Lebensborn

breed a new "master raceDer Lebensbornestablishing a programFount of LifeLebens­born So­ci­e­tyLebensborn (World War II)Lebensborn programLebensborn projectLebensborn societyNazi Lebensborn Project
Lebensborn e.V.wikipedia
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War children

war babiesa child they admitted having fatheredWar Baby
For more information about Lebensborn in Norway, see war children.
In Norway, there were also Lebensborn children.

Kidnapping of children by Nazi Germany

Kidnapping of Polish children by Nazi Germanykidnappedkidnapping of children
At the Nuremberg Trials, much direct evidence was found of the kidnapping of children by Nazi Germany, across Greater Germany during the period 1939–1945.
The children were placed in special temporary camps of the health department, or Lebensborn e.V., called in German Kindererziehungslager ("children's education camps").

Nazi Germany

Third ReichGermanGermany
Lebensborn e.V. (literally: "Fount of Life") was an SS-initiated, state-supported, registered association in Nazi Germany with the goal of raising the birth rate of Aryan children of persons classified as 'racially pure' and 'healthy' based on Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology.
The Lebensborn (Fountain of Life) association, founded by Himmler in 1935, created a series of maternity homes to accommodate single mothers during their pregnancies.

SS Race and Settlement Main Office

RuSHASS-Rasse- und SiedlungshauptamtRace and Settlement Office
The Lebensborn office was part of SS Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt (SS Race and Settlement Main Office) until 1938, when it was transferred to Hauptamt Persönlicher Stab Reichsführer-SS (Personal Staff of the Reichführer-SS), i.e. directly overseen by Himmler.
Thereafter, in December 1935 Himmler ordered the RuSHA to establish the Lebensborn network of maternity homes, whose purpose was "to accommodate and look after racially and genetically valuable expectant mothers."

Steinhöring

The first Lebensborn home (known as 'Heim Hochland') opened in 1936, in Steinhöring, a tiny village not far from Munich.
In 1936, the Nazi racial organization Lebensborn’s first “Mother-Child-Home” (Mutter-Kind-Heim) was opened in Steinhöring.

Nazi eugenics

eugenicseugeniceugenics programme
The Lebensborn e. V. (e.V. stands for eingetragener Verein or registered association), meaning "fount of life", was founded on 12 December 1935, to counteract falling birth rates in Germany, and to promote Nazi eugenics.

Heinrich Himmler

HimmlerAlfred HimmlerH Himmler
On 13 September 1936, Heinrich Himmler wrote the following to members of the SS:

RuSHA trial

evidence as a prosecution witnessin the trialUnited States of America v. Ulrich Greifelt, et al.
However, of approximately 10,000 foreign-born children located after the war in the American-controlled area of Germany, in the trial of the leaders of the Lebensborn organisation (United States of America v. Ulrich Greifelt, et al.), the court found that 340 had been handled by Lebensborn e. V. The accused were acquitted on charges of kidnapping.
In the RuSHA Trial, the 14 defendants were all officials of various SS organizations responsible for the implementation of the Nazi "pure race" programme: including RuSHA (Rasse- und Siedlungshauptamt, the "Race and Settlement Main Office"); the office of the Reich Commissioner for the Consolidation of German Nationhood (Reichskommissar für die Festigung des deutschen Volkstums, RKFDV; a post held by Heinrich Himmler); the Repatriation Office for Ethnic Germans (Volksdeutsche Mittelstelle, VoMi); and the Lebensborn society.

Anni-Frid Lyngstad

FridaFrida LyngstadAnni-Frid
A famous survivor is Anni-Frid Lyngstad, a member of the music group ABBA.
Anni-Frid Synni Lyngstad was born in Bjørkåsen, a small village in Ballangen near Narvik, in northern Norway, as a lebensborn child, to a Norwegian mother, Synni Lyngstad (19 June 1926 – 28 September 1947), and a German father, Alfred Haase (29 June 1919 – 23 February 2009), who was a sergeant in the Wehrmacht, not long after the end of the Second World War and the German occupation of Norway.

