Lesser Poland

Wawel Castle in Kraków
Old Town in Lublin
Mannerist architecture in Tarnów
The Lesser Poland Province of the Polish Crown in the widest sense – with Red Ruthenia, Podlachia, Podolia and Kiev
Palm Sunday in Lipnica Murowana.
The 1507 Lesser Poland and Red Ruthenia Map (Polonia Minor, Russia) by Martin Waldseemüller
Kazimierz Dolny on the right bank of the Vistula river.
Niepołomice
Pieniny National Park
Będzin Castle, which guarded the western border of Lesser Poland
Kozłówka Palace
Palatial residence in Kurozwęki
Pieskowa Skała
Members of the regional Folk Group of Wilamowice "Cepelia Fil Wilamowice"
Lachy Sądeckie are a group of ethnic Poles who live in southern Lesser Poland
Broad Gauge Metallurgy Line
Czarny Staw (Black Pond) in the High Tatras
Nowy Wiśnicz
Baranów Sandomierski
Vistula in Sandomierz
"Peasant war" by Jan Lewicki (1795–1871)
Galizien
In the 19th century, Kraków's Jagiellonian University was a major center of Polish science and culture
Gorals from Beskidy
Castle of Bobolice
Wieliczka Salt Mine, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Pope John Paul II was born in Wadowice, Lesser Poland, in 1920
Soldiers of Holy Cross Mountains Brigade in parade 1945
A fire engine made by FSC Star in Lesser Poland's Starachowice
Boundary between Lesser Poland and Upper Silesia (red line) on the territory of current Silesian Voivodeship
Kraków is the capital of Lesser Poland
Lublin, the second-largest city of Lesser Poland
Częstochowa, the third-largest city of Lesser Poland
Radom, the fourth-largest city of Lesser Poland
Sosnowiec, the fifth-largest city of Lesser Poland
Folklore group in Podhale costume, Bukowina Tatrzańska, Lesser Poland, 2016
Polish flat soda bread (known as Proziaki in podkarpacie)
KS Cracovia on Independence Day 2019
A map of Polish dialects. The area where Lesser Poland's dialect is spoken is marked in orange.

Historical region situated in southern and south-eastern Poland.

- Lesser Poland

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Nowy Korczyn

Small town in Busko County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland.

Small town in Busko County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, in south-central Poland.

It lies in Lesser Poland, approximately 20 km south of Busko-Zdrój and 67 km south of the regional capital Kielce.

Map showing an approximation location of Polish tribes according to the perspective of Polish historiography. Lendians (Lędzianie) are found at the bottom-right corner.

Lendians

Map showing an approximation location of Polish tribes according to the perspective of Polish historiography. Lendians (Lędzianie) are found at the bottom-right corner.
Cherven Cities, inhabited by the Lendians, as part of Poland under the rule of Mieszko I until 981 AD according to the perspective of Polish historiography.
Cherven Cities as part of Bohemian lands during the reign of Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia (967/972–999).

The Lendians (Lędzianie) were a Lechitic tribe who lived in the area of East Lesser Poland and Cherven Cities between the 7th and 11th centuries.

Lesser Poland Province, 1635 (in red)

Lesser Poland Province, Crown of the Kingdom of Poland

Administrative division of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland from 1569 until 1795 and the biggest province of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Administrative division of the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland from 1569 until 1795 and the biggest province of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Lesser Poland Province, 1635 (in red)
The Crown Tribunal in Lublin, the highest appeal court in the province of Lesser Poland

The name of the province comes from historic land of Lesser Poland.

Important early stages in the history of the Polish state and church took place on the island of Ostrów Tumski. Remnants of the original palatium–chapel complex of Poland's first Christian ruling couple have been found beneath the church in the foreground. The Poznań Cathedral is located on the right.

History of Poland during the Piast dynasty

First major stage of the history of the Polish state.

First major stage of the history of the Polish state.

