Leonid Brezhnev

BrezhnevBrezhnev, LeonidBrezhneviteChairman Leonid BrezhnevGeneral Secretary BrezhnevGeneral Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Leonid Ilyich Brezhneva high-ranking official from MoscowBrejnevBrezhnev eraBrezhnev-dominated
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Леоні́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December 1906 (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November 1982) was a Soviet politician of Ukrainian descent, who led the Soviet Union from 1964 until his death in 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).wikipedia
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History of the Soviet Union (1964–82)

Brezhnev EraBrezhnev periodSoviet Union
During Brezhnev's rule, the global influence of the Soviet Union grew dramatically, in part because of the expansion of its military during this time.
The history of the Soviet Union from 1964 to 1982, referred to as the Brezhnev Era, covers the period of Leonid Brezhnev's rule of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Central CommitteeCentral Committee of the Communist PartyCPSU Central Committee
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Леоні́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December 1906 (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November 1982) was a Soviet politician of Ukrainian descent, who led the Soviet Union from 1964 until his death in 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). Also in 1963, Brezhnev succeeded Frol Kozlov, another Khrushchev protégé, as Secretary of the Central Committee, positioning him as Khrushchev's likely successor.
In 1964 the Central Committee ousted Khrushchev from power and elected Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary.

Era of Stagnation

stagnationBrezhnev stagnationeconomic and political stagnation
His tenure as leader was also marked by the beginning of an era of economic and social stagnation in the Soviet Union.
The Era of Stagnation (Период застоя, Stagnation Period, also called the Brezhnevian Stagnation) was the period in the history of the Soviet Union which began during the rule of Leonid Brezhnev (1964–1982) and continued under Yuri Andropov (1982–1984) and Konstantin Chernenko (1984–1985).

Death and state funeral of Leonid Brezhnev

Brezhnev's deathdeath of Leonid Brezhnev1982
After years of declining health, Brezhnev died on 10 November 1982 and was quickly succeeded as General Secretary by Yuri Andropov.
On 10 November 1982, Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev, the third General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and the fifth leader of the Soviet Union, died aged 75, a month before his 76th birthday after suffering a heart attack following years of serious ailments.

Nikita Khrushchev

KhrushchevNikita Sergeyevich KhrushchevKhruschev
In 1964, he succeeded Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary of the CPSU.
Khrushchev's party colleagues removed him from power in 1964, replacing him with Leonid Brezhnev as First Secretary and Alexei Kosygin as Premier.

Yuri Andropov

AndropovAndropov, Yuri VladimirovichAndropov, Yuri
After years of declining health, Brezhnev died on 10 November 1982 and was quickly succeeded as General Secretary by Yuri Andropov.
Following the 18-year rule of Leonid Brezhnev, Andropov served in the post from November 1982 until his death in February 1984.

Communist Party of the Soviet Union

Communist PartyCPSUSoviet Communist Party
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Леоні́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December 1906 (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November 1982) was a Soviet politician of Ukrainian descent, who led the Soviet Union from 1964 until his death in 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).
By 1980, various factors, including the continuing Cold War, and ongoing nuclear arms race with the United States and other Western European powers and unaddressed inefficiencies in the economy, led to stagnant economic growth under Alexei Kosygin, and further with Leonid Brezhnev and a growing disillusionment.

Mikhail Gorbachev

GorbachevMr. GorbachevPresident Gorbachev
Upon coming to power in 1985, Mikhail Gorbachev denounced his regime's pervasive inefficiency and inflexibility before overseeing steps to liberalize the Soviet Union.
Within three years of the death of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev, following the brief regimes of Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko, the Politburo elected Gorbachev as General Secretary, the de facto head of government, in 1985.

Dnipro

DnipropetrovskEkaterinoslavYekaterinoslav
Later in 1936, he became director of the Dniprodzerzhynsk Metallurgical Technicum (technical college) (in 1936 Brezhnev hometown Kamenskoye was renamed to Dniprodzerzhynsk ). In 1936, he was transferred to the regional center of Dnipropetrovsk, and in 1939, he became Party Secretary in Dnipropetrovsk, in charge of the city's important defence industries.
(the official founding year was set to 1776 in 1976 in an effort to please the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Leonid Brezhnev ) as the administrative centre of Russia's newly re-established Azov Governorate, which in 1783 was merged into a much bigger Ekaterinoslav Viceroyalty; later, from 1796 to 1802, as Novorossiysk, it was the centre of the recreated Novorossiya Governorate, and subsequently, till 1925, of the Ekaterinoslav Governorate.

Anastas Mikoyan

MikoyanStas MikoianA. I. Mikoyan
Anastas Mikoyan visited Khrushchev, hinting that he should not be too complacent about his present situation.
Anastas Ivanovich Mikoyan (25 November 1895 – 21 October 1978) was a Soviet revolutionary, Old Bolshevik and statesman during the mandates of Lenin, Stalin, Khrushchev and Brezhnev.

Kamianske

DniprodzerzhynskDneprodzerzhinskDniprodzerzhynsk, Ukraine SSR
Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoye in the Russian Empire (now Kamianske, Ukraine), into a Russian worker's family in 1906.
Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev was born and raised in Kamianske.

