Liberal Party (UK)

LiberalLiberal PartyLiberalsBritish Liberal PartyCoalition LiberalLibIrish Liberal PartyBritish LiberalLiberal politicianLeader of the Liberal Party
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries.wikipedia
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List of political parties in the United Kingdom

Partypolitical party in the United Kingdompolitical party
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
By the mid 19th century, the Tories had evolved into the Conservative Party, and the Whigs had evolved into the Liberal Party.

Conservative Party (UK)

ConservativeConservative PartyConservatives
The Liberal Party was one of the two major parties in the United Kingdom with the opposing Conservative Party in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Conservative Party was founded in 1834 from the Tory Party—the Conservatives' colloquial name is "Tories"—and was one of two dominant political parties in the nineteenth century, along with the Liberal Party.

William Ewart Gladstone

GladstoneWilliam GladstoneW. E. Gladstone
By the end of the 19th century, it had formed four governments under William Gladstone.
William Ewart Gladstone (29 December 1809 – 19 May 1898) was a British statesman and Liberal politician.

H. H. Asquith

AsquithH H AsquithH.H. Asquith
Under prime ministers Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1905–1908) and H. H. Asquith (1908–1916), the Liberal Party passed the welfare reforms that created a basic British welfare state.
H. Asquith''', was a British statesman and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1908 to 1916.

1906 United Kingdom general election

19061906 general election1906 election
Despite being divided over the issue of Irish Home Rule, the party returned to government in 1905 and then won a landslide victory in the following year's general election.
The Liberals, led by Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman, won a landslide majority at the election.

David Lloyd George

Lloyd GeorgeRt Hon David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor
Although Asquith was the party's leader, its dominant figure was David Lloyd George.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British Liberal statesman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom between 1916 and 1922.

Radicals (UK)

RadicalRadicalsEnglish Radical
The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade-supporting Peelites and the reformist Radicals in the 1850s.
The Radicals were a loose parliamentary political grouping in Great Britain and Ireland in the early to mid-19th century, who drew on earlier ideas of radicalism and helped to transform the Whigs into the Liberal Party.

Labour Party (UK)

Labour PartyLabourBritish Labour Party
By the end of the 1920s, the Labour Party had replaced the Liberals as the Conservatives' main rival.
It overtook the Liberal Party to become the main opposition to the Conservative Party in the early 1920s, forming two minority governments under Ramsay MacDonald in the 1920s and early 1930s.

Lloyd George ministry

coalition governmentCoalitionLloyd George Coalition Government
The government of Lloyd George was dominated by the Conservative Party, which finally deposed him in 1922.
Those Liberals who continued to support Asquith served as the Official Opposition.

Asquith coalition ministry

Asquith Coalitioncoalition governmentCoalition
Asquith was overwhelmed by the wartime role of coalition prime minister and Lloyd George replaced him as prime minister in late 1916, but Asquith remained as Liberal Party leader.

William Beveridge

Sir William BeveridgeBeveridgeLord Beveridge
Prominent intellectuals associated with the Liberal Party include the philosopher John Stuart Mill, the economist John Maynard Keynes and social planner William Beveridge.
William Henry Beveridge, 1st Baron Beveridge, (5 March 1879 – 16 March 1963) was a British economist and Liberal politician who was a noted progressive and social reformer.

Liberal Democrats (UK)

Liberal DemocratsLiberal DemocratLib Dem
At the 1987 general election, its share of the vote fell below 23% and the Liberals and Social Democratic Party merged in 1988 to form the Liberal Democrats.
In 1981, an electoral alliance was established between the Liberal Party, a group which was the direct descendant of the 18th-century Whigs, and the Social Democratic Party (SDP), a splinter group from the Labour Party.

Liberal Party (UK, 1989)

Liberal PartyLiberalLiberals
A splinter group reconstituted the Liberal Party in 1989.
The Liberal Party is a British political party that was founded in 1989 as a continuation of the original Liberal Party founded in 1859 by former members who opposed to its merger with the Social Democratic Party (SDP) to form the Liberal Democrats.

