A report on Leonardo da Vinci

This portrait attributed to Francesco Melzi, c. 1515–1518, is the only certain contemporary depiction of Leonardo.
The possible birthplace and childhood home of Leonardo in Anchiano, Vinci, Italy
Adoration of the Magi c. 1478–1482, Uffizi, Florence
a 1473 pen-and-ink drawing
Virgin of the Rocks, c. 1483–1493, Louvre version
a drawing
The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne and Saint John the Baptist, c. 1499–1508, National Gallery, London
An apocalyptic deluge drawn in black chalk by Leonardo near the end of his life (part of a series of 10, paired with written description in his notebooks)
portrait of Leonardo
Drawing of the Château d'Amboise (c. 1518) attributed to Francesco Melzi
Saint John the Baptist c. 1507–1516, Louvre. Leonardo is thought to have used Salaì as the model.
Annunciation c. 1472–1476, Uffizi, is thought to be Leonardo's earliest extant and complete major work
Unfinished painting of Saint Jerome in the Wilderness c. 1480–1490, Vatican
Lady with an Ermine, c. 1489–1491, Czartoryski Museum, Kraków, Poland
The Last Supper, Convent of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan, Italy (c. 1492–1498)
Mona Lisa or La Gioconda c. 1503–1516, Louvre, Paris
Presumed self-portrait of Leonardo (c. 1510) at the Royal Library of Turin, Italy.
Antique warrior in profile, c. 1472
A page showing Leonardo's study of a foetus in the womb (c. 1510), Royal Library, Windsor Castle
Rhombicuboctahedron as published in Pacioli's Divina proportione (1509)
Anatomical study of the arm (c. 1510)
Leonardo's physiological sketch of the human brain and skull (c. 1510)
Leonardo's drawings of a scythed chariot and a fighting vehicle.
Statue outside the Uffizi, Florence, by Luigi Pampaloni (1791–1847)
The Death of Leonardo da Vinci, by Ingres, 1818
Leonardo Museum in Vinci, which houses a large collection of models constructed on the basis of Leonardo's drawings.
Tomb in the chapel of Saint Hubert at the Château d'Amboise where a plaque describes it as the presumed site of Leonardo's remains.
Madonna of the Carnation, {{circa|1472–1478}}, Alte Pinakothek, Munich
Landscape of the Arno Valley (1473)
Ginevra de' Benci, {{circa|1474–1480}}, National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
Benois Madonna, {{circa|1478–1481}}, Hermitage, Saint Petersburg
Sketch of the hanging of Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli, 1479
Head of a Woman, {{circa|1483–1485}}, Royal Library of Turin
Portrait of a Musician, {{circa|1483–1487}}, Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, Milan
The Vitruvian Man ({{circa|1485}}) Accademia, Venice
Leonardo's horse in silverpoint, {{circa|1488}}{{sfn|Wallace|1972|p=65}}
La Belle Ferronnière, {{circa|1490–1498}}
thumb|Detail of 1902 restoration, trompe-l'œil painting (1498)
The Virgin and Child with Saint Anne, {{circa|1501–1519}}, Louvre, Paris
Leonardo's map of Imola, created for Cesare Borgia, 1502
Study for The Battle of Anghiari (now lost), {{circa|1503}}, Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest
La Scapigliata, {{circa|1506–1508}} (unfinished), Galleria Nazionale di Parma, Parma
Study for Leda and the Swan (now lost), {{circa|1506–1508}}, Chatsworth House, England
Anatomical study of the arm (c. 1510)

Italian polymath of the High Renaissance who was active as a painter, draughtsman, engineer, scientist, theorist, sculptor, and architect.

- Leonardo da Vinci
This portrait attributed to Francesco Melzi, c. 1515–1518, is the only certain contemporary depiction of Leonardo.

154 related topics with Alpha


Portrait by Daniele da Volterra, c. undefined 1545


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Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance.

