Lawn

GrassturfgrassGrass pitchturf grassturflawn carelawnsturf grasseslawn grassturfgrasses
A lawn is an area of soil-covered land planted with grasses and other durable plants such as clover which are maintained at a short height with a lawnmower (or sometimes grazing animals) and used for aesthetic and recreational purposes.wikipedia
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Lawn mower

lawnmowerlawn mowerslawnmowers
A lawn is an area of soil-covered land planted with grasses and other durable plants such as clover which are maintained at a short height with a lawnmower (or sometimes grazing animals) and used for aesthetic and recreational purposes.
A lawn mower (also named as mower or lawnmower) is a machine utilizing one or more revolving blades to cut a grass surface to an even height.

Balmer Lawn

For example, in the New Forest, England, such grazed areas are common, and are known as lawns, for example Balmer Lawn.
The water being the Lymington River which separates Brockenhurst and the small settlement of Balmerlawn on the south side of the grazing lawn.

Scythe

scythingthresherhand reaper
They were an element of wealthy estates and manor houses, and in some places were maintained by the labor-intensive methods of scything and shearing.
Skilled mowers using traditional long-bladed scythes honed very sharp were used to maintain short lawn grass until the invention of the lawnmower.

Poa pratensis

midnightKentucky bluegrassbluegrass
Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is a grass native to Europe or the Middle East.
It is also used for making lawns in parks and gardens and is common in cool moist climates like the northeastern United States.

Poaceae

grassturfgrass family
A lawn is an area of soil-covered land planted with grasses and other durable plants such as clover which are maintained at a short height with a lawnmower (or sometimes grazing animals) and used for aesthetic and recreational purposes.
Poaceae includes the cereal grasses, bamboos and the grasses of natural grassland and cultivated lawns and pasture.

Edwin Beard Budding

Edwin BuddingBudding
This all changed with the invention of the lawnmower by Edwin Beard Budding in 1830.
Budding's mower was designed primarily to cut the lawn on sports grounds and extensive gardens, as a superior alternative to the scythe, and was granted a British patent on 31 August 1830.

St. Augustine grass

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St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum)
St. Augustine grass (Stenotaphrum secundatum) (also known as buffalo turf in Australia) is a warm-season lawn grass that is popular for cultivation in tropical and subtropical regions.

Bowls

lawn bowlslawn bowlerlawn and indoor bowler
With the increasing popularity of sports in the mid-Victorian period, the lawn mower was used to craft modern-style sporting ovals, playing fields, pitches and grass courts for the nascent sports of football, lawn bowls, lawn tennis and others.
Lawn bowls is usually played on a large, rectangular, precisely levelled and manicured grass or synthetic surface known as a bowling green which is divided into parallel playing strips called rinks.

Garden

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Lawns are a common feature of private gardens, public landscapes and parks in many parts of the world.
Constructed elements include paths, patios, decking, sculptures, drainage systems, lights and buildings (such as sheds, gazebos, pergolas and follies), but also living constructions such as flower beds, ponds and lawns.

Eremochloa ophiuroides

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Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides)
Centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides) is a warm season lawn grass.

Pennisetum clandestinum

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Kikuyu grass (Pennisetum clandestinum)
However, it is also a popular garden lawn species in Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and the southern region of California in the United States, as it is inexpensive and drought-tolerant.

Tapestry lawn

Other alternatives to lawns include meadows, drought-tolerant xeriscape gardens, natural landscapes, native plant habitat gardens, paved Spanish courtyard and patio gardens, butterfly gardens, rain gardens, tapestry lawn and kitchen gardens.
A tapestry lawn (also referred to as a grass-free lawn ) is a lawn format that has no grass component and is instead formed by using many different mowing tolerant plant species in combination.

Kitchen garden

potagerherb gardenvegetable garden
Other alternatives to lawns include meadows, drought-tolerant xeriscape gardens, natural landscapes, native plant habitat gardens, paved Spanish courtyard and patio gardens, butterfly gardens, rain gardens, tapestry lawn and kitchen gardens.
The traditional kitchen garden, also known as a potager (in French, jardin potager) or in Scotland a kailyaird, is a space separate from the rest of the residential garden – the ornamental plants and lawn areas.