Important early stages in the history of the Polish state and church took place on the island of Ostrów Tumski. Remnants of the original palatium–chapel complex of Poland's first Christian ruling couple have been found beneath the church in the foreground. The Poznań Cathedral is located on the right.
Expansion of the Polans territory under the Piast dynasty in the 10th century
An image on the Gniezno Doors at the entrance to Gniezno Cathedral depicts Bolesław buying Adalbert's body back from the Prussians
Poland (992–1025); area within dark pink color represents the borders at the end of the rule of Mieszko I (992); dark red border comprises the area at the end of the reign of Bolesław I (1025)
Mieszko II shown allegorically with Duchess Matilda of Swabia
St. Andrew's Church in Kraków (built in the 11th century)
St. Leonard's Crypt is all that remains of the second Romanesque Wawel Cathedral of Władysław Herman
Płock Cathedral is the burial place of Władysław I Herman and Bolesław III Wrymouth
Poland during the rule of Bolesław III Wrymouth
Collegiate church in Tum
Mongol invasion of Poland (late 1240–1241) culminated in the Battle of Legnica
Ostsiedlung or German settlement in the east, miniature from Sachsenspiegel
Thorn (Toruń), established by the Teutonic Knights became a member of the Hanseatic League
Henry IV of Wrocław in the Codex Manesse, about 1300
Archbishop Jakub Świnka
Gothic Cathedral of St. John the Baptist in Wrocław
A fragment of a sandstone sarcophagus depicting Władysław I the Elbow-high in Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
Sarcophagus of Casimir the Great at Wawel Cathedral
Poland at the end of the rule of Casimir III (1370) is shown within the dark red border; Silesia (yellow) was lost, while the kingdom had expanded to the east
Foundation of the Collegiate church in Wiślica by Casimir III the Great
Queen Jadwiga was the great-granddaughter of Władysław I the Elbow-high
St. Mary's Church in Kraków

After the addition of Lesser Poland, the country of the Vistulans, and of Silesia (both taken by Mieszko from the Czech state during the later part of the 10th century), Mieszko's state reached its mature form, including the main regions regarded as ethnically Polish.

Effigy of Jadwiga on her seal

Jadwiga of Poland

The first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland, reigning from 16 October 1384 until her death.

The first female monarch of the Kingdom of Poland, reigning from 16 October 1384 until her death.

Effigy of Jadwiga on her seal
Jadwiga with her mother and sisters as depicted on Saint Simeon's casket in Zadar
Lands ruled or claimed around 1370 by Jadwiga's father, Louis the Great (or the Hungarian): Hungary and Poland are colored red, the vassal states and the Kingdom of Naples are coloured light red
Dymitr of Goraj by Jan Matejko depicts Jadwiga trying to break the castle gate to join William
Saint Florian's Psalter, commissioned by Jadwiga in around 1370, held in the National Library of Poland in Warsaw
Queen Jadwiga's Oath, by Józef Simmler, 1867
Stephen I of Moldavia's promise of loyalty to Jadwiga and Jogaila against Sigismund
Jadwiga's sarcophagus, Wawel Cathedral, Kraków
Jadwiga as imagined by Marcello Bacciarelli

However, Lesser Poland's nobility opposed him and persuaded Queen Elizabeth to send Jadwiga to Poland.

Dęblin

Town, population 16,656 , at the confluence of Vistula and Wieprz rivers, in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland.

Town, population 16,656 , at the confluence of Vistula and Wieprz rivers, in Lublin Voivodeship, Poland.

Monument to the pilots of the Polish Air Force Academy in Dęblin

Dęblin is part of historic province of Lesser Poland, and for centuries the area of the town belonged to Stężyca Land, Sandomierz Voivodeship.

Portrait by Lucas Cranach the Younger, 1553

Sigismund II Augustus

King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548.

King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania, the son of Sigismund I the Old, whom Sigismund II succeeded in 1548.

Portrait by Lucas Cranach the Younger, 1553
A 1568 Lithuanian coin of Sigismund II Augustus with Vytis and the Columns of Gediminas
Queen Elizabeth, by Lucas Cranach the Younger
Portrait of Barbara Radziwiłł by Lucas Cranach the Younger, ca. 1553
Portrait of Sigismund Augustus in armour, 1550s
Portrait of Catherine of Austria by Lucas Cranach the Younger.
Death of Sigismund II Augustus at Knyszyn, by Jan Matejko
Tomb of Sigismund Augustus in the Sigismund Chapel at Wawel Cathedral in Kraków, Poland
Letter from Hürrem Sultan, wife of Suleiman the Magnificent, to Sigismund Augustus, complimenting him on his accession to the throne, 1549
Medal obverse featuring Sigismund from 1562, National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C.
Parade armour of King Sigismund Augustus, made in Nuremberg by Kunz Lochner, 1550s. Livrustkammaren in Stockholm.
Union of Lublin; Sigismund stands in the center holding a crucifix among nobles, envoys and the clergy.
Sigismund Augustus in armour, 1550s, Alte Pinakothek
Tapestry with Shield-Bearing Satyrs with the royal monogram S.A. (Sigismundus Augustus), woven in Brussels in about 1555
Jan Kochanowski presents his work Satyr to Sigismund, an 1884 illustration by Feliks Sypniewski

The capital, Kraków, was also affected as the trade route from the Baltic ran through Gdańsk and along the Vistula River to the southern province of Lesser Poland.