Italian sculptor, painter, architect and poet of the High Renaissance.

Portrait by Daniele da Volterra, c. undefined 1545
The Madonna of the Steps (1490–1492)
Pietà, St Peter's Basilica (1498–99)
The Statue of David, completed by Michelangelo in 1504, is one of the most renowned works of the Renaissance.
Tomb of Julius II, 1505–1545
Michelangelo painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; the work took approximately four years to complete (1508–1512)
The Last Judgment (1534–1541)
The dome of St Peter's Basilica
Ignudo fresco from 1509 on the Sistine Chapel ceiling
Michelangelo, drawn from sight by Francisco de Holanda in the late 1530s.
The Punishment of Tityus, gift to Tommaso dei Cavalieri, c. 1532
The Sistine Chapel Ceiling (1508–1512)
Tomb of Michelangelo (1578) by Giorgio Vasari in the Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence.
The Taddei Tondo (1502)
Madonna and Child. Bruges, Belgium (1504)
The Doni Tondo (1504–1506)
Angel by Michelangelo, early work (1494–95)
Bacchus by Michelangelo, early work (1496–1497)
Dying Slave, Louvre (1513)
Atlas Slave (1530–1534)
The Drunkenness of Noah
The Deluge (detail)
The Creation of Adam (1510)
The First Day of Creation
Studies for The Libyan Sibyl
 The Libyan Sibyl (1511)
The Prophet Jeremiah (1511)
Battle of the Centaurs (1492)
Copy of the lost Battle of Cascina by Bastiano da Sangallo
The Last Judgment, detail of the Redeemed. (see whole image above)
The Crucifixion of St. Peter
The vestibule of the Laurentian Library has Mannerist features which challenge the Classical order of Brunelleschi's adjacent church.
Michelangelo's redesign of the ancient Capitoline Hill included a complex spiralling pavement with a star at its centre.
Michelangelo's design for St Peter's is both massive and contained, with the corners between the apsidal arms of the Greek Cross filled by square projections.
The exterior is surrounded by a giant order of pilasters supporting a continuous cornice. Four small cupolas cluster around the dome.
Design for a window in the Palazzo Farnese.
Second design for wall tomb of Pope Julius II
Self-portrait of the artist as Nicodemus
Statue of Victory (1534), Palazzo Vecchio, Florence
The Pietà of Vittoria Colonna (c. 1540)
The Rondanini Pietà (1552–1564)
The Doni Tondo (1504–1506)
Drawing showing Tommaso dei Cavalieri by Michelangelo

He is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with his rival and elder contemporary, Leonardo da Vinci.


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City in Central Italy and the capital city of the Tuscany region.

City in Central Italy and the capital city of the Tuscany region.

