Leigh, Greater Manchester

Butts Mill, Leigh
Parsonage Colliery in 1980
The coat of arms of the former Leigh Municipal Borough Council
Leigh Town Hall
Leigh Library, [1971], also houses Turnpike Gallery & Derby Room
Leigh bus station
Former Leigh Grammar School for Girls
Door of Church of St Mary the Virgin
Leigh Sports Village stadium under construction in May 2008

Town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester, England, on low-lying land northwest of Chat Moss.

- Leigh, Greater Manchester
Butts Mill, Leigh

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Bridgewater Canal

The Opening of the Bridgewater Canal A.D. 1761 by Ford Madox Brown, one of The Manchester Murals at Manchester Town Hall
Brindley's aqueduct, replaced late in the 19th century
Bridgewater Foundry at Patricroft, 1839
Ordnance Survey map of 1843 showing the canal crossing the River Mersey at Barfoot Bridge, Stretford
The canal at Runcorn between the factories
Extract from OS one-inch sheet 100 showing the junction between the Bridgewater Canal and the Manchester Ship Canal at Runcorn, with the flight of locks, as it was in 1966
A map from 1801 showing the Bridgewater and Rochdale canals yet to be connected
The Packet House at Worsley, in 1866
Letter to the Bridgewater Canal offices concerning wives sleeping on boats, dated 11 November 1837
Value of trade carried on the Bridgewater Canal 1806–71
Barton Swing Aqueduct, built to replace the original aqueduct during construction of the Manchester Ship Canal
Aerial view of Barton-on-Irwell in 2002 looking SE showing the Barton Swing Aqueduct over the ship canal (left) and the Barton Road Swing Bridge (right)
Map of the Bridgewater Canal and connecting waterways (zoom in for detail)
Borrow's Bridge across the Runcorn extension of the Bridgewater Canal

The Bridgewater Canal connects Runcorn, Manchester and Leigh, in North West England.

Richard Atherton's daughter Elizabeth, Mrs Robert Gwillym, painted by Joseph Wright of Derby

Atherton, Greater Manchester

Town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England and historically a part of Lancashire.

Town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, in Greater Manchester, England and historically a part of Lancashire.

Richard Atherton's daughter Elizabeth, Mrs Robert Gwillym, painted by Joseph Wright of Derby
Ena Mill in 2000
Atherton Town Hall
Howe Bridge model village. The tall building in the centre is the miners' bath house.
Atherton railway station
The tower of Atherton Parish Church

The town, including Hindsford, Howe Bridge and Hag Fold, is 5 mi east of Wigan, 2 mi north of Leigh, and 10 + 3/4 mi northwest of Manchester.

Bedford, Greater Manchester

St Joseph's Roman Catholic Church

Bedford, a suburb of Leigh, Greater Manchester is one of three ancient townships, Bedford, Pennington and Westleigh, that merged in 1875 to form the town of Leigh.

Garrett Hall is now a farmhouse

Tyldesley

Town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in Greater Manchester, England.

Town in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan in Greater Manchester, England.

Garrett Hall is now a farmhouse
Miners outside the Miners Hall during the 1926 General Strike
Tyldesley Town Hall, from 1924 the headquarters of the former Tyldesley Urban District Council. It was built as the Liberal Club in 1881.
West end and spire of St George's Church
Elliott Street is part of Tyldesley's one-way system.
Plaque on the Old St George's School
Tyldesley Top Chapel faces the Market Square
Tyldesley Little Theatre

Following the Anglo-Saxon invasion of Britain, Tyldesley was part of the manor of Warrington, until the Norman conquest of England, when the settlement constituted a township called Tyldesley-with-Shakerley in the ancient parish of Leigh.

Metropolitan Borough of Wigan

Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, in North West England.

Metropolitan borough of Greater Manchester, in North West England.

Map of Wigan Metropolitan Borough's electoral wards.

It covers the towns of Atherton, Ashton-in-Makerfield, Golborne, Hindley, Ince-in-Makerfield, Leigh and Tyldesley.

