Lapu-Lapu

Rajah Lapu-LapuLapu-Lapu DayLapu-Lapu ShrineMactan Shrine
Lapu-Lapu (Baybayin:, Abecedario: Lápú-Lápú) (fl. 1521) was a ruler of Mactan in the Visayas.wikipedia
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Battle of Mactan

battle1521–1898fought
He is best known for the Battle of Mactan that happened at dawn on April 27, 1521, where he and his soldiers defeated Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who was killed in the battle.
The warriors of Lapu-Lapu, a native chieftain of Mactan Island, overpowered and defeated a Spanish force fighting for Rajah Humabon of Cebu, under the command of Ferdinand Magellan, who was killed in the battle.

Ferdinand Magellan

MagellanFernão de MagalhãesFernando de Magallanes
He is best known for the Battle of Mactan that happened at dawn on April 27, 1521, where he and his soldiers defeated Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who was killed in the battle. Magellan's death ended his voyage of circumnavigation, and this delayed the Spanish occupation of the islands by over forty years until the expedition of Miguel López de Legazpi in 1564.
Afterward, Rajah Humabon and his ally Datu Zula convinced Magellan to kill their enemy, Datu Lapu-Lapu, on Mactan.

Rajahnate of Cebu

CebuRajah of CebuRajahnates
Besides being a rival of Rajah Humabon of neighbouring Indianized Cebu, very little is known about the life of Lapu-Lapu.
It was also during Humabon's reign that Lapu-Lapu arrived from Borneo, and was granted by Humabon the region of Mandawili (now Mandaue), including the island known as Opong or Opon (later known as Mactan).

Antonio Pigafetta

Antonio Figafetta
The only existing documents about his life are those written by Antonio Pigafetta.
Pigafetta was wounded on Mactan in the Philippines, where Magellan was killed in the Battle of Mactan in April 1521 by the local ruler Lapu-Lapu.

Cebuano people

CebuanoCebuanosCebuana
One oral tradition is that the Sugbuanons of Opong was once ruled by datu named Mangal and later succeeded by his son named Lapu-Lapu.
The famous encounter between explorer Magellan and the local chieftain Lapu-Lapu ended in the death of Magellan at the Battle of Mactan.

Rajah Humabon

HumabonKing HumabonRaja Humabon
Besides being a rival of Rajah Humabon of neighbouring Indianized Cebu, very little is known about the life of Lapu-Lapu.
He also made a blood compact with Magellan, as a sign of friendship; according to Pigafetta, it was Humabon who had requested Magellan to kill his rival, Lapu Lapu, the Datu or chieftain of nearby Mactan Island.

Maginoo

tumaoGatelites
Lapu-Lapu was one of the two datus of Mactan before the Spanish arrived in the archipelago, the other being a certain Zula, both of whom belong to the Maginoo class.
But the island of Mactan, the domain of Lapu-Lapu and another datu named Zula, was in a location that enabled them to intercept trade ships entering the harbor of Cebu, Humabon's domain.

Lapu-Lapu, Philippines

Lapu-LapuLapu-Lapu CityOpon
He asked Humabon for a place to settle, and the king offered him the region of Mandawili (now Mandaue), including the island known as Opong (or Opon), hoping that Lapu-Lapu's people would cultivate the land.
It was renamed after Datu Lapu-Lapu, the island's chieftain who lead the defeat against the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan in 1521 in the Battle of Mactan, commemorated at the Lapu-Lapu shrine in Punta Engaño.

Enrique of Malacca

EnriqueEnrique de MalaccaHenrique of Malacca
It was also possibly to aid Magellan's Malay slave interpreter, Enrique of Malacca, in gaining his freedom.
Lapu-Lapu

Mactan

Mactan Islandisland of MactanMactan Island Protected Area
One oral tradition is that the Sugbuanons of Opong was once ruled by datu named Mangal and later succeeded by his son named Lapu-Lapu. Lapu-Lapu (Baybayin:, Abecedario: Lápú-Lápú) (fl. 1521) was a ruler of Mactan in the Visayas.
Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan arrived on the island in 1521 and became involved in warfare among the kingdoms, only to be killed in battle by the warriors of Datu Lapu-Lapu, the sovereign in the island.

