Liberal Party (UK)

Viscount Palmerston
William Gladstone
Liberal politicians David Lloyd George and Winston Churchill enacted the 1909 People's Budget which specifically aimed at the redistribution of wealth.
The results of the 1906 election
Liberal poster c. 1905–1910, clockwise from the left: Joseph Chamberlain (satirised as an unmarried mother leaving her baby at a Foundling hospital) abandons his commitment to old age pensions; Chancellor Austen Chamberlain threatens duties on consumer items which had been removed by Gladstone (in the picture on the wall); Chinese indentured labour in South Africa; John Bull contemplates his vote; and Joseph Chamberlain and Arthur Balfour (who favoured retaliatory tariffs) wearing top hats. The heading "ratepayers money for sectarian schools" refers to the Education Act 1902.
H. H. Asquith
Cartoonist John Bernard Partridge depicts Lloyd George as a giant with a cudgel labelled "Budget" in reference to his People's Budget while "a plutocrat" cowers beneath the table, Punch 28 April 1909. The caption, not shown, reads "Fee Fi Fo Phat, I smell the blood of a plutocrat. Be he alive or be he dead, I'll grind his bones to make my bread,"
David Lloyd George
Share of the vote received by Conservatives (blue), Whigs/Liberals/Liberal Democrats (orange), Labour (red) and others (grey) in general elections since 1832 shows that following success as the successor to the Whig party, the party's share of the popular vote plummeted after the First World War as it lost votes to the new Labour party and fractured into groups such as the National and Coalition Liberals
Herbert Samuel
A crowd waits outside Leeds Town Hall to see them elect a Liberal Party candidate during the 1880 general elections.
Leeds and County Liberal Club blue plaque

One of the two major political parties in the United Kingdom, along with the Conservative Party, in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

- Liberal Party (UK)

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Lloyd George ministry

Appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by King George V.

Lloyd George’s Imperial War Cabinet in 1918
The 1916 War Cabinet
The 1917 Imperial War Cabinet

Those Liberals who continued to support Asquith served as the Official Opposition.

SDP–Liberal Alliance

Centrist and social liberal political and electoral alliance in the United Kingdom.

SDP–Liberal Alliance electoral logo in 1983

Formed by the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the Liberal Party, the SDP–Liberal Alliance was established in 1981, contesting the 1982 United Kingdom local elections, 1983 United Kingdom local elections, 1983 general election, 1984 United Kingdom local elections, 1984 European election, 1985 United Kingdom local elections, 1986 United Kingdom local elections, 1987 United Kingdom local elections and 1987 general election.


The Peelites were a breakaway dissident political faction of the British Conservative Party from 1846 to 1859.

Sir Robert Peel
Sir James Graham
The Earl of Aberdeen
William Gladstone
Sidney Herbert
Edward Cardwell
[[Henry Pelham-Clinton, 5th Duke of Newcastle|Lord Lincoln
Sir John Young

The Peelites later merged with the Whigs and Radicals to form the Liberal Party in 1859.

Conservative Party (UK)

One of two main political parties and current governing party in the United Kingdom, winning the 2019 general election with an overall majority in the House of Commons.

Robert Peel, twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and founder of the Conservative Party
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, served as the first Conservative Secretary of State.
Winston Churchill, who was twice Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
1929 Conservative poster attacking the Labour Party
Harold Macmillan is closely associated with the post-war settlement.
Edward Heath, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1970–1974)
Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979–1990)
John Major, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1990–1997)
Rail modal share (rail's share of total travel), 1952–2015
David Cameron, Prime Minister (2010–2016)
Theresa May, Prime Minister (2016-2019
Prime Minister Theresa May, right, with U.S. President Donald Trump, left, at a joint press conference in 2019
Boris Johnson, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (2019–present)
Conservative Party supporters at Pride London in 2010
Margaret Thatcher (second left), Ronald Reagan (far left) and their respective spouses in 1988. Thatcher and Reagan developed a close relationship against the Soviet Union.
The National Conservative Convention is held during the Conservative Party Conference.
Share of the vote received by Conservatives (blue), Whigs/Liberals/Liberal Democrats (orange), Labour (red) and others (grey) in general elections since 1832
The Conservatives' "oak tree" logo in Union Jack colours at the 2011 party conference.

The Conservative Party was founded in 1834 from the Tory Party and was one of two dominant political parties in the 19th century, along with the Liberal Party.

Labour Party (UK)

Political party in the United Kingdom that has been described as an alliance of social democrats, democratic socialists and trade unionists.

