Leland Stanford

LelandStanfordGovernor Stanford$tealand LandfordSenator StanfordStanford, LelandStanfords
Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824 – June 21, 1893) was an American tycoon, industrialist, politician, and the founder (with his wife, Jane) of Stanford University.wikipedia
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Stanford University

StanfordLeland Stanford Junior UniversityStanford Cardinal
Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824 – June 21, 1893) was an American tycoon, industrialist, politician, and the founder (with his wife, Jane) of Stanford University.
The university was founded in 1885 by Leland and Jane Stanford in memory of their only child, Leland Stanford Jr., who had died of typhoid fever at age 15 the previous year.

Jane Stanford

JaneJane Lathrop StanfordMrs. Leland Stanford
Amasa Leland Stanford (March 9, 1824 – June 21, 1893) was an American tycoon, industrialist, politician, and the founder (with his wife, Jane) of Stanford University.
Jane Elizabeth Lathrop Stanford (August 25, 1828 – February 28, 1905) was a co-founder of Stanford University in 1885 (opened 1891) along with her husband, Leland Stanford, as a memorial to their only child, Leland Stanford Jr., who died in 1884 at the age of 15.

Central Pacific Railroad

Central PacificCentral Pacific Railroad Company of CaliforniaCP
As president of Southern Pacific Railroad and, beginning in 1861, Central Pacific, he had tremendous power in the region and a lasting impact on California. Stanford was one of the four merchants known popularly as "The Big Four" (or among themselves as "the Associates") who were the key investors in Chief Engineer Theodore Dehone Judah's plan for the Central Pacific Railroad, which the five of them incorporated on June 28, 1861, and of which Stanford was elected president.
It was financed and built through "The Big Four" (who called themselves "The Associates"): Sacramento, California businessmen Leland Stanford, Collis Huntington, Charles Crocker, and Mark Hopkins.

Thomas Welton Stanford

Among his siblings were New York State Senator Charles Stanford (1819–1885) and Australian businessman and spiritualist Thomas Welton Stanford (1832–1918).
Thomas Welton Stanford (1832–1918), also known as Welton Stanford, was an American-born Australian businessman, spiritualist and philanthropist, most notably toward Stanford University, which was founded by his older brother Leland Stanford.

Robber baron (industrialist)

robber baronrobber baronstycoon
He is widely considered a robber baron.
However, school administrators disallowed it, saying it was disrespectful to the school's founder, Leland Stanford.

Charles Stanford (politician)

Charles Stanford
Among his siblings were New York State Senator Charles Stanford (1819–1885) and Australian businessman and spiritualist Thomas Welton Stanford (1832–1918).
During the early 1850s, he and his brothers, among them future Governor Leland Stanford (1824–1893), went to California, and opened a trading company there.

Mark Hopkins Jr.

Mark HopkinsHopkins MansionHopkins
The other three associates were Charles Crocker, Mark Hopkins, and Collis P. Huntington.
They formed the Central Pacific Railroad along with Leland Stanford, Charles Crocker, and Collis Huntington in 1861.

Collis Potter Huntington

Collis P. HuntingtonCollis HuntingtonC. P. Huntington
The other three associates were Charles Crocker, Mark Hopkins, and Collis P. Huntington.
(along with Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker) who invested in Theodore Judah's idea to build the Central Pacific Railroad as part of the first U.S. transcontinental railroad.

Leland Stanford Jr.

LelandLeland DeWitt StanfordLeland Stanford, Jr.
The couple did not have any children for years, until their only child, a son, Leland DeWitt Stanford, was born in 1868 when his father was forty-four.
He was the only child of Governor Leland Stanford of California and his wife Jane Stanford (née Lathrop).

First Transcontinental Railroad

transcontinental railroadPacific Railroadrailroad
As head of the railroad company that built the western portion of the "First Transcontinental Railroad" over the Sierra Nevada mountains in California, Nevada, and Utah, Stanford presided at the ceremonial driving of "Last Spike" in Promontory, Utah on May 10, 1869.
The railroad opened for through traffic on May 10, 1869 when CPRR President Leland Stanford ceremonially drove the gold "Last Spike" (later often referred to as the "Golden Spike") with a silver hammer at Promontory Summit.

Golden spike

Last Spikeceremonial final spikedriving of the golden spike
As head of the railroad company that built the western portion of the "First Transcontinental Railroad" over the Sierra Nevada mountains in California, Nevada, and Utah, Stanford presided at the ceremonial driving of "Last Spike" in Promontory, Utah on May 10, 1869.
The golden spike (also known as The Last Spike ) is the ceremonial 17.6-karat gold final spike driven by Leland Stanford to join the rails of the First Transcontinental Railroad across the United States connecting the Central Pacific and Union Pacific railroads on May 10, 1869, at Promontory Summit, Utah Territory.