View of Florence by Hartmann Schedel, published in 1493
Julius Caesar established Florence in 59 BC.
The Goth King Totila razes the walls of Florence during the Gothic War: illumination from the Chigi manuscript of Villani's Cronica.
The Basilica di San Miniato al Monte
Leonardo da Vinci statue outside the Uffizi Gallery
Girolamo Savonarola being burnt at the stake in 1498. The brooding Palazzo Vecchio is at centre right.
Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and his family. Leopold was, from 1765 to 1790, the Grand Duke of Tuscany.
Porte Sante cemetery, burial place of notable figures of Florentine history
1/5 Mahratta Light Infantry, Florence, 28 August 1944
Florence with snow cover in December 2009
Seats in the Florence City Council
Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore
Palazzo Vecchio
1835 City Map of Florence, still largely in the confines of its medieval city centre
Ponte Vecchio, which spans the Arno river
Florence in the evening --Same picture as above. The same picture--
Palazzo Pitti
Ponte Santa Trinita with the Oltrarno district
The city of Florence as seen from the hill of Fiesole
Florence Duomo as seen from Michelangelo hill
Piazzale degli Uffizi
Palazzo Pitti on Boboli Gardens' side
The façade of the Cathedral
Piazza della Repubblica
Panorama composite, overview of Firenze, taken from the Giardino Bardini viewpoint
Replica of David and other statues, Piazza della Signoria
Tourists flock to the Fontana del Porcellino.
Tourists and restaurant in the Piazza del Duomo
Fiaschi of basic Chianti
Botticelli's Venus, stored in the Uffizi
Sculptures in the Loggia dei Lanzi
Michelangelo's David
The Uffizi are the 10th most visited art museum in the world.
The Palazzo della Signoria, better known as the Palazzo Vecchio (English: The Old Palace)
Brunelleschi's dome
The introduction of the Decameron (1350–1353) by Giovanni Boccaccio
The Teatro della Pergola
Florentine steak in Florence
UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
A display of proboscideans in the Museo di Storia Naturale di Firenze, or the Natural History Museum of Florence
Luxury boutiques along Florence's prestigious Via de' Tornabuoni
Calcio Storico
Stadio Artemio Franchi
Rectorate's auditorium of University of Florence
Tramway Sirio in Florence
Route map of the tramway
Florence Airport
Mobikes at Parco delle Cascine, Florence
Dante Alighieri
Lorenzo de' Medici
Amerigo Vespucci
Niccolò Machiavelli
The traditional boroughs of the whole comune of Florence
The 5 administrative boroughs of the whole comune of Florence
Leonardo da Vinci statue outside the Uffizi Gallery

Lorenzo was a great patron of the arts, commissioning works by Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli.

The Mona Lisa digitally retouched to reduce the effects of aging. The unretouched image is darker.

Mona Lisa

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The Mona Lisa digitally retouched to reduce the effects of aging. The unretouched image is darker.
A margin note by Agostino Vespucci (visible at right) discovered in a book at Heidelberg University. Dated 1503, it states that Leonardo was working on a portrait of Lisa del Giocondo.
Colour portraits of Isabella d'Este in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna - perhaps including mix-up?
Profile drawing of Isabella d'Este by Leonardo da Vinci
Detail of the background (right side)
Sebastiano Mainardi's pendant portraits
Detail of Lisa's hands, her right hand resting on her left. Leonardo chose this gesture rather than a wedding ring to depict Lisa as a virtuous woman and faithful wife.
Raphael's drawing (c. 1505), after Leonardo; today in the Louvre along with the Mona Lisa
Louis Béroud's 1911 painting depicting Mona Lisa displayed in the Louvre before the theft, which Béroud discovered and reported to the guards.
The tourist's view in 2015
Mona Lisa behind bulletproof glass at the Louvre Museum
Mona Lisa
2014: Mona Lisa is among the greatest attractions in the Louvre.
US President John F. Kennedy, Madeleine Malraux, André Malraux, Jacqueline Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson at the unveiling of the Mona Lisa at the National Gallery of Art during its visit to Washington D.C., 8 January 1963
Raphael's Young Woman with Unicorn, c. 1506
Raphael's Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione (c. 1514–15)
Le rire (The Laugh) by Eugène Bataille, or Sapeck (1883)
Jean Metzinger, 1911, Le goûter (Tea Time), oil on canvas, 75.9 x 70.2 cm, Philadelphia Museum of Art
Marguerite Agniel "As Mona Lisa" by Robert Henri, c. 1929
Copy of Mona Lisa commonly attributed to Salaì
The Prado Museum La Gioconda
The Isleworth Mona Lisa
Hermitage Mona Lisa
Colour portraits of Isabella d'Este in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna (perhaps including mix-up)

The Mona Lisa (Gioconda or Monna Lisa ; Joconde ) is a half-length portrait painting by Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci.

