Lima

Lima, PeruDistrito CapitalLima, PerúCiudad de los ReyesCapital of PeruLima, Lima ProvinceLimeño Lima, PeruDaniel Batistadepartment of Lima
Lima, is the capital and the largest city of Peru.wikipedia
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Viceroyalty of Peru

PeruViceroy of PeruViceroyalty of Perú
It became the capital and most important city in the Viceroyalty of Peru. The National University of San Marcos, founded on 12 May 1551, during the Spanish colonial empire, is the first officially established and the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.
The Viceroyalty of Peru (Virreinato del Perú) was a Spanish imperial provincial administrative district, created in 1542, that originally contained modern-day Peru and most of Spanish-ruled South America, governed from the capital of Lima.

List of metropolitan areas of Peru

metropolitan areas of Perumetropolitan area of Peru1034736
With a population of more than 9 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the third-largest city in the Americas (as defined by "city proper"), behind São Paulo and Mexico City.
As of the 2007 census, these cities are Lima, Arequipa, and Trujillo.

National University of San Marcos

University of San MarcosUniversidad Nacional Mayor de San MarcosSan Marcos University
The National University of San Marcos, founded on 12 May 1551, during the Spanish colonial empire, is the first officially established and the oldest continuously functioning university in the Americas.
The National University of San Marcos (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, UNMSM) is a public research university in Lima, capital of Peru.

2019 Pan American Games

Pan American Games2019Lima
In October 2013, Lima was chosen to host the 2019 Pan American Games, these games were held at venues in and around Lima, and were the largest sporting event ever hosted by the country.
The 2019 Pan American Games (Juegos Panamericanos de 2019), officially the XVIII Pan American Games and commonly known as the Lima 2019 Pan-Am Games or Lima 2019, were a multi-sport event governed by the Panam Sports Organization, was held in Lima, Peru from July 26 to August 11, 2019, with preliminary rounds in certain events having begun on July 24, 2019.

Miss Universe 1982

198231st Miss Universe PageantMiss Universe
It also hosted the APEC Meetings of 2008 and 2016, the Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group in October 2015, the United Nations Climate Change Conference in December 2014, and the Miss Universe 1982 contest.
Miss Universe 1982, the 31st Miss Universe pageant, was held on 26 July 1982 at the Coliseo Amauta in Lima, Peru.

2014 United Nations Climate Change Conference

LimaCOP-20COP20
It also hosted the APEC Meetings of 2008 and 2016, the Annual Meetings of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group in October 2015, the United Nations Climate Change Conference in December 2014, and the Miss Universe 1982 contest.
The United Nations Climate Change Conference, COP20 or CMP10 was held in Lima, Peru, from December 1 to 12, 2014.

Largest cities in the Americas

45th largest cityeighteenth-largestin the Americas
With a population of more than 9 million, Lima is the most populous metropolitan area of Peru and the third-largest city in the Americas (as defined by "city proper"), behind São Paulo and Mexico City.

List of presidents of Peru

President of PeruPresidentPresident of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces of Peru
Lima's anthem was heard for the first time on 18 January 2008, in a formal meeting with important politicians, including Peruvian President Alan García, and other authorities.
The Governorate of New Castile under Francisco Pizarro had Ciudad de los Reyes (modern-day Lima) as its capital, and was merged with the Viceroyalty when it was instituted after the civil wars.

Buenos Aires

Buenos Aires, ArgentinaCapital federalCity of Buenos Aires
The 1687 Peru earthquake destroyed most of the city buildings; the earthquake marked a turning point in the city's history as it coincided with a trade recession and growing economic competition with cities such as Buenos Aires.
During most of the 17th century, Spanish ships were menaced by pirates, so they developed a complex system where ships with military protection were dispatched to Central America in a convoy from Seville the only port allowed to trade with the colonies, to Lima, Peru and from it to the inner cities of the viceroyalty.

1746 Lima–Callao earthquake

1746 Lima-Callao earthquakeearthquake1746 earthquake
In 1746, another powerful earthquake severely damaged Lima and destroyed Callao, forcing a massive rebuilding effort under Viceroy José Antonio Manso de Velasco.
The epicenter was located about 90 km north-northwest of the capital Lima, which was almost completely destroyed, and the subsequent tsunami devastated the port city of Callao.

Lima metropolitan area

LimaLima and Callao Metropolitan AreaMetropolitan Lima
Together with the seaport of Callao, it forms a contiguous urban area known as the Lima Metropolitan Area.
The Lima metropolitan area (Área Metropolitana de Lima, also known as Lima Metropolitana), is an area formed by the conurbation of the Peruvian city-provinces of Lima (the nation's capital) and Callao.

