Likud

Likud PartyLikkudLikudnikChairman of the Likud – National Liberal MovementgovernmentLLikud MovementLikud–National Liberal Movement
Likud (, translit. HaLikud, lit., The Consolidation), officially the Likud – National Liberal Movement, is a centre-right to right-wing political party in Israel.wikipedia
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1977 Israeli legislative election

1977 elections19779
Likud's landslide victory in the 1977 elections was a major turning point in the country's political history, marking the first time the left had lost power.
For the first time in Israeli political history, the right-wing, led by Likud, won a plurality of seats, ending almost 30 years of rule by the left-wing Alignment and its predecessor, Mapai.

Benjamin Netanyahu

Binyamin NetanyahuNetanyahuBenyamin Netanyahu
Nevertheless, Likud's candidate Benjamin Netanyahu did win the vote for Prime Minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections.
Netanyahu is also the Chairman of the Likud – National Liberal Movement.

Ariel Sharon

SharonArik SharonArial Sharon
A secular party, it was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon in an alliance with several right-wing parties. In 2001, Likud's Ariel Sharon, who replaced Netanyahu following the 1999 election, defeated Barak in an election called by the Prime Minister following his resignation.
Upon retirement from the military, Sharon entered politics, joining the Likud party, and served in a number of ministerial posts in Likud-led governments in 1977–92 and 1996–99.

2003 Israeli legislative election

2003 elections162003
After the party recorded a convincing win in the 2003 elections, Likud saw a major split in 2005 when Sharon left to form the Kadima party.
The result was a resounding victory for Ariel Sharon's Likud.

Kadima

Kadima PartyKKadimah
After the party recorded a convincing win in the 2003 elections, Likud saw a major split in 2005 when Sharon left to form the Kadima party.
It was established on 24 November 2005 by moderates from Likud largely to support the issue of Ariel Sharon's unilateral disengagement plan, and was soon joined by like-minded Labor politicians.

2006 Israeli legislative election

2006 elections172006
This resulted in Likud slumping to fourth place in the 2006 elections and losing 28 seats in the Knesset.
The voting resulted in a plurality of seats for the then-new Kadima party, followed by the Labor Party, and a major loss for the Likud party.

Prime Minister of Israel

Prime MinisterIsraeli Prime MinisterPrime Ministers
Nevertheless, Likud's candidate Benjamin Netanyahu did win the vote for Prime Minister in 1996 and was given the task of forming a government after the 1996 elections.
The current Prime Minister is Benjamin Netanyahu of Likud, the ninth person to hold the position (excluding caretakers).

2001 Israeli prime ministerial election

special election for Prime Minister2001 election for Prime Ministerelections for Prime Minister
In 2001, Likud's Ariel Sharon, who replaced Netanyahu following the 1999 election, defeated Barak in an election called by the Prime Minister following his resignation.
Barak stood for re-election against Likud's Ariel Sharon.

April 2019 Israeli legislative election

21April 2019 electionsApril 2019 Knesset elections
Netanyahu has been Prime Minister since and Likud had been the leading vote-getter in each election until April 2019, when Likud tied with Blue and White and September 2019, when Blue and White won one more seat than the Likud.
Netanyahu's Likud tied with Blue and White alliance of Benny Gantz, both winning 35 seats.

2009 Israeli legislative election

2009 elections2009 Knesset elections2009
Following the 2009 elections, Likud was able to gain 15 seats, and, with Netanyahu back in control of the party, formed a coalition with fellow right-wing parties Yisrael Beiteinu and Shas to take control of the government from Kadima, which earned a plurality, but not a majority.
Although the incumbent prime minister's party, Kadima, won the most seats in the parliament, the Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu was able to form a majority coalition government and become the new prime minister.

Herut

Herut MovementHerut PartyH
The Likud was formed as a secular party by an alliance of several right-wing parties prior to the 1973 elections—Herut, the Liberal Party, the Free Centre, the National List, and the Movement for Greater Israel.
Herut (, Freedom) was the major right-wing nationalist political party in Israel from 1948 until its formal merger into Likud in 1988.

September 2019 Israeli legislative election

22September 2019 electionsSeptember 2019
Netanyahu has been Prime Minister since and Likud had been the leading vote-getter in each election until April 2019, when Likud tied with Blue and White and September 2019, when Blue and White won one more seat than the Likud.
Following the April 2019 elections, Likud leader and incumbent Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had until the end of 29 May to form a governing coalition, including a two-week extension granted by President Reuven Rivlin.

