Licentiate (degree)

licentiatelicentiate degreelicenciatelicenceLicenciaturalicenciadoLicentiate of PhilosophyLicentiate's degreeLicence ès Lettreslicentiates
A licentiate is a degree below that of a PhD given by universities in some countries.wikipedia
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Master of Science

M.S.MScMS
It's equivalent to an M.Sc. or M.A. in North American universities, or Master in any country of Europe given by the Bologna Process and World Universities affiliates.
The admission to a Master's program (Spanish: Maestría; Portuguese: Mestrado) requires the full completion of a four to five years long undergraduate degree, bachelor's degree or a Licentiate's degree of the same length.

Thesis

dissertationdoctoral thesisdoctoral dissertation
Occasionally, the achievement of the "Licentiate" degree does not require the formal writing of a thesis, although almost always, some amount of research is required.
Correspondingly to the academic degree, the last phase of an academic thesis is called in Spanish a defensa de grado, defensa magistral or defensa doctoral in cases in which the university candidate is finalizing his or her licentiate, master's, or PhD program.

Education in Finland

FinlandFinnish education systemacademics
In Swedish and Finnish universities, a Licentiate's degree, recognised as a pre-doctoral degree, is equal to completion of the coursework required for a doctorate and a dissertation which is formally equivalent to half of a doctoral dissertation.
Universities award licentiate- and doctoral-level degrees.

Magister degree

Magistermag.art.Magister's degree
Its prerequisite is a completed 4-year academic degree at advanced level, such as a Master's degree or a Magister's degree.
The admission to a Master program (Maestría) in an Argentine University requires the full completion of an undergraduate degree, as well Licentiate's degree as Professorate degree of four to five years duration from any recognized university.

Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies

Pontifical Institute of Medieval StudiesCentre for Medieval StudiesPontifical Institute
The Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies at the University of Toronto offers a License in Mediaeval Studies (LMS) as a degree exclusively for postdoctoral students who have already completed a PhD. (The application for the LMS refers to it as a "Licentiate" and not as a "License.") The degree is unusual in that licentiates from Pontifical institutions are usually a precursor to a doctorate, and not a post-doctoral achievement.
In 1939 it was granted a pontifical charter by Pope Pius XII, by which it was given the power to grant licenciate and doctorate degrees in medieval studies.

Doctor of Philosophy

Ph.D.PhDPh.D
A licentiate is a degree below that of a PhD given by universities in some countries.
Besides these degrees, there was the licentiate.

Education in Sweden

school in SwedenschoolEducation
In Swedish and Finnish universities, a Licentiate's degree, recognised as a pre-doctoral degree, is equal to completion of the coursework required for a doctorate and a dissertation which is formally equivalent to half of a doctoral dissertation.

Higher education in Portugal

higher educationPortuguese higher educationCESE diploma
Since 2006, in the Portuguese higher education system, Licenciatura is the first degree awarded by institutions of higher education.
The higher education institutions of Portugal grant the licentiate, master's and doctoral academic degrees, with the last one being reserved to be granted only by the university institutions.

License

licensinglicencelicensed
It is thus an undergraduate degree, and require a licence to practice in the learned profession.
A licentiate is an academic degree that traditionally conferred the license to teach at a university or to practice a particular profession.

Bachelor's degree

bachelorbaccalaureatebachelor’s degree
In some Brazilian universities, Bachelor's degree and Licenciatura can be obtained concomitantly, by simultaneously fulfilling requirements for both the degrees (e.g. the Bachelor's and Licenciatura degrees in Biological Sciences, offered by the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais, Brazil).
Since the new European system of 2004 LMD Bologna process was founded, it has become standard to recognize a bachelor's degree over three years with a licence degree, a master's degree over five years, and a doctorate over eight years.

Law degree

LawJurisprudencedegree in law
For political reasons, this degree was discontinued, mainly because the Staatsexamen (Law degree) became the predominant representation of the mainstream education of a lawyer.
The previous one to the Bologna Process was composed of 5 years, with specialization and without legal internship, that one was licenciate degree and has master's level.

Licentiate of Canon Law

J.C.L.JCLlicentiate in canon law
The Licentiate may be conferred in any of the sacred sciences, including theology, philosophy or canon law, such as, the Licentiate of Canon Law (JCL), the Licentiate of Sacred Theology (STL), or the Licentiate of Philosophy (PhL).
Licentiate is the title of a person who holds an academic degree called a license.

