Liberal Catholic Church

Liberal CatholicCatholic liberalism
The name Liberal Catholic Church (LCC) is used by a number of separate Christian churches throughout the world which are open to esoteric beliefs and hold many ideas in common.wikipedia
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J. I. Wedgwood

James Ingall WedgwoodBishop J. I. WedgwoodJames I. Wedgwood
The founding bishops of the Liberal Catholic churches were J. I. Wedgwood of the Wedgwood China family and the Theosophist Charles Webster Leadbeater.
James Ingall Wedgwood (24 March 1883 – 13 March 1951) was the first Presiding Bishop of the Liberal Catholic Church.

Charles Webster Leadbeater

C.W. LeadbeaterC. W. LeadbeaterCharles W. Leadbeater
The founding bishops of the Liberal Catholic churches were J. I. Wedgwood of the Wedgwood China family and the Theosophist Charles Webster Leadbeater.
Charles Webster Leadbeater (16 February 1854 – 1 March 1934) was a member of the Theosophical Society, author on occult subjects and co-initiator with J. I. Wedgwood of the Liberal Catholic Church.

Independent Catholicism

Independent CatholicIndependent Catholic ChurchesIndependent Catholic Church
Although the term Liberal Catholic might suggest otherwise, it does not refer to liberal groups within the Roman Catholic Church but to groups within the Independent Catholic movement, unrecognised by and not in communion with the Pope nor the rest of the Catholic Church.
From a historical perspective, one of Mathew's most important consecrations was of Frederick Samuel Willoughby, who in turn consecrated James Wedgwood, the co-founder in 1918 of the Liberal Catholic Church, an esoteric community closely aligned with the Theosophical Society and allowing complete freedom of belief.

Liberal Catholic movement

The Young RiteCharles HamptonLiberal Catholic Church
The article on the Liberal Catholic Movement provides more detail on this separation.
The Liberal Catholic Movement refers to those churches whose foundation traces back to the founding bishops of the Liberal Catholic Church.

Frederick Samuel Willoughby

F S Willoughby
On his return to England, he learned that Frederick Samuel Willoughby, a bishop of the Old Catholic Church of Britain, had become enmeshed in a homosexuality scandal and as a result had been suspended by Archbishop Mathew.
Though he was expelled from that church the following year, he consecrated a number of others as bishops, including J. I. Wedgwood who went on to found the Liberal Catholic Church.

Theosophy

theosophisttheosophicalTheosophists
There are essentially two groups of Liberal Catholic churches: those which espouse theosophical ideas and those which do not.
However, ritualised practices have been established by various Theosophical groups; one such group is the Liberal Catholic Church.

Arnold Mathew

Arnold Harris MathewArnold Harris MatthewMathew line
After serving in several high offices in the Theosophical Society, including being general secretary of the society in England and Wales from 1911 to 1913, he was ordained as a priest in the Old Catholic movement on July 22, 1913, by Arnold Harris Mathew.
Being unwilling to see any repetition of the scandals of the past (the consecrations of undisclosed Theosophists resulting in the Liberal Catholic Church), he arrived at a mutual understanding with Carfora, that, should either die without leaving a successor, the survivor would consecrate a duly elected person to fill the vacancy.

Liberal Catholic Church, Province of the United States of America

In America, the entity originally known as the Liberal Catholic Church is known as "The Liberal Catholic Church, Province of the United States of America."
The Liberal Catholic Church, Province of the United States of America is a part of The Liberal Catholic Church (original).

Old Catholic Church

Old CatholicOld CatholicsOld Catholicism
After serving in several high offices in the Theosophical Society, including being general secretary of the society in England and Wales from 1911 to 1913, he was ordained as a priest in the Old Catholic movement on July 22, 1913, by Arnold Harris Mathew. Matthew in turn was a former Roman Catholic priest who had left to be ordained as a bishop in the Old Catholic Church, which had separated from papal authority in 1873 over the issue of papal infallibility.

