Lemuria (continent)

LemuriaLemurianLemuriansLimuriafictional continent of the same namelegendary lost continentLemurian continentlost continent of Lemuriathe lost land of Lemuria
Lemuria or Limuria is a hypothetical lost land located in either the Indian or the Pacific Ocean, as postulated by a now-discredited 19th-century scientific theory.wikipedia
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Lemuria in popular culture

Lemuriaincorporated into pop cultureThe Last Lemurian
The idea was then adopted by the occultists of the time and consequently has been incorporated into pop culture.
Lemuria is the name of a hypothetical "lost land" variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

List of lost lands

lost continentLost landslost land
Lemuria or Limuria is a hypothetical lost land located in either the Indian or the Pacific Ocean, as postulated by a now-discredited 19th-century scientific theory.

Kumari Kandam

continentKumari kaandamKumarikkandam
Some Tamil writers have associated it with Kumari Kandam, a mythical lost continent with an ancient Tamil civilization located south of present-day India in the Indian Ocean. Some Tamil writers such as Devaneya Pavanar have associated Lemuria with Kumari Kandam, a legendary sunken landmass mentioned in the Tamil literature, claiming that it was the cradle of civilization.
In the 19th century, a section of the European and American scholars speculated the existence of a submerged continent called Lemuria, to explain geological and other similarities between Africa, Australia, India and Madagascar.

New Age

New Age movementnew-ageNew Age spirituality
The idea of Lemuria was subsequently incorporated into the proto-New Age philosophy of Theosophy and subsequently into general fringe belief.
In the writings of New Agers like Edgar Cayce, the ancient period of spiritual wisdom is associated with concepts of supremely-advanced societies living on lost continents such as Atlantis, Lemuria, and Mu, as well as the idea that ancient societies like those of Ancient Egypt were far more technologically advanced than modern scholarship accepts.

Theosophy

theosophisttheosophicalTheosophists
The idea of Lemuria was subsequently incorporated into the proto-New Age philosophy of Theosophy and subsequently into general fringe belief.
The third lived on the continent of Lemuria, which Blavatsky alleged survives today as Australia and Rapa Nui.

Philip Sclater

SclaterP.L. SclaterPL Sclater
In 1864, "The Mammals of Madagascar" by zoologist and biogeographer Philip Sclater appeared in The Quarterly Journal of Science.
He also developed the theory of Lemuria during 1864 to explain zoological coincidences relating Madagascar to India.

Land bridge

dry landland-bridgelandbridge
Originally, Lemuria was hypothesized as a land bridge, now sunken, which would account for certain discontinuities in biogeography.

Mu (lost continent)

MuLost Continent of MuMount Yaddith-Gho
It was subsequently popularized as an alternative term for the hypothetical land of Lemuria by James Churchward, who asserted that Mu was located in the Pacific Ocean before its destruction.

Devaneya Pavanar

Lemurian TamilThe Primary Classical Language of the WorldDevaneya Paavaanar Library
Some Tamil writers such as Devaneya Pavanar have associated Lemuria with Kumari Kandam, a legendary sunken landmass mentioned in the Tamil literature, claiming that it was the cradle of civilization.
In his view the Tamil language originated in "Lemuria", the cradle of civilisation and place of origin of language.

J. Z. Knight

RamthaJZ KnightJ.Z. Knight
According to Knight, Ramtha was a Lemurian warrior who fought the Atlanteans over 35,000 years ago.

Evolution of lemurs

evolutionary history of lemurslemur evolutionlemur origins
In the 19th century, prior to the theory of continental drift, scientists including Philip Sclater, Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, and Ernst Haeckel suggested that Madagascar and India were once part of a southern continent—named Lemuria by Sclater—that has since disappeared under the Indian Ocean.

Ernst Haeckel

HaeckelErnst Heinrich HaeckelHaeckel, Ernst
Ernst Haeckel, a Darwinian taxonomist, proposed Lemuria as an explanation for the absence of "missing link" fossil records.
Haeckel later claimed that the missing link was to be found on the lost continent of Lemuria located in the Indian Ocean.

Legends of Mount Shasta

Mount Shasta has also been a focus for non-Native American legends, centered on a hidden city (called Telos) of advanced beings from the lost continent of Lemuria.

Indian Ocean

IndianIndoSouthern Indian Ocean
Lemuria or Limuria is a hypothetical lost land located in either the Indian or the Pacific Ocean, as postulated by a now-discredited 19th-century scientific theory. Some Tamil writers have associated it with Kumari Kandam, a mythical lost continent with an ancient Tamil civilization located south of present-day India in the Indian Ocean.

Pacific Ocean

PacificSouth PacificWestern Pacific
Lemuria or Limuria is a hypothetical lost land located in either the Indian or the Pacific Ocean, as postulated by a now-discredited 19th-century scientific theory.

19th century in science

19th century19th-century
Lemuria or Limuria is a hypothetical lost land located in either the Indian or the Pacific Ocean, as postulated by a now-discredited 19th-century scientific theory.

Scientific theory

theoryscientific theoriestheories
Lemuria or Limuria is a hypothetical lost land located in either the Indian or the Pacific Ocean, as postulated by a now-discredited 19th-century scientific theory.

Occult

occultismoccultistoccultists
The idea was then adopted by the occultists of the time and consequently has been incorporated into pop culture.

Tamils

TamilTamil peopleTamilian
Some Tamil writers have associated it with Kumari Kandam, a mythical lost continent with an ancient Tamil civilization located south of present-day India in the Indian Ocean.

Biogeography

biogeographicbiogeographicalbiogeographically
Originally, Lemuria was hypothesized as a land bridge, now sunken, which would account for certain discontinuities in biogeography.

Plate tectonics

tectonic platesplate tectonictectonic
This idea has been rendered obsolete by modern theories of plate tectonics.

Zealandia

larger land massNew ZealandNew Zealand continent
Sunken continents such as Zealandia in the Pacific, Mauritia and the Kerguelen Plateau in the Indian Ocean do exist, but no geological formation under the Indian or Pacific Oceans is known that could have served as a land bridge between continents.

Mauritia (microcontinent)

MauritiaMauritia microcontinent
Sunken continents such as Zealandia in the Pacific, Mauritia and the Kerguelen Plateau in the Indian Ocean do exist, but no geological formation under the Indian or Pacific Oceans is known that could have served as a land bridge between continents.

Kerguelen Plateau

KerguelenBroken RidgeKerguelen-Heard Plateau
Sunken continents such as Zealandia in the Pacific, Mauritia and the Kerguelen Plateau in the Indian Ocean do exist, but no geological formation under the Indian or Pacific Oceans is known that could have served as a land bridge between continents.