Self-portrait by Vasari

Giorgio Vasari

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Self-portrait by Vasari
Six Tuscan Poets by Giorgio Vasari, c. 1544, from left to right: Marsilio Ficino, Cristoforo Landino, Francesco Petrarca, Giovanni Boccaccio, Dante Alighieri, and Guido Cavalcanti
The Garden of Gethsemane by Giorgio Vasari
The Uffizi Loggia
A cover of the Lives
Alessandro de Medici resting
Bird catchers
Holy Family, with Andrea del Sarto
Last Supper
Temptations of St. Jerome
St. Luke painting the Virgin
The Prophet Elisha
Interior of the dome of Florence Cathedral
Cosimo studies the taking of Siena
Apotheosis of Cosimo I
Defeat of the Venetians in Casentino
Giorgio Vasari with drawings by Filippino Lippi, Botticelli, and Raffaellino del Garbo
Giorgio Vasari with drawings by Filippino Lippi, Botticelli, and Raffaellino del Garbo
Uffizi colonnade and loggia
Loggia of Vasari in Arezzo
Pietro in Montorio, Rome
Tomb of Michelangelo
Sala dei Cento Giorni - Giorgio Vasari - 1547 - Palazzo della Cancelleria
Villa Giulia - Court - Vasari - Vignola
Part of Loggia del Mercato Vecchio, Florence, just prior to its demolition in the 1880s

Giorgio Vasari (, also, ; 30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, engineer, writer, and historian, best known for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing, and the basis for biographies of several Renaissance artists, including Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo.


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City in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city proper in Italy after Rome.

City in northern Italy, capital of Lombardy, and the second-most populous city proper in Italy after Rome.

Roman ruins in Milan: the Columns of San Lorenzo
The remains of the Milan amphitheatre, which can be found inside the archaeological park of the Antiquarium in Milan
The biscione eating a child on the Visconti coat of arms
The Medieval Porta Ticinese (1100), is one of the three medieval gates of the city that still exist in the modern Milan.
The late 16th-century city encircled by the Spanish walls
Milan during the plague of 1630: plague carts carry the dead for burial.
Ceremonial reception of Russian Field Marshal Alexander Suvorov in Milan, April 1799
Popular print depicting the "Five Days" uprising against Austrian rule.
Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II destroyed by Allied bombings, 1943
Piazza Castello during Expo 2015
Satellite picture of Milan
Navigli by night
Palazzo Marino, Milan City Hall
Giuseppe Sala, mayor since 2016
The city's nine boroughs
Palazzo Lombardia, headquarters of the regional government of Lombardy
Milan Cathedral is the largest Gothic cathedral in the world
Torre del Filarete of Sforza Castle (Castello Sforzesco), a historic medieval fortress.
The Royal Palace of Milan
Royal Villa of Milan, one of the finest examples of Neoclassical architecture in Lombardy
Art Deco Central railway station, the 8th busiest in Europe, opened in 1931
The Cimitero Monumentale, it is noted for the abundance of artistic tombs and monuments.
The Arch of the Peace, 1807
Sempione Park and the Arch of Peace
Santa Maria delle Grazie, 1497
St. Ambrose Basilica dates back from AD 379–386
The skyscrapers of Porta Nuova business district
Biblioteca Ambrosiana
Leonardo da Vinci's The Last Supper, together with the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The Museo del Novecento displays the world's largest collection of Futurist art.
The Pinacoteca di Brera
The Triennale design and art museum
The San Carlo al Corso
Founded in 1778, La Scala is the world's most famous opera house.
The Teatro dei Filodrammatici
Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II is one of the city's largest shopping centres.
Monument to Alessandro Manzoni
Risotto alla Milanese
Cotoletta alla Milanese
San Siro Stadium, home of A.C. Milan and Inter Milan, has a capacity of 80,000. It is Italy's biggest stadium.
Mediolanum Forum, home of Olimpia Milano
The Monza Formula One circuit is located near the city, inside a suburban park.
The University of Milan headquarters
Bocconi University is a leading institution for economics, management and related disciplines in Europe.
University of Milan Bicocca, the city's newest university, ranks as the 82nd best young college on over 300 institutions in the 2020 Times Higher Education World University Rankings.
Sharen'go cars in Piazza Duca d'Aosta
Milan Metro is Italy's longest rapid transit system.
Milano Centrale railway station
Typical trams operated by ATM
Malpensa Airport

The tourists are attracted by Milan's museums and art galleries that include some of the most important collections in the world, including major works by Leonardo da Vinci.


