A report on Libretto

Cover of a 1921 libretto for Giordano's Andrea Chénier
The composer of Cavalleria rusticana, Pietro Mascagni, flanked by his librettists, Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti and Guido Menasci
Pages from an 1859 libretto for Ernani, with the original Italian lyrics, English translation and musical notation for one of the arias
Henry Purcell (1659–1695), whose operas were written to English libretti
Poster for La figlia di Iorio where the librettist, Gabriele D'Annunzio, is given top billing

Text used in, or intended for, an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, masque, oratorio, cantata or musical.

- Libretto
Cover of a 1921 libretto for Giordano's Andrea Chénier

35 related topics with Alpha

Overall

La Scala of Milan

Opera

9 links

Form of theatre in which music is a fundamental component and dramatic roles are taken by singers.

Form of theatre in which music is a fundamental component and dramatic roles are taken by singers.

La Scala of Milan
Palais Garnier of the Paris Opéra
Macbeth at the Savonlinna Opera Festival in St. Olaf's Castle, Savonlinna, Finland, in 2007
Claudio Monteverdi
Antonio Vivaldi, in 1723
Private baroque theatre in Český Krumlov
Teatro Argentina (Panini, 1747, Musée du Louvre)
Illustration for the score of the original Vienna version of Orfeo ed Euridice
Giuseppe Verdi, by Giovanni Boldini, 1886
The Queen of the Night in an 1815 production of Mozart's Die Zauberflöte
Richard Wagner
Brünnhilde throws herself on Siegfried's funeral pyre in Wagner's Götterdämmerung
A performance of Lully's opera Armide in the Salle du Palais-Royal in 1761
Magdalena Kožená and Jonas Kaufmann in a scene from Carmen, Salzburg Festival 2012
Henry Purcell
Thomas Arne
The Mikado (Lithograph)
Feodor Chaliapin as Ivan Susanin in Glinka's A Life for the Tsar
Leoš Janáček in 1917
Score of Smetana's The Bartered Bride
Ferenc Erkel, the father of Hungarian opera
Scene from Uzeyir Hajibeyovs "Leyli and Majnun" opera. 1934. Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater
Arnold Schoenberg in 1917; portrait by Egon Schiele
Stravinsky in 1921
The castrato Senesino, c. 1720
German opera orchestra from the early 1950s
Swedish opera singers in a tribute to Kjerstin Dellert and the Ulriksdal Palace Theatre at the 40-year jubilee in 2016 of its funding, renovation and subsequent reopening
Sydney Opera House

Such a "work" (the literal translation of the Italian word "opera") is typically a collaboration between a composer and a librettist and incorporates a number of the performing arts, such as acting, scenery, costume, and sometimes dance or ballet.

The Black Crook was a hit musical in 1866.

Musical theatre

3 links

Form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.

Form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and dance.

The Black Crook was a hit musical in 1866.
A Gaiety Girl (1893) was one of the first hit musicals
George Gershwin
Chinese opera performers
A view of Rhodes by John Webb, to be painted on a backshutter for the first performance of The Siege of Rhodes (1656)
Poster, c. 1879
Cover of the Vocal Score of Sidney Jones' The Geisha
Victor Herbert
Sheet music from Sally, 1920
Rodgers and Hart
Rodgers and Hammerstein (left and right) and Irving Berlin (center) at the St. James Theatre in 1948
Mary Martin starred in several Broadway hits of this era
Julie Andrews with Richard Burton in Camelot (1960)
Leonard Bernstein, 1971
Bernadette Peters (shown in 2008) has starred in five Sondheim musicals
A Chorus Line was one of 55 productions that Joseph Papp's Public Theatre has brought to Broadway
Cameron Mackintosh
Audra McDonald
The cast of Hamilton meets President Obama in 2015
Zac Efron and Zendaya (pictured), along with Hugh Jackman, brought star power to The Greatest Showman
Dove Cameron has starred in such TV musicals as Descendants, Hairspray Live! and Schmigadoon!
Marquee of the In the Heart of the Beast Theatre in Minneapolis, Minnesota, during the COVID-19 pandemic
Japan's all-female Takarazuka Revue in a 1930 performance of "Parisette"
Naples Players' teen Thoroughly Modern Millie, 2009
The Lion King on Broadway

The book or script of a musical refers to the story, character development and dramatic structure, including the spoken dialogue and stage directions, but it can also refer to the dialogue and lyrics together, which are sometimes referred to as the libretto (Italian for "little book").

