Liberian Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independencedeclares its independenceIndependencewould declare independence
The Liberian Declaration of Independence is a document adopted by the Liberian Constitutional Convention on July 26, 1847, to announce that the Commonwealth of Liberia, a colony founded and controlled by the private American Colonization Society, was an independent state known as the Republic of Liberia.wikipedia
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American Colonization Society

colonizationColonization SocietyColony of Liberia
The Liberian Declaration of Independence is a document adopted by the Liberian Constitutional Convention on July 26, 1847, to announce that the Commonwealth of Liberia, a colony founded and controlled by the private American Colonization Society, was an independent state known as the Republic of Liberia. Listing the injustices committed against African Americans as a result of slavery in the United States, the Declaration notes the foundation of the colony by the American Colonization Society, as well as their gradual withdrawal from governance in favor of increasing self-governance by the immigrated colonists. However, the Liberian Declaration asserts no right of revolution but instead frames its independence as the inevitable and planned purpose of the colony by the American Colonization Society. Likewise, Liberia was founded as a colony of the American Colonization Society, a private organization established in Washington, D.C. in 1816.
The ACS had closely controlled the development of Liberia until its declaration of independence.

Liberia

🇱🇷Republic of LiberiaLBR
The Liberian Declaration of Independence is a document adopted by the Liberian Constitutional Convention on July 26, 1847, to announce that the Commonwealth of Liberia, a colony founded and controlled by the private American Colonization Society, was an independent state known as the Republic of Liberia.
On July 26, 1847, the settlers issued a Declaration of Independence and promulgated a constitution.

United States Declaration of Independence

Declaration of IndependenceindependenceAmerican Declaration of Independence
The Declaration partially relied upon the United States Declaration of Independence, in particular its discussion of natural law:
The Manifesto of the Province of Flanders (1790) was the first foreign derivation of the Declaration; others include the Venezuelan Declaration of Independence (1811), the Liberian Declaration of Independence (1847), the declarations of secession by the Confederate States of America (1860–61), and the Vietnamese Proclamation of Independence (1945).

Hilary Teague

The Declaration was written by Hilary Teague and adopted simultaneously with the first Constitution of Liberia.
Teague drafted the Liberian Declaration of Independence in 1847 and was later a member of the Senate of Liberia and served as the new country’s first Secretary of State.

Samuel Benedict

1. Samuel Benedict
He was one of Montserrado County's delegates at the convention and a signer of the Liberian Declaration of Independence.

Flag of the United States

American flagStars and StripesU.S. flag
The Liberian constitution and flag was modeled after the United States Constitution and flag because nearly all of Liberia's founders were freed slaves and free people of color from the United States.
The flag of Liberia bears a close resemblance, showing the ex-American-slave origin of the country. The Liberian flag has 11 similar red and white stripes, which stand for the 11 signers of the Liberian Declaration of Independence, as well as a blue square with only a single large white star for the canton. The flag of Liberia is the only flag in the world that was modeled after and resembles the American flag because Liberia was the only nation in the world that was founded, colonized, established, and controlled by freed African American and ex-caribbean slaves as settlers who came from the United States and the Caribbean islands as a homeland to live, with the help and support from the American Colonization Society on January 7, 1822.

John Day (judge)

John DaySir John Day
7. John Day
Day served as a delegate from Grand Bassa County to Liberia's constitutional convention and signed both of its Declaration of Independence and its Constitution.

John B. Gripon

6. John B. Gripon
On July 16, 1847, Gripon was one of twelve signers of the Liberian Declaration of Independence.

Elijah Johnson

3. Elijah Johnson
In 1847, he was one of the signers of the Liberian Declaration of Independence.

History of Liberia

LiberiaTransitional Government1980 coup d’état
The Liberian Declaration of Independence is a document adopted by the Liberian Constitutional Convention on July 26, 1847, to announce that the Commonwealth of Liberia, a colony founded and controlled by the private American Colonization Society, was an independent state known as the Republic of Liberia.

Liberian Constitution of 1847

1847 ConstitutionconstitutionConstitution of Liberia
The Declaration was written by Hilary Teague and adopted simultaneously with the first Constitution of Liberia.

Americo-Liberians

Americo-LiberianAfrican American-descended nationalsAfricans of former American slaves
The Declaration articulates the history of the Americo-Liberians that settled the original colony and lays out the aspiration of Liberia to be accepted as a free and independent state within the "comity which marks the friendly intercourse of civilized and independent communities."

African Americans

blackAfrican-AmericanAfrican American
Listing the injustices committed against African Americans as a result of slavery in the United States, the Declaration notes the foundation of the colony by the American Colonization Society, as well as their gradual withdrawal from governance in favor of increasing self-governance by the immigrated colonists.

Slavery in the United States

slaveryslavesslave
Listing the injustices committed against African Americans as a result of slavery in the United States, the Declaration notes the foundation of the colony by the American Colonization Society, as well as their gradual withdrawal from governance in favor of increasing self-governance by the immigrated colonists.

International law

public international lawinternationallaw of nations
The noted goal of Liberia is declared to be both to establish a state built upon the structure and principles of the law of nations and the Christianization and modernization of the indigenous peoples of the region.

Christianization

ChristianizedChristianizeChristianised
The noted goal of Liberia is declared to be both to establish a state built upon the structure and principles of the law of nations and the Christianization and modernization of the indigenous peoples of the region.

Natural law

laws of naturenatural lawslaw of nature
The Declaration partially relied upon the United States Declaration of Independence, in particular its discussion of natural law:

George III of the United Kingdom

George IIIKing George IIIKing George
Furthermore, its listing of injustices perpetrated by the United States parallels the charges set forth in the United States Declaration of Independence against King George III.

Right of revolution

right of rebellionnatural right of revolutionresistance to oppression
However, the Liberian Declaration asserts no right of revolution but instead frames its independence as the inevitable and planned purpose of the colony by the American Colonization Society.

Joseph Jenkins Roberts

President RobertsJ. J. RobertsJ.J. Roberts
On January 3, 1848, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a free man of color born in Norfolk, Virginia, United States of America, was elected and became Liberia's first president.

Norfolk, Virginia

NorfolkNorfolk, VANorfolk City
On January 3, 1848, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a free man of color born in Norfolk, Virginia, United States of America, was elected and became Liberia's first president.

United States

American🇺🇸U.S.
The Liberian constitution and flag was modeled after the United States Constitution and flag because nearly all of Liberia's founders were freed slaves and free people of color from the United States. Furthermore, its listing of injustices perpetrated by the United States parallels the charges set forth in the United States Declaration of Independence against King George III. On January 3, 1848, Joseph Jenkins Roberts, a free man of color born in Norfolk, Virginia, United States of America, was elected and became Liberia's first president.

United States Constitution

ConstitutionU.S. Constitutionconstitutional
The Liberian constitution and flag was modeled after the United States Constitution and flag because nearly all of Liberia's founders were freed slaves and free people of color from the United States.

Washington, D.C.

WashingtonDistrict of ColumbiaWashington, DC
Likewise, Liberia was founded as a colony of the American Colonization Society, a private organization established in Washington, D.C. in 1816.

Montserrado County

MontserradoMontserrado 1
Montserrado County