Late Latin

Low LatinLatinancient LatinLLLatepost-classical LatinLate Latinitylate-Latinlater LatinRomance
Late Latin (Latinitas serior) is the scholarly name for the written Latin of late antiquity.wikipedia
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Latin

Latin languageLat.la
Late Latin (Latinitas serior) is the scholarly name for the written Latin of late antiquity.
Late Latin is the written language from the 3rd century and the colloquial form Vulgar Latin developed into the Romance languages, such as French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Catalan and Spanish in the 6th to 9th centuries.

Medieval Latin

LatinMiddle LatinMediaeval Latin
This somewhat ambiguously defined version of Latin was used between the eras of Classical Latin and Medieval Latin.
Medieval Latin represented, in essence, a continuation of Classical Latin and Late Latin, with enhancements for new concepts as well as for the increasing integration of Christianity.

Era

periodepochperiods
This somewhat ambiguously defined version of Latin was used between the eras of Classical Latin and Medieval Latin.
The word has been in use in English since 1615, and is derived from Late Latin aera "an era or epoch from which time is reckoned," probably identical to Latin æra "counters used for calculation," plural of æs "brass, money".

Paganism

paganpagansheathen
While Christian writings used a subset of Late Latin, pagans also wrote extensively in Late Latin, especially in the early part of the period.
The term pagan is derived from Late Latin paganus, revived during the Renaissance.

Old Latin

Archaic Latinarchaic formearly Latin
In subsequent editions he subsumed all periods under three headings: the First Period (Old Latin), the Second Period (the Golden Age) and the Third Period, "the Imperial Age", subdivided into the Silver Age, the 2nd century, and Centuries 3–6 together, which was a recognition of Late Latin, as he sometimes refers to the writings of those times as "late."
(In New and Contemporary Latin, this language is called prisca Latinitas ["ancient Latin"] rather than vetus Latina ["old Latin"], as vetus Latina is used to refer to a set of Biblical texts written in Late Latin.) It is ultimately descended from the Proto-Italic language.

Vulgar Latin

Proto-RomanceLatinVulgar
Being a written language, Late Latin is not the same as Vulgar Latin.

Classical Latin

LatinistLatinclassical
This somewhat ambiguously defined version of Latin was used between the eras of Classical Latin and Medieval Latin. Wilhelm Sigismund Teuffel's first edition (1870) of History of Roman Literature defined an early period, the Golden Age, the Silver Age and then goes on to define other ages first by dynasty and then by century (see under Classical Latin). Cange's Glossary takes words from authors ranging from the Christian period (Late Latin) to the Renaissance, dipping into the classical period if a word originated there.
Though Teuffel's First Period was equivalent to Old Latin and his Second Period was equal to the Golden Age, his Third Period die römische Kaiserheit encompasses both the Silver Age and the centuries now termed Late Latin, in which the forms seemed to break loose from their foundation and float freely.

Romance languages

RomanceRomance languageRomanic
The latter served as ancestor of the Romance languages.

Mare Nostrum

expansionist ambitionsItalian Mare Nostrum(our sea)
Other names were also employed, including mare internum ("Internal Sea"), but these did not include mare mediterraneum, which was a late Latin creation only attested to well after the Fall of Rome.

Augustine of Hippo

AugustineSt. AugustineSaint Augustine
Augustine was one of the first Christian ancient Latin authors with a very clear vision of theological anthropology.

Italic languages

ItalicItalic languageItalic branch
The period of late Latin (2nd to 6th centuries) is characterised by a gap between written and folk-spoken language: the regional differentiation of the people's Latin was accelerated, the formation of Romance languages, finally separated by the 9th century, began on its basis; written Latin continued to be used for a long time in the administrative sphere, religion, diplomacy, trade, school, medicine, science, literature, and remains the language of the Catholic Church and the official language of the Vatican City.

Byzantine Empire

ByzantineEastern Roman EmpireByzantines

Late antiquity

Late Antiqueancientantiquity
Late Latin (Latinitas serior) is the scholarly name for the written Latin of late antiquity.

Iberian Peninsula

IberiaIberianPeninsula
English dictionary definitions of Late Latin date this period from the 3rd to the 6th centuries AD, and continuing into the 7th century in the Iberian Peninsula.

Vernacular

vernacular languagevernacular languagesvernacularization
Some Late Latin writings are more literary and classical, but others are more inclined to the vernacular.

Patristics

patristicpatrologypatrologist
Also, Late Latin is not identical to Christian patristic Latin, used in the theological writings of the early Christian fathers.

Theology

theologiantheologicaltheologians
Also, Late Latin is not identical to Christian patristic Latin, used in the theological writings of the early Christian fathers.

Mercenary

mercenariessoldier of fortunemercenary soldier
Late Latin formed when mercenaries from non-Latin-speaking peoples on the borders of the empire were being subsumed and assimilated in large numbers, and the rise of Christianity was introducing a heightened divisiveness in Roman society, creating a greater need for a standard language for communicating between different socioeconomic registers and widely separated regions of the sprawling empire.

Register (sociolinguistics)

registerregisterslanguage register
Late Latin formed when mercenaries from non-Latin-speaking peoples on the borders of the empire were being subsumed and assimilated in large numbers, and the rise of Christianity was introducing a heightened divisiveness in Roman society, creating a greater need for a standard language for communicating between different socioeconomic registers and widely separated regions of the sprawling empire.

Antoine Meillet

MeilletA. MeilletMeillet, Antoine
The linguist Antoine Meillet wrote, "Without the exterior appearance of the language being much modified, Latin became in the course of the imperial epoch a new language", and, "Serving as some sort of lingua franca to a large empire, Latin tended to become simpler, to keep above all what it had of the ordinary".

Lingua franca

trade languagecommon languagelingua francas
The linguist Antoine Meillet wrote, "Without the exterior appearance of the language being much modified, Latin became in the course of the imperial epoch a new language", and, "Serving as some sort of lingua franca to a large empire, Latin tended to become simpler, to keep above all what it had of the ordinary".

Wilhelm Siegmund Teuffel

TeuffelW. S. TeuffelWilhelm Sigismund Teuffel
Wilhelm Sigismund Teuffel's first edition (1870) of History of Roman Literature defined an early period, the Golden Age, the Silver Age and then goes on to define other ages first by dynasty and then by century (see under Classical Latin).

Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange

Du CangeCharles du FresneCharles du Cange
Its origins are obscure but the Latin expression media et infima Latinitas sprang into public notice in 1678 in the title of a Glossary (by today's standards a dictionary) by Charles du Fresne, sieur du Cange.

Renaissance Latin

Humanist LatinLatinRenaissance
Cange's Glossary takes words from authors ranging from the Christian period (Late Latin) to the Renaissance, dipping into the classical period if a word originated there.