Reception of Jews in Poland in 1096, Painting by Jan Matejko.

Bolesław III Wrymouth

Reception of Jews in Poland in 1096, Painting by Jan Matejko.
Division of Poland between Bolesław (red) and Zbigniew (green)
Battle of Hundsfeld, from The Polish Chronicle of Marcin Bielski (1597)
Ruins of the Abbey of Saint Giles in Somogyvár, Hungary.
Map of Pomerania including the island of Rugia (17th century).
Sarcophagus of Bolesław III in Płock Cathedral.
Bulla discovered in Ostrów Tumski (2005)
Denarius with the legend ADALBIBVS
Denarius with "cavalry" cross of Sieciech
Boleslaw's protective bracteate
Stone in honor of Gallus Anonymous in Wrocław.

Bolesław III Wrymouth (Bolesław III Krzywousty; 20 August 1086 – 28 October 1138), also known as Boleslaus the Wry-mouthed, was the duke of Lesser Poland, Silesia and Sandomierz between 1102 and 1107 and over the whole of Poland between 1107 and 1138.

Gniezno

City in central-western Poland, about 50 km east of Poznań, with 68,943 inhabitants making it the sixth-largest city in the Greater Poland Voivodeship.

City in central-western Poland, about 50 km east of Poznań, with 68,943 inhabitants making it the sixth-largest city in the Greater Poland Voivodeship.

Medieval seal of Gniezno
King Władysław IV Vasa confirms the old privileges of Gniezno, 1635
19th-century painting of Gniezno
Memorial at the site of a German execution of 24 Poles in November 1939 in the Dalki district
Gniezno during the visit of Pope John Paul II in 1979
View of Cathedral Basilica of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St. Adalbert. On the right side - church under the invocation of St. John the Baptist
Panorama of Gniezno. 19th century
Gniezno Old Town
Aleksander Fredro Theatre in Gniezno
Regional court
Gniezno Doors in the Cathedral
Coffin of Adalbert of Prague in the Cathedral
Market Square (Rynek)
Holy Trinity church
Franciscan church
Gothic Saint John the Baptist church in winter
Saint Lawrence church
Monument of King Bolesław I the Brave with the Cathedral in the background
Museum of the Polish State Origins
Museum of Archdiocese in Gniezno
Episcopal palace of Primates of Poland
Saint George's Church

The emperor and the Polish duke celebrated the foundation of the Polish ecclesiastical province (archbishopric) in Gniezno, along with newly established bishoprics in Kołobrzeg for Pomerania; Wrocław for Silesia; Kraków for Lesser Poland in addition to the bishopric in Poznań for western Greater Poland, which was established in 968.

Bielsko-Biała

City in southern Poland, with a population of approximately 168,835 (as of June 2021) and an area of 124.5 km2.

City in southern Poland, with a population of approximately 168,835 (as of June 2021) and an area of 124.5 km2.

Bielsko-Biała Museum, located in the Sułkowski Castle, which was initially built as a medieval Ducal Castle of the Piast dynasty, view from Bolesław Chrobry Square
Austrian KK stamp first 1850 issue, cancelled BIALA
Polish newspaper Wieniec-Pszczółka issued in Bielsko-Biała in 1909
Bielsko city center in the 1930s
Locally designed and produced Margański & Mysłowski EM-11 Orka business long range small aircraft
Interior of the main railway station (of several) in Bielsko-Biała, 28 April 2006
City Hall
Ulica 11 Listopada, the city's most notable pedestrian zone
Patria House
Polish Theatre
Main post office
The Pod Żabami Townhouse - an example of Art Nouveau architecture in the city
Stadion Miejski
Urszula Dudziak
Zbigniew Preisner
Wojciech H. Zurek

Situated north of the Beskid Mountains, Bielsko-Biała is composed of two former towns which merged in 1951 – Bielsko in the west and Biała in the east – on opposite banks of the Biała River that once divided Silesia and Lesser Poland.