Leland Stanford

LelandAmasa Leland StanfordStanfordGovernor Stanford$tealand LandfordGov. StanfordLeland Stanford Sr.Senator StanfordStanford, LelandStanfords
Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824 – June 21, 1893) was an American industrialist, philanthropist, and politician.wikipedia
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Stanford University

StanfordLeland Stanford Junior UniversityUniversity of Stanford
He is the founder (with his wife, Jane) of Stanford University.
The university was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford in memory of their only child, Leland Stanford Jr., who had died of typhoid fever at age 15 the previous year.

Jane Stanford

Jane Lathrop StanfordJaneMrs. Leland Stanford
He is the founder (with his wife, Jane) of Stanford University.
Jane Elizabeth Lathrop Stanford (August 25, 1828 – February 28, 1905) was a co-founder of Stanford University in 1885 (opened 1891) along with her husband, Leland Stanford, as a memorial to their only child, Leland Stanford Jr., who died in 1884 at the age of 15.

Central Pacific Railroad

Central PacificCentral Pacific RailwayCentral Pacific Railroad Company
As president of Central Pacific Railroad, beginning in 1861, and later Southern Pacific, he had tremendous power in the region and a lasting impact on California. Stanford was one of the four merchants known popularly as "The Big Four" (or among themselves as "the Associates") who were the key investors in Chief Engineer Theodore Dehone Judah's plan for the Central Pacific Railroad, which the five of them incorporated on June 28, 1861, and of which Stanford was elected president.
It was incorporated in 1861 by Judah and "The Big Four" (who called themselves "The Associates"): Sacramento, California businessmen Leland Stanford, Collis Huntington, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopkins.

Thomas Welton Stanford

Among his siblings were New York State Senator Charles Stanford (1819–1885) and Australian businessman and spiritualist Thomas Welton Stanford (1832–1918).
Thomas Welton Stanford (1832–1918), also known as Welton Stanford, was an American-born Australian businessman, spiritualist and philanthropist, most notably toward Stanford University, which was founded by his older brother Leland Stanford.

Robber baron (industrialist)

robber baronrobber baronstycoon
He is widely considered a robber baron.
However, school administrators disallowed it, saying it was disrespectful to the school's founder, Leland Stanford.

Charles Stanford (politician)

Charles Stanford
Among his siblings were New York State Senator Charles Stanford (1819–1885) and Australian businessman and spiritualist Thomas Welton Stanford (1832–1918).
During the early 1850s, he and his brothers, among them future Governor Leland Stanford (1824–1893), went to California, and opened a trading company there.

Mark Hopkins Jr.

Mark HopkinsMark Hopkins, Jr.Hopkins
The other three associates were Charles Crocker, Mark Hopkins, and Collis P. Huntington.
They formed the Central Pacific Railroad along with Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker, and Collis Huntington in 1861.

Collis Potter Huntington

Collis P. HuntingtonCollis HuntingtonC. P. Huntington
The other three associates were Charles Crocker, Mark Hopkins, and Collis P. Huntington.
Collis Potter Huntington (October 22, 1821 – August 13, 1900) was one of the Big Four of western railroading (along with Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker) who invested in Theodore Judah's idea to build the Central Pacific Railroad as part of the first U.S. transcontinental railroad.

Leland Stanford Jr.

Leland Stanford, Jr.LelandLeland DeWitt Stanford
The couple did not have any children for years, until their only child, a son, Leland DeWitt Stanford, was born in 1868 when his father was forty-four.
He was the only child of Governor Leland Stanford of California and his wife Jane Stanford (née Lathrop).

First Transcontinental Railroad

transcontinental railroadPacific Railroadrailroad
As head of the railroad company that built the western portion of the "First Transcontinental Railroad" over the Sierra Nevada mountains in California, Nevada, and Utah, Stanford presided at the ceremonial driving of "Last Spike" in Promontory, Utah on May 10, 1869.
The railroad opened for through traffic between Sacramento and Omaha on May 10, 1869, when CPRR President Leland Stanford ceremonially tapped the gold "Last Spike" (later often referred to as the "Golden Spike") with a silver hammer at Promontory Summit.

Golden spike

Last SpikeGolden Spike Dayceremonial final spike
As head of the railroad company that built the western portion of the "First Transcontinental Railroad" over the Sierra Nevada mountains in California, Nevada, and Utah, Stanford presided at the ceremonial driving of "Last Spike" in Promontory, Utah on May 10, 1869.
The golden spike (also known as The Last Spike ) is the ceremonial 17.6-karat gold final spike driven by Leland Stanford to join the rails of the First Transcontinental Railroad across the United States connecting the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads on May 10, 1869, at Promontory Summit, Utah Territory.

