Library of Congress

The Library of CongressUnited States Library of CongressU.S. Library of CongressLOCUS Library of CongressNational JukeboxCongressional LibraryLibrarian of CongressLibraryLibrary of Congress of the United States
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.wikipedia
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National Audio-Visual Conservation Center

Packard Campus for Audio-Visual ConservationMount PonyLC
The library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.; it also maintains the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, Virginia.
The National Audiovisual Conservation Center, also known as the Packard Campus for Audio-Visual Conservation, is the Library of Congress's audiovisual archive located inside Mount Pony in Culpeper, Virginia.

Librarian of Congress

LibrarianLibrarian of the United States CongressOffice of the Librarian
The library's functions are overseen by the librarian of Congress, and its buildings are maintained by the architect of the Capitol. On January 26, 1802, he signed a bill that allowed the president to appoint the librarian of Congress and establishing a Joint Committee on the Library to regulate and oversee it.
The librarian of Congress is the head of the Library of Congress, appointed by the president of the United States with the advice and consent of the United States Senate, for a term of ten years.

List of largest libraries

largest in the worldlargest librarieslargest library in the world
The Library of Congress claims to be the largest library in the world.

United States Congress Joint Committee on the Library

LibraryThe LibraryJoint Committee on the Library
On January 26, 1802, he signed a bill that allowed the president to appoint the librarian of Congress and establishing a Joint Committee on the Library to regulate and oversee it.
The Joint Committee on the Library is a Joint Committee of the United States Congress devoted to the affairs and administration of the Library of Congress, which is the library of the federal legislature.

Thomas Jefferson

JeffersonPresident JeffersonJeffersonian
They bought Thomas Jefferson's entire personal collection of 6,487 books.
After the British burned the Library of Congress during the War of 1812, he sold this second library to the U.S. government to jump start the Library of Congress collection, for the price of $23,950.

Thomas Jefferson Building

Coolidge AuditoriumLibrary of CongressLibrary of Congress Building
Around this time, the Library of Congress was making plans to build and relocate to the new Thomas Jefferson Building, which would be fire proof.
The oldest of the four United States Library of Congress buildings, the Thomas Jefferson Building was built between 1890 and 1897.

United States Capitol

U.S. CapitolCapitolCapitol Building
The small Congressional Library was housed in the United States Capitol for most of the 19th century until the early 1890s.
According to the U.S. Library of Congress exhibit Religion and the Founding of the American Republic:

Boston Public Library

BostonBoston Public Library’sBoston's Public Library
By 1876, the Library of Congress had 300,000 volumes and was tied with the Boston Public Library as the nation's largest library.
The Boston Public Library contains approximately 24 million volumes, and electronic resources, making it the third-largest public library in the United States behind the federal Library of Congress and the New York Public Library, which is also privately endowed.

Architect of the Capitol

Architect of the U.S. CapitolSuperintendent of the U.S. Capitolassistant architect
The library's functions are overseen by the librarian of Congress, and its buildings are maintained by the architect of the Capitol.

Washington, D.C.

Washington, DCWashington D.C.District of Columbia
The library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.; it also maintains the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, Virginia.
Located in three buildings on Capitol Hill, the Library of Congress is the largest library complex in the world with a collection of over 147 million books, manuscripts, and other materials.

Congressional Research Service

U.S. Congressional Research ServiceCRSCongressional Research Service Report
The library's primary mission is to research inquiries made by members of Congress, carried out through the Congressional Research Service.
As a legislative branch agency within the Library of Congress, CRS works primarily and directly for Members of Congress, their Committees and staff on a confidential, nonpartisan basis.

United States Congress

CongressU.S. CongressCongressional
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Further, Congress has ancillary organizations such as the Government Accountability Office and the Library of Congress to help provide it with information, and members of Congress have staff and offices to assist them as well.

Capitol Hill

Capitol Hill, Washington, D.C.Capitol Hill neighborhoodCapitol
The library is housed in three buildings on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.; it also maintains the National Audio-Visual Conservation Center in Culpeper, Virginia.
Capitol Hill's landmarks include not only the United States Capitol, but also the Senate and House office buildings, the Supreme Court building, the Library of Congress, the Marine Barracks, the Washington Navy Yard, and Congressional Cemetery.

