Legio II Parthica

II ''ParthicaII ParthicaLegio II ''ParthicaIILegio ''II ParthicaSecond Legion
Legio secunda Parthica ("Parthian-conquering Second Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded in AD 197 by the emperor Septimius Severus (r. 193–211), for his campaign against the Parthian Empire, hence the cognomen Parthica.wikipedia
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Castra Albana

After this war, II Parthica returned to Italia, and was stationed near Rome, in Castra Albana (Albano Laziale) – it was the first legion stationed in Italia for several centuries.
The Castra Albana was a permanent legionary fortress of the Legio II Parthica, founded by the Emperor Septimius Severus (193-211) on the modern site of Albano Laziale.

Legio III Parthica

III ''ParthicaIII Parthica
Together with its twin legions I Parthica and III Parthica, the Second Parthian legion was levied for the attack on the eastern frontier.
Together with its sister legions I Parthica and II Parthica, the third Parthian legion was levied for the attack on the eastern frontier.

Imperial Roman army

Roman Imperial armyRoman armyRomans
Legio secunda Parthica ("Parthian-conquering Second Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded in AD 197 by the emperor Septimius Severus (r.
To the Praetorian Guard's 10,000 men, Septimius Severus added the legion II Parthica.

Legio I Parthica

1st Parthian legionI ''ParthicaI Parthica
Together with its twin legions I Parthica and III Parthica, the Second Parthian legion was levied for the attack on the eastern frontier.
The legions I, II, and III Parthica were levied by Septimius Severus for his campaign against the Parthian Empire.

Albano Laziale

AlbanoAlbanumAlbano Cathedral
After this war, II Parthica returned to Italia, and was stationed near Rome, in Castra Albana (Albano Laziale) – it was the first legion stationed in Italia for several centuries.
In Roman times, the territory of Latium was called Albanum: Albanum (Pompeians Domitiani, etc.).The estate of the wealthy Romans on the Colli Albani (Ager Albanus) and Castra Albana was the name of the camp built by Septimius Severus, within the confines of the fund Albanum previously owned by Domitian, to accommodate the Legio II Parthica.

Septimius Severus

Septimus SeverusSeverusLucius Septimius Severus
Legio secunda Parthica ("Parthian-conquering Second Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded in AD 197 by the emperor Septimius Severus (r.
He garrisoned Legio II Parthica at Albanum, only 20 km from Rome.

Apamea, Syria

ApameaAfamiyaApameia
In the following year, however, the II Parthica, stationed in Apamea (Syria), abandoned Macrinus and sided with Elagabalus; the Second supported Elagabalus' rise to purple, defeating Macrinus in the Battle of Antioch.
From 218 until 234 AD the legion II Parthica was stationed in Apamea, when it abandoned support of the usurper Macrinus to the emperor and sided with Elagabalus' rise to the purple who then defeated Macrinus in the Battle of Antioch.

Elagabalus

HeliogabalusElagabalVarius Avitus
In the following year, however, the II Parthica, stationed in Apamea (Syria), abandoned Macrinus and sided with Elagabalus; the Second supported Elagabalus' rise to purple, defeating Macrinus in the Battle of Antioch.
Macrinus and his son, weakened by the desertion of the Second Legion due to bribes and promises circulated by Julia Maesa, were defeated on 8 June 218 at the Battle of Antioch by troops commanded by Gannys.

Maximinus Thrax

MaximinusMaximinMaximinus I
In the following fight for the power, the II Parthica sided with Maximinus Thrax.
Maximinus advanced on Rome to put down the revolt, but was halted at Aquileia, where he was assassinated by disaffected elements of the Legio II Parthica.

Caracalla

Marcus Aurelius AntoninusAntoninus CaracallaEmperor Caracalla
Nevertheless, the legion served in the Severan campaign in Britain of 208–211 and afterwards, under Caracalla against the Germanic tribe of the Alamanni in 213.
As a consequence, the Phalangarii of Legio II Parthica may not have been pikemen, but rather standard battle line troops or possibly Triarii.

Battle of Antioch (218)

Battle of Antiochrode to battlecivil war of 218
In the following year, however, the II Parthica, stationed in Apamea (Syria), abandoned Macrinus and sided with Elagabalus; the Second supported Elagabalus' rise to purple, defeating Macrinus in the Battle of Antioch.
Following these events, Macrinus traveled to Apamea to ensure the loyalty of Legio II Parthica before setting off to march against Emesa.

Gordian III

Gordianus IIIGordianEmperor Gordion II
In 238, the Roman senate declared Maximinus persona non grata and nominated Gordian III as emperor.
Pupienus and Balbinus defeated Maximinus, mainly due to the defection of several legions, particularly the II Parthica, who assassinated Maximinus.

Hasankeyf

District of HasankeyfHesna d'KifaHisn Kayfa
According to Notitia Dignitatum, II Parthica was in Cepha, Turkey, around 400, under the command of the Dux Mesopotamiae.
Recording the situation at the end of the fourth century, the Notitia Dignitatum identifies Cepha as the seat of the commander of the Legio II Parthica.

List of Roman legions

legio I Martialegionary fortresseslegions of Britain
*List of Roman legions

Legio II Flavia Virtutis

II ''Flavia VirtutisLegio II ''Flavia VirtutisSecunda Flavia Virtutis
In the next century, a legion with the same name was garrisoned, together with II Armeniaca and II Flavia Virtutis, at the Roman fortified city of Bezabde (modern Cizre) on the Tigris and from the beginning of the 4th century II Parthica had abandoned Italy.
According to Ammianus Marcellinus (Res Gestae xx.7.1), in 360 II Flavia Virtutis was stationed in Bezabde with II Armeniaca and II Parthica, when the King of Persia Shapur II besieged and conquered the city, killing many of the inhabitants.

Legio II Armeniaca

II ''ArmeniacaII Armeniaca
In the next century, a legion with the same name was garrisoned, together with II Armeniaca and II Flavia Virtutis, at the Roman fortified city of Bezabde (modern Cizre) on the Tigris and from the beginning of the 4th century II Parthica had abandoned Italy.
II Armeniaca was stationed in Bezabde with II Flavia Virtutis and II Parthica, when Shapur II besieged and conquered the city, killing many of the inhabitants.

Vexillatio

vexillationesvexillationvexill.
He levied a new legion, Legio II Parthica, and for the first time in Roman history stationed it on the outskirts of Rome, making it more clear that the Roman emperor was a military dictator.

Roman legion

legionslegionRoman legions
Legio secunda Parthica ("Parthian-conquering Second Legion") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army founded in AD 197 by the emperor Septimius Severus (r.

Parthian Empire

ParthianParthiansArsacid
193–211), for his campaign against the Parthian Empire, hence the cognomen Parthica.

Cognomen

cognominacognominalCamillus
193–211), for his campaign against the Parthian Empire, hence the cognomen Parthica.

Taurus (astrology)

TaurusbullTaurus/Vrishabh
The legion's symbol were a bull and centaur.

Centaur

CentaursCentauroBattle of the Centaurs
The legion's symbol were a bull and centaur.

Ctesiphon

Seleucia-CtesiphonSelucia-CtesiphonAl-Madain
The campaign was a success and Ctesiphon, the Parthian capital was taken and sacked.

Roman Italy

ItaliaItalyItalian
After this war, II Parthica returned to Italia, and was stationed near Rome, in Castra Albana (Albano Laziale) – it was the first legion stationed in Italia for several centuries.