Laos

Pha That Luang in Vientiane is the national symbol of Laos.
Fa Ngum, founder of the Lan Xang Kingdom
Local Lao soldiers in the French Colonial guard, c. 1900
French General Salan and Prince Sisavang Vatthana in Luang Prabang, 4 May 1953
Ruins of Muang Khoun, former capital of Xiangkhouang province, destroyed by the American bombing of Laos in the late 1960s
Pathet Lao soldiers in Vientiane, 1972
Mekong River flowing through Luang Prabang
Paddy fields in Laos
Laos map of Köppen climate classification.
Flag of the ruling Lao People's Revolutionary Party
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and ASEAN heads of state in New Delhi on 25 January 2018
Prime Minister Thongloun Sisoulith with Russian President Vladimir Putin in 2016
Hmong girls in Laos, 1973
A proportional representation of Laos exports, 2019
GDP per capita development in Laos
Near the sanctuary on the main upper level of Vat Phou, looking back towards the Mekong River
Rivers are an important means of transport in Laos.
Pha That Luang in Vientiane. The Buddhist stupa that is a national symbol of Laos.
Mahosot Hospital in Vientiane.
National University of Laos in Vientiane.
An example of Lao cuisine
Lao women wearing sinhs
Lao dancers during the New Year celebration
New Laos National Stadium in Vientiane.
Wat Nong Sikhounmuang - buddhist pagoda in Luang Prabang.

Socialist state and the only landlocked country in Southeast Asia.

- Laos

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Alpha

States that had communist governments in red, states that the Soviet Union believed at one point to be moving toward socialism in orange and other socialist states in yellow. Not all of the bright red states remained Soviet allies.

Socialist state

Sovereign state constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism.

Sovereign state constitutionally dedicated to the establishment of socialism.

States that had communist governments in red, states that the Soviet Union believed at one point to be moving toward socialism in orange and other socialist states in yellow. Not all of the bright red states remained Soviet allies.

Similarly, direct references to communism in the Lao People's Democratic Republic are not included in its founding documents, although it gives direct power to the governing ruling party, the Marxist–Leninist Lao People's Revolutionary Party.

Annamite Range in Hương Sơn District, Hà Tĩnh Province, Việt Nam

Annamite Range

Annamite Range in Hương Sơn District, Hà Tĩnh Province, Việt Nam
Landscape south of the Annamite Mountain Range near Hoi Yen, Quảng Nam Province, Việt Nam

The Annamite Range or the Annamese Mountains (Chaîne annamitique; ພູ ຫລວງ Phou Luang; Dãy (núi) Trường Sơn) is a major mountain range of eastern Indochina, extending approximately 1100 km through Laos, Vietnam, and a small area in northeast Cambodia.

Ancient kingdoms and cities of India during the time of the Buddha (circa 500 BCE) – modern-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan

Wat Tham Krabok

Buddhist temple (wat) in the Phra Phutthabat District of Saraburi Province, Thailand.

Buddhist temple (wat) in the Phra Phutthabat District of Saraburi Province, Thailand.

Ancient kingdoms and cities of India during the time of the Buddha (circa 500 BCE) – modern-day India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan

Most had fled Laos alleging that they were persecuted by the communist government that ruled Laos since 1975.

Kra-Dai migration route proposed by Matthias Gerner (2014) in a linguistic computational project.

Thai people

Thai people (ชาวไทย; endonym), Central/Southern Thai people (คนภาคกลาง, ; exonym and also domestically) or Siamese (ชาวสยาม; historical exonym and sometimes domestically), Thai noi people (ไทยน้อย; historical endonym and sometimes domestically), in a narrow sense, are a Tai ethnic group dominant in Central and Southern Thailand (Siam proper).

Thai people (ชาวไทย; endonym), Central/Southern Thai people (คนภาคกลาง, ; exonym and also domestically) or Siamese (ชาวสยาม; historical exonym and sometimes domestically), Thai noi people (ไทยน้อย; historical endonym and sometimes domestically), in a narrow sense, are a Tai ethnic group dominant in Central and Southern Thailand (Siam proper).

Kra-Dai migration route proposed by Matthias Gerner (2014) in a linguistic computational project.
Thai People Abroad.
Buddhist monks receiving food from villagers

About 51–57 million live in Thailand alone, while large communities can also be found in the United States, China, Laos, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, Cambodia, Burma, South Korea, Germany, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Sweden, Norway, Libya, and the United Arab Emirates.

Nong Khai

City in northeast Thailand.

City in northeast Thailand.

Streets of Nong Khai, provincial capital of Nong Khai Province.
tNong Khai Aquarium
Phrathat Nong Khai

Nong Khai lies on the Mekong River, near the site of the first Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge, spanning the river to Laos.

Thomas More, whose Utopia portrayed a society based on common ownership of property

Communism

Far-left philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose goal is the establishment of a communist society, namely a socioeconomic order based on the idea of common ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange—allocating products to everyone in the society.

Far-left philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose goal is the establishment of a communist society, namely a socioeconomic order based on the idea of common ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange—allocating products to everyone in the society.