Academic degree

degreedegreesuniversity degree
Since 2006, in the Portuguese higher education system, Licenciatura is the first degree awarded by institutions of higher education.
Since the Convention on the Recognition of Qualifications concerning Higher Education in the European Region in 1997 and the Bologna declaration in 1999, higher education systems in Europe are being harmonised through the Bologna process, based on a three-cycle hierarchy of degrees: Bachelor's/Licence – Master's – Doctorate, with the later addition of a "short cycle (within the first cycle)" to cover sub-bachelor's qualifications.

Doctorate

doctoraldoctoral degreedoctorate degree
The former titles dr. med. and dr. iur. are to be considered as professional doctorates, whereas the title dr., which is the result of third level study and research, is a higher doctorate.
Denmark offers four levels of degrees: 1) a three-year bachelor's degree (e.g. Bachelor of Arts degree); 2) a five-year candidate's degree (e.g. Candidatus/Candidata Magisterii), generally compared to a master's degree; 3) a ph.d. degree, which replaced the licentiate in 1988; 4) a doctor's degree (e.g. Doctor Philosophiae), which is the higher doctorate.

Insurance Institute of India

Indian Institute of InsuranceInsurance Institute of India, Mumbai
Issuers of the Licentiate degree include but are not limited to the Insurance Institute of India, the Institute of Company Secretaries of India, the Association of Mutual Funds of India, and the Diploma Examination Board of the government of Andhra Pradesh.

Bologna Process

second cycleBologna systemBologna
It's equivalent to an M.Sc. or M.A. in North American universities, or Master in any country of Europe given by the Bologna Process and World Universities affiliates.
Only medicine and dentistry retain their non-standard degree structure, where the Licentiate (higher than a master's degree, but less extensive than Doctor of Medicine or Dentistry degrees) is the basic degree.

Poland

PolishPOLRepublic of Poland
A licencjat is a degree that was introduced in Poland by the tertiary education reforms.
Both end with a maturity examination (matura—similar to French baccalauréat), and may be followed by several forms of higher education, leading to licencjat or inżynier (the Polish Bologna Process first cycle qualification), magister (second cycle qualification) and eventually doktor (third cycle qualification).

Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas

Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, ''AngelicumAngelicumPontifical University of St. Thomas Aquinas (Angelicum)
Pontifical universities such as the Pontifical Gregorian University, Pontifical Salesian University, Pontifical University of Antonianum, Pontifical University of Saint Thomas Aquinas, ''Angelicum in Rome, the Pontifical University of Salamanca,

Master's degree

mastermasters degreeMasters
It's equivalent to an M.Sc. or M.A. in North American universities, or Master in any country of Europe given by the Bologna Process and World Universities affiliates. Its prerequisite is a completed 4-year academic degree at advanced level, such as a Master's degree or a Magister's degree.
After acquiring a Bachelor's or Licenciate Degree, students are qualified to continue their academic career through Master's Degree ("mestrado", in Portuguese, a.k.a. stricto sensu post-graduation) or Specialization Degree ("especialização", in Portuguese, a.k.a. lato sensu post-graduation) programs.

Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland

Royal College of SurgeonsRoyal College of Surgeons of IrelandFRCSI
A supplemental charter was granted by Queen Victoria in 1844, dividing medical graduates into Licentiates and Fellows.

Licentiate of the Royal Academy of Music

LRAML.R.A.MLicentiate
Licentiate of the Royal Academy of Music (LRAM) is a professional diploma, or licentiate, formerly open to both internal students of the Royal Academy of Music and to external candidates in voice, keyboard and orchestral instruments and guitar, as well as conducting and other musical disciplines.

Postgraduate education

postgraduategraduate studentpost-graduate
The Mexican Licenciatura, however, should never be confused with a more advanced postgraduate degree, such as the Swedish "Licenciate of Technology" (Teknologie Licentiat).
In some countries such as Finland and Sweden, there is the degree of Licentiate, which is more advanced than a master's degree but less so than a Doctorate.

Latin

Latin languageLat.la
The term derives from Latin licentia, "freedom" (from Latin licere, "to allow"), which is applied in the phrases licentia docendi meaning permission to teach and licentia ad practicandum signifying someone who holds a certificate of competence to practise a profession.

Argentina

ArgentineARGArgentinian
In Argentina, the Licentiate degree (Spanish: Licenciatura), by which one becomes a licenciada (female) or a licenciado (male), is a four- to six-year degree.