José de San Martín

San MartínGeneral San MartínSan Martin
A combined expedition of Argentine and Chilean patriots under General José de San Martín landed south of Lima in 1820 but did not attack the city.
Then he sailed to attack the Spanish stronghold of Lima, Peru.

Pueblos jóvenes

pueblo jovenbarriadaspueblos jovenes
The new migrants, at first confined to slums in downtown Lima, led this expansion through large-scale land invasions, which evolved into shanty towns, known as pueblos jóvenes.
Pueblos jóvenes (, "young towns") is the nickname given to the vast shanty towns that surround Lima and other cities of Peru.

Francisco Pizarro

PizarroFrancisco PizzaroFrancisco
Lima was founded by Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro on 18 January 1535 as Ciudad de los Reyes in the agricultural region known by native Peruvians as Limaq, a name that it had acquired over time. In 1532 a group of Spanish conquistadors, led by Francisco Pizarro, defeated the Inca ruler Atahualpa and took over his empire.
In January 1535, Pizarro founded the city of Lima, a project he considered his greatest achievement.

Walls of Lima

Lima City WallsLimaLima's City Walls Park
However, the city was not free from dangers; the presence of pirates and privateers in the Pacific Ocean lead to the building of the Walls of Lima between 1684 and 1687.
The Walls of Lima were a fortification consisting mainly of walls and bastions whose purpose was to defend the city of Lima from exterior attacks.

1687 Peru earthquake

an earthquake1667-10-201687
The 1687 Peru earthquake destroyed most of the city buildings; the earthquake marked a turning point in the city's history as it coincided with a trade recession and growing economic competition with cities such as Buenos Aires.
It had an estimated magnitude of 8.4–8.7 and caused severe damage to Lima, Callao and Ica.

Chorrillos District

ChorrillosChorrilos, Peru(San Pedro de los) Chorrillos
At the start of this period, the urban area was confined to a triangular area bounded by the city's historic centre, Callao and Chorrillos; in the following decades settlements spread to the north, beyond the Rímac River, to the east, along the Central Highway and to the south.
Chorrillos is a district of the Lima Province in Peru and part of the city of Lima.

Flag of Lima

Lima
Historically, the Flag of Lima has been known as the "Banner of Peru's Kings' City".
The flag of Lima (and the surrounding province) consists of a gold background.

Markham College

Markham
Examples are The American-Peruvian school, the Alianza Francesa de Lima, the Lycée Franco-Péruvien and the hospital Maison de Sante; Markham College, the British-Peruvian school in Monterrico, Antonio Raymondi District Italian School, the Pestalozzi Swiss School and also, several German-Peruvian schools.
Markham College is an international school in Lima, Peru.

Croatian Peruvians

CroatianCroatian PeruvianCroatians
Many are of Spanish, Italian or German descent; many others are of French, British, or Croatian descent.
Mostly settled in the Peruvian capital, Lima, Croatian-Peruvians have scattered throughout the vast metropolis, but are known to have established a strong community in the Miraflores District, where strong ties to the ethnic group still remain.

Spanish conquest of Peru

Spanish conquest of the Inca EmpireSpanish conquestconquest of Peru
In 1532 a group of Spanish conquistadors, led by Francisco Pizarro, defeated the Inca ruler Atahualpa and took over his empire.
In January 1535, Lima was founded, from which the political and administrative institutions were to be organized.

Italian Peruvians

Italian PeruvianItaliansItalian
Many are of Spanish, Italian or German descent; many others are of French, British, or Croatian descent.
Between 1532 and 1560, 50 Italians established in Lima (Viceroyalty of Peru) and Callao, mostly from Liguria and Tuscany, such as Martin from Florence, Pietro Catagno, Pietro Martín from Sicily (all of them involved in Atahualpa's capture), Juan Bautista Pastene, born in Genoa in 1505 and also present since the beginning of the Spanish Conquest of the Inca Empire.

German Peruvians

German PeruvianGermansGerman
Many are of Spanish, Italian or German descent; many others are of French, British, or Croatian descent.
Since independence Germans had been immigrating to Lima on a small scale.

List of largest cities

World largest citiesWorld's largest citiesLargest City
Lima ranks as the 30th most populous 'agglomeration' in the world, and the second biggest city in South America in terms of population within city limits, after São Paulo.

Barrio Chino (Lima)

Barrio ChinoChinatownChinatown of Lima
Lima residents refer to their Chinatown as Calle Capon and the city's ubiquitous Chifa restaurants – small, sit-down, usually Chinese-run restaurants serving the Peruvian spin on Chinese cuisine – can be found by the dozens in this enclave.
Barrio chino is a neighborhood in Lima, Peru that is centered on two blocks – 7 and 8 – of Jirón Ucayali (Ucayali Street) in downtown.