Sod

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Early autumn, spring, and early summer are the primary seasons to seed, lay sod (turf), plant 'liners', or 'sprig' new lawns, when the soil is warmer and air cooler.
Sod is typically used for lawns, golf courses, and sports stadiums around the world.

Weed

weedsvegetable pestsweedy species
An example of an organic herbicide is corn gluten meal, which releases an 'organic dipeptide' into the soil to inhibit root formation of germinating weed seeds.
Examples commonly are plants unwanted in human-controlled settings, such as farm fields, gardens, lawns, and parks.

Natural landscaping

natural landscapewildflower gardennative garden
Other alternatives to lawns include meadows, drought-tolerant xeriscape gardens, natural landscapes, native plant habitat gardens, paved Spanish courtyard and patio gardens, butterfly gardens, rain gardens, tapestry lawn and kitchen gardens. wildland habitat restoration projects and natural landscaping and gardens use them also for 'user-friendly' areas.
Housing developments have replaced native habitats with ornamental plants and lawns, pushing the wildland-urban interface further out.

Lawn aerator

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Aerating just before planting/seeding may promote deeper root growth and thicker turf.
A lawn aerator is a garden tool designed to create holes in the soil in order to help lawn grasses grow.

Poa

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Bluegrass (Poa spp.)
Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) is the most extensively used cool-season grass used in lawns, sports fields, and golf courses in the United States.

Xeriscaping

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Other alternatives to lawns include meadows, drought-tolerant xeriscape gardens, natural landscapes, native plant habitat gardens, paved Spanish courtyard and patio gardens, butterfly gardens, rain gardens, tapestry lawn and kitchen gardens. Both low-growing and spreading ornamental cultivars and native species are used in for sustainable landscaping as low-maintenance and drought-tolerant grass replacements for lawns and garden meadows.
Some homeowners associations have strict rules requiring a certain percentage of land to be used as lawns but these rules either have been or are in the process of being overturned in many areas.

2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid

2,4-D2, 4-D2,4D
Lawn maintenance commonly involves use of inorganic fertilizers and synthetic pesticides. These cause great harm. Many are carcinogens and endocrine disruptors. They may permanently linger in the environment and negatively affect the health of potentially all nearby organisms. The United States Environmental Protection Agency has estimated nearly 32000000 kg of active pesticide ingredients are used on suburban lawns each year in the United States. There are indications of an emerging regulatory response to this issue. For example, Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Kuwait, and Belize have placed restrictions on the use of the herbicide 2,4-D.
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (usually called 2,4-D) is an organic compound with the chemical formula C 8 H 6 Cl 2 O 3 . It is a systemic herbicide which selectively kills most broadleaf weeds by causing uncontrolled growth in them, but leaves most grasses such as cereals, lawn turf, and grassland relatively unaffected.

Lolium

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Ryegrasses (Lolium spp.)
Lolium contains some species which are important grasses for lawns, and as pasture and for grazing and hay for livestock, being a highly nutritious stock feed.

Agrostis

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Bentgrass (Agrostis spp.)
Some species of bents are commonly used for lawn grass.

Organic lawn management

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With the use of ecological techniques including organic lawn management, the impact of lawns can be reduced.
Organic lawn management is the practice of establishing and caring for a garden lawn using organic horticulture, without the use of chemical inputs such as pesticides or artificial fertilisers.

Zoysia

zoysiagrassZeon ZoysiaZoysia macrostachya
Zoysiagrass (Zoysia spp.)
Because they can tolerate wide variations in temperature, sunlight, and water, zoysia are widely used for lawns in temperate climates.

Cynodon

Bermuda grassBermudagrassBermuda sod grass
Bermudagrass (Cynodon spp.)
Some species, most commonly C. dactylon, are grown as lawn grasses in warm temperate regions, such as the Sunbelt area of the United States where they are valued for their drought tolerance compared to most other lawn grasses.