Leonid Govorov

Leonid A. GovorovGovorovMarshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Aleksandrovich GovorovGeneral GovorovLeonid Aleksandrovich Govorov
Leonid Aleksandrovich Govorov (22 February 1897 – 19 March 1955) was a Soviet military commander.wikipedia
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Leningrad Front

LeningradLeningrad FrontsRed Army
He commanded the Leningrad Front from April 1942 to the end of the war.
From June 1942, Leonid Govorov had been the commander of the front, and in June 1944, he was awarded the title Marshal of the Soviet Union.

Military academies in Russia

Frunze Military AcademyLenin Military-Political AcademyFrunze Academy
Govorov obtained further military education, graduating from the Artillery course in 1926, the Higher Academy course in 1930, and the Frunze Military Academy in 1933.
In 1936 Leonid Govorov founded the current General Staff Academy in Moscow.

Battle of Moscow

Operation TyphoonMoscowBattle for Moscow
In World War II, Govorov rose to command an army in November 1941 during the Battle of Moscow. During the Battle of Moscow, he was appointed Chief of Artillery of the 5th Army, under the command of Major General Dmitri Danilovich Lelyushenko.
Given the limited resources available, Zhukov decided to concentrate his forces at four critical points: the 16th Army under Lieutenant General Rokossovsky guarded Volokolamsk, Mozhaisk was defended by 5th Army under Major General Govorov, the 43rd Army of Major General Golubev defended Maloyaroslavets, and the 49th Army under Lieutenant General Zakharkin protected Kaluga.

Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University

Leningrad Polytechnic InstituteSaint Petersburg Polytechnical UniversityLeningrad Polytechnical Institute
He attended a technical high school in Yelabuga and enrolled in the shipbuilding department of Petrograd Polytechnical Institute.
Some students, like future Soviet military commander Leonid Govorov studied at the institute for one month.

Marshal of the Soviet Union

MarshalmarshalsMarshals of the Soviet Union
He reached the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union in 1944, was awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union and many other awards. In June 1944, during the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive, which led to Soviet recapture of Vyborg, Govorov was promoted to the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union.

5th Combined Arms Army

5th Army5th5th Red Banner Army
During the Battle of Moscow, he was appointed Chief of Artillery of the 5th Army, under the command of Major General Dmitri Danilovich Lelyushenko.
Reformed under Lelyushenko and Govorov, it played a part in the last-ditch defence of Moscow, and then in the string of offensive and defensive campaigns that eventually saw the Soviet armies liberate all of Soviet territory and push west into Poland and beyond into Germany itself.

Order of the Red Banner

Orders of the Red BannerOrder of Red BannerRed Banner
Govorov was wounded twice during the year and was awarded the Order of the Red Banner in 1921 for his actions in Crimea.


Tomsk, RussiaTomsk, Tomsk oblastTomsk City
He deserted in November 1919, fleeing to Tomsk, where he took part in an uprising against White authorities as part of a fighting squad.

Sovetsky District, Kirov Oblast

Sovetsky DistrictButyrkiSovetsky
Leonid Aleksandrovich Govorov was born into a peasant family of Russian ethnicity in the village of Butyrki in Vyatka Governorate (now in Kirov Oblast).

Operation Iskra

Operation SparkOperation ''IskraOperation Spark (1943)
In December, the plan was approved by the Stavka and received the codename Operation Iskra (Spark).
After the defeat of the Sinyavino Offensive, the front line returned to what it was before the offensive and again 16 km separated Leonid Govorov's Leningrad Front in the city from Kirill Meretskov's Volkhov Front.

Battle of Narva (1944)

Battle of Narvaarmy detachment "NarwaNarva front
By that time, the reinforced Germans forces were at the "Panther Line", stretching from Narva to Pskov using Lake Pskov as a barrier, where the offensive was stopped in several heavy battles around Narva.
With the participation of Leonid Govorov, commander of the Leningrad Front, and Vladimir Tributz, commander of the Baltic Fleet, a scheme was prepared to destroy the Army Group North.

Soviet Air Defence Forces

Soviet Air Defense ForcesPVORussian Air Defense Forces
In 1948 he was appointed Commander of National Air Defence Forces, and in 1952 he also became Deputy Minister of Defence.
In May 1954, the PVO Strany was raised to a status equal to the other branches of the Soviet Armed Forces, receiving its first commander-in-chief: Marshal of the Soviet Union Leonid Govorov.

Leningrad Military District

LeningradPetrograd Military DistrictPetersburg Military District
In the postwar years Govorov was commander of the Leningrad Military District, and then Chief Inspector of Ground Forces.
Marshal Leonid Govorov took command shortly afterwards.

Medal "For the Defence of Leningrad"

For the Defence of Leningrad"For Defense of LeningradMedal "For the Defense of Leningrad"

Siege of Leningrad

Leningradsiegebesieged Leningrad
Leningrad had been cut off from the rest of the country since September 1941, and the Soviet forces were trying to lift the siege of Leningrad, which was causing colossal damage to the city and suffering to the civilian population.

Medal "For the Defence of Moscow"

For the Defence of Moscow"For the Defence of MoscowFor the Defense of Moscow"

Courland Pocket

Kurland PocketCourlandBattle of Courland
Later his forces recaptured the Baltic states, and in autumn 1944 his forces blocked Army Group North in what became known as Courland Pocket.
Hilpert, his personal staff, and staffs of three Armies surrendered to Marshal Leonid Govorov, the commander of the Leningrad Front.

Kremlin Wall Necropolis

Kremlin Wallwalls of the KremlinKremlin
He is buried in the Kremlin Wall Necropolis.

Sinyavino Offensive (1942)

Sinyavino OffensiveSecond Siniavino OffensiveSinyavin Offensive
As a result, the Soviet Sinyavino Offensive failed and the 2nd Shock army was decimated for the second time in a year, but the German forces suffered heavy casualties and canceled Operation Northern Light.

Medal "In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of Moscow"

Medal In Commemoration of the 800th Anniversary of MoscowMedal 'In Commemoration of the 850th Anniversary of Moscow’

Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive

Vyborg-Petrozavodsk OffensiveFourth strategic offensiveSvir–Petrozavodsk Offensive
In June 1944, during the Vyborg–Petrozavodsk Offensive, which led to Soviet recapture of Vyborg, Govorov was promoted to the rank of marshal of the Soviet Union.

Baltic Offensive

Baltic Offensive in 1944advancing Red ArmyBattle of the Baltic (1944)