Richard Wagner Signature.svg

Richard Wagner

4 links

German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his mature works were later known, "music dramas").

German composer, theatre director, polemicist, and conductor who is chiefly known for his operas (or, as some of his mature works were later known, "music dramas").

Richard Wagner Signature.svg
Wagner's birthplace, at 3, the Brühl, Leipzig
Wilhelmine "Minna" Planer (1835), by Alexander von Otterstedt
Wagner c. 1840, by Ernest Benedikt Kietz
Warrant for the arrest of Richard Wagner, issued on 16 May 1849
Portrait of Mathilde Wesendonck (1850) by Karl Ferdinand Sohn
Wagner in Paris, 1861
Portrait of Ludwig II of Bavaria about the time when he first met Wagner, by, 1865
Richard and Cosima Wagner, photographed in 1872
The Bayreuth Festspielhaus: photochrom print of c. 1895
The Wagner grave in the Wahnfried garden; in 1977 Cosima's ashes were placed alongside Wagner's body
Leitmotif associated with the horn-call of the hero of Wagner's opera Siegfried
Opening of overture to Der fliegende Holländer in Wagner's hand and with his notes to the publisher
Brünnhilde the Valkyrie, as illustrated by Arthur Rackham (1910)
Franz Betz (by Fritz Luckhardt), who created the role of Hans Sachs in Die Meistersinger, and sang Wotan in the first complete Ring cycle
André Gill suggesting that Wagner's music was ear-splitting. Cover of L'Éclipse 18 April 1869
Gustav Mahler in 1907, by Moritz Nähr
Friedrich Nietzsche in 1882, by Gustav-Adolf Schultze
Eduard Hanslick
Caricature of Wagner by Karl Clic in the Viennese satirical magazine, Humoristische Blätter (1873). The exaggerated features refer to rumours of Wagner's Jewish ancestry.

Unlike most opera composers, Wagner wrote both the libretto and the music for each of his stage works.

Lorenzo Da Ponte
Engraving by Michele Pekenino after Nathaniel Rogers. c. 1822

Lorenzo Da Ponte

3 links

Lorenzo Da Ponte
Engraving by Michele Pekenino after Nathaniel Rogers. c. 1822

Lorenzo Da Ponte (10 March 1749 – 17 August 1838 ) was an Italian, later American, opera librettist, poet and Roman Catholic priest.

Giacomo Meyerbeer, engraving from a photograph by Pierre Petit (1865)

Giacomo Meyerbeer

3 links

German opera composer of Jewish birth, "the most frequently performed opera composer during the nineteenth century, linking Mozart and Wagner".

German opera composer of Jewish birth, "the most frequently performed opera composer during the nineteenth century, linking Mozart and Wagner".

Giacomo Meyerbeer, engraving from a photograph by Pierre Petit (1865)
The young Jacob Beer, portrait by Friedrich Georg Weitsch (1803)
Amalie Beer, Meyerbeer's mother, painting by, c. 1803
Gioachino Rossini in 1820
Jules Arnout's lithograph of Act 3 scene 2 of Robert (the 'Ballet of the Nuns') at the Paris Opéra (Salle Le Peletier), 1831
Adolphe Nourrit
Eugène Scribe
Pauline Viardot
Meyerbeer's grave in Berlin
Heinrich Heine on his sickbed, 1851
Advertisement for the sheet music of Le pardon de Ploërmel (Dinorah)
Le prophète – Act 4, scene 2, of the original production, set design by Charles-Antoine Cambon and Joseph Thierry
Cover of the first edition of Liszt's Fantasy and Fugue on the chorale "Ad nos, ad salutarem undam"
Robert Schumann in an 1850 daguerreotype
Richard Wagner around the time of his first meeting with Meyerbeer – portrait by, c. 1840
Berlin memorial plaque, Pariser Platz 6a, Berlin-Mitte, Germany

These were employed in the context of sensational and melodramatic libretti created by Eugène Scribe and were enhanced by the up-to-date theatre technology of the Paris Opéra.