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Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.

Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance.

Raphael, The School of Athens
Giovanni Santi, Raphael's father; Christ supported by two angels, c.1490
Portrait of Guidobaldo da Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino from 1482 to 1508, c. 1507. (Uffizi Gallery)
Madonna of the Pinks, c. 1506–07, National Gallery, London
The Parnassus, 1511, Stanza della Segnatura
Palazzo Branconio dell'Aquila, now destroyed
View of the Chigi Chapel
The Miraculous Draught of Fishes, 1515, one of the seven remaining Raphael Cartoons for tapestries for the Sistine Chapel (Victoria and Albert Museum)
Lucretia, engraved by Raimondi after a drawing by Raphael
La Fornarina, Raphael's mistress
Sistine Madonna (1512)
Raphael and Maria Bibbiena's tomb in the Pantheon. The Madonna is by Lorenzetto.
Raphael's sarcophagus
The Mond Crucifixion, 1502–03, very much in the style of Perugino (National Gallery)
The Coronation of the Virgin 1502–03 (Pinacoteca Vaticana)
The Wedding of the Virgin, Raphael's most sophisticated altarpiece of this period (Pinacoteca di Brera)
Saint George and the Dragon, a small work (29 x 21 cm) for the court of Urbino (Louvre)
The Ansidei Madonna, c. 1505, beginning to move on from Perugino
The Madonna of the Meadow, c. 1506, using Leonardo's pyramidal composition for subjects of the Holy Family.<ref>{{cite web |url=http://www.szepmuveszeti.hu/image/journal/article?img_id=SZEPMUVESZETI.EN.075.kep&version=1.0 |title=Image |publisher=szepmuveszeti.hu |url-status=dead |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120314135125/http://www.szepmuveszeti.hu/image/journal/article?img_id=SZEPMUVESZETI.EN.075.kep&version=1.0 |archive-date=March 14, 2012 }}</ref>
Saint Catherine of Alexandria, 1507, possibly echoes the pose of Leonardo's Leda
Deposition of Christ, 1507, drawing from Roman sarcophagi
Stanza della Segnatura
The Mass at Bolsena, 1514, Stanza di Eliodoro
Deliverance of Saint Peter, 1514, Stanza di Eliodoro
The Fire in the Borgo, 1514, Stanza dell'incendio del Borgo, painted by the workshop to Raphael's design
Triumph of Galatea, 1512, his only major classical mythological subject, for Chigi's villa (Villa Farnesina)
Il Spasimo, 1517, brings a new degree of expressiveness to his art (Museo del Prado)
The Holy Family, 1518 (Louvre)
Transfiguration, 1520, unfinished at his death (Pinacoteca Vaticana)
Portrait of Elisabetta Gonzaga, c. 1504
Portrait of Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, {{circa|1509-1511}}
Portrait of Pope Julius II, c. 1512
Portrait of Bindo Altoviti, c. 1514
Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione, c. 1515
Young Man Carrying an Old Man on His Back, c. 1514
Study for La Belle Jardinière
Nude Studies, 1515
Marriage of Alexander and Roxana. Study for Villa Farnesina
Red chalk study for the Villa Farnesina Three Graces
Sheet with study for the Alba Madonna and other sketches
Developing the composition for a Madonna and Child
Study for soldiers in this Resurrection of Christ, c. 1500
The Massacre of the Innocents, engraving by Marcantonio Raimondi from a design by Raphael.{{efn|The bridge in the background is the Pons Fabricius.{{sfn|Salmi et al.|1969|p=579}}}} First state, "without fir tree"
Judgement of Paris, still influencing Manet, who used the seated group in his most famous work.
Galatea, engraving after the fresco in the Villa Farnesina
Probable self-portrait drawing by Raphael in his teens
Self-portrait, Raphael in the background, from The School of Athens
Portrait of a Young Man, 1514, lost during the Second World War. Possible self-portrait by Raphael
Possible Self-portrait with a friend, c. 1518

Together with Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period.

