Libya

State of LibyaLibyanLBYLYLibyan Air Forceadministrative divisions in ''LibyaAncient LibyacountryGreat Socialist People's Libyan Arab JamahiriyaLibiyan
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.wikipedia
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Sudan

SudaneseRepublic of SudanRepublic of the Sudan
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.

Egypt

EgyptianEGYArab Republic of Egypt
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
Egypt is bordered by the Gaza Strip (Palestinian territories) and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, Libya to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north.

Chad

Republic of ChadTchadChadian
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
It is bordered by Libya to the north, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west.

Niger

Republic of NigerNiger RepublicThe Republic of Niger
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
Niger is bordered by Libya to the northeast, Chad to the east, Nigeria to the south, Benin to the southwest, Burkina Faso and Mali to the west, and Algeria to the northwest.

Tunisia

TUNTunisianRepublic of Tunisia
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east.

Fezzan

FazzanFezzan-Ghadamessouthern Libya
The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica.
Fezzan (, ; ; فزان; Phazania) is the southwestern region of modern Libya.

Algeria

AlgerianPeople's Democratic Republic of AlgeriaAlgérie
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
Algeria is bordered to the northeast by Tunisia, to the east by Libya, to the west by Morocco, to the southwest by the Western Saharan territory, Mauritania, and Mali, to the southeast by Niger, and to the north by the Mediterranean Sea.

Cyrenaica

PentapolisBarqaLibya Superior
The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica.
Cyrenaica (برقة;, after the city of Cyrene) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.

North Africa

Northern AfricaNorth AfricanNorth
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
The most commonly accepted definition includes Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, and Sudan, the 6 countries that shape the top North of the African continent.

Benghazi

Benghazi DistrictBenghazi, LibyaBengazi
The second-largest city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.
Benghazi is a city in Libya.

Tripoli

Tripoli, LibyaTripoli HarborTarabulus
The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people. In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551.
Tripoli (طرابلس, ; or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.158 million people in 2018.

Mediterranean Sea

MediterraneanMediterranean coastWestern Mediterranean
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
The countries surrounding the Mediterranean in clockwise order are Spain, France, Monaco, Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Albania, Greece, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco; Malta and Cyprus are island countries in the sea.

Ottoman Tripolitania

TripoliEyalet of TripolitaniaTripolitania
In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551.
The coastal region of what is today Libya was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1551 to 1864, as the Eyalet of Tripolitania ( Eyālet-i Trâblus Gârb) or Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary from 1864 to 1912 and as the Vilayet of Tripolitania ( Vilâyet-i Trâblus Gârb) from 1864 to 1912.

Muammar Gaddafi

Muammar al-GaddafiGaddafiColonel Gaddafi
The "bloodless" coup leader Muammar Gaddafi ruled the country from 1969 and the Libyan Cultural Revolution in 1973 until he was overthrown and killed in the 2011 Libyan Civil War.
1942 – 20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist.

North African campaign

North AfricaNorth Africa CampaignNorth African
During the Second World War, Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign.
It included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts (Western Desert Campaign, also known as the Desert War) and in Morocco and Algeria (Operation Torch), as well as Tunisia (Tunisia Campaign).

Italian Cyrenaica

CyrenaicaCirenaicaCirenaica italiana
Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the establishment of two colonies, Italian Tripolitania and Italian Cyrenaica (1911-1934), until they were unified in the Italian Libya colony from 1934 to 1947.
Italian Cyrenaica was an Italian colony, located in present-day eastern Libya, that existed from 1912 to 1934.

Italian settlers in Libya

Italian LibyanItalian colonistsItalian Libyans
The Italian population then went into decline.
Italian settlers in Libya (Italo-libici, also called Italian Libyans) typically refers to Italians, and their descendants, who resided or were born in Italian Libya, in the colonial period preceding independent Libya.

Italian Tripolitania

TripolitaniaTripolitan troopsTripolitania italiana
Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the establishment of two colonies, Italian Tripolitania and Italian Cyrenaica (1911-1934), until they were unified in the Italian Libya colony from 1934 to 1947.
Italian Tripolitania was an Italian colony, located in present-day western Libya, that existed from 1911 to 1934.

Death of Muammar Gaddafi

killeddeathGaddafi's death
The "bloodless" coup leader Muammar Gaddafi ruled the country from 1969 and the Libyan Cultural Revolution in 1973 until he was overthrown and killed in the 2011 Libyan Civil War.
Muammar Gaddafi, the deposed leader of Libya, was captured and killed on 20 October 2011 during the Battle of Sirte.

Tobruk

AntipyrgosTobruk, LibyaEr Regima
Two authorities initially claimed to govern Libya: the Council of Deputies in Tobruk and the 2014 General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli, which considered itself the continuation of the General National Congress, elected in 2012.
Tobruk or Tobruck (, Antipyrgus) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tobruch and Tubruk, Tobruch) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border with Egypt.

2012 Libyan parliamentary election

elections2012 Congressional election2012 election
Two authorities initially claimed to govern Libya: the Council of Deputies in Tobruk and the 2014 General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli, which considered itself the continuation of the General National Congress, elected in 2012.
Elections for a General National Congress (GNC) were held in Libya on 7 July 2012, having been postponed from 19 June.

Government of National Accord

Government of National Accord of LibyaLibyan governmentGNA
After UN-led peace talks between the Tobruk and Tripoli governments, a unified interim UN-backed Government of National Accord was established in 2015, and the GNC disbanded to support it.
The Government of National Accord is an interim government for Libya that was formed under the terms of the Libyan Political Agreement, a United Nations-led initiative, signed on 17 December 2015.

General National Congress

New General National CongressGNCGeneral National Congress of Libya
Two authorities initially claimed to govern Libya: the Council of Deputies in Tobruk and the 2014 General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli, which considered itself the continuation of the General National Congress, elected in 2012.
The General National Congress or General National Council (GNC; المؤتمر الوطني العام, Berber: Agraw Amuran Amatay) was the legislative authority of Libya for two years following the end of the First Libyan Civil War.

Central Bank of Libya

Libyan Central BankGovernor of the Central Bank of LibyaLibya's central bank
As of July 2017, talks are still ongoing between the GNA and the Tobruk-based authorities to end the strife and unify the divided establishments of the state, including the Libyan National Army and the Central Bank of Libya.
The Central Bank of Libya (CBL) is the monetary authority in Libya.

Maghreb

Northwest AfricaMaghribNorth Africa
Libya, officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest.
The region consists primarily of the countries Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya and Mauritania.