Lawrence, Massachusetts

LawrenceLawrence, MALawrence (city)Lawrence Public LibraryLawrence, Mass.Lawrence, Massachusetts public schoolsLawrence-Methuen-SalemSouth Lawrence
Lawrence is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, on the Merrimack River.wikipedia
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Andover, Massachusetts

AndoverAndover, MA(Andover)
Surrounding communities include Methuen to the north, Andover to the southwest, and North Andover to the southeast.
In 1642, the Massachusetts General Court set aside a portion of land in what is now Essex County for an inland plantation, including parts of what is now Andover, North Andover and South Lawrence.

Abbott Lawrence

AbbottLawrences
The Water Power Association members: Abbott Lawrence, Edmund Bartlett, Thomas Hopkinson of Lowell, John Nesmith and Daniel Saunders, had purchased control of Peter's Falls on the Merrimack River and hence controlled Bodwell's Falls the site of the present Great Stone Dam.
He founded Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Great Stone Dam

The Water Power Association members: Abbott Lawrence, Edmund Bartlett, Thomas Hopkinson of Lowell, John Nesmith and Daniel Saunders, had purchased control of Peter's Falls on the Merrimack River and hence controlled Bodwell's Falls the site of the present Great Stone Dam. For example, half of the enormous Wood Mill, powered by the Great Stone Dam and once the largest mills in the world, was knocked down in the 1950s.
The Great Stone Dam (also called the Lawrence Dam or Lawrence Great Dam) was built between 1845 and 1848 on the site of Bodwell's Falls on the Merrimack River in what became Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Robert Frost

Frost
Lawrence was the residence of poet Robert Frost for his early school years; his essays and poems were first published in the Lawrence High School newspaper.
After his death on May 5, 1885, the family moved across the country to Lawrence, Massachusetts, under the patronage of (Robert's grandfather) William Frost, Sr., who was an overseer at a New England mill.

Pemberton Mill

Working conditions in the mills were unsafe and in 1860 the Pemberton Mill collapsed, killing 145 workers.
The Pemberton Mill was a large factory in Lawrence, Massachusetts, which collapsed without warning on January 10, 1860 in what is likely "the worst industrial accident in Massachusetts history" and "one of the worst industrial calamities in American history".

Methuen, Massachusetts

MethuenMethuen, MAMethuen, Massachusetts public schools
Surrounding communities include Methuen to the north, Andover to the southwest, and North Andover to the southeast.
The irregularly-shaped town is bordered by Haverhill to the northeast, North Andover to the east, Lawrence and Andover to the south, Dracut (Middlesex County) to the west, Pelham, New Hampshire (Hillsborough County) to the northwest, and Salem, New Hampshire (Rockingham County) to the north.

North Canal Historic District

canalNorth
Essex Company begins construction of dam and canal on Merrimack River.
The North Canal Historic District of Lawrence, Massachusetts, encompasses the historic industrial heart of the city.

Bread and Roses

Bread and Roses Strikekhleb i rozystrike
Lawrence was the scene of the infamous Bread and Roses Strike, also known as the Lawrence Textile Strike, one of the more important labor actions in American history.
The phrase is commonly associated with the successful textile strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts, during January–March 1912, now often referred to as the "Bread and Roses strike".

Arlington Mills Historic District

Arlington MillsArlington MillArlington Mills Company
The Essex Company would sell the water power to corporations such as the Arlington Mills, as well as organize construction of mills and build to suit.
The Arlington Mills Historic District encompasses a major 19th century textile manufacturing complex in Lawrence and Methuen, Massachusetts.

Bellevue Cemetery

Bellevue Cemetery established.
Bellevue Cemetery is a historic cemetery in Lawrence and Methuen, Massachusetts.

Malden Mills

Polartec
The Malden Mills factory burned down on December 11, 1995.
The company is located in Lawrence, Massachusetts and also has operations in Hudson, New Hampshire.