Thomas More, whose Utopia portrayed a society based on common ownership of property
Countries of the world now (red) or previously (orange) having nominally Communist governments
The Vietnamese Communist Party's poster in Hanoi
A monument dedicated to Karl Marx (left) and Friedrich Engels (right) in Shanghai
Vladimir Lenin statue in Kolkata, West Bengal
1942 portrait of Joseph Stalin, the longest-serving leader of the Soviet Union
Detail of Man, Controller of the Universe, fresco at Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City showing Leon Trotsky, Friedrich Engels, and Karl Marx
Long Live the Victory of Mao Zedong Thought monument in Shenyang
Enrico Berlinguer, the secretary of the Italian Communist Party and main proponent of Eurocommunism
Rosa Luxemburg
Peter Kropotkin, main theorist of anarcho-communism
The hammer and sickle is a common theme of communist insignia

As of 2022, states controlled by Marxist–Leninist parties under a single-party system include the People's Republic of China, the Republic of Cuba, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Vietnamese boat people awaiting rescue.

Vietnamese boat people

Vietnamese boat people (Thuyền nhân Việt Nam), also known simply as boat people, refers to the refugees who fled Vietnam by boat and ship following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975.

Vietnamese boat people (Thuyền nhân Việt Nam), also known simply as boat people, refers to the refugees who fled Vietnam by boat and ship following the end of the Vietnam War in 1975.

Vietnamese boat people awaiting rescue.
A family of Vietnamese refugees rescued by a US Navy ship.
Rescued Vietnamese being given water.
East Sea - crewmen of the amphibious cargo ship USS Durham (LKA-114) take Vietnamese refugees from a small craft, April 1975
Escape boat saved by the Cap Anamur in late April 1984, placed in Troisdorf
Memorial and tribute of Vietnamese refugees in Hamburg
Bronze plaque in the Port of Hamburg dedicated by Vietnamese refugees giving thanks to Rupert Neudeck and the rescue ship Cap Anamur
Vietnamese refugees arrive in Hamburg, summer of 1986 on the rescue ship Cap Anamur II
Bunk beds used by Vietnamese refugees inside the rescue ship Cap Anamur II
Greeting Vietnamese refugees from the rescue ship Cap Anamur II in 1986
South Vietnamese Boat People Memorial, in Brisbane, QLD, dedicated 2 December 2012, executed by Phillip Piperides

Within the same year, communist forces gained control of Cambodia and Laos, thus engendering a steady flow of refugees fleeing all three countries.

Thanaleng railway station

A train stops at Thanaleng station

Thanaleng station, also known as Dongphosy station (Ban Dong Phosy in Lao), is a railway station in Dongphosy village, Hadxayfong District, Vientiane Prefecture, Laos.

Train at Vang Vieng station

Boten–Vientiane railway

Train at Vang Vieng station
Vientiane Station
Bridge construction in Luang Prabang Province
Viaduct under construction near Vientiane.

The Boten–Vientiane railway (Lao Section of China-Laos Railway) is a 422 km electrified railway in Laos, running between the capital Vientiane and the town of Boten on the border with Yunnan, China.

British and Belgian officers stand beside an unexploded German shell in Flanders, during the First World War

Unexploded ordnance

Unexploded ordnance (UXO, sometimes abbreviated as UO), unexploded bombs (UXBs), and explosive remnants of war (ERW or ERoW) are explosive weapons (bombs, shells, grenades, land mines, naval mines, cluster munition, and other munitions) that did not explode when they were employed and still pose a risk of detonation, sometimes many decades after they were used or discarded.

Unexploded ordnance (UXO, sometimes abbreviated as UO), unexploded bombs (UXBs), and explosive remnants of war (ERW or ERoW) are explosive weapons (bombs, shells, grenades, land mines, naval mines, cluster munition, and other munitions) that did not explode when they were employed and still pose a risk of detonation, sometimes many decades after they were used or discarded.

British and Belgian officers stand beside an unexploded German shell in Flanders, during the First World War
Dud shell lodged in a tree, Argonne Forest, First World War
1943 poster by Abram Games warning against leaving blinds on firing ranges
A man holding an unexploded mortar shell during a United Nations Mine Action Service demonstration in Mogadishu
An EOD technician removing sand from a mortar shell during a demonstration.
Clearing of explosives on a road in Afghanistan.
Unexploded BLU-26 "bombie" in Laos
Bomb crater left after an approximately 1000 lb (0.4 tonne) US Air Force UXO exploded without warning in southern Laos in the year 2000.
Corroded but live Iraqi artillery shell dating from the Gulf War (1990–1991)
Discarded RGD-5 hand grenade (live but unfuzed) in Northern Kuwait dating from 1991.
Disposal of a 4,000 lb blockbuster bomb dropped by the RAF during World War II. Found in the Rhine near Koblenz, 4 December 2011. A linear shaped charge has been placed on top of the casing
A British NCO prepares to dispose of an unexploded bomb during the First World War.
Demining of UXO in Palau

Laos is considered the world's most heavily bombed nation per capita.