Lesser Poland

MałopolskaLesser PolishEast MałopolskaLittle PolandMalopolskaPolonia MinorLesserDialekt MałopolskiLeeser Polishless
Lesser Poland, often known by its Polish name Małopolska (Polonia Minor), is a historical region of Poland; its capital is the city of Kraków.wikipedia
1,391 Related Articles

Sandomierz Voivodeship

voivode of SandomierzSandomierzPalatinate of Sandomierz
It consisted of the three voivodeships of Kraków, Sandomierz and Lublin.
It was part of the Lesser Poland region.

Bielsko-Biała

Bielsko-BialaBiałaBielitz
It reached from Bielsko-Biała in the south-west as far as to Siedlce in the north-east.
Located north of the Beskid Mountains, Bielsko-Biała is composed of two former cities on opposite banks of the Biała River, Silesian Bielsko, that had been settled by German colonists, and Lesser Poland's Biała, which merged in 1951.

Kraków Voivodeship (14th century – 1795)

Kraków Voivodeshipvoivode of KrakówKraków
It consisted of the three voivodeships of Kraków, Sandomierz and Lublin.
Located in the southwestern corner of the country, it was part of the Little Poland province (together with two other ancient voivodeships of Poland – Sandomierz Voivodeship, and Lublin Voivodeship).

Lublin

Lublin, PolandLubelskieDistrikt Lublin
As a result of this long-lasting division, many inhabitants of the northern part of the pre-partition region of Poland (including those in such cities as Lublin, Radom, Kielce and Częstochowa) do not recognize their Lesser Polish identity. However, while Lublin (Lubelskie) was declared an independent Voivodeship as early as 1474, it still has speakers of the Lesser Polish dialect.
Lublin is the ninth-largest city in Poland and the second-largest city of Lesser Poland.

Siedlce

Shedlitz
It reached from Bielsko-Biała in the south-west as far as to Siedlce in the north-east. Flat are northern and central areas of the province – around Tarnobrzeg, Stalowa Wola, Radom and Siedlce, also valleys of the main rivers – the Vistula, the Pilica, and the San.
The city, which is a part of the historical province of Lesser Poland, was most probably founded some time before the 15th century, and was first mentioned as Siedlecz in a document issued in 1448.

Częstochowa

Czestochowa28 – CzęstochowaChenstokhov
As a result of this long-lasting division, many inhabitants of the northern part of the pre-partition region of Poland (including those in such cities as Lublin, Radom, Kielce and Częstochowa) do not recognize their Lesser Polish identity.
However, Częstochowa is historically part of Lesser Poland, not of Silesia, and before 1795 (see: Partitions of Poland), it belonged to the Kraków Voivodeship.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
Lesser Poland, often known by its Polish name Małopolska (Polonia Minor), is a historical region of Poland; its capital is the city of Kraków.
In some languages, such as Hungarian, Lithuanian, Persian and Turkish, the country's name is derived from the Lendians (Lędzianie or Lachy), a Lechitic tribe, which dwelled on the south-eastern most edge of present-day Lesser Poland, in the Cherven Grods between the 7th and 11th centuries — lands which were part of the territorial domain ruled over by the Polans.

Lesser Poland Voivodeship

Lesser PolandMałopolskieMałopolska
It should not be confused with the modern Lesser Poland Voivodeship, which covers only the south-western part of Lesser Poland (darker rose on map to the right). Currently, the region is divided between Polish voivodeships – Lesser Poland Voivodeship (whole), Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (whole), Silesian Voivodeship (eastern half), Podkarpackie Voivodeship (western part), Masovian Voivodeship (southern part), Łódź Voivodeship (southeastern corner), and Lublin Voivodeship (western part).
The province's name recalls the traditional name of a historic Polish region, Lesser Poland, or in Polish: Małopolska.

Radom

Radom, PolandDistrikt Radom
As a result of this long-lasting division, many inhabitants of the northern part of the pre-partition region of Poland (including those in such cities as Lublin, Radom, Kielce and Częstochowa) do not recognize their Lesser Polish identity. Flat are northern and central areas of the province – around Tarnobrzeg, Stalowa Wola, Radom and Siedlce, also valleys of the main rivers – the Vistula, the Pilica, and the San.
Despite being part of the Masovian Voivodeship, the city historically belongs to Lesser Poland.

Kielce

Kielce, PolandKandielceKelets
As a result of this long-lasting division, many inhabitants of the northern part of the pre-partition region of Poland (including those in such cities as Lublin, Radom, Kielce and Częstochowa) do not recognize their Lesser Polish identity.
The city is located in the middle of the Świętokrzyskie Mountains (Holy Cross Mountains), on the banks of the Silnica River, in northern part of the historical Polish province of Lesser Poland.

Tarnobrzeg

DzhikovDzikovDzików
Flat are northern and central areas of the province – around Tarnobrzeg, Stalowa Wola, Radom and Siedlce, also valleys of the main rivers – the Vistula, the Pilica, and the San.
Tarnobrzeg is a city in south-eastern Poland (historic Lesser Poland), on the east bank of the river Vistula, with 49,419 inhabitants, as of 31 December 2009.

Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown

Lesser Poland ProvinceLesser PolandLittle Poland
In the wider sense (see Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown), Lesser Poland from the 14th century also encompassed Red Ruthenia.
The name of the province comes from historic land of Lesser Poland.