God

Supreme BeingLordnature of God
Many in the Liberal Catholic Church believe that there are many churches because there are many ways in which people want to worship God.
It is also the view of the Liberal Catholic Church; Theosophy; some views of Hinduism except Vaishnavism, which believes in panentheism; Sikhism; some divisions of Neopaganism and Taoism, along with many varying denominations and individuals within denominations.

LGBT clergy in Christianity

gay clergyOrdination of LGBT Christian clergyordination of gay clergy
The LCC International permits the ordination of non-celibate gays and lesbians.
Smaller denominations, like the Liberal Catholic Church, the Swedenborgian Church of North America, the Ecclesia Gnostica, and the Apostolic Johannite Church also do so.

Warren Prall Watters

He was ordained priest in Chicago, Illinois in June, 1927, by Bishop Edwin Burt Beckwith of the Liberal Catholic Church.

Christianity

ChristianChristiansChristian faith
The name Liberal Catholic Church (LCC) is used by a number of separate Christian churches throughout the world which are open to esoteric beliefs and hold many ideas in common.

Western esotericism

esotericesotericismesotericist
The name Liberal Catholic Church (LCC) is used by a number of separate Christian churches throughout the world which are open to esoteric beliefs and hold many ideas in common.

Liberalism

liberalliberalssocially liberal
Although the term Liberal Catholic might suggest otherwise, it does not refer to liberal groups within the Roman Catholic Church but to groups within the Independent Catholic movement, unrecognised by and not in communion with the Pope nor the rest of the Catholic Church.

Pope

PapacypapalBishop of Rome
Although the term Liberal Catholic might suggest otherwise, it does not refer to liberal groups within the Roman Catholic Church but to groups within the Independent Catholic movement, unrecognised by and not in communion with the Pope nor the rest of the Catholic Church.

Wedgwood

Wedgwood MuseumJosiah Wedgwood and SonsWedgewood
The founding bishops of the Liberal Catholic churches were J. I. Wedgwood of the Wedgwood China family and the Theosophist Charles Webster Leadbeater.

Theosophical Society

TheosophicalThe Theosophical SocietyTheosophy
After serving in several high offices in the Theosophical Society, including being general secretary of the society in England and Wales from 1911 to 1913, he was ordained as a priest in the Old Catholic movement on July 22, 1913, by Arnold Harris Mathew.

Papal infallibility

ex cathedradogmatic definitioninfallible
Matthew in turn was a former Roman Catholic priest who had left to be ordained as a bishop in the Old Catholic Church, which had separated from papal authority in 1873 over the issue of papal infallibility.

Apostolic succession

apostolicepiscopal lineagesuccessors
The Old Catholics maintained that their ordinations were valid within the Catholic tradition, and the Liberal Catholic Church thus claims to trace its apostolic succession back to Rome through Old Catholicism.

Rome

Rome, ItalyRomanRoma
The Old Catholics maintained that their ordinations were valid within the Catholic tradition, and the Liberal Catholic Church thus claims to trace its apostolic succession back to Rome through Old Catholicism.

Co-Freemasonry

Co-MasonryCo-MasonicCo-Freemason
In 1915 Wedgwood visited Australia in his capacity as Grand Secretary of the Order of Universal CoMasonry (Co-Freemasonry a branch of liberal or adogmatic Freemasonry consisting of mixed-sex lodges), another of the organisations in which he was prominent.

The Times

TimesTimes Newspapers LtdTimes Online
Shortly afterwards Archbishop Mathew dissolved the Old Catholic Church in Great Britain and published a letter in The Times announcing his intention to return to the Roman Catholic Church.

Gerardus Gul

Gerard Gul
Willoughby offered to consecrate Wedgwood to the episcopate, but Wedgwood approached a number of other bishops seeking consecration, including the Old Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht Gerardus Gul (by whom Mathew had originally been consecrated), and Bishop Frederick James, a fellow Theosophist.

Presiding bishop

Presiding BishopricPresiding Bishop of The Episcopal ChurchBishop of the Church
With the Old Catholics continuing to disapprove of Mathew's creation in Britain, Wedgwood started the organisation that would later become the Liberal Catholic Church, of which he became the first Presiding Bishop.