Liaoning

Liaoning ProvinceFengtianFengtian ProvinceFengtienLiaoning, ChinaLiaodongLiao-ning ProvinceLiaoning Province, ChinaLiaoning Pro.Liaoning Provincial People's Government
Liaoning is a northern coastal province in Northeast China on the shore of Yellow Sea.wikipedia
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Northeast China

NortheastNortheastern Chinanortheastern
Liaoning is a northern coastal province in Northeast China on the shore of Yellow Sea.
It usually corresponds specifically to the three provinces of Liaoning, Jilin, and Heilongjiang but is sometimes also meant to encompass the northeastern portion of Inner Mongolia.

Dandong

AndongAntungDandong City
The Yalu River marks its border with North Korea, emptying into the Korea Bay between Dandong in Liaoning and Sinuiju in North Korea.
Dandong, formerly known as Andong, is a prefecture-level city in southeastern Liaoning province, People's Republic of China.

Chagang Province

ChagangJagang ProvinceJagang
It is also known in Chinese as "the Golden Triangle" from its shape and strategic location, with the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay and Bohai Sea) in the south, North Korea's North Pyongan and Chagang provinces in the southeast, Jilin to the northeast, Hebei to the southwest, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
Chagang Province (Chagangdo; ) is a province in North Korea; it is bordered by China's Jilin and Liaoning provinces to the north, Ryanggang and South Hamgyong to the east, South Pyongan to the south, and North Pyongan to the west.

Manchuria

ManchurianThree Eastern ProvincesNortheast
Liaoning is the southernmost province of Northeast China, historically also known as Manchuria.
Manchuria is now most often associated with the three Chinese provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin, and Liaoning.

Hebei

Hebei ProvinceHopeiHopeh
It is also known in Chinese as "the Golden Triangle" from its shape and strategic location, with the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay and Bohai Sea) in the south, North Korea's North Pyongan and Chagang provinces in the southeast, Jilin to the northeast, Hebei to the southwest, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
The province borders Liaoning to the northeast, Inner Mongolia to the north, Shanxi to the west, Henan to the south, and Shandong to the southeast.

Manchukuo

ManchuriaEmperor of ManchukuoPrime Minister of Manchukuo
Under the Japanese-puppet Manchukuo regime, the province reverted to its 1907 name, but the name Liaoning was restored in 1945 and again in 1954.
The Manchu emperors separated their homeland in Jilin and Heilongjiang from the Han Liaoning province with the Willow Palisade.

Jilin

Jilin ProvinceKirinKirin Province
It is also known in Chinese as "the Golden Triangle" from its shape and strategic location, with the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay and Bohai Sea) in the south, North Korea's North Pyongan and Chagang provinces in the southeast, Jilin to the northeast, Hebei to the southwest, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
Jilin borders North Korea (Rasŏn, North Hamgyong, Ryanggang and Chagang) and Russia (Primorsky Krai) to the east, Heilongjiang to the north, Liaoning to the south, and Inner Mongolia to the west.

Korea Bay

West Korea BayKorean BayBay of Korea
It is also known in Chinese as "the Golden Triangle" from its shape and strategic location, with the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay and Bohai Sea) in the south, North Korea's North Pyongan and Chagang provinces in the southeast, Jilin to the northeast, Hebei to the southwest, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
The Korea Bay, sometimes the West Korea Bay ( or ), is a northern extension of the Yellow Sea, between Liaoning Province of China and North Pyongan Province of North Korea.

Donghu people

DonghuHuEastern Barbarians
It was also inhabited by non-Han peoples such as Xiongnu, Donghu, Xianbei.
They lived in northern Hebei, southeastern Inner Mongolia and the western part of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang along the Yan Mountains and Greater Khingan Range.

Manchu people

ManchuManchusManchurian
Between 1467 and 1468, the wall was expanded to protect the region from the northeast as well, against attacks from Jianzhou Jurchens (who were later to become known as the Manchu people).
Among them, Liaoning has the largest population and Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Inner Mongolia and Beijing have over 100,000 Manchu residents.

North Pyongan Province

North PyonganNorth P'yŏngan ProvinceNorth P'yŏngan
It is also known in Chinese as "the Golden Triangle" from its shape and strategic location, with the Yellow Sea (Korea Bay and Bohai Sea) in the south, North Korea's North Pyongan and Chagang provinces in the southeast, Jilin to the northeast, Hebei to the southwest, and Inner Mongolia to the northwest.
The Yalu River forms the northern border with China's Liaoning province.

Fushun

Hot Go DreamworldFushun, LiaoningHot Go Park
The Manchu dynasty, styled "Later Jin", established its capital in 1616–1621 in Xingjing, which was located outside of the Liaodong Wall in the eastern part of the modern Liaoning Province (today's ruins of Hetu Ala at Xilaocheng Village in Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County, part of Fushun City). In the Governor's words, "Tieling and Fushun only have a few vagrants".
Fushun (, formerly romanised as Fouchouen, using French spelling, also as Fuxi is a prefecture level city in Liaoning province, China, about 45 km east of Shenyang, with a population of 2,138,090 inhabitants (2010 census) and a total area of 11,272 km2, 714 km2 of which is the city proper.

