Scientific study of human language.- Linguistics
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Cognition refers to "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".
Cognitive processes are analyzed from different perspectives within different contexts, notably in the fields of linguistics, musicology, anesthesia, neuroscience, psychiatry, psychology, education, philosophy, anthropology, biology, systemics, logic, and computer science.
Interdisciplinary field which identifies, investigates, and offers solutions to language-related real-life problems.
Some of the academic fields related to applied linguistics are education, psychology, communication research, information science, natural language processing, anthropology, and sociology.
Study of the interrelation between linguistic factors and psychological aspects.
Modern research makes use of biology, neuroscience, cognitive science, linguistics, and information science to study how the mind-brain processes language, and less so the known processes of social sciences, human development, communication theories, and infant development, among others.
Term in linguistics which, like the related term general linguistics, can be understood in different ways.
Both can be taken as a reference to theory of language, or the branch of linguistics which inquires into the nature of language and seeks to answer fundamental questions as to what language is, or what the common ground of all languages is.
Structured system of communication.
The scientific study of language is called linguistics.
Scientific study of language change over time.
Western modern historical linguistics dates from the late-18th century.
Study of lexicons, and is divided into two separate but equally important academic disciplines:
Some use "lexicology" as a synonym for theoretical lexicography; others use it to mean a branch of linguistics pertaining to the inventory of words in a particular language.
Literacy in its broadest sense describes "particular ways of thinking about and doing reading and writing" with the purpose of understanding or expressing thoughts or ideas in written form in some specific context of use.
In addition, since the 1940s the term literacy is often used to mean having knowledge or skill in a particular field (e.g., computer literacy, statistical literacy, critical literacy, media literacy, ecological literacy, disaster literacy, health literacy, linguistic (i.e. language) literacy social literacy, quantitative literacy (numeracy) and visual literacy, e.g. body language, pictures, maps, and video ).
Systematic study of sign processes (semiosis) and meaning making.
Unlike linguistics, semiotics also studies non-linguistic sign systems.
Generative grammar, or generativism, is a linguistic theory that regards linguistics as the study of a hypothesised innate grammatical structure.