Liechtenstein

🇱🇮LIEPrincipality of LiechtensteinLIsovereigncountry of the same namedetailsits armyLiechtLiechtenstein's Army
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (FĂĽrstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Alpine Central Europe.wikipedia
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German language

GermanGerman-languageGerman-speaking
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (FĂĽrstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Alpine Central Europe.
It is the most widely spoken and official or co-official language in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, South Tyrol (Italy), the German-speaking Community of Belgium, and Liechtenstein.

Microstate

microstatesstateletmicro-state
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (FĂĽrstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Alpine Central Europe.
In line with this and most other definitions, examples of microstates include Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino, Andorra, the Cook Islands, Niue, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

Alps

Alpinethe AlpsAlpine region
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (FĂĽrstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Alpine Central Europe.
The Alps ( Alpes ; Alpen ; Alpi ; Alps; Alpe ) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe, separating Southern from Central and Western Europe and stretching approximately 1,200 km across eight Alpine countries (from west to east): France, Switzerland, Italy, Monaco, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany, and Slovenia.

Landlocked country

landlockedland-lockeddoubly landlocked
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (FĂĽrstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Alpine Central Europe.
Some landlocked countries are quite affluent, such as Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, and Austria, all of which frequently employ neutrality to their political advantage.

Switzerland

Swiss🇨🇭SWI
Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland to the west and south and Austria to the east and north.
The sovereign state is a federal republic bordered by Italy to the south, France to the west, Germany to the north, and Austria and Liechtenstein to the east.

Austria

🇦🇹AUTAustrian
Liechtenstein is bordered by Switzerland to the west and south and Austria to the east and north.
It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west.

Municipalities of Liechtenstein

municipalitymunicipalities11 communes
Divided into 11 municipalities, its capital is Vaduz, and its largest municipality is Schaan.
The principality of Liechtenstein is divided into eleven municipalities (Gemeinden, singular Gemeinde), most consisting of only a single town.

Vaduz

countship of VaduzCounty of VaduzLiechtenstein-Haberfeld
Divided into 11 municipalities, its capital is Vaduz, and its largest municipality is Schaan. Hans-Adam I was allowed to purchase the minuscule Herrschaft ("Lordship") of Schellenberg and county of Vaduz (in 1699 and 1712 respectively) from the Hohenems.
Vaduz ( or ) is the capital of Liechtenstein and also the seat of the national parliament.

Schaan

Schaan Commune, LiechtensteinSchaan FLSchaan, Liechtenstein
Divided into 11 municipalities, its capital is Vaduz, and its largest municipality is Schaan.
Schaan is the largest municipality of Liechtenstein by population.

Principality

principalitiesprincedomecclesiastical principality
The principality is a constitutional monarchy headed by the Prince of Liechtenstein.
Generally recognised surviving sovereign principalities are Liechtenstein, Monaco, and the co-principality of Andorra.

European Free Trade Association

EFTA3 EFTA member statesDelegation for relations with Switzerland, Norway and Iceland
Liechtenstein is a member of the United Nations, the European Free Trade Association, and the Council of Europe, and although not a member of the European Union, it participates in both the Schengen Area and the European Economic Area.
The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) is a regional trade organization and free trade area consisting of four European states: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and Switzerland.

European Economic Area

EEAEuropean Economic Area (EEA)European market
Liechtenstein is a member of the United Nations, the European Free Trade Association, and the Council of Europe, and although not a member of the European Union, it participates in both the Schengen Area and the European Economic Area.
Membership has grown to 31 states as of 2016: 28 EU member states, as well as three of the four member states of the EFTA (Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway).

Schengen Area

SchengenSchengen Member StateSchengen zone
Liechtenstein is a member of the United Nations, the European Free Trade Association, and the Council of Europe, and although not a member of the European Union, it participates in both the Schengen Area and the European Economic Area.

Triesenberg

Triesenberg Commune, Liechtenstein
The mountain village of Triesenberg still preserves features of Walser dialect into the present century.
Triesenberg is a municipality in Liechtenstein with a population of 2,618.