Scribe by Nadar

Eugène Scribe

2 links

Scribe by Nadar
Scribe as a young man
Le Comte Ory, 1828
Scribe's country house at Séricourt

Augustin Eugène Scribe (24 December 1791 – 20 February 1861) was a French dramatist and librettist.

Portrait of Daniel Auber, 1827, by Hortense Haudebourt-Lescot

Daniel Auber

3 links

French composer and director of the Paris Conservatoire.

French composer and director of the Paris Conservatoire.

Portrait of Daniel Auber, 1827, by Hortense Haudebourt-Lescot
Auber's father, c. 1806
Auber, c. 1830
Eugène Scribe, Auber's principal librettist from 1822 to 1860
Le Cheval de bronze, 1835
Auber by Nadar, late 1860s
Le premier jour de bonheur (1868)
La Muette de Portici, 1828
Opening of Benedictus No 2, for voice, harp and organ, c. 1855

In 1822 Auber began a collaboration with the librettist Eugène Scribe that lasted for 41 years and produced 39 operas.

Bizet photographed by Étienne Carjat (1875)

Georges Bizet

3 links

French composer of the Romantic era.

French composer of the Romantic era.

Bizet photographed by Étienne Carjat (1875)
Part of the Paris Conservatoire, where Bizet studied from 1848 to 1857 (photographed in 2009)
Charles Gounod, a mentor and inspiration to Bizet in the latter's Conservatoire years
The Villa Medici, the official home of the French Académie in Rome since 1803
Georges Bizet photographed in about 1860
The Théâtre Historique in Paris, one of the homes of the Théâtre Lyrique company, pictured in 1862
A scene from Act II of Les pêcheurs de perles
Caricature of Bizet, 1863, from the French magazine Diogène
Geneviève Bizet, painted in 1878 by Jules-Élie Delaunay
Paris during the siege, 1870–71. A contemporary English cartoon
The Opéra, destroyed by fire, 29 October 1873
Poster from Carmen's première
Église de la Sainte-Trinité, Paris, where Bizet's funeral service was held on 5 June 1875
Publicity shots for the Carmen revival at the Metropolitan Opera, New York, in January 1915, with Enrico Caruso and Geraldine Farrar. Caruso is centre in the upper row, Farrar top left and bottom right.

The challenge was to set the one-act libretto of Le docteur Miracle by Léon Battu and Ludovic Halévy.

Henri Meilhac

2 links

Meilhac's grave at Montmartre Cemetery.

Henri Meilhac (23 February 1830 – 6 July 1897) was a French dramatist and opera librettist, best known for his collaborations with Ludovic Halévy on Georges Bizet's Carmen and on the works of Jacques Offenbach, as well as Jules Massenet's Manon.

Design for act 3 by Max and Otthold Brückner for Bayreuth

Tannhäuser (opera)

3 links

1845 opera in three acts, with music and text by Richard Wagner (WWV 70 in the catalogue of the composer's works).

1845 opera in three acts, with music and text by Richard Wagner (WWV 70 in the catalogue of the composer's works).

Design for act 3 by Max and Otthold Brückner for Bayreuth
Libretto, Dresden 1845
Poster for first Paris production of Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser"
The Wartburg in Eisenach
Final scene, Bayreuth Festival 1930

Wagner wrote the prose draft of Tannhäuser between June and July 1842 and the libretto in April 1843.