The original Liberty logo, in use until 1983
Keir Hardie, one of the Labour Party's founders and its first leader
Labour Party plaque from Caroone House, 14 Farringdon Street
Ramsay MacDonald, first Labour Prime Minister (1924 and 1929–1931)
Clement Attlee, Prime Minister (1945–1951)
Aneurin Bevan in 1943
Harold Wilson, Prime Minister (1964–1970 and 1974–1976)
James Callaghan, Prime Minister (1976–1979)
Michael Foot, Leader of the Opposition (1980–1983)
Neil Kinnock, Leader of the Opposition (1983–1992)
The Labour Party logo under the Foot leadership
The Labour Party logo under Kinnock, Smith and Blair's leaderships
Tony Blair
Gordon Brown, Prime Minister (2007–2010)
Ed Miliband
Jeremy Corbyn
Keir Starmer, Leader of the Opposition (2020–present)
The red flag, originally the official flag and symbol of the Labour Party
A graph showing Labour Party individual membership, excluding affiliated members and supporters
Unite the Union showing their support for the Labour party on their Leeds offices during the 2015 general election
A graph showing the percentage of the popular vote received by major parties in general elections (1832–2005)
Neil Kinnock
Margaret Beckett
Gordon Brown
Harriet Harman
Roy Hattersley
John Prescott
Tom Watson

It overtook the Liberal Party to become the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming two minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in the 1920s and early 1930s.

National Liberal Party (UK, 1922)

Liberal political party in the United Kingdom from 1922–23.

John Milton's Areopagitica (1644) argued for the importance of freedom of speech

It was officially a breakaway from the Liberal Party.

William Beveridge

Beveridge at Balliol College in 1898
Beveridge in the 1910s
Beveridge in 1943
Beveridge talking to an American fighter pilot hospitalised at University College, Oxford during the Second World War
The graves of Lord and Lady Beveridge

William Henry Beveridge, 1st Baron Beveridge, (5 March 1879 – 16 March 1963) was a British economist and Liberal politician who was a progressive and social reformer who played a central role in designing the British welfare state.

Winston Churchill

British statesman, soldier and writer who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945, during the Second World War, and again from 1951 to 1955.

The Roaring Lion, a portrait by Yousuf Karsh at the Canadian Parliament, December 1941
Jennie Spencer Churchill with her two sons, Jack (left) and Winston (right) in 1889.
Churchill in the military dress uniform of the 4th Queen's Own Hussars at Aldershot in 1895.
Churchill in 1900 around the time of his first election to Parliament.
Churchill in 1904 when he "crossed the floor".
Churchill and German Kaiser Wilhelm II during a military manoeuvre near Breslau, Silesia, in 1906.
Churchill and his fiancée Clementine Hozier shortly before their marriage in 1908.
Churchill (second left) photographed at the Siege of Sidney Street.
As First Lord of the Admiralty, Churchill's London residency was Admiralty House (music room pictured).
Churchill commanding the 6th Battalion, the Royal Scots Fusiliers, 1916. His second-in-command, Archibald Sinclair, is seated on the left.
Churchill meets female workers at Georgetown's filling works near Glasgow in October 1918.
Churchill as Secretary of State for the Colonies during his visit to Mandatory Palestine, Tel Aviv, 1921.
Churchill with children Randolph and Diana in 1923.
Churchill on Budget Day with his wife Clementine and children Sarah and Randolph, 15 April 1929.
Churchill meeting with film star Charlie Chaplin in Los Angeles in 1929.
Churchill and Neville Chamberlain, the chief proponent of appeasement.
Churchill with Lord Halifax in 1938
Churchill takes aim with a Sten sub-machine gun in June 1941. The man in the pin-striped suit and fedora to the right is his bodyguard, Walter H. Thompson.
Churchill walks through the ruins of Coventry Cathedral with J A Moseley, M H Haigh, A R Grindlay and others, 1941.
Churchill and Roosevelt seated on the quarterdeck of for a Sunday service during the Atlantic Conference, 10 August 1941
Huge portraits of Churchill and Stalin, Brisbane, Australia, 31 October 1941
Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill at the Tehran Conference in 1943.
Churchill in the Roman amphitheatre of ancient Carthage to address 3,000 British and American troops, June 1943
Churchill is greeted by a crowd in Québec City, Canada, 1943
Churchill's crossing of the Rhine river in Germany, during Operation Plunder on 25 March 1945.
Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin at the Yalta Conference, February 1945.
The destruction of Dresden, February 1945.
Churchill waving the Victory sign to the crowd in Whitehall on the day he broadcast to the nation that the war with Germany had been won, 8 May 1945. Ernest Bevin stands to his right.
Churchill at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945.
Churchill in 1949.
Churchill with Queen Elizabeth II, Prince Charles and Princess Anne, 10 February 1953.
Churchill with Anthony Eden, Dean Acheson and Harry Truman, 5 January 1952.
Churchill's grave at St Martin's Church, Bladon.
Allies (1995) by Lawrence Holofcener, a sculptural group depicting Franklin D. Roosevelt and Churchill in New Bond Street, London.
The statue of Churchill (1973) by Ivor Roberts-Jones in Parliament Square, London
The British Empire at its territorial peak in 1921.

He was a member of the Liberal Party from 1904 to 1924.

List of political parties in the United Kingdom

The Electoral Commission's Register of Political Parties lists the details of political parties registered to fight elections in the United Kingdom, including their registered name.

House of Commons chamber
House of Lords chamber

By the mid 19th century, the Tories had evolved into the Conservative Party, and the Whigs had evolved into the Liberal Party.

1983 United Kingdom general election

Held on Thursday 9 June 1983.


Several "moderate" Labour MPs had defected from the party to form the Social Democratic Party (SDP), which then formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance with the existing Liberal Party.