Portrait of Dante Alighieri by Cristofano dell'Altissimo, Uffizi Gallery Florence

Italian Renaissance

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Period in Italian history covering the 15th and 16th centuries.

Period in Italian history covering the 15th and 16th centuries.

Portrait of Dante Alighieri by Cristofano dell'Altissimo, Uffizi Gallery Florence
Pandolfo Malatesta (1417–1468), lord of Rimini, by Piero della Francesca. Malatesta was a capable condottiere, following the tradition of his family. He was hired by the Venetians to fight against the Turks (unsuccessfully) in 1465, and was the patron of Leone Battista Alberti, whose Tempio Malatestiano at Rimini is one of the first entirely classical buildings of the Renaissance.
Portrait of Cosimo de' Medici by Jacopo Pontormo
Leonardo da Vinci, Italian Renaissance Man
Giulio Clovio, Adoration of the Magi and Solomon Adored by the Queen of Sheba from the Farnese Hours, 1546
Niccolò Machiavelli (1469–1527), the author of The Prince and prototypical Renaissance man. Detail from a portrait by Santi di Tito.
Petrarch, from the Cycle of Famous Men and Women. ca. 1450. Detached fresco. 247 x. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy. Artist: Andrea di Bartolo di Bargilla (ca. 1423–1457).
Detail of The Last Judgment, 1536–1541, by Michelangelo
David by Donatello
Bramante's Tempietto in San Pietro in Montorio, Rome, 1502
Claudio Monteverdi by Bernardo Strozzi

Italian Renaissance art exercised a dominant influence on subsequent European painting and sculpture for centuries afterwards, with artists such as Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519), Michelangelo (1475–1564), Raphael (1483–1520), Donatello (c.

Ludovico's portrait in the Pala Sforzesca, 1494–1495 (Pinacoteca di Brera in Milan)

Ludovico Sforza

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Ludovico Maria Sforza (27 July 1452 – 27 May 1508), also known as Ludovico il Moro ("the Moor").

Ludovico Maria Sforza (27 July 1452 – 27 May 1508), also known as Ludovico il Moro ("the Moor").