Shenyang

MukdenFengtianShenyang, China
The modern Liaoning province was established in 1907 as Fengtian or Fengtien province and was renamed Liaoning in 1929, also known as Mukden Province at the time for the Manchu pronunciation of Shengjing, the former name of the provincial capital Shenyang. It was moved to Dongjing (east of today's Liaoyang, Liaoning), and finally in 1625 to Shengjing (now, Shenyang, Liaoning).
Shenyang, formerly known by its Manchu name Mukden or Fengtian, is the provincial capital and the largest city of Liaoning Province, People's Republic of China, as well as the largest city in Northeast China by urban population.

Liaoyang

Eastern CapitalLiaoyang CityYodong
It was moved to Dongjing (east of today's Liaoyang, Liaoning), and finally in 1625 to Shengjing (now, Shenyang, Liaoning). As late as 1661, the Civil Governor (Fuyin) of Fengtian Province, Zhang Shangxian reported that, outside of Fengtian City (Shenyang), Liaoyang, and Haicheng, all other cities east of the Liaohe were either abandoned, or hardly had a few hundred residents left.
Liaoyang is a prefecture-level city of east-central Liaoning province, China, situated on the Taizi River and, together with Anshan, forms a metro area of 2,057,200 inhabitants in 2010.

Gojoseon

Dangun JoseonFirst KingdomJoseon
In the past Liaoning formed part of Korean kingdoms as Gojoseon and Goguryeo, as well as Chinese polities such as the Yan State (of the Zhou Dynasty) and the Han Dynasty.
During its early phase, the capital of Gojoseon was located in Liaoning; around 400 BC, it was moved to Pyongyang, while in the south of the peninsula, the Jin state arose by the 3rd century BC.

Jianzhou Jurchens

JianzhouJianzhou JurchenJianzhou Guard
Between 1467 and 1468, the wall was expanded to protect the region from the northeast as well, against attacks from Jianzhou Jurchens (who were later to become known as the Manchu people).
Although the geographic location of the Jianzhou Jurchens has changed throughout history, during the 14th century they were located south of the Wild Jurchens (Chinese: 野人女真) and the Haixi Jurchens, inhabiting modern-day Liaoning province and Jilin province in China.

Haicheng, Liaoning

HaichengHaicheng CityChengzhou
As late as 1661, the Civil Governor (Fuyin) of Fengtian Province, Zhang Shangxian reported that, outside of Fengtian City (Shenyang), Liaoyang, and Haicheng, all other cities east of the Liaohe were either abandoned, or hardly had a few hundred residents left.
Haicheng is a county-level city of central Liaoning province, People's Republic of China.

Jinzhou

ChinchowJinzhou, LiaoningBeijing
West of the Liaohe, only Ningyuan, Jinzhou, and Guangning had any significant populations remaining.
Jinzhou is a prefecture-level city of Liaoning province, People's Republic of China.

Beizhen

GuangningBeiningBeizhen City
West of the Liaohe, only Ningyuan, Jinzhou, and Guangning had any significant populations remaining.
Beizhen is a city in west-central Liaoning province of Northeast China.

Yalu River

YaluAmnok RiverAmnok
The Yalu River marks its border with North Korea, emptying into the Korea Bay between Dandong in Liaoning and Sinuiju in North Korea.
The bordering Chinese provinces are Jilin and Liaoning.

Tieling

Tieling CityTiehlingTieling Prefecture
In the Governor's words, "Tieling and Fushun only have a few vagrants".
Tieling is one of 14 prefecture-level cities in Liaoning province of the People's Republic of China.

Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County

Hetu AlaXinbinXinbin County
The Manchu dynasty, styled "Later Jin", established its capital in 1616–1621 in Xingjing, which was located outside of the Liaodong Wall in the eastern part of the modern Liaoning Province (today's ruins of Hetu Ala at Xilaocheng Village in Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County, part of Fushun City).
Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (, Manchu: ; Mölendroff: sinbin manju beye dasangga siyan), or simply Xinbin County (postal: Sinpin; ), is one of the three counties under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Fushun, in the east of Liaoning Province, China, bordering Jilin Province to the east.

Yan (state)

YanState of YanYan state
In the past Liaoning formed part of Korean kingdoms as Gojoseon and Goguryeo, as well as Chinese polities such as the Yan State (of the Zhou Dynasty) and the Han Dynasty.
As the most north-eastern of all the Chinese states during this time period, Yan faced incursions from steppe nomads and built great walls in southern Liaoning.

Fengtian clique

FengtianFengtian ArmyFengtien clique
During the Warlord Era in the early twentieth century, Liaoning was under the Fengtian Clique, including Zhang Zuolin and his son Zhang Xueliang.
It was named after Fengtian Province (now Liaoning), and operated from a territorial base comprising the three northeastern provinces that made up Manchuria.

Liaoshen campaign

LiaoshenBattle of Liaohsidecisive victory in Manchuria
The Chinese Civil War that took place following Japanese defeat in 1945 had its first major battles (the Liaoshen Campaign) in and around Liaoning.
The Liaoshen campaign, abbreviation of Liaoning–Shenyang campaign after the province of Liaoning and its capital city Shenyang, was the first of the three major campaigns (along with Huaihai campaign and Pingjin campaign) launched by the Communist People's Liberation Army (PLA) against the Nationalist Kuomintang government during the late stage of the Chinese Civil War.