Lesser Poland

Wawel Castle in Kraków
Old Town in Lublin
Mannerist architecture in Tarnów
The Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown in the widest sense – with Red Ruthenia, Podlachia, Podolia and Kiev
Palm Sunday in Lipnica Murowana.
The 1507 Lesser Poland and Red Ruthenia Map (Polonia Minor, Russia) by Martin Waldseemüller
Kazimierz Dolny on the right bank of the Vistula river.
Niepołomice
Pieniny National Park
Będzin Castle, which guarded the western border of Lesser Poland
Kozłówka Palace
Palatial residence in Kurozwęki
Pieskowa Skała
Members of the regional Folk Group of Wilamowice "Cepelia Fil Wilamowice"
Lachy Sądeckie are a group of ethnic Poles who live in southern Lesser Poland
Broad Gauge Metallurgy Line
Czarny Staw (Black Pond) in the High Tatras
Nowy Wiśnicz
Baranów Sandomierski
Vistula in Sandomierz
"Peasant war" by Jan Lewicki (1795–1871)
Galizien
In the 19th century, Kraków's Jagiellonian University was a major center of Polish science and culture
Gorals from Beskidy
Castle of Bobolice
Wieliczka Salt Mine, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Pope John Paul II was born in Wadowice, Lesser Poland, in 1920
Soldiers of Holy Cross Mountains Brigade in parade 1945
A fire engine made by FSC Star in Lesser Poland's Starachowice
Boundary between Lesser Poland and Upper Silesia (red line) on the territory of current Silesian Voivodeship
Kraków is the capital of Lesser Poland
Lublin, the second-largest city of Lesser Poland
Częstochowa, the third-largest city of Lesser Poland
Radom, the fourth-largest city of Lesser Poland
Sosnowiec, the fifth-largest city of Lesser Poland
Folklore group in Podhale costume, Bukowina Tatrzańska, Lesser Poland, 2016
Polish flat soda bread (known as Proziaki in podkarpacie)
KS Cracovia on Independence Day 2019
A map of Polish dialects. The area where Lesser Poland's dialect is spoken is marked in orange.

Historical region situated in southern and south-eastern Poland.

- Lesser Poland

224 related topics

Alpha

Częstochowa

City in southern Poland on the Warta River with 217,530 inhabitants, making it the thirteenth-largest city in Poland.

City in southern Poland on the Warta River with 217,530 inhabitants, making it the thirteenth-largest city in Poland.

Fortifications of the Jasna Góra Monastery
The Black Madonna of Częstochowa
Kazimierz Pulaski and the Bar Confederation 1772 defence of Częstochowa. Painting by Chełmoński.
Interior of basilica, Jasna Góra Monastery
Polish insurgents in Częstochowa during the January Uprising
Częstochowa in the early 20th century
Match factory modernized in the 1920s, now a museum
German troops in Częstochowa during the invasion of Poland
Monument dedicated to the fallen defenders of Poland in the Polish–Soviet War and World War II
Celebration of the 1000th anniversary of the baptism of Poland with the participation of Primate of Poland Stefan Wyszyński in 1966
Huta Częstochowa steelworks
Cathedral Basilica of the Holy Family
Franke's House
Zapałkiewicz House
Polish Bank's Townhouse
Old houses at Ulica 7 Kamienic
25px
25px
25px
25px
Philharmonic of Częstochowa
Adam Mickiewicz Theatre
Jan Długosz University
CKM Włókniarz Częstochowa stadium
Sports Hall Częstochowa
Miejski Stadion Piłkarski "Raków", home venue of Raków Częstochowa
Municipal office
Map of Częstochowa's neighborhoods
Jakub Błaszczykowski
Jerzy Kulej
Maryi Panny Avenue
View on the Avenues
3rd Avenue during the night
Staszic Park
Sienkiewicz Avenue
National Road {{Jct|country=POL|DK|1}} in Częstochowa
Częstochowa, Częstochowa Osobowa (Główna) Railway S tation
Twist tram in Częstochowa
Konstal 105Na trams on Niepodległości (Independence) Avenue
Town Hall and Częstochowa Regional Museum
Halina Poświatowska Museum
Archaeological Reserve in Częstochowa
Iron Ore Mining Museum
Museum of Match Production
Regional Specialist Hospital - Parkitka, Nowobialska Street
City Polyclinical Hospital - Mirowska Street
Regional Specialist Hospital - PCK Street
City Polyclinical Hospital - Mickiewicz Street
St Barbara and St Andrew Church
St Sigismund Church
St Roch and Sebastian Church
St Jacob's Church
Katedra Polskokatolicka
Cerkiew Ikony