German occupation of Norway

occupation of Norway by Nazi Germanyoccupied NorwayGerman occupation
The main focus in occupied Norway was aiding children born to Norwegian women and fathered by German soldiers.
During the five-year occupation, several thousand Norwegian women had children fathered by German soldiers in the Lebensborn program.

Wégimont Castle

Wégimont
During World War II under the name Heim Ardennen it was one of the Lebensborn maternity homes.

European sexuality leading up to and during World War II

Part official policy, part propaganda, the Nazi policy manifested itself in the Lebensborn program.

Schutzstaffel

SSßNazi SS
Lebensborn e.V. (literally: "Fount of Life") was an SS-initiated, state-supported, registered association in Nazi Germany with the goal of raising the birth rate of Aryan children of persons classified as 'racially pure' and 'healthy' based on Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology. Located in Munich, the organization was partly an office within the Schutzstaffel (SS) responsible for certain family welfare programs, and partly a society for Nazi leaders.

State (polity)

statestatesthe state
Lebensborn e.V. (literally: "Fount of Life") was an SS-initiated, state-supported, registered association in Nazi Germany with the goal of raising the birth rate of Aryan children of persons classified as 'racially pure' and 'healthy' based on Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology.

Birth rate

crude birth ratebirth ratesbirthrate
Lebensborn e.V. (literally: "Fount of Life") was an SS-initiated, state-supported, registered association in Nazi Germany with the goal of raising the birth rate of Aryan children of persons classified as 'racially pure' and 'healthy' based on Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology.

Aryan race

AryanAryansAryanism
Lebensborn e.V. (literally: "Fount of Life") was an SS-initiated, state-supported, registered association in Nazi Germany with the goal of raising the birth rate of Aryan children of persons classified as 'racially pure' and 'healthy' based on Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology.

Ideology

ideologicalideologiespolitical ideology
Lebensborn e.V. (literally: "Fount of Life") was an SS-initiated, state-supported, registered association in Nazi Germany with the goal of raising the birth rate of Aryan children of persons classified as 'racially pure' and 'healthy' based on Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology.

Adoption

adoptedadoptadoptive
Lebensborn provided welfare to its mostly unmarried mothers, encouraged anonymous births by unmarried women at their maternity homes, and mediated adoption of these children by likewise 'racially pure' and 'healthy' parents, particularly SS members and their families.

Cross of Honour of the German Mother

Cross of Honor of the German MotherEhrenkreuz der Deutschen MutterGold Honor Cross of the German Mother
The Cross of Honour of the German Mother was given to the women who bore the most Aryan children.

Germanic peoples

GermanicGermanic tribesGermanic tribe
Initially set up in Germany in 1935, Lebensborn expanded into several occupied European countries with Germanic populations during the Second World War.

Racial hygiene

racial purityRassenhygienerace hygiene
Lebensborn e.V. (literally: "Fount of Life") was an SS-initiated, state-supported, registered association in Nazi Germany with the goal of raising the birth rate of Aryan children of persons classified as 'racially pure' and 'healthy' based on Nazi racial hygiene and health ideology.

Nuremberg trials

NurembergInternational Military TribunalNuremberg Trial
At the Nuremberg Trials, much direct evidence was found of the kidnapping of children by Nazi Germany, across Greater Germany during the period 1939–1945.

Pan-Germanism

pan-GermanGreater GermanyPan-Germanist
At the Nuremberg Trials, much direct evidence was found of the kidnapping of children by Nazi Germany, across Greater Germany during the period 1939–1945.

Registered association (Germany)

e.V.Eingetragener Vereine. V.
The Lebensborn e. V. (e.V. stands for eingetragener Verein or registered association), meaning "fount of life", was founded on 12 December 1935, to counteract falling birth rates in Germany, and to promote Nazi eugenics.

Munich

Munich, GermanyMünchenMunich, West Germany
Located in Munich, the organization was partly an office within the Schutzstaffel (SS) responsible for certain family welfare programs, and partly a society for Nazi leaders.