Ludovico's portrait in the Pala Sforzesca, 1494–1495 (Pinacoteca di Brera in Milan)
Ludovico Sforza by Giovanni Ambrogio de Predis.
The powerful ducal councillor Cicco Simonetta, whom Moro had beheaded to "free" his sister-in-law and the government of Milan
Giovanni Antonio Boltraffio, portrait of Ludovico il Moro, c. 1500, collection of Prince Trivulzio, Milan
Silver head of the second half of the fifteenth century showing on the right (left) the portrait of Duke Gian Galeazzo Maria Sforza and on the reverse (right) that of his uncle Ludovico il Moro, his tutor
Bust of Ludovico il Moro. Rectory of the Basilica of Sant'Ambrogio in Milan, located on the entrance portal to the basilica, next to the effigy of his wife.
Chalcography in Italian Iconography of famous men and women: Ludovico il Moro, by Antonio Locatelli, 1837.
Miniature of Beatrice at 19, contained in the donation certificate dated 28 January 1494 with which her husband assigned her numerous lands, now preserved in the British Library in London
Ex voto to the Madonna of Ludovico back from a disease
Pala Sforzesca, c. 1494, by an unknown author: on the left, Ludovico with his son Cesare; on the right, Beatrice with her son Ercole Massimiliano.
The ducal investiture of Ludovico il Moro, illuminated page by the Messale Arcimboldi in the Chapter Library of the Duomo of Milan. In the court at the top, on the left, Ludovico; in front of him, at the centre of the scene, Galeazzo Sanseverino, who has just received from his father-in-law the large golden banner with the black eagle; behind the latter, you can recognize the blond count of Melzo, who holds resting on his shoulder the sword received shortly before by his uncle; at the bottom, on the right, is finally the ranks of women, led by Duchess Beatrice.
Italy at the dawn of the descent of Charles VIII (1494)
Sforza is handed over to the French. Illustration from the Lucerne Chronicle (1513)
Cameo of Ludovico, Domenico de ́ Cameos, 1495 ca.
Ludovico il Moro. Round from the Renaissance frieze torn from the Visconti castle of Invorio Inferiore. Landscape Museum in Verbania-Pallanza.
Ludovico Duke of Bari, early 90s. Marble bas-relief by Benedetto Briosco.
Possible portrait of Galeazzo Sanseverino in the guise of San Vittore il Moro. Statue in the collection of the Great Museum of the Duomo of Milan, late fifteenth century.
The court of Ludovico il Moro, Giuseppe Diotti (1823). Starting from the left: a page opens the door to the secretary Bartolomeo Calco. At the centre of the scene are seated Cardinal Ascanio, Duchess Beatrice and Duke Ludovico, to whom Leonardo da Vinci is showing the project for the fresco of the Last Supper. Around them are recognizable some other great personalities of the court: on the left Bramante speaks with the mathematician Fra' Luca Pacioli; on the right the musician Franchino Gaffurio,who reads a score, the poet Bernardo Bellincioni, crowned with laurel, and the historian Bernardino Corio, with his Historia di Milanounder his arm..<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.leonardoediotti.it/page11.html|title=LA CORTE DI LUDOVICO IL MORO di Giuseppe Diotti (1823) - I personaggi raffigurati}}</ref>
Ludovico weeps over the tomb of his wife Beatrice, Giovanni Battista Gigola, c. 1815, Pinacoteca Ambrosiana. The friars of S. Maria delle Grazie assist on the left, on the right the two orphans Ercole Massimiliano and Francesco with their respective nurses, as well as Bramante and Leonardo.
Duke Ludovico visited the tomb of his wife in the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Alessandro Reati, between 1850 and 1873.
The meeting of Charles VIII and Gian Galeazzo Sforza in Pavia in 1494, Pelagio Palagi. In front of her dying husband's bed, Duchess Isabella of Aragon begs the sovereign Charles VIII on his knees not to want to continue the war against Alfonso her father and entrusts him with her son Francesco. Next to the king, with a shady face, stands Duke Ludovico, presumed responsible for the poisoning.
Leonardo presents the sketch of the Last Supper to the Duke of Milan Ludovico il Moro, Francesco Podesti,1846. At the center of the scene are, as elsewhere, the Duke with Duchess Beatrice and Cardinal Ascanio.
Detail of Duke Ludovico.
Detail of Duchess Beatrice.
Ludovico il Moro visiting Leonardo da Vinci in the Refectory of Santa Maria delle Grazie, mid-nineteenth century, Cherubino Cornienti. Behind the blond Moro also the Duchess Beatrice and Cardinal Ascanio admire the work absorbed.
The Forerunner or The Court of Ludovico il Moro. Eleanor Fortescue-Brickdale. On the left you can recognize Duchess Beatrice, to whom a courtier whispers something in her ear; fra' Savonarola, Cecilia Gallerani and Elisabetta Gonzaga; a page also embraces a monkey, a tribute to the one actually owned by the dukes. On the right Leonardo da Vinci shows his model flying machine to Duke Ludovico; some courtiers and the little blond Ercole Massimilianoassist amused.
The monument to Leonardo da Vinci in Piazza della Scala in Milan. Detail: Leonardo shows Ludovico il Moro the plaster for the bronze of the "Sforza horse".
Leonardo shows the locks of the canals to the dukes Ludovico and Beatrice.
Leonardo shows the plans for the fortifications at the Moro.
Ludovico examines Leonardo'sLast Supper.
Commemorative plaque of the benefactor Ludovico (1670) in the cloister of the basilica of Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan.
Leonardo da Vinci in the presence of Duke Ludovico, Nicola Cianfanelli,lunette of Galileo's Tribune,1841.
Gian Galeazzo and Ludovico in the miniature of Giovanni Pietro Biragonella at the Sforziade by Giovanni Simonetta,trad.ne Cristoforo Landino imprinted in Milan by Antonio Zarotto,1490, National Library of France, Paris.