1983 United Kingdom general election

1983 general election19831983 election
At the 1983 general election, the Alliance won over a quarter of the vote, but only 23 of the 650 seats it contested.
Several moderate Labour MPs had defected from the party to form the Social Democratic Party (SDP); they then formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance with the existing Liberal Party.

1987 United Kingdom general election

19871987 general election1987 election
At the 1987 general election, its share of the vote fell below 23% and the Liberals and Social Democratic Party merged in 1988 to form the Liberal Democrats.
The Alliance between the SDP and the Liberal Party was renewed but co-leaders David Owen and David Steel could not agree whether to support either major party in the event of a hung parliament.

John Stuart Mill

MillJ.S. MillJ. S. Mill
Prominent intellectuals associated with the Liberal Party include the philosopher John Stuart Mill, the economist John Maynard Keynes and social planner William Beveridge.
A member of the Liberal Party, he was also the second Member of Parliament to call for women's suffrage after Henry Hunt in 1832.

SDP–Liberal Alliance

SDP-Liberal AllianceAllianceLiberal-SDP Alliance
Apart from notable by-election victories, its fortunes did not improve significantly until it formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance with the newly formed Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 1981.
Formed by the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the Liberal Party, the Alliance was established in 1981, contesting the 1983 general election, 1984 European election and 1987 general election.

Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston

Lord PalmerstonPalmerstonThe Viscount Palmerston
In the years after Grey's retirement, the party was led first by Lord Melbourne, a fairly traditional Whig, and then by Lord John Russell, the son of a Duke but a crusading radical, and by Lord Palmerston, a renegade Irish Tory and essentially a conservative, although capable of radical gestures.
He began his parliamentary career as a Tory, defected to the Whigs in 1830, and became the first Prime Minister of the newly formed Liberal Party in 1859.

Peelite

PeelitesLiberal ConservativesPeelite Conservative
The party arose from an alliance of Whigs and free trade-supporting Peelites and the reformist Radicals in the 1850s.
The Peelites later merged with the Whigs and Radicals to form the Liberal Party in 1859.

John Russell, 1st Earl Russell

Lord John RussellLord RussellJohn Russell
In the years after Grey's retirement, the party was led first by Lord Melbourne, a fairly traditional Whig, and then by Lord John Russell, the son of a Duke but a crusading radical, and by Lord Palmerston, a renegade Irish Tory and essentially a conservative, although capable of radical gestures.
John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, (18 August 1792 – 28 May 1878), known by his courtesy title Lord John Russell before 1861, was a leading Whig and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of Great Britain in 1846–1852, and 1865–1866 during the early Victorian era.

John Bright

BrightJohn Bright MPJ Bright
The leading Radicals were John Bright and Richard Cobden, who represented the manufacturing towns which had gained representation under the Reform Act.
John Bright (16 November 1811 – 27 March 1889) was a British Radical and Liberal statesman, one of the greatest orators of his generation and a promoter of free trade policies.

Richard Cobden

CobdenRichard Cob denRichard Cobden MP
The leading Radicals were John Bright and Richard Cobden, who represented the manufacturing towns which had gained representation under the Reform Act.
Richard Cobden (3 June 1804 – 2 April 1865) was an English manufacturer, Radical and Liberal statesman, associated with two major free trade campaigns, the Anti-Corn Law League and the Cobden–Chevalier Treaty.

Social Democratic Party (UK)

Social Democratic PartySDPSocial Democrat
Apart from notable by-election victories, its fortunes did not improve significantly until it formed the SDP–Liberal Alliance with the newly formed Social Democratic Party (SDP) in 1981.
For the 1983 and 1987 General Elections, the SDP formed a political and electoral alliance with the Liberal Party, the SDP–Liberal Alliance.

National Liberal Federation

NLF
The establishment of the party as a national membership organisation came with the foundation of the National Liberal Federation in 1877.
The National Liberal Federation (1877–1936) was the union of all English and Welsh (but not Scottish) Liberal Associations.

Elementary Education Act 1870

Education Act 18701870 Education ActEducation Act
One major achievement was the Elementary Education Act of 1870, which provided England with an adequate system of elementary schools for the first time.
The law was drafted by William Forster, a Liberal MP, and it was introduced on 17 February 1870 after campaigning by the National Education League, although not entirely to their requirements.