traditional dress at the market in Bắc Hà, Vietnam
Likely routes of early rice transfer, and possible language family homelands (archaeological sites in China and SE Asia shown)
Red Dao in Vietnam
Hmong girls meet possible suitors while playing a ball-throwing game in Laos.
Hmong folk costume in Sa Pa, Vietnam
A Flower Hmong woman in Vietnam
A typical rammed earth house building technique of Flower Hmong in Vietnam
Hmong people at the Can Cau market, Si Ma Cai, Vietnam
Hmong girl (aged 15) preparing wedding dress, Phố Cáo commune, Hà Giang province, Vietnam
Hmong girls in Thoeng District, Thailand

The Hmong people (RPA: Hmoob, Nyiakeng Puachue:, Pahawh Hmong: , ) are indigenous people that mainly live in Southwest China (Guizhou, Yunnan, Sichuan, Chongqing, and Guangxi), Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, and Myanmar.

Flag of the Pathet Lao

Pathet Lao

Flag of the Pathet Lao
Pathet Lao at Xam Neua in 1953
Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, Laos, 1973

The Pathet Lao (ປະເທດລາວ ), officially the Lao People's Liberation Army, was a communist political movement and organization in Laos, formed in the mid-20th century.

Insignia of People's Army of Vietnam

People's Army of Vietnam

Military force of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Military force of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Insignia of People's Army of Vietnam
General Võ Nguyên Giáp on the date of the PAVN's establishment in 1944. Chief of General Staff Hoàng Văn Thái wearing a pith helmet and holding the flag.
Vietnamese troops in Vietnam War, 1967
Infiltrators on the move in Laos down the Ho Chi Minh Trail.
Captured photo shows VC crossing a river in 1966.
PAVN's structure
Insignia of the General Staff
Vietnam Map with eight Military Districts and four Corps
PAVN soldiers during a parade in 2015.
PAVN military vehicles roundel.
PAVN reconnaissance troops in 2015.
A Vietnam Coast Guard patrol vessel

Soon after the 1954 Geneva Accords, the 330th and 338th Divisions were formed by southern Viet Minh members who had moved north in conformity with that agreement, and by 1955, six more divisions were formed: the 328th, 332nd and 350th in the north of the North Vietnam, the 305th and the 324th near the DMZ, and the 335 Division of soldiers repatriated from Laos.

Kingdom of Laos

Landlocked country in Southeast Asia at the heart of the Indochinese Peninsula.

Landlocked country in Southeast Asia at the heart of the Indochinese Peninsula.

North Vietnamese troops march through Laos, 1967

The country was governed as a constitutional monarchy that ruled Laos beginning with its independence on 9 November 1953.

Vang in 2004

Vang Pao

Major general in the Royal Lao Army.

Major general in the Royal Lao Army.

Vang in 2004

Vang, an ethnic Hmong, was born on 8 December 1929, in a Hmong village named Nonghet, located in Central Xiangkhuang Province, in the northeastern region of Laos, where his father, Neng Chu Vang, was a county leader.

The flag of the Viet Cong, adopted in 1960, is a variation on the flag of North Vietnam. Sometimes the lower stripe was green.

Viet Cong

The flag of the Viet Cong, adopted in 1960, is a variation on the flag of North Vietnam. Sometimes the lower stripe was green.
Guerrilla forces from North Vietnam's Vietcong movement crossing a river in 1966 during the Vietnam War
Soldiers and civilians took supplies south on the Ho Chi Minh trail (1959)
Situation of the Communist forces in South Vietnam in early 1964
A photo from the U.S. Information Agency allegedly showing a 23-year-old Le Van Than, who had defected from the Communist forces and joined the South Vietnam Government side and was later recaptured by the Viet Cong and spent a month in a Viet Cong internment camp.
Brinks Hotel, Saigon, following a Viet Cong bombing on December 24, 1964. Two American officers were killed.
A Viet Cong prisoner captured in 1967 by the U.S. Army awaits interrogation.
A U.S. Air Force Douglas Skyraider drops a white phosphorus bomb on a Viet Cong position in South Vietnam in 1966.
Viet Cong soldiers captured by US Marines outside of Dong Ha, RVN 1968
Viet Cong soldier stands beneath a Viet Cong flag carrying his AK-47 rifle.
A U.S. propaganda leaflet urges Viet Cong to defect using the Chiêu Hồi Program.
Viet Cong soldiers carry an injured American POW to a prisoner swap in 1973. The VC uniform was a floppy jungle hat, rubber sandals, and green fatigues without rank or insignia.

The Viet Cong (Việt Cộng; ) was an armed communist revolutionary organization in South Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia.


Political and economic union of 10 member states in Southeast Asia, which promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration between its members and countries in Asia-Pacific.

Political and economic union of 10 member states in Southeast Asia, which promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration between its members and countries in Asia-Pacific.

Map showing the member states of ASEAN.
ASEAN leaders sign the declaration of the ASEAN Economic Community during the 27th ASEAN Summit in Kuala Lumpur, 2015
Selection of GDP PPP data (top 10 countries and blocks) in no particular order
Royal Thai Embassy, Helsinki, flying its own national flag as well as ASEAN's flag
Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte poses for a photo with the ASEAN foreign ministers during the 50th anniversary of the group's foundation on 8 August 2017.
Haze over Borneo, 2006
The flags of the ASEAN member states in Jakarta, Indonesia
The Secretariat of ASEAN in Jakarta
ASEAN Tourism Forum 2019 - Traditional Vietnam woman cloth parade
ASEAN Tourism Awards 2019 - Gzhel costumes Vietnam style
Nguyễn Ngọc Thiện, Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism of Vietnam at the ASEAN Tourism Awards 2019 in Ha Long Bay
Children from Thai Hai Reserve Area of Ecological Houses-on-stilts Ethnic Village at the ASEAN Tourism Forum 2019 in Ha Long Bay, Viet Nam; organised by TTG Events,
Closing Ceremony of Visit Vietnam Year 2018 & Gala Celebrating the Success of ATF 2019

Laos and Myanmar (formerly Burma) joined two years later on 23 July 1997.