A patron of the arts during the Milanese Renaissance, he commissioned the fresco of The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci.

The Last Supper (Leonardo)

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A protective structure (right) was built in front of Leonardo's fresco. This photo shows the bombing damage in 1943.
The painting as it looked in the 1970s
The Last Supper made in salt in Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland)
The Last Supper by Adi Nes (Israel) was sold for $264,000 in 2007
Detail of the "beloved disciple" to Jesus's right, identified by art historians as the apostle John, but speculated in the 2003 book The Da Vinci Code and similar works to be Mary Magdalene.
Crucifixion by Giovanni Donato da Montorfano, 1495, opposite Leonardo's Last Supper
The painting as it appears on the refectory wall
alt=The refectory with the last supper on the far wall|The refectory
A study for The Last Supper{{efn|The lower-right section continues the upper composition at left.{{sfn|Wallace|1972|p=86}}}} from Leonardo's notebooks<ref name="notebooks">{{cite book|url=https://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/5000 |title=The Notebooks of Leonardo Da Vinci – Complete |publisher=Gutenberg.org |date=1 January 2004 |access-date=14 February 2012}}</ref> shows twelve apostles, nine of which are identified by names written above their heads. Judas sits on the opposite side of the table, as in earlier depictions of the scene.{{sfn|Wallace|1972|p=86}}
The Last Supper, c. 1520, by Giampietrino, oil on canvas, in the collection of the Royal Academy of Arts, London.{{efn|The painting hung in the chapel of Magdalen College, Oxford, from 1992.<ref>{{cite news| title=Chapel with return Renaissance painrefting | newspaper=Oxford Times | date=14 September 2017 | page=19 }}</ref>}} This full-scale copy was the main source for the 1978–1998 restoration of the original. It includes several lost details such as Christ's feet and the salt cellar spilled by Judas. Giampietrino is thought to have worked closely with Leonardo when he was in Milan.
The Last Supper, c. 1520, Andrea Solari, oil on canvas, in the Leonardo da Vinci Museum, Tongerlo Abbey

The Last Supper (Il Cenacolo or L'Ultima Cena ) is a mural painting by the Italian High Renaissance artist Leonardo da Vinci, dated to c. 1495–1498.

Raphael's frescos in the Raphael Rooms of the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican, also commissioned by Pope Julius II

High Renaissance

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Short period of the most exceptional artistic production in the Italian states, particularly Rome, capital of the Papal States, and in Florence, during the Italian Renaissance.

Short period of the most exceptional artistic production in the Italian states, particularly Rome, capital of the Papal States, and in Florence, during the Italian Renaissance.

Raphael's frescos in the Raphael Rooms of the Apostolic Palace in the Vatican, also commissioned by Pope Julius II
The Creation of Adam, a scene from Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel ceiling (c. 1508–1512), commissioned by Pope Julius II
The Last Supper, mural painting by Leonardo da Vinci
Bramante's Tempietto, designed 1502, San Pietro in Montorio, Rome
Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa or La Gioconda (1503–05/07) in the Louvre
Michelangelo's Pietà, 1498–99.

The best-known exponents of painting, sculpture and architecture of the High Renaissance include Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, and Bramante.