However, Częstochowa is historically part of the Lesser Poland region, not of Silesia, and before 1795, it belonged to the Kraków Voivodeship.

Kielce

City in southern Poland with 193,415 inhabitants.

City in southern Poland with 193,415 inhabitants.

A typical Polish manor house called dworek, dating back to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The pictured house is one of the city's most precious buildings
Camp of the Russian Imperial Army near Kielce during the January Uprising, 1863
Józef Piłsudski with the Polish Legions in Kielce, in front of the Governor's Palace, 1914
Kielce Synagogue, built 1903-1909
Building of the Kielce Jewish Committee and refugee centre on Planty Street
Sienkiewicza Street, summer 2011
Palace of the Kraków Bishops in Kielce
Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce
Map of the centre of Kielce
Stefan Żeromski Theatre
Kielce History Museum
Sports hall in Kielce
Football stadium in Kielce
Kielce Business Center - the headquarters of Exbud-Skanska, a symbol of modern Kielce
Stanisław Staszic monument
St. Adalbert Church dating back to 10th century
Exaltation of the Holy Cross church
Sienkiewicza Street (Old Market)
alt=Hotel in Kielce, Sienkiewicza Street|Versal Hotel in Kielce, Sienkiewicza Street
Market Square at night
Square of the Blessed Virgin Mary
Kielce Fair
The Monument of The Legion Four
City Park
Holy Trinity Church, built 1640–1644
Karczówka Monastery, built 1624–1631
Garrison Church, built 1902–1904
Statue of Miles Davis in Kielce

The city is in the middle of the Świętokrzyskie Mountains (Holy Cross Mountains), on the banks of the Silnica River, in the northern part of the historical Polish province of Lesser Poland.

Upper Silesia

Southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located today mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic.

Southeastern part of the historical and geographical region of Silesia, located today mostly in Poland, with small parts in the Czech Republic.

Moravian-Silesian Beskids
Silesian flag used by Silesians
Coat of arms of Upper Silesia as drawn by Hugo Gerard Ströhl (1851–1919)
300px
1746 map of Upper Silesia, Homann heirs, Nuremberg
Silesian Parliament in Katowice
Katowice
Ostrava
Gliwice
Opole
Silesian dumplings
Silesian gorals

Within the adjacent Silesian Beskids to the east, the Vistula River rises and turns eastwards, the Biała and Przemsza tributaries mark the eastern border with Lesser Poland.

Silesia

Historical region of Central Europe that lies mostly within Poland, with small parts in Czechia and Germany.

Historical region of Central Europe that lies mostly within Poland, with small parts in Czechia and Germany.