Charles Crocker

CrockerCharles F. CrockerCrocker, Charles
The other three associates were Charles Crocker, Mark Hopkins, and Collis P. Huntington.
In 1861, after hearing an intriguing presentation by Theodore Judah, he was one of the four principal investors, along with Mark Hopkins, Collis Huntington and Leland Stanford (also known as The Big Four), who formed the Central Pacific Railroad, which constructed the western portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America.

Pacific Life

Aviation Capital GroupPacific Life Insurance CompanyPacific Mutual Life Insurance Company
Also in May 1868, he started the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company (now Pacific Life) and served as its first president from 1868 to 1876.
Pacific Mutual Life was founded in 1868 by former California Governor Leland Stanford in Sacramento, California.

Lisha Kill, New York

Lisha Kill
Stanford was raised on family farms in the Lisha Kill and Roessleville (after 1836) areas of Watervliet.
There was a black smith, hotel, stores, a tavern run by Josiah Stanford (father of California Governor Leland Stanford); and a post office that was established in 1830.

Big Four (Central Pacific Railroad)

Big FourThe Big Foura consortium
Stanford was one of the four merchants known popularly as "The Big Four" (or among themselves as "the Associates") who were the key investors in Chief Engineer Theodore Dehone Judah's plan for the Central Pacific Railroad, which the five of them incorporated on June 28, 1861, and of which Stanford was elected president.
Composed of Leland Stanford, (1824–1893), Collis Potter Huntington, (1821–1900), Mark Hopkins (1813–1878), and Charles Crocker, (1822–1888), the four themselves, however, personally preferred to be known as "The Associates."

Cazenovia College

CazenoviaCazenovia AcademyCazenovia Seminary
He attended Clinton Liberal Institute, in Clinton, New York, and studied law at Cazenovia Seminary in Cazenovia, New York, in 1841–45.

Michigan Bluff, California

Michigan BluffMichigan City, California
He went into business with his brothers and became the keeper of a general store for miners at Michigan City, California, later the name changed to Michigan Bluff in Placer County; later he had a wholesale house.
Leland Stanford ran a store in the town from 1853 to 1855.

Lloyd Tevis

In May 1868, he joined Lloyd Tevis, Darius Ogden Mills, H.D. Bacon, Hopkins, and Crocker in forming the Pacific Union Express Company.
In May 1868 Tevis joined Darius Ogden Mills, H.D. Bacon, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins and Charles Crocker in forming the Pacific Union Express Company.

Roessleville, New York

Roessleville
Stanford was raised on family farms in the Lisha Kill and Roessleville (after 1836) areas of Watervliet.
Two of the most famous residents of Roessleville was Josiah and Elizabeth Stanford; parents of Governor of California Leland Stanford; who moved the entire family here in 1840 and owned the Elm Grove Farm and hotel.

Theodore Judah

Theodore D. JudahTheodore Dehone JudahJudah
Stanford was one of the four merchants known popularly as "The Big Four" (or among themselves as "the Associates") who were the key investors in Chief Engineer Theodore Dehone Judah's plan for the Central Pacific Railroad, which the five of them incorporated on June 28, 1861, and of which Stanford was elected president.
Failing to raise funds for the Central Pacific project in San Francisco, Judah succeeded in signing up four Sacramento merchants, later known as the "Big Four": Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker.

Clinton, Oneida County, New York

Clinton, New YorkClintonClinton, NY
He attended Clinton Liberal Institute, in Clinton, New York, and studied law at Cazenovia Seminary in Cazenovia, New York, in 1841–45.

Gov. Stanford

Central Pacific 1, ''Gov. Stanford
The Central Pacific's first locomotive, named "Gov. Stanford" in his honor, is preserved on static display at the California State Railroad Museum in Sacramento.
It was Central Pacific's first locomotive and it is named in honor of the road's first president and ex-California governor, Leland Stanford.

Leland Stanford Winery

He owned two wineries, the Leland Stanford Winery in Alameda County founded in 1869, and run and later inherited by his brother Josiah, and the 55,000 acre Great Vina Ranch in Tehama County, containing what was then the largest vineyard in the world at 3575 acre and given to Stanford University.
The winery was founded by Leland Stanford in 1869.

The Horse in Motion

Sallie Gardner at a Gallopsuccessfully photographeda series of photographs
The result was the proto-film Sallie Gardner at a Gallop (1878).
Muybridge's work was commissioned by Leland Stanford, the industrialist and horseman, who was interested in gait analysis.

Watervliet (town), New York

Watervliettown of WatervlietWatervliet, New York
Stanford was born in 1824 in what was then Watervliet, New York (now the Town of Colonie).