Burning of Washington

burned Washingtonattack on Washingtonburn Washington, D.C.
The invading British army burned Washington in August 1814 during the War of 1812 and destroyed the Library of Congress and its collection of 3,000 volumes.
Prior to setting it aflame, the British looted the building (which at that time housed Congress, the Library of Congress, and the Supreme Court).

Justin Smith Morrill

Justin S. MorrillJustin MorrillMorrill
Congress more than doubled the library's staff from 42 to 108 based on the hearings, and with the assistance of senators Justin Morrill of Vermont and Daniel W. Voorhees of Indiana, and established new administrative units for all aspects of the collection.
He served as chairman of the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (Forty-first through Forty-fourth Congresses) where he played a vital role in obtaining the current Library of Congress main building through his work on the Joint Select Committee on Additional Accommodations for the Library.

United States Declaration of Independence

Declaration of IndependenceAmerican Declaration of IndependenceU.S. Declaration of Independence
The Library of Congress even assisted during the war effort, ranging from the storage of the Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution in Fort Knox for safekeeping to researching weather data on the Himalayas for Air Force pilots.
Jefferson's original draft is preserved at the Library of Congress, complete with changes made by John Adams and Benjamin Franklin, as well as Jefferson's notes of changes made by Congress.

Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge

Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge FoundationCoolidge FoundationElizabeth Sprague Coolidge Medal
Gertrude Clarke Whittall donated five Stradivarius violins to the library and Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge's donations paid for a concert hall within the Library of Congress building and the establishment of an honorarium for the Music Division.
The medals were initially awarded by the Library of Congress.

American Library Association

ALAThe American Library AssociationAmerican Library Association (ALA)
Spofford and six experts sent by the American Library Association testified that the library should continue its expansion towards becoming a true national library.
In the early 1970s, the Task Force on Gay Liberation campaigned to have books about the gay liberation movement at the Library of Congress reclassified from HQ 71–471 ("Abnormal Sexual Relations, Including Sexual Crimes").

List of Stradivarius instruments

Stradivarius violinsCaptain SavilleCountess of Stanlein
Gertrude Clarke Whittall donated five Stradivarius violins to the library and Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge's donations paid for a concert hall within the Library of Congress building and the establishment of an honorarium for the Music Division.

Primary source

primary sourcesprimaryprimary documents
Putnam also expanded library access to "scientific investigators and duly qualified individuals" and began publishing primary sources for the benefit of scholars.
The Library of Congress maintains several digital collections where they can be retrieved.

National Diet Library

National Diet Library CollectionNational Diet Library Digital CollectionsNational Library
Missions played a variety of roles in the postwar world: the mission in San Francisco assisted participants in the meeting that established the United Nations, the mission in Europe acquired European publications for the Library of Congress and other American libraries, and the mission in Japan aided in the creation of the National Diet Library.
The library is similar in purpose and scope to the United States Library of Congress.

Ezra Winter

MacLeish encouraged librarians to oppose totalitarianism on behalf of democracy; dedicated the South Reading Room of the Adams Building to Thomas Jefferson, commissioning artist Ezra Winter to paint four themed murals for the room; and established a "democracy alcove" in the Main Reading Room of the Jefferson Building for important documents such as the Declaration, Constitution and The Federalist Papers.
Among his best-known works are The Canterbury Tales in the Library of Congress and Fountain of Youth in the foyer of Radio City Music Hall.

Daniel J. Boorstin

Daniel BoorstinBoorstin, Daniel J.Boorstin
After Mumford retired in 1974, Gerald Ford appointed Daniel J. Boorstin as librarian.
He was instrumental in the creation of the Center for the Book at the Library of Congress.

John Adams

AdamsJohnPresident John Adams
The Library of Congress was subsequently established April 24, 1800 when President John Adams signed an act of Congress providing for the transfer of the seat of government from Philadelphia to the new capital city of Washington.
In 1800, he signed the law establishing the Library of Congress.

Waldseemüller map

Universalis Cosmographiawall mapWaldseemüller
During Billington's tenure as the 13th librarian of Congress, the library acquired Lafayette's previously inaccessible papers in 1996 from a castle at La Grange, France; and the only copy of the 1507 Waldseemüller world map ("America's birth certificate") in 2003 for permanent display in the library's Thomas Jefferson Building.
A single copy of the map survives, presently housed at the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.