Silesia in the early period of Poland's fragmentation, 1172–1177, Lower Silesia with Lubusz Land in orange, Upper Silesia in green and yellow
Battle of Legnica (1241) during the First Mongol invasion of Poland
Lands of the Bohemian Crown between 1635 and 1742, before most of Silesia was ceded to Prussia
Typical Silesian baroque architecture in Wrocław
First map of Silesia by Martin Helwig, 1561; north at the bottom
Bolesław Śmiały Coal Mine, Łaziska Górne
Polish names of Silesian cities, from a 1750 Prussian official document published in Berlin during the Silesian Wars
Confessions in the German Empire (Protestant/Catholic; c. 1890). Lower Silesia was mostly Protestant, while Glatz (Kłodzko) and Upper Silesia were mostly Catholic.
Coat of arms of the Prussian province of Upper Silesia (1919–1938 and 1941–1945)
Coat of arms of the Silesian Voivodeship
The coat of arms of the Opolskie Voivodeship
Henryk IV's Probus coat of arms
Coat of arms of Austrian Silesia (1742–1918)
Prussian province of Lower Silesia (1919–1938 and 1941–1945)
Coat of arms of the Lower Silesia Voivodeship
Coat of arms of Czech Silesia
Flag of Prussian Upper Silesia province (1919–1938 and 1941–1945)
Flag of Silesia Voivodeship
Flag of the Austrian Silesia (1742–1918), and Czech Silesia
Flag of Prussian Lower Silesia province (1919–1938 and 1941–1945)
Flag of Lower Silesia Voivodeship
Churches of Peace, Świdnica and Jawor
Centennial Hall, Wrocław
Historic Silver Mine, Tarnowskie Góry
Muskau Park, Łęknica and Bad Muskau<ref>Łęknica and Bad Muskau were considered part of Silesia in years 1815–1945.</ref>

Historically, it extended only as far as the Brynica River, which separates it from Zagłębie Dąbrowskie in the Lesser Poland region.

Allegory of the first partition of Poland, showing Catherine the Great of Russia (left), Joseph II of Austria and Frederick the Great of Prussia (right) quarrelling over their territorial seizures

Partitions of Poland

The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.

The Partitions of Poland were three partitions of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth that took place toward the end of the 18th century and ended the existence of the state, resulting in the elimination of sovereign Poland and Lithuania for 123 years.

Allegory of the first partition of Poland, showing Catherine the Great of Russia (left), Joseph II of Austria and Frederick the Great of Prussia (right) quarrelling over their territorial seizures
Włodzimierz Tetmajer, Allegory of Dead Poland, St. Nicholas Cathedral, Kalisz
The Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth after the First Partition, as a protectorate of the Russian Empire (1773–89)
Rejtan at Sejm 1773, oil on canvas by Jan Matejko, 1866, 282 x, Royal Castle in Warsaw
The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth after the Second Partition (1793)
1793 Russian campaign medal
"A map of the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania including Samogitia and Curland divided according to their dismemberments with the Kingdom of Prussia" from 1799
The partition of Poland according to the German–Soviet Pact; division of Polish territories in the years 1939–1941

To Austria fell Zator and Auschwitz (Oświęcim), part of Lesser Poland embracing parts of the counties of Kraków and Sandomir and the whole of Galicia, less the city of Kraków.

Rzeszów

Largest city in southeastern Poland.

Largest city in southeastern Poland.

Nobleman Mikołaj Spytek Ligęza greatly contributed to the city's importance
Rzeszów Castle with surroundings, by K.H. Wiedemann, 1762
Solidarity Park in Rzeszów
Market Square in Rzeszów
Old Town Synagogue
Provincial council headquarters (Urząd Wojewódzki) in Rzeszów
Countryside surrounding Rzeszów
Rzeszów Castle
Wanda Siemaszkowa Theatre
Provincial and City Public Library
Volleyball match between Resovia and Skra Bełchatów
CH Galeria Rzeszów – the largest shopping center in the city
Burgaller Palace (Polish Radio Rzeszów)
The City Hall in the Main Market Square. Initially built in the 16th century, it was later remodelled in Neogothic and Renaissance Revival styles
22px
22px
22px
Rzeszów–Jasionka Airport
Rzeszów University of Technology
Tomasz Stańko
Fred Zinnemann
The City Hall
The Diocesan Museum
The historic Market Square
Farny Square in Rzeszów
The PKO Bank Building
Ethnographic Museum
The Music Institute
The Revolution Monument
The Regional Museum in Rzeszów
Main Library
The Rzeszów Court of Appeals
Multimedia fountain
Basilica of the Assumption
The Tadeusz Mazowiecki Bridge in Rzeszów
Rzeszów Castle

In Tarnów, there was a meeting of Prince Bolesław V the Chaste, and Prince Daniel of Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, during which both sides agreed that the border would go between Rzeszów and Czudec (Rzeszów belonged to Kingdom of Galicia–Volhynia, while Czudec and Strzyżów to Lesser Poland).