Rizal Park

BagumbayanLuneta ParkLuneta
A large statue of him, donated by South Korea, stands in the middle of Agrifina Circle in Rizal Park in Manila, replacing a fountain and rollerskating rink.
Statue of the Sentinel of Freedom (or the Lapu-Lapu Monument). The monument was a gift from the people of Korea as appreciation and to honor the memory of freedom-loving Filipinos who helped during the Korean War in the early 1950s (as inscribed in the plaque). Lapu-Lapu was a native Visayan chieftain in Mactan, Cebu and representative of the Sultan of Sulu, and is now known as the first native of the archipelago to resist Spanish colonization. He is retroactively regarded as the first national hero of the Philippines. On the morning of April 27, 1521, Lapu-Lapu and the men of Mactan, armed with spears and kampilan, faced Spanish soldiers led by Portuguese captain Ferdinand Magellan in what would later be known as the Battle of Mactan. Magellan and several of his men were killed.

Baybayin

TagalogBaybayin scriptancient Filipino writing system
Lapu-Lapu (Baybayin:, Abecedario: Lápú-Lápú) (fl. 1521) was a ruler of Mactan in the Visayas.

Filipino orthography

Abecedarioorthographytransliterated into roman letters
Lapu-Lapu (Baybayin:, Abecedario: Lápú-Lápú) (fl. 1521) was a ruler of Mactan in the Visayas.

Floruit

fl.flflourished
Lapu-Lapu (Baybayin:, Abecedario: Lápú-Lápú) (fl. 1521) was a ruler of Mactan in the Visayas.

Visayas

VisayanVisayan IslandsVisayan Island
Lapu-Lapu (Baybayin:, Abecedario: Lápú-Lápú) (fl. 1521) was a ruler of Mactan in the Visayas.

Spanish Empire

SpanishSpainSpanish Crown
Modern Philippine society regards him as the first Filipino hero because he was the first native to resist Imperial Spanish colonization.

Miguel López de Legazpi

LegazpiMiguel Lopez de LegazpiLegaspi
Magellan's death ended his voyage of circumnavigation, and this delayed the Spanish occupation of the islands by over forty years until the expedition of Miguel López de Legazpi in 1564.

Manila

Manila, PhilippinesCity of ManilaManilla
A large statue of him, donated by South Korea, stands in the middle of Agrifina Circle in Rizal Park in Manila, replacing a fountain and rollerskating rink. Monuments to Lapu-Lapu have been built in Cebu and Manila, while the Philippine National Police and the Bureau of Fire Protection use his image as part of their official seals.

Philippine National Police

PNPPhilippine National Police (PNP)police
Monuments to Lapu-Lapu have been built in Cebu and Manila, while the Philippine National Police and the Bureau of Fire Protection use his image as part of their official seals.

Bureau of Fire Protection

BFPBFP FirefightersBFP Firefughters
Monuments to Lapu-Lapu have been built in Cebu and Manila, while the Philippine National Police and the Bureau of Fire Protection use his image as part of their official seals.

Greater India

IndianizedIndiaIndianised
Besides being a rival of Rajah Humabon of neighbouring Indianized Cebu, very little is known about the life of Lapu-Lapu.

Ç

c-cedillace trencadaceceril
Pigafetta notes the names of two chiefs of the island of "Matan", the chiefs "Zula" and "Çilapulapu" (note Ç).

Sanskrit

Skt.classical SanskritSanskrit language
The honorific Çi or Si is a corruption of the Sanskrit title Sri.

Sri

ShriŚrīSri Teen
The honorific Çi or Si is a corruption of the Sanskrit title Sri.

Antonio de Morga

Action of December 14Antonio MorgaBattle of Cavite (1600)
In an annotation of the 1890 edition of Antonio de Morga's Sucesos de las islas Filipinas, José Rizal spells this name as "Si Lapulapu".