League of Lezhë

League of LezheLeague of LezhaAlbaniaAlbanianAlbanian forcesAlbanian resistanceAlbanian-Ottoman warAnti-Ottoman League of Lezheongoing conflictOttoman–Albanian
The League of Lezhë (Besëlidhja e Lezhës) was a military alliance of Albanian feudal lords forged in Lezhë on 2 March 1444, with Skanderbeg as leader of the regional Albanian and Serbian chieftains united against the Ottoman Empire.wikipedia
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Skanderbeg

George Kastrioti SkanderbegScanderbegSkenderbeg
The League of Lezhë (Besëlidhja e Lezhës) was a military alliance of Albanian feudal lords forged in Lezhë on 2 March 1444, with Skanderbeg as leader of the regional Albanian and Serbian chieftains united against the Ottoman Empire.
In 1444, he was appointed the chief commander of the short-lived League of Lezhë that consolidated nobility throughout what is today Northern Albania.

Albanians

AlbanianAlbanian peopleethnic Albanian
The League of Lezhë (Besëlidhja e Lezhës) was a military alliance of Albanian feudal lords forged in Lezhë on 2 March 1444, with Skanderbeg as leader of the regional Albanian and Serbian chieftains united against the Ottoman Empire.
Some of these principalities were united in 1444 under the military alliance called League of Lezha.

Lezhë

LissusLezhaLezhe
The League of Lezhë (Besëlidhja e Lezhës) was a military alliance of Albanian feudal lords forged in Lezhë on 2 March 1444, with Skanderbeg as leader of the regional Albanian and Serbian chieftains united against the Ottoman Empire.
According to other historians, Lezhë is considered as the site of the League of Lezhë where Skanderbeg united the Albanian princes in the fight against the Ottoman Empire.

Albania

Republic of AlbaniaAlbanianALB
The first battle against the Ottoman forces in Albania was that of Balša II, the Lord of Zeta, when one of the Albanian rulers, Karlo Thopia, invited Ottomans who defeated and killed Balša II in the battle of Savra which happened on 18 September 1385.
In the first half of the 14th century, the Ottoman Empire invaded most of Albania and the League of Lezhë was held under Skanderbeg as a ruler, who became the national hero of the Albanian medieval history.

Albanian revolt of 1432–1436

Albanian Revolt of 1432–36Albanian revoltAlbanian Revolt of 1432-1436
Some Albanian nobility revolted in 1432–36.
These policies would lead in part to the formation of the League of Lezhë under Skanderbeg in 1444, and a new era in the Ottoman–Albanian wars.

Pal Dukagjini

Pal DukagjinPaul DukagjiniPal III Dukagjini
Pal and Nicholas were part of the League of Lezhë, a military alliance that sought liberation of Albania from the Ottoman Empire, founded by the powerful Skanderbeg.

Lekë Dushmani

Leke Dushmani
Lekë Dushmani (Lech Dusmano) was an Albanian nobleman and one of the founding members of League of Lezhë, formed on 2 March 1444.

Nicholas Dukagjini

Nicholas DukagjinNikola DukagjiniNikollë Dukagjini
Nicholas Dukagjin was one of the founding members of League of Lezhë, a military alliance of some members of the Albanian nobility forged in Lezhë on 2 March 1444 by:

Gjergj Arianiti

George ArianitiGjergj Arianit KomneniGeorge Arianites
Gjergj Arianiti was Skanderbeg's ally within League of Lezhë only for a short period of time because he abandoned their alliance after the defeat in Berat in 1450.

Theodor Corona Musachi

Teodor III MuzakaTheodor Musachi
Theodor Corona Musachi (Theodhor Koronë Muzaka) or Teodor III Muzaka, was an Albanian nobleman who led the 1437–38 revolt against the Ottomans and was one of the founders of the League of Lezhë in 1444.

Peter Spani (League of Lezhë)

Peter SpaniPetrišpanPjetër Spani
Between 1444 and 1450 he was a member of the League of Lezhë.

