Lincoln Thornton Manuscript

The Cross of Mathilde, a crux gemmata made for Mathilde, Abbess of Essen (973–1011), who is shown kneeling before the Virgin and Child in the enamel plaque. The figure of Christ is slightly later. Probably made in Cologne or Essen, the cross demonstrates several medieval techniques: cast figurative sculpture, filigree, enamelling, gem polishing and setting, and the reuse of Classical cameos and engraved gems.

Medieval manuscript compiled and copied by the fifteenth-century English scribe and landowner Robert Thornton, MS 91 in the library of Lincoln Cathedral.

- Lincoln Thornton Manuscript

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Alliterative Morte Arthure

4346-line Middle English alliterative poem, retelling the latter part of the legend of King Arthur.

Dating from about 1400, it is preserved in a single copy in the early 15th-century Lincoln Thornton Manuscript, now in Lincoln Cathedral Library.

Thomas the Rhymer

Sir Thomas de Ercildoun, better remembered as Thomas the Rhymer (fl.

From Thomas the Rhymer (retold by Mary MacGregor, 1908) "Under the Eildon tree Thomas met the lady," illustration by Katherine Cameron
Music score to the ballad of "True Thomas", from Scott's Minstrelsy.

The romance occurs as "Thomas off Ersseldoune" in the Lincoln Thornton Manuscript.

Sir Perceval of Galles

Middle English Arthurian verse romance whose protagonist, Sir Perceval , first appeared in medieval literature in Chrétien de Troyes' final poem, the 12th-century Old French Conte del Graal, well over one hundred years before the composition of this work.

Perceval was brought up alone in the wild forest in Wales by his mother

The story of Sir Perceval of Galles is found in a single manuscript, the 15th century Lincoln Thornton Manuscript (Lincoln Cathedral MS 91), which dates to around 1440.

Lincoln Cathedral Library

Library of Lincoln Cathedral in Lincolnshire, England.

Wren Library building
Honywood's memorial in the cathedral nave

The fifteenth-century "Thornton Romances" found in the Lincoln Thornton Manuscript - includes the earliest written account of the death of King Arthur, and was a source for the poet Thomas Malory's Morte d'Arthur.

Sir Isumbras

Medieval metrical romance written in Middle English and found in no fewer than nine manuscripts dating to the fifteenth century.

The painting Sir Isumbras at the Ford by the nineteenth century Victorian painter John Everett Millais. painted in 1857.

Lincoln Cathedral MS 91, the Lincoln Thornton Manuscript (c. 1440)

Octavian (romance)

14th-century Middle English verse translation and abridgement of a mid-13th century Old French romance of the same name.

A page from British Library MS Cotton Caligula A.ii, in which Middle English tales of Libeaus Desconus, Sir Launfal and Saint Patrick's Purgatory are also found

Lincoln Cathedral Library MS 91, the Lincoln Thornton Manuscript (Northern Octavian), mid-15th century.

Sir Eglamour of Artois

Middle English verse romance that was written sometime around 1350.

A griffin appeared above the rock where the boat had come ashore, and carried Christabel's baby off to a distant land.

Lincoln Cathedral MS 91, the Lincoln Thornton Manuscript (c. 1440)

The Awntyrs off Arthure

Arthurian romance of 702 lines written in Middle English alliterative verse.

Tarn Wadling, the Terne Wathelyne of the poem. The lake, once famous for its carp, was largely drained in the 1850s, and had disappeared by the 1940s
Early 15th century deer hunt, from a French manuscript. The poem opens with a deer hunt in "the depe delles" of Inglewood Forest.
The 14th century nave of Carlisle Cathedral, once an Augustinian priory. It has been suggested that the author of the Awntyrs may have been a canon at the priory

The poem is preserved in four different manuscripts, one of which is the mid-fifteenth century Lincoln Thornton Manuscript.

Erl of Toulouse

Middle English chivalric romance centered on an innocent persecuted wife.

The poem is also found in the Lincoln Thornton Manuscript, under the title The Romance of Dyoclicyane.

Sir Degrevant

Middle English romance from the early fifteenth century.

The poem survives in two manuscripts from the late fifteenth or early sixteenth century, the Findern Anthology and the Lincoln Thornton MS.