Komsomol

Young Communist LeagueCommunist Youth LeagueKomsomols
He joined the Komsomol in 1923 and became an active member of the CPSU by 1929.
For example, Yuri Andropov, CPSU General Secretary (1982-1984) in succession to Leonid Brezhnev, achieved political importance through work with the Komsomol organization of Karelia in 1940-1944.

Ukraine

🇺🇦UkrainianUKR
Brezhnev was born in Kamenskoye in the Russian Empire (now Kamianske, Ukraine), into a Russian worker's family in 1906.
Many members of the Soviet leadership came from Ukraine, most notably Leonid Brezhnev.

Mikhail Suslov

SuslovMikhail A. Suslov
After some false starts, fellow conspirator Mikhail Suslov phoned Khrushchev on 12 October and requested that he return to Moscow to discuss the state of Soviet agriculture.
His death on 25 January 1982 is viewed as starting the battle to succeed Leonid Brezhnev in the post of General Secretary.

Alexei Kosygin

Alexei Nikolaevich KosyginKosygin, AlexeiAleksey Kosygin
Alexei Kosygin was appointed head of government, and Mikoyan was retained as head of state.
When Nikita Khrushchev was removed from power in 1964, Kosygin and Leonid Brezhnev succeeded him as Premier and First Secretary respectively.

Détente

detenteDétente policygeneral easing
On the world stage, Brezhnev pushed hard for the adoption of détente to relax tensions and foster economic cooperation between the two Cold War superpowers.
The Carter administration had been supporting human rights groups inside the Soviet Union, and Leonid Brezhnev accused the administration of interference in other countries' internal affairs.

Nikolai Podgorny

Nikolay Viktorovich Podgorny
Brezhnev and Nikolai Podgorny appealed to the Central Committee, blaming Khrushchev for economic failures, and accusing him of voluntarism and immodest behavior.
He was replaced as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in 1977 by General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev.

Political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union

punitive psychiatrypolitical abuse of psychiatrymental hospitals
Many of these prisoners were considered by the Soviet state to be mentally unfit and were hospitalised in mental asylums across the Soviet Union.
During the leadership of General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev, psychiatry was used to disable and remove from society political opponents ("dissidents") who openly expressed beliefs that contradicted the official dogma.

KGB

Committee for State SecurityChairman of State Committee for State SecuritySoviet intelligence
Vladimir Semichastny, head of the KGB, was a crucial part of the conspiracy, as it was his duty to inform Khrushchev if anyone was plotting against his leadership. Former Chairman of the State Committee for State Security (KGB) Alexander Shelepin disliked the new collective leadership and its reforms.
Mindful of ambitious spy chiefs—and after deposing Premier Nikita Khrushchev—Secretary Leonid Brezhnev and the CPSU knew to manage the next over-ambitious KGB Chairman, Aleksandr Shelepin (1958–61), who facilitated Brezhnev's palace coup d'état against Khrushchev in 1964 (despite Shelepin not then being in the KGB).

Soviet Union

SovietUSSRSoviets
Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev (Леоні́д Іллі́ч Бре́жнєв, 19 December 1906 (O.S. 6 December) – 10 November 1982) was a Soviet politician of Ukrainian descent, who led the Soviet Union from 1964 until his death in 1982 as the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU).
The Era of Stagnation was a period of negative economic, political, and social effects in the Soviet Union, which began during the rule of Leonid Brezhnev and continued under Yuri Andropov and Konstantin Chernenko.

Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union

Council of MinistersCouncil of Ministers of the USSRUSSR Council of Ministers
While a minority headed by Mikoyan wanted to remove Khrushchev from the office of First Secretary but retain him as the Chairman of the Council of Ministers, the majority, headed by Brezhnev, wanted to remove him from active politics altogether.
After Nikita Khrushchev's dismissal from the jobs of First Secretary of the Communist Party and Premier, to be replaced by Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin respectively, a Central Committee plenum forbade any person to hold the positions of First Secretary and Premier concurrently.

Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union

Supreme SovietSupreme Soviet of the USSRCentral Executive Committee
In 1950, he became a deputy of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, the Soviet Union's highest legislative body.
4) Leonid Brezhnev 1960–1964

Alexander Shelepin

Aleksandr ShelepinAleksandr Shelepin’sShelepin
Former Chairman of the State Committee for State Security (KGB) Alexander Shelepin disliked the new collective leadership and its reforms.
Opposed to the policy of détente, he was eventually outmaneuvered by Leonid Brezhnev and gradually stripped of his power, thus failing in his ambition to lead the Soviet Union.

Frol Kozlov

Frol Romanovich KozlovKozlov F.R.
Also in 1963, Brezhnev succeeded Frol Kozlov, another Khrushchev protégé, as Secretary of the Central Committee, positioning him as Khrushchev's likely successor.
For many years, he was considered Khrushchev's likely successor but even before his mentor's removal from office, Kozlov's position had been undermined by the effects of his alcoholism; in the spring of 1963 he was replaced by Leonid Brezhnev as Secretary of the Communist Party Central Committee.

Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic

Moldavian SSRMoldaviaMoldova
Later that year he was appointed Party First Secretary in the Moldavian SSR.
Such an allocation of USSR assets was partially influenced by the fact that Leonid Brezhnev, the effective ruler of the USSR from 1964 to 1982, was the Communist Party First Secretary in the Moldavian SSR in 1950-1952.