George Strez Balšić

George StrezGeorge BalšićGeorge Stresi Balsha
They participated in founding of the League of Lezhë, an alliance led by their maternal uncle Skanderbeg.

Andrea Thopia

Andrea TopiaAndrew Thopia
He was a member of the Thopia family and one of the founders of the League of Lezhë.

Ivan Strez Balšić

IvanJohn
They participated in founding of the League of Lezhë, an alliance led by their maternal uncle Skanderbeg.

Spani family

Spani
The main members of the league were the Arianiti, Balšić, Zaharia, Muzaka, Spani, Thopia and Crnojevići.

Dagnum

Danjcastle of DagnumDiocese of Dagnum
On 4 October 1448, the Albanian–Venetian War ended when Skanderbeg and Nicholas Dukagjini signed a peace treaty with Venice, which would keep its possessions in Albania, including Dagnum, under the conditions that Venice pay a yearly sum of 1,400 ducats, and that some league members would benefit from certain trade privileges, etc.
Members of the Albanian League of Lezhë, Nikollë Dukagjini and Lekë Zaharia, lord of Dagnum, were in dispute over who should marry Irene Dushmani, the only child of Lekë Dushmani, prince of Zadrima.

Gojko Balšić

Gojko
They participated in founding the League of Lezhë, an alliance led by their maternal uncle Skanderbeg.

Siege of Krujë (1450)

First Siege of Krujëlaid siegeSiege of Krujë
The League's forces had victories against the Ottomans at Torvioll (1444), Mokra (1445), Otonetë (1446), Oranik (1448), a loss at Svetigrad (1448), victory at Krujë (1450).
The League of Lezhë, led by Skanderbeg, experienced low morale after losing Svetigrad and Berat between 1448 and 1450.

Stefan Crnojević

Stefan I CrnojevićStefan IStefan
In Venetian–held Lezhë, on 2 March 1444, Stefan and his sons forged an alliance with several noblemen from Albania, led by Skanderbeg, known as the League of Lezhë.

Battle of Torvioll

Torviollfaced the OttomansJune 29, 1444
The League's forces had victories against the Ottomans at Torvioll (1444), Mokra (1445), Otonetë (1446), Oranik (1448), a loss at Svetigrad (1448), victory at Krujë (1450).
He then formed the League of Lezhë, a confederation of Albanian princes united in war against the Ottoman Empire.

Siege of Svetigrad (1448)

SvetigradSiege of SvetigradSvetigrad (1448)
The League's forces had victories against the Ottomans at Torvioll (1444), Mokra (1445), Otonetë (1446), Oranik (1448), a loss at Svetigrad (1448), victory at Krujë (1450).
After the many failed Ottoman expeditions into Albania against the League of Lezhë, a confederation of Albanian Principalities created in 1444 and headed by Skanderbeg, Murad II decided to march an army into Skanderbeg's dominions in order to capture the key Albanian fortress of Svetigrad.

Battle of Mokra (1445)

MokraBattle of MokraMokra (1445)
The League's forces had victories against the Ottomans at Torvioll (1444), Mokra (1445), Otonetë (1446), Oranik (1448), a loss at Svetigrad (1448), victory at Krujë (1450).
The Albanian forces under Skanderbeg defeated the Ottoman forces under Firuz Pasha.

Sati (castle)

Sati
Because Lekë Zaharia joined the League of Lezhe in 1444 and Dukagjin was also a member, Skanderbeg requested that Venice cede Zaharia's former pronoia to him.

Albanian–Venetian War

Albanian–Venetian War (1447–1448)Skanderbeg's war against Venicewar against Venice
On 4 October 1448, the Albanian–Venetian War ended when Skanderbeg and Nicholas Dukagjini signed a peace treaty with Venice, which would keep its possessions in Albania, including Dagnum, under the conditions that Venice pay a yearly sum of 1,400 ducats, and that some league members would benefit from certain trade privileges, etc.
However, the League of Lezhë defeated both the Venetian forces and the Ottoman expedition.