Red Ruthenia

Red RusCherven townsCzerwień
In the wider sense (see Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown), Lesser Poland from the 14th century also encompassed Red Ruthenia.
It has also sometimes included parts of Lesser Poland, Podolia, "Right-bank Ukraine" and Volhynia.

Lublin Voivodeship (1474–1795)

Lublin VoivodeshipLublinLubelszczyzna
It consisted of the three voivodeships of Kraków, Sandomierz and Lublin.
Together with Sandomierz Voivodeship and Kraków Voivodeship, it was part of historic Lesser Poland (see Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown).

Stalowa Wola

a city in central PolandStalowa
Flat are northern and central areas of the province – around Tarnobrzeg, Stalowa Wola, Radom and Siedlce, also valleys of the main rivers – the Vistula, the Pilica, and the San.
The city lies in historic Lesser Poland, near the confluence of the Vistula and San rivers and covers an area of 82.5 km2.

Małopolska Upland

Lesser Poland UplandLesser Polish UplandMalopolska Upland
Lesser Poland lies in the area of the upper confluence of the Vistula river and covers a large upland, including the Świętokrzyskie Mountains with the Kraków-Częstochowa Upland further west, Małopolska Upland, Sandomierz Basin, and Lublin Upland.
Małopolska Upland (Wyżyna Małopolska, also known as Lesser Poland Upland or Lesser Polish Upland) is an upland located in southern part of Poland, in the historic region of Lesser Poland.

Lesser Polish dialect

Lesser Polish
However, while Lublin (Lubelskie) was declared an independent Voivodeship as early as 1474, it still has speakers of the Lesser Polish dialect.
The Lesser Polish dialect (dialekt małopolski) is a cluster of regional varieties of the Polish language around the Lesser Poland historical region.

Turbacz

Apart from Rysy, there are several other peaks located in the province – Pilsko, Babia Góra, Turbacz, as well as Łysica in the Świętokrzyskie Mountains.
Turbacz is the highest peak of the Gorce Mountains, a mountain range located in southern Lesser Poland.

Silesian Voivodeship

SilesianSilesiaŚląskie
Currently, the region is divided between Polish voivodeships – Lesser Poland Voivodeship (whole), Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (whole), Silesian Voivodeship (eastern half), Podkarpackie Voivodeship (western part), Masovian Voivodeship (southern part), Łódź Voivodeship (southeastern corner), and Lublin Voivodeship (western part).
Despite the Silesian Voivodeship's name, most of the historic Silesia region lies outside the present Silesian Voivodeship — divided among Lubusz, Lower Silesian, and Opole Voivodeships — while the eastern half of Silesian Voivodeship (and, notably, Częstochowa in the north) was historically part of Lesser Poland.

Czeladź

CzeladzTzelodz
Then it goes northwest, leaving Czeladź, Siewierz, Koziegłowy, Blachownia, Kłobuck and Krzepice within Lesser Poland.
Czeladź is a town in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie (part of historic Lesser Poland), in southern Poland, near Katowice and Sosnowiec.

Duchy of Teschen

Duchy of CieszynTeschenDuke of Teschen
In the south, it goes along western boundary of ancient Duchy of Teschen, with the borderline along the Biała river, where Zwardoń, Milówka, and Rajcza are in Lesser Poland.
The ducal lands initially comprised former Lesser Polish territories east of the Biała River, which in about 1315 again split off as the Polish Duchy of Oświęcim, while the remaining duchy became a fiefdom of the Bohemian kings in 1327 and was incorporated into the Lands of the Bohemian Crown by 1347.

Lublin Voivodeship

LublinLubelskieLublin Voivodship
Currently, the region is divided between Polish voivodeships – Lesser Poland Voivodeship (whole), Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (whole), Silesian Voivodeship (eastern half), Podkarpackie Voivodeship (western part), Masovian Voivodeship (southern part), Łódź Voivodeship (southeastern corner), and Lublin Voivodeship (western part).
The region is named after its largest city and regional capital, Lublin, and its territory is made of four historical lands: the western part of the voivodeship, with Lublin itself, belongs to Lesser Poland, the eastern part of Lublin Area belongs to Red Ruthenia, and the northeast belongs to Polesie and Podlasie.

Mazovia

MasoviaMazowszeMazovian
Unlike other historical parts of the country, such as Kujawy, Mazovia, Podlachia, Pomerania, or Greater Poland, Lesser Poland is mainly hilly, with Poland's highest peak, Rysy, located within the borders of the province.
Mazovia has a landscape without hills (in contrast to Lesser Poland) and without lakes (in contrast to Greater Poland).

Beskids

Lesser BeskidBeskidy MountainsBeskid Mountains
Southern part of the province is covered by the Carpathian Mountains, which are made of smaller ranges, such as Pieniny, Tatry, and Beskidy.
They stand mainly along the southern border of Lesser Poland with northern Slovakia, stretching to the Moravia and Czech Silesia regions of the eastern Czech Republic and to Carpathian Ruthenia in western Ukraine.

Jaworzno

ByczynaEnergetyk Jaworzno
Further north, the border goes along western boundaries of cities of Jaworzno, and Sosnowiec, along the Przemsza and Brynica rivers.
Jaworzno belongs to the historic province of Lesser Poland.