lexicographerlexicographerslexicographicallexicographicbilingual lexicographydesign of specialised dictionariesdictionary criticismdictionary historydictionary typologylexical
Lexicography is divided into two separate but equally important groups:wikipedia
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dictionariesonline dictionaryList of English dictionaries
It is a lexicographical reference that shows inter-relationships among the data.


Some use "lexicology" as a synonym for theoretical lexicography; others use it to mean a branch of linguistics pertaining to the inventory of words in a particular language.
Lexicography involves the documentation of words that form a vocabulary.


There is some disagreement on the definition of lexicology, as distinct from lexicography.
An allied science to lexicology is lexicography, which also studies words, but primarily in relation with dictionaries – it is concerned with the inclusion of words in dictionaries and from that perspective with the whole lexicon.

Legal lexicography

Specialized lexicography focuses on the design, compilation, use and evaluation of specialized dictionaries, i.e. dictionaries that are devoted to a (relatively restricted) set of linguistic and factual elements of one or more specialist subject fields, e.g. legal lexicography.
As a branch of the general discipline lexicography, legal lexicography may be divided into theoretical legal lexicography and practical legal lexicography.

Lexicographic information cost

lexicographic information costs
One important goal of lexicography is to keep the lexicographic information costs incurred by dictionary users as low as possible.
Lexicographic information cost is a concept within the field of lexicography.

Lemma (morphology)

lemmacitation formdictionary form
In morphology and lexicography, a lemma (plural lemmas or lemmata) is the canonical form, dictionary form, or citation form of a set of words (headword).

Bilingual dictionary

bilingual dictionariestranslation dictionarydictionary
One important consideration is the status of 'bilingual lexicography', or the compilation and use of the bilingual dictionary in all its aspects (see e.g. Nielsen 1894).
The most important challenge for practical and theoretical lexicographers is to define the functions of a bilingual dictionary.

List of lexicographers

This list contains people who contributed to the field of lexicography, the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries.


Terminology differs from lexicography, as it involves the study of concepts, conceptual systems and their labels (terms), whereas lexicography studies words and their meanings.

Dictionary Society of North America

The Dictionary Society of North America (DSNA) was founded in 1975 to encourage scholarly and professional activities that have to do with dictionaries and lexicography.

Reinhard Hartmann

Hartmann, R.R.K.Hartmann, Reinhard Rudolf KarlReinhard Rudolf Karl Hartmann
Reinhard Rudolf Karl Hartmann (1938–) is a lexicographer and applied linguist.

Specialized lexicography

Specialised lexicography
The study of specialized lexicography deals with several important aspects within the general field of lexicography.

Henning Bergenholtz

Bergenholtz, H.
Professor Bergenholtz has contributed to lexicography as a science with publications on theoretical lexicography as well as several printed and electronic dictionaries.

Sandro Nielsen

Nielsen, S.
Nielsen has contributed to lexicography as a theoretical and practical lexicographer with particular reference to bilingual specialised dictionaries (technical dictionaries).

Ladislav Zgusta

Zgusta, L.Zgusta, Ladislav
Ladislav Zgusta (20 March 1924 – 27 April 2007) was a Czech–American historical linguist and lexicographer, who wrote one of the first textbooks on lexicography.

Beryl Atkins

B. T. S. AtkinsSue AtkinsAtkins, B.T.S.
Among her honours, are an honorary DLitt by the University of Brighton (2000), UK, for services to lexicography and linguistics; a festschrift (2002) published by EURALEX at the occasion of her 70th birthday to mark her contribution to international lexicography, and an honorary DLitt by the University of Pretoria (2008) for significant contributions to the development of lexicographic practices worldwide and in particular for the African languages in South Africa.


languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity

Specialized dictionary

specialized dictionariesDictionaryspecialised dictionary
Such a dictionary is usually called a specialized dictionary or Language for specific purposes dictionary and following Nielsen 1994, specialized dictionaries are either multi-field, single-field or sub-field dictionaries.

Applied linguistics

applied linguistappliedapplied linguistic
It is now widely accepted that lexicography is a scholarly discipline in its own right and not a sub-branch of applied linguistics, as the chief object of study in lexicography is the dictionary (see e.g. Bergenholtz/Nielsen/Tarp 2009).