Charles Crocker

Charles F. CrockerCrockerCrocker, Charles
The other three associates were Charles Crocker, Mark Hopkins, and Collis P. Huntington.
In 1861, after hearing an intriguing presentation by Theodore Judah, he was one of the four principal investors, along with Mark Hopkins, Collis Huntington and Leland Stanford (also known as The Big Four), who formed the Central Pacific Railroad, which constructed the western portion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in North America.

Lisha Kill, New York

Lisha Kill
Stanford was raised on family farms in the Lisha Kill and Roessleville (after 1836) areas of Watervliet.
There was a black smith, hotel, stores, a tavern run by Josiah Stanford (father of California Governor Leland Stanford); and a post office that was established in 1830.

Pacific Life

Pacific Mutual Life Insurance CompanyPacific Life Insurance CompanyPacific Mutual Life Insurance
Also in May 1868, he started the Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Company (now Pacific Life) and served as its first president from 1868 to 1876.
Pacific Mutual Life was founded in 1868 by former California Governor Leland Stanford in Sacramento, California.

Big Four (Central Pacific Railroad)

Big FourThe Big Foura consortium
Stanford was one of the four merchants known popularly as "The Big Four" (or among themselves as "the Associates") who were the key investors in Chief Engineer Theodore Dehone Judah's plan for the Central Pacific Railroad, which the five of them incorporated on June 28, 1861, and of which Stanford was elected president.
Composed of Leland Stanford, (1824–1893), Collis Potter Huntington, (1821–1900), Mark Hopkins (1813–1878), and Charles Crocker, (1822–1888), the four themselves however, personally preferred to be known as "The Associates."

Michigan Bluff, California

Michigan Bluff
He went into business with his brothers and became the keeper of a general store for miners at Michigan City, California, later the name changed to Michigan Bluff in Placer County; later he had a wholesale house.
Leland Stanford ran a store in the town from 1853 to 1855.

Cazenovia College

Cazenovia SeminaryCazenoviaWildcats
He attended Clinton Liberal Institute, in Clinton, New York, and studied law at Cazenovia Seminary in Cazenovia, New York, in 1841–45.
Leland Stanford – industrialist, founder of Stanford University

Lloyd Tevis

In May 1868, he joined Lloyd Tevis, Darius Ogden Mills, H.D. Bacon, Hopkins, and Crocker in forming the Pacific Union Express Company.
In May 1868 Tevis joined Darius Ogden Mills, H.D. Bacon, Leland Stanford, Mark Hopkins and Charles Crocker in forming the Pacific Union Express Company.

Theodore Judah

Theodore D. JudahTheodore Dehone JudahJudah
Stanford was one of the four merchants known popularly as "The Big Four" (or among themselves as "the Associates") who were the key investors in Chief Engineer Theodore Dehone Judah's plan for the Central Pacific Railroad, which the five of them incorporated on June 28, 1861, and of which Stanford was elected president.
Failing to raise funds for the project in San Francisco, he succeeded in signing up four Sacramento merchants, known as the "Big Four": Leland Stanford, Collis P. Huntington, Mark Hopkins, and Charles Crocker.

Roessleville, New York

Roessleville
Stanford was raised on family farms in the Lisha Kill and Roessleville (after 1836) areas of Watervliet.
Two of the most famous residents of Roessleville was Josiah and Elizabeth Stanford; parents of Governor of California Leland Stanford; who moved the entire family here in 1840 and owned the Elm Grove Farm and hotel.

Clinton, Oneida County, New York

Clinton, New YorkClintonClinton, NY
He attended Clinton Liberal Institute, in Clinton, New York, and studied law at Cazenovia Seminary in Cazenovia, New York, in 1841–45.
Leland Stanford, student in Clinton.

Gov. Stanford

Central Pacific 1, ''Gov. Stanford
The railroad's first locomotive, named "Gov. Stanford" in his honor, is on display today at the California State Railroad Museum in Sacramento.
It was Central Pacific's first locomotive and it is named in honor of the road's first president and ex-California governor, Leland Stanford.

Leland Stanford Winery

He owned two wineries, the Leland Stanford Winery in Alameda County founded in 1869, and run and later inherited by his brother Josiah, and the 55,000 acre Great Vina Ranch in Tehama County, containing what was then the largest vineyard in the world at 3575 acre and given to Stanford University.
The winery was founded by Leland Stanford in 1869.

Watervliet (town), New York

Watervliettown of WatervlietWatervliet, New York
Stanford was born in 1824 in what was then Watervliet, New York (now the Town of Colonie).
Leland Stanford, future governor of California and founder of Stanford University

Sallie Gardner at a Gallop

Sallie Gardnersuccessfully photographeda series of photographs
The result was the proto-film Sallie Gardner at a Gallop (1878).
Muybridge was commissioned by Leland Stanford, the industrialist and horseman, who was interested in gait analysis.