Linguistic purism

purismpuristpuristicpuristslanguage purismlinguistic puristslinguistic-puritypurifydetermination to root out loanwordsefforts
Linguistic purism or linguistic protectionism is the prescriptive practice of defining or recognizing one variety of a language as being purer or of intrinsically higher quality than other varieties.wikipedia
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List of language regulators

language regulatorlanguage academyregulatory body
Linguistic purism was institutionalized through language academies (of which the 1572 Accademia della Crusca set a model example in Europe), and their decisions often have the force of law.
Language academies are motivated by, or closely associated with, linguistic purism and prestige, and typically publish prescriptive dictionaries, which purport to officiate and prescribe the meaning of words and pronunciations.

Linguistic prescription

prescriptiveprescriptive grammarprescriptivist
Linguistic purism or linguistic protectionism is the prescriptive practice of defining or recognizing one variety of a language as being purer or of intrinsically higher quality than other varieties.
Sometimes informed by linguistic purism, such normative practices may suggest that some usages are incorrect, illogical, lack communicative effect, or are of low aesthetic value.

Accademia della Crusca

Biblioteca RiccardianaCrusca AcademyAcademia della Crusca
Linguistic purism was institutionalized through language academies (of which the 1572 Accademia della Crusca set a model example in Europe), and their decisions often have the force of law.
The linguistic purism of the Accademia found opposition in Cesare Beccaria and the Verri brothers (Pietro and Alessandro), who through their journal Il Caffè systematically attacked the Accademia's archaisms as pedantic, denouncing the Accademia while invoking for contrast no less than the likes of Galileo and Newton and even modern intellectual cosmopolitanism itself.

Tanittamil Iyakkam

Pure Tamil MovementPure TamilTamil
Thani Tamil Iyakkam (Pure or Independent Tamil Movement) is a linguistic-purity movement in Tamil literature which attempts to avoid loanwords from Sanskrit, English and other languages.

Linguistic purism in Icelandic

long preserved language
Linguistic purism in Icelandic is the policy of substituting loanwords with the creation of new words from Old Icelandic and Old Norse roots and preventing new loanwords from entering the language.

Tamil language

TamilTamil-languageta
Simultaneously, a strong strain of linguistic purism emerged in the early 20th century, culminating in the Pure Tamil Movement which called for removal of all Sanskritic elements from Tamil.

Language policy

language policiespolicyspecific legislation
It is sometimes part of governmental language policy which is enforced in various ways.

Linguistic purism in English

AnglishAnder-SaxonAnglish (Linguistic purism in English)
English linguistic purism is discussed by David Crystal in the Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language.

Icelandic language

IcelandicModern IcelandicIceland
In the late 18th century, language purism began to gain noticeable ground in Iceland and since the early 19th century it has been the linguistic policy of the country (see linguistic purism in Icelandic).

Turkish language

TurkishModern TurkishTr
The Turkish Language Association was influenced by the ideology of linguistic purism: indeed one of its primary tasks was the replacement of loanwords and of foreign grammatical constructions with equivalents of Turkish origin.

Latvian language

LatvianLatvian-languageLettish
This is a prominent example of linguistic purism in this language.

Dano-Norwegian

DanishDano-Norwegian koinéDano-Norwegian language
The debate intensified with the advent of a new Norwegian written language in the 19th century, now known as Nynorsk, which is based on Modern Norwegian dialects and puristic opposition to Danish and Dano-Norwegian.

Malaysian language

MalaysianBahasa MalaysiaMalay
Consequently, this phenomenon has raised the displeasure of linguistic purists in Malaysia, in their effort to uphold use of the prescribed standard language.

Language planning

language plannerscorpus planningLanguage Engineering
Issues of linguistic purism often play a significant role in lexical expansion, but technical vocabulary can be effective within a language, regardless of whether it comes from the language's own process of word formation or from extensive borrowing from another language.

Language secessionism

Language secessionism in Serbo-Croatiansame dialectcommunicate fluently
Hindi tends to revitalize its Sanskrit words and purges words borrowed from Persian and Arabic while Urdu does the opposite.

Norwegian language

NorwegianNeutralNorwegian:
The other is Høgnorsk ("High Norwegian"), a more purist form of Nynorsk, which maintains the language in an original form as given by Ivar Aasen and rejects most of the reforms from the 20th century; this form has limited use.

Revival of the Hebrew language

Hebrew revivalrevival of Hebrewrevived
The Haskalah-era literature written in Hebrew based itself upon two central principles: Purism and flowery language.

Variety (linguistics)

varietiesvarietylect
Linguistic purism or linguistic protectionism is the prescriptive practice of defining or recognizing one variety of a language as being purer or of intrinsically higher quality than other varieties.

Language

languageslinguisticlinguistic diversity
Linguistic purism or linguistic protectionism is the prescriptive practice of defining or recognizing one variety of a language as being purer or of intrinsically higher quality than other varieties.

Syncretism (linguistics)

syncretismmergedsyncretic
The perceived or actual decline identified by the purists may take the form of change of vocabulary, syncretism of grammatical elements, or loanwords.