North Andover, Massachusetts

North AndoverNorth Andover, MAStevens Memorial Library
Surrounding communities include Methuen to the north, Andover to the southwest, and North Andover to the southeast.
It is bordered by Andover to the west, Lawrence to the north, Haverhill to the northeast, Boxford to the east, Middleton to the southeast, and North Reading to the southwest.

American Woolen Company

American WoolenAmerican Woolen Co.Ayer Mill
For example, half of the enormous Wood Mill, powered by the Great Stone Dam and once the largest mills in the world, was knocked down in the 1950s.
Frederick Ayer, successful Lowell merchant, purchased the Washington Mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts, and hired his son-in-law, William M. Wood to run it. Wood had already successfully turned around a bankrupt mill in Fall River.

Central Catholic High School (Massachusetts)

Central Catholic High SchoolCentral Catholic
1935 - Central Catholic High School opens.
Central Catholic High School is a college preparatory school with an academic campus in Lawrence, Massachusetts and an athletic campus in Lawrence, Massachusetts associated with the Marist Brothers of the Schools and the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Boston and founded in 1935 by Brother Florentius.

Lawrence High School (Massachusetts)

Lawrence High School
Lawrence was the residence of poet Robert Frost for his early school years; his essays and poems were first published in the Lawrence High School newspaper.
Lawrence High School is located in Lawrence, Massachusetts, United States.

Essex Company Machine Shop

Essex water power company
In 1844, the group petitioned the legislature to act as a corporation, known as the Essex Company, which incorporated on April 16, 1845.
Essex Company Machine Shop, also known as Stone Mill or the Lawrence Machine Shop, is a historic machine shop on Union Street in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Boston and Maine Corporation

Boston and Maine RailroadBoston & MaineBoston & Maine Railroad
Boston & Maine Railroad depot established in South Lawrence.
In 1848 another original section was abandoned, as a new alignment was built from Wilmington north to North Andover, Massachusetts, in order to better serve Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Merrimack River

MerrimackriverMerrimac River
Essex Company begins construction of dam and canal on Merrimack River. Lawrence is a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States, on the Merrimack River.
On the Merrimack River's banks are a number of cities built to take advantage of water power in the 19th century, when textile mills dominated the New England economy: Concord, Manchester, and Nashua in New Hampshire, and Lowell, Lawrence, and Haverhill in Massachusetts.

Lawrence Experiment Station

1887 - Lawrence Experiment Station established by the Massachusetts State Board of Health.
It was established in 1887 in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

McGovern Transportation Center

LawrenceLawrence station
2005 - Lawrence (MBTA station) reopens for the Boston commuter train, subway and transit system.
The Senator Patricia McGovern Transportation Center, also known as the McGovern Transportation Center or simply Lawrence station, is a transit station in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

The Eagle-Tribune

Eagle-TribuneEagle-Tribune Publishing CompanyLawrence Eagle Tribune
Lawrence Daily Eagle newspaper begins publication.
Although The Eagle-Tribune is historically tied to Lawrence, Massachusetts, the largest city in its circulation area, it has been based since the 1960s in suburban North Andover, Massachusetts, and has not included "Lawrence" in its nameplate since the late 1980s.

Grace Episcopal Church (Lawrence, Massachusetts)

Grace Episcopal Church
1851 - Grace Episcopal Church built.
Grace Episcopal Church is a historic Episcopal church building at Common and Jackson Streets in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Manchester and Lawrence Railroad

Manchester and Lawrence branchManchester and Lawrence branch line
Manchester and Lawrence Railroad begins operating.
It leased the newly built Methuen Branch from the Boston and Maine Railroad, which opened in August 1849 and ran from South Lawrence through Methuen to the state line where the two lines met.

The Everett Mills

Everett MillEverett Mills
1910 - Everett Mill constructed.
The Everett Mills are a group of buildings consisting of the Everett and Stone Mills in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Lawrence Municipal Airport (Massachusetts)

Lawrence Municipal Airport
Lawrence Municipal Airport established.
Lawrence Municipal Airport is a public airport located two miles (3 km) east of the central business district of Lawrence, a city in Essex County, Massachusetts, United States.