Alemanni

AlemannicAlamannicAlamanni
In 259/60 Brigantium was destroyed by the Alemanni, a Germanic people who settled in the area in around 450 CE.
The area settled by the Alemanni corresponds roughly to the area where Alemannic German dialects remain spoken, including German Swabia and Baden, French Alsace, German-speaking Switzerland, Liechtenstein and Austrian Vorarlberg.

House of Liechtenstein

Liechtensteinprincely family of LiechtensteinLiechtenstein family
This region was enfeoffed to the Counts of Hohenems until the sale to the Liechtenstein dynasty in 1699.
The House of Liechtenstein, from which the principality takes its name, is the family which reigns by constitutional, hereditary right over the nation of Liechtenstein.

Walser German

WalserWalliserGerman
The mountain village of Triesenberg still preserves features of Walser dialect into the present century.
Walser German (Walserdeutsch) and Walliser German (Walliserdeutsch, locally Wallisertiitsch) are a group of Highest Alemannic dialects spoken in parts of Switzerland (Valais, Ticino, Grisons), Italy (Piedmont, Aosta Valley), Liechtenstein (Triesenberg, Planken), and Austria (Vorarlberg).

Central Europe

CentralCentral Europeanmiddle Europe
Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein (FĂĽrstentum Liechtenstein), is a doubly landlocked German-speaking microstate in Alpine Central Europe.
Liechtenstein

Schellenberg

lordship of Schellenbergmodern locationSchelleberg
Hans-Adam I was allowed to purchase the minuscule Herrschaft ("Lordship") of Schellenberg and county of Vaduz (in 1699 and 1712 respectively) from the Hohenems.
Schellenberg is a municipality in the lowland area of Liechtenstein, on the banks of the Rhine.

Alpine states

AlpineAlpine countriesalpine country
An Alpine country, Liechtenstein is mountainous, making it a winter sport destination.
The term Alpine states or Alpine countries refers to the territory of eight countries associated with the Alpine region, as defined by the Alpine Convention of 1991: Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Monaco, Slovenia, and Switzerland.

Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein

Johann Josef IPrince Johann of LiechtensteinLiechtenstein
In 1818, Prince Johann I granted the territory a limited constitution.
Johann I Joseph (Johann Baptist Josef Adam Johann Nepomuk Aloys Franz de Paula; 26 June 1760 – 20 April 1836) was Prince of Liechtenstein between 1805 and 1806 and again from 1814 until 1836.

Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein

Franz Joseph IIFranz Josef IIPrince Franz Joseph II
In March 1938, just after the annexation of Austria by Nazi Germany, Franz named as regent his 31-year-old grandnephew and heir-presumptive, Prince Franz Joseph.
Franz Joseph II (Franz Josef Maria Aloys Alfred Karl Johannes Heinrich Michael Georg Ignaz Benediktus Gerhardus Majella; 16 August 1906 – 13 November 1989) was the reigning Prince of Liechtenstein from 1938 until his death.

Foreign relations of Liechtenstein

did not recognizemodern legal dispute
The expropriations (subject to [[Foreign relations of Liechtenstein#International dispute with the Czech Republic and Slovakia|modern legal dispute]] at the International Court of Justice) included over 1600 km2 of agricultural and forest land (most notably the UNESCO listed Lednice–Valtice Cultural Landscape), and several family castles and palaces.
Liechtenstein's foreign economic policy has been dominated by its customs union with Switzerland (and with Austria-Hungary until World War I).

Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein

Franz IPrince Franz IFranz I of Liechtenstein
In 1929, 75-year-old Prince Franz I succeeded to the throne.
Franz I, Prince of Liechtenstein, born Franz de Paula Maria Karl August (28 August 1853 – 25 July 1938), was the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1929 and 1938.

European Union

EUEuropeanEurope
Liechtenstein is a member of the United Nations, the European Free Trade Association, and the Council of Europe, and although not a member of the European Union, it participates in both the Schengen Area and the European Economic Area.
The four countries forming the European Free Trade Association (EFTA) are not EU members, but have partly committed to the EU's economy and regulations: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, which are a part of the single market through the European Economic Area, and Switzerland, which has similar ties through bilateral treaties.