Greater Poland

Historical region of west-central Poland.

Historical region of west-central Poland.

A map of Greater Poland/Great Poland during Piast period from the Codex diplomaticus Maioris Poloniae, based on data from historical documents
A map of Polish dialects. The area where Greater Poland's dialect is spoken is marked in violet.
Poznań Town Hall
Palace of the Raczyński family in Rogalin, within the Rogalin Landscape Park
Gniezno cathedral
Kalisz Town Hall
Leszno town hall
Marian sanctuary in Licheń near Konin

Like the historical regions of Pomerania, Silesia, Mazovia or Lesser Poland, the Greater Poland region possesses its own distinctive folk costumes, architecture, cuisine, dialect and other traditions that differ from other parts of Poland.

Lublin Voivodeship

Voivodeship, or region, located in southeastern Poland.

Voivodeship, or region, located in southeastern Poland.

Historic centre of Lublin
Basilica of the Birth of the Virgin Mary in Chełm
The Zamość Old Town is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Radziwiłł Castle Complex in Biała Podlaska
Czartoryski Palace in Puławy
The Potocki Family Palace in Międzyrzec Podlaski
The town of Kazimierz Dolny is Poland's official national Historic Monument
Łukie Lake in the Polesie National Park
Echo artificial lake in the Roztocze National Park
Map of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth
Lublin Voivodeship 1975–1998

The region is named after its largest city and regional capital, Lublin, and its territory is made of four historical lands: the western part of the voivodeship, with Lublin itself, belongs to Lesser Poland, the eastern part of Lublin Area belongs to Red Ruthenia, and the northeast belongs to Polesie and Podlasie.

Mieszko I

The ruler of Poland from about 960 to his death and was the founder of the first independent Polish state, the Duchy of Poland.

The ruler of Poland from about 960 to his death and was the founder of the first independent Polish state, the Duchy of Poland.

Strongholds under Mieszko's rule
Denar of either Mieszko I or his grandson Mieszko II featuring a cross
Poland under Mieszko's rule
Emperor Otto II, from Registrum Gregorii, c. 983
Personifications of Sclavinia/Wends, Germania, Gallia, and Roma, bringing offerings to Otto III; from a gospel book dated 990
Dagome iudex
Monumental tomb of Mieszko I and Bolesław I by Christian Daniel Rauch
A depiction of Mieszko I in Jan Głuchowski's 1605 Icones of the Princes and Kings of Poland
Statue of Mieszko I of Poland in the Poznań Cathedral's Golden Chapel
Wichmann the Younger Surrenders to the Polish Prince Mieszko by Franciszek Smuglewicz (early 19th c.)
Mieszko I statue in Mieszkowice
A relief of Mieszko I in Brzeg Castle (top row, first on the left)

During the last years of his life, he fought the Bohemian state and won Silesia and Lesser Poland.

Subcarpathian Voivodeship

Voivodeship, or province, in the southeastern corner of Poland.

Voivodeship, or province, in the southeastern corner of Poland.

Palace of Lubomirski family in Rzeszów
Jaśliski Landscape Park and Jasiołka River
Regional costumes of the Pogorzans
Rzeszów town hall
Łańcut Castle
Sanok
Krasiczyn Castle
Jasło Palace
Przemyśl
Huwniki
Royal Casimir Castle in Przemyśl
Lesko synagogue
Tarnowski Palace in Tarnobrzeg
Jarosław town hall
Baranów Sandomierski Castle
16th-century Baroque organs in Leżajsk
Solina Lake
Solina seen from the distance
Wetlina River
Lynx
Church of All Saints in Blizne, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Przecław
Wisłok Wielki
Open air museum in Sanok
San River
Tarnica Mountain
A historic oil well
Leopard car
Black Hawk helicopters are produced by PZL Mielec
Autosan bus and coach manufacturer has its headquarters in Sanok
Solina dam is the largest dam in Poland

The name derives from the region's location near the Carpathian Mountains, and the voivodeship comprises areas of two historic regions of Eastern Europe — Lesser Poland (western and northwestern counties) and Red Ruthenia.