Pennington, Greater Manchester

Pennington, a suburb of Leigh, Greater Manchester is one of six townships in the ancient ecclesiastical parish of Leigh, that with Westleigh and Bedford merged to form the town of Leigh in 1875.

Westleigh, Greater Manchester

Locomotive at Bickershaw Colliery, Leigh

Westleigh, a suburb of Leigh, Greater Manchester, England, is one of three ancient townships, Westleigh, Bedford and Pennington, that merged in 1875 to form the borough of Leigh.

View of the railway across Chat Moss, 1833

Chat Moss

Large area of peat bog that makes up part of the City of Salford, Metropolitan Borough of Wigan and Trafford in Greater Manchester, England.

Large area of peat bog that makes up part of the City of Salford, Metropolitan Borough of Wigan and Trafford in Greater Manchester, England.

View of the railway across Chat Moss, 1833
A traveller's sketch of the train at Chat Moss, November 1857
Part of Chat Moss known as Irlam Moss, showing the typical landscape of drainage ditches instead of hedges
A 1937 map of Chat Moss
View across Chat Moss towards the village of Glazebrook

Also the A580 crosses the bog, forming Leigh, Lowton and Astley's (Wigan MBC)'s boundary with Warrington, Culcheth and Glazebury, Croft, and Kenyon.

The doorway of Damhouse in Astley. The inscription over the lintel reads, "Erected by Adam Mort and Margret Mort 1650".

Astley, Greater Manchester

Village in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester, England.

Village in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester, England.

The doorway of Damhouse in Astley. The inscription over the lintel reads, "Erected by Adam Mort and Margret Mort 1650".
Astley Green pit head gear and engine house
A footbridge over the Bridgewater Canal near Astley Green
Astley signal box and level crossing over the Liverpool and Manchester Railway in 1979
St Ambrose Barlow Church

It means either "east (of) Leigh", or ēastlēah the "eastern wood or clearing".

Sir Richard Arkwright, oil on canvas, by Mather Brown, 1790. New Britain Museum of American Art, Connecticut.

Richard Arkwright

English inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution.

English inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution.

Sir Richard Arkwright, oil on canvas, by Mather Brown, 1790. New Britain Museum of American Art, Connecticut.
Susannah Arkwright, Mrs Charles Hurt (1762–1835), and her daughter Mary Anne (painting by Joseph Wright of Derby)
Arkwright's mill at Cromford
Masson Mill on the river Derwent, and Arkwright's house Willersley Castle, completed only after his death.
Blue plaque marking the occupancy by Arkwright in Adam Street, London

The youngest of thirteen children, Sir Richard Arkwright was born in Preston on 23 December 1732. Arkwright will be remembered by most for his reformation of the way that people work. No one has had greater influence and indeed revolutionised industry than Sir Richard Arkwright. At 59 years of age, Arkwright died one of the richest men in Britain. It is estimated that his fortune amounted to something in the region of £500,000. In 1762 Arkwright started a wig-making business. This involved him travelling the country collecting people's discarded hair. While on his travels, Arkwright heard about the attempts being made to produce new machines for the textile industry. Arkwright also met John Kay, a clockmaker from Warrington, who had been busy for some time trying to produce a new spinning-machine with another man, Thomas Highs of Leigh. Kay and Highs had run out of money and had been forced to abandon the project. To Arkwright's amazement, John Kay invited him to help produce this remarkable new machine. Arkwright accepted Kay's offer and employed a local craftsman, and miraculously, it wasn't long until the four actually produced the brand new "Spinning Frame". Arkwright patented this and his "Water Frame" in 1769, which caused great rivalry between him and other cotton spinning entrepreneurs. In 1771 Arkwright invented the world's first water powered cotton mill at Cressbrook in Derbyshire. A series of court cases followed as Arkwright attempted to prosecute rivals who had infringed his patents, culminating in an action brought by the Crown in 1785. Surely, Arkwright's contribution to the cotton industry entitles him to be referred to the father of the Industrial Revolution and will always be remembered for his great, albeit stolen, inventions. REMOVED as doesn't read like what it says it is and it resembles word for word text on Spartacus site-->