Lawyer

attorneylawyersattorneystrial lawyerlegal counseltrial attorneylawlegal professionlegal practitionerin-house counsel
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.wikipedia
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Barrister

Barrister-at-Lawbarristersbar
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
A barrister is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions.

Solicitor

solicitorsSolicitor GeneralSolicitor-General
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions.

Attorney at law

attorneyattorney-at-lawattorneys
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
Attorney at law or attorney-at-law, usually abbreviated in everyday speech to attorney, is the preferred term for a practising lawyer in certain jurisdictions, including South Africa (for certain lawyers), Sri Lanka, and the United States.

Counsel

legal counseladvisorSpecial Counsel
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
It is a title often used interchangeably with the title of lawyer.

Patent attorney

patent agentpatent lawyerpatent
A patent attorney is an attorney who has the specialized qualifications necessary for representing clients in obtaining patents and acting in all matters and procedures relating to patent law and practice, such as filing an opposition.

Attorneys in the United States

attorneylawyerattorneys
Alternative terms include counselor (or counsellor-at-law) and lawyer.

Maître

a French-language title
Maître (spelled Maitre according to post-1990 spelling rules) is a commonly used honorific for lawyers and notaries in France, Belgium, Switzerland and French-speaking parts of Canada.

Practice of law

private practicelaw practicepractice
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
In its most general sense, the practice of law involves giving legal advice to clients, drafting legal documents for clients, and representing clients in legal negotiations and court proceedings such as lawsuits, and is applied to the professional services of a lawyer or attorney at law, barrister, solicitor, or civil law notary.

Conveyancer

conveyancersconveyancingconveyed
Therefore, even conveyancer and corporate in-house counsel must first get a license to practice, though they may actually spend very little of their careers in court.
In most Commonwealth countries, a conveyancer is a specialist lawyer who specialises in the legal aspects of buying and selling real property, or conveyancing.

Master of Laws

LL.M.LLMLL.M
Law students in those countries pursue a Master or Bachelor of Laws degree.
To become a lawyer and practice law in most states and countries, a person must first obtain a law degree.

Criminal defense lawyer

defense attorneycriminal defense attorneycriminal lawyer
Criminal defense lawyers specialize in the defense of those charged with any crimes.
A criminal defense lawyer is a lawyer (mostly barristers) specializing in the defense of individuals and companies charged with criminal activity.

Law

legallawslegal theory
From the time of Sir Thomas More, the first lawyer to be appointed as Lord Chancellor, a systematic body of equity grew up alongside the rigid common law, and developed its own Court of Chancery.

Bachelor of Laws

LL.B.LLBLL.B
Law students in those countries pursue a Master or Bachelor of Laws degree.
Bachelor of Laws (Legum Baccalaureus; LL.B.) is an undergraduate law degree in England and most common law jurisdictions—except the United States and Canada—which allows a person to become a lawyer.

Law school

School of Lawlawlaw schools
In other countries, particularly the UK and U.S.A., law is primarily taught at law schools.
A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education, usually involved as part of a process for becoming a lawyer within a given jurisdiction.

Attorney

Attorney (disambiguation)attorneys
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.

Small claims court

small claimssmall civil claimssmall claims track
It is common for litigants to appear unrepresented before certain courts like small claims courts; indeed, many such courts do not allow lawyers to speak for their clients, in an effort to save money for all participants in a small case.
A usual guiding principle in these courts is that individuals ought to be able to conduct their own cases and represent themselves without a lawyer.

Scrivener

Copyscriptnotaryscribe
In most countries, particularly civil law countries, there has been a tradition of giving many legal tasks to a variety of civil law notaries, clerks, and scrivener.
Scriveners later developed into public servants, accountants, lawyers and petition writers.

Advocate

advocatesSenior Advocate Supreme CourtAdvocates Training Programme
A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney, attorney at law, barrister, barrister-at-law, bar-at-law, canonist, canon lawyer, civil law notary, counsel, counselor, counsellor, solicitor, legal executive, or public servant preparing, interpreting and applying law, but not as a paralegal or charter executive secretary.
In English, the Scandinavian title of advokat is interchangeably also translated as barrister, lawyer or attorney-at-law.

Bar examination

bar exambarMultistate Bar Examination
However, in a large number of countries, a law student must pass a bar examination (or a series of such examinations) before receiving a license to practice.
A bar examination, or bar exam, is the examination which is administered by a jurisdiction's bar association that a lawyer needs to pass before being admitted to the bar of that jurisdiction.

Mortgage law

mortgagemortgagesmortgagee
Conveyancing is the drafting of the documents necessary for the transfer of real property, such as deeds and mortgages.
In the English-speaking world this means either a general legal practitioner, i.e., an attorney or solicitor, or in jurisdictions influenced by English law, including South Africa, a (licensed) conveyancer.

Real estate broker

real estate agentrealtorreal estate agents
In others, the use of a lawyer is optional and banks, title companies, or realtors may be used instead.
It is important to note that in some states, lawyers handle real estate sales for compensation without being licensed as brokers or agents.

Country lawyer

country lawyers
In a handful of U.S. states, one may become an attorney (a so-called country lawyer) by simply "reading law" and passing the bar examination, without having to attend law school first (although very few people actually become lawyers that way).
In the United States, the term country lawyer or county-seat lawyer may be applied to identify an attorney living and practicing primarily in a rural area or town, or an attorney pursuing a legal practice that displays certain (potentially idealized) hallmarks of rural or small-town legal practice.

Bar association

barthe barintegrated
In the U.S., such associations are known as mandatory, integrated, or unified bar associations.
A bar association is a professional association of lawyers.

Law society

law societiesAustralian Law SocietyCanadian Bar
In the Commonwealth of Nations, similar organizations are known as Inns of Court, bar councils or law societies.
A law society is an association of lawyers with a regulatory role that includes the right to supervise the training, qualifications, and conduct of lawyers.