Konrad Schumann, an East German border guard, fleeing East Germany towards West Germany in 1962
German 1954 Convention Travel Document
Darfur refugee camp in Chad, 2005
Anachronous world map showing member states of the League during its 26-year history.
Refugees from Herzegovina, painting by Uroš Predić in 1889 made in the aftermath of the Herzegovina Uprising (1875–77)
The 1864 Geneva Convention, one of the earliest formulations of international law
Turkish refugees from Edirne, 1913
The League to Enforce Peace published this full-page promotion in The New York Times on Christmas Day 1918. It resolved that the League "should ensure peace by eliminating causes of dissension, by deciding controversies by peaceable means, and by uniting the potential force of all the members as a standing menace against any nation that seeks to upset the peace of the world".
One million Armenians were forced to leave their homes in Anatolia in 1915, and many either died or were murdered on their way to Syria.
On his December 1918 trip to Europe, Woodrow Wilson gave speeches that "reaffirmed that the making of peace and the creation of a League of Nations must be accomplished as one single objective".
Children preparing for evacuation from Spain during the Spanish Civil War between 1936 and 1939.
In 1924, the headquarters of the League was named "Palais Wilson", after Woodrow Wilson, who was credited as the "Founder of the League of Nations"
Czech refugees from the Sudetenland, October 1938
League of Nations Organisation chart
Polish child refugees and war orphans in Balachadi, British India, 1941
Palace of Nations, Geneva, the League's headquarters from 1936 until its dissolution in 1946
Russian refugees near Stalingrad, 1942
Child labour in a coal mine, United States, c. 1912
Polish refugees in Teheran, Iran, at an American Red Cross evacuation camp, 1943
Child labour in Kamerun in 1919
A Dutch school teacher leads a group of refugee children just disembarked from a ship at Tilbury Docks in Essex during 1945.
A sample Nansen passport
German refugees from East Prussia, 1945
A map of the world in 1920–45, which shows the League of Nations members during its history
Jewish refugees from Europe protest at a refugee camp in Cyprus, 1947
Chinese delegate addresses the League of Nations concerning the Manchurian Crisis in 1932.
UNHCR tents at a refugee camp following episodes of xenophobic violence and rioting in South Africa, 2008
Emperor Haile Selassie I going into exile in Bath, England via Jerusalem
A camp in Guinea for refugees from Sierra Leone
The Gap in the Bridge; the sign reads "This League of Nations Bridge was designed by the President of the U.S.A."
Cartoon from Punch magazine, 10 December 1920, satirising the gap left by the US not joining the League.
Refugee camp in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
World map showing member states of the League of Nations (in green and red) on 18 April 1946, when the League of Nations ceased to exist.
Erstaufnahmelager Jenfelder Moorpark
League of Nations archives, Geneva.
Refugees from Vietnam land at Hamburg on the Cap Anamur II in 1986
For over 30 years, several tens of thousands of Sahrawi refugees have been living in the region of Tindouf, Algeria, in the heart of the desert.
After challenging Queen Jezebel, Elijah takes refuge in a cave until the voice of God calls him in this 1860 woodcut by Julius Schnorr von Karolsfeld.
Pro-refugee protest in Melbourne, Australia, with a banner reading "No one is illegal" with a Circle A
A Syrian refugee girl in Istanbul, Turkey
Refugee children from Syria at a clinic in Ramtha, Jordan, August 2013
Refugee camp in South Sudan, 2016

Some stateless people are also refugees.

- Statelessness

The first modern definition of international refugee status came about under the League of Nations in 1921 from the Commission for Refugees.

- Refugee

Current scholarly consensus views that, even though the League failed to achieve its ultimate goal of world peace, it did manage to build new roads towards expanding the rule of law across the globe; strengthened the concept of collective security, giving a voice to smaller nations; helped to raise awareness to problems like epidemics, slavery, child labour, colonial tyranny, refugee crises and general working conditions through its numerous commissions and committees; and paved the way for new forms of statehood, as the mandate system put the colonial powers under international observation.

- League of Nations

The Nansen International Office for Refugees was an international organization of the League of Nations in charge of refugees from 1930 to 1939.

- Statelessness

UNHCR also provides protection and assistance to other categories of displaced persons: asylum seekers, refugees who returned home voluntarily but still need help rebuilding their lives, local civilian communities directly affected by large refugee movements, stateless people and so-called internally displaced people (IDPs), as well as people in refugee-like and IDP-like situations.

- Refugee

It also established the Nansen passport as a means of identification for stateless people.

- League of Nations
Konrad Schumann, an East German border guard, fleeing East Germany towards West Germany in 1962

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Nansen passport

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Nansen passport cover; Police office, Prague, Czechoslovakia, 1930
Nansen passport renewal stamp; Nansen International Office for Refugees, 1930
Memorial plaque (partial view); outside wall, City Hall, Oslo, Norway, 2007

Nansen passports, originally and officially stateless persons passports, were internationally recognized refugee travel documents from 1922 to 1938, first issued by the League of Nations's Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees to stateless refugees.