Shas

Shas Partyallied with Rabbi Ovadia Yosef
Following the 2009 elections, Likud was able to gain 15 seats, and, with Netanyahu back in control of the party, formed a coalition with fellow right-wing parties Yisrael Beiteinu and Shas to take control of the government from Kadima, which earned a plurality, but not a majority.
Since 1984, it has almost always formed a part of the governing coalition, whether the ruling party was Labor or Likud.

Liberal Party (Israel)

Liberal PartyIsraeli Liberal PartyLiberal
The Likud was formed as a secular party by an alliance of several right-wing parties prior to the 1973 elections—Herut, the Liberal Party, the Free Centre, the National List, and the Movement for Greater Israel.
The Israeli Liberal Party (, Miflaga Libralit Yisraelit) was a political party in Israel and is one of the ancestors of the modern-day Likud.

One Israel

One Israel Fund
Netanyahu's government fell apart after a vote of no confidence, which led to elections being called in 1999 and Likud losing power to the One Israel coalition led by Ehud Barak.
One Israel was formed by Labor leader Ehud Barak in the run-up to the 1999 elections with the aim of making Labor appear more centrist and to reduce its secularist and elitist reputation amongst Mizrahi voters (Gesher was led by prominent Mizrahi politician and former Likud MK David Levy whilst Meimad is a religious party) modelled on Tony Blair's transformation of the British Labour Party into New Labour.

1981 Israeli legislative election

1981 elections198110
Likud was reelected with a significantly reduced mandate in 1981.
The ruling Likud won one more seat than the opposition Alignment, a surprise result as opinion polls and political momentum initially suggested that the Alignment would win roughly half of the votes while the Likud would only get twenty percent.

Irgun

EtzelIZLIrgun Zvai Leumi
Herut had been the nation's largest right-wing party since growing out of the Irgun in 1948.
The Irgun was a political predecessor to Israel's right-wing Herut (or "Freedom") party, which led to today's Likud party.

Free Centre

Free Center
The Likud was formed as a secular party by an alliance of several right-wing parties prior to the 1973 elections—Herut, the Liberal Party, the Free Centre, the National List, and the Movement for Greater Israel.
It is one of the forerunners of the modern-day Likud.

National List

Rafi
The Likud was formed as a secular party by an alliance of several right-wing parties prior to the 1973 elections—Herut, the Liberal Party, the Free Centre, the National List, and the Movement for Greater Israel.
Despite being founded by David Ben-Gurion, one of the fathers of the Israeli left, the party is one of the ancestors of the modern-day Likud, Israel's largest right-wing bloc.

Israel

State of IsraelIsraeliISR
Likud (, translit. HaLikud, lit., The Consolidation), officially the Likud – National Liberal Movement, is a centre-right to right-wing political party in Israel.
The 1977 Knesset elections marked a major turning point in Israeli political history as Menachem Begin's Likud party took control from the Labor Party.

Menachem Begin

Menahem BeginBeginMenachim Begin
A secular party, it was founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin and Ariel Sharon in an alliance with several right-wing parties.
Menachem Begin ( Menaḥem Begin ; Mieczysław Biegun; Менахем Вольфович Бегин Menakhem Volfovich Begin; 16 August 1913 – 9 March 1992) was an Israeli politician, founder of Likud and the sixth Prime Minister of Israel.

Gahal

Herut-Liberal Bloc
It had already been in coalition with the Liberals since 1965 as Gahal, with Herut as the senior partner.
Gahal (, an acronym for Gush Herut–Liberalim (Hebrew: ), lit. Freedom–Liberals Bloc) was the main right-leaning political alliance, ranging from the centre-right to right-wing, in Israel led by Menachem Begin from its founding in 1965 until the establishment of Likud in 1973.

David Levy (Israeli politician)

David LevyDavidForeign Minister Levy
The 1981 elections highlighted divisions that existed between the populist wing of Likud, headed by David Levy of Herut, and the Liberal wing, who represented a policy agenda of the secular bourgeoisie.
Although most of his time as a Knesset member was spent with Likud, he also led the breakaway Gesher faction, which formed part of Ehud Barak's Labor-led government between 1999 and 2001.

1984 Israeli legislative election

1984 elections198411
Although Shamir lost the 1984 election, the Alignment was unable to form a government on its own.
However, the party could not form a government with any of the smaller parties, resulting in a national unity government with Likud, with both party leaders, Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Shamir, holding the post of Prime Minister for two years each.

Blue and White (political alliance)

Blue and WhiteBlue & WhiteBlue and White alliance
Netanyahu has been Prime Minister since and Likud had been the leading vote-getter in each election until April 2019, when Likud tied with Blue and White and September 2019, when Blue and White won one more seat than the Likud.
Blue and White won 35 seats in the April 2019 Israeli legislative election, the same as Likud, and conceded defeat.