Linus Torvalds

Linus Benedict TorvaldsJust for FunTorvalds, LinusDavid DiamondDavid Diamond (journalist)Just for Fun'' (book)Just for Fun: The Story of an Accidental RevolutionaryLinusLinuxLionus
Linus Benedict Torvalds (, ; born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator and, historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which is the kernel for Linux operating systems (distributions) and other operating systems such as Android and Chrome OS. He also created the distributed version control system Git and the scuba dive logging and planning software Subsurface.wikipedia
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Linux

GNU/LinuxLinux on the desktopLin
Linus Benedict Torvalds (, ; born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator and, historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which is the kernel for Linux operating systems (distributions) and other operating systems such as Android and Chrome OS.
Linux is a family of open source Unix-like operating systems based on the Linux kernel, an operating system kernel first released on September 17, 1991, by Linus Torvalds.

Linux kernel

LinuxLinux kernel mainlinekernel
Linus Benedict Torvalds (, ; born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator and, historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which is the kernel for Linux operating systems (distributions) and other operating systems such as Android and Chrome OS. Torvalds used Stallman's GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2) for his Linux kernel.
The Linux kernel was conceived and created in 1991 by Linus Torvalds for his personal computer and with no cross-platform intentions, but has since expanded to support a huge array of computer architectures, many more than other operating systems or kernels do.

Subsurface (software)

Subsurface
He also created the distributed version control system Git and the scuba dive logging and planning software Subsurface.
It was initially designed and developed by Linus Torvalds and Dirk Hohndel in 2011.

Linux distribution

Linux distributionsdistributiondistributions
Linus Benedict Torvalds (, ; born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator and, historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which is the kernel for Linux operating systems (distributions) and other operating systems such as Android and Chrome OS.
Linus Torvalds developed the Linux kernel and distributed its first version, 0.01, in 1991.

Shinya Yamanaka

YamanakaYamanaka factors
He was honored, along with Shinya Yamanaka, with the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland "in recognition of his creation of a new open source operating system for computers leading to the widely used Linux kernel."
He received the 2010 BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the biomedicine category, the 2011 Wolf Prize in Medicine with Rudolf Jaenisch, and the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize together with Linus Torvalds.

Computer Pioneer Award

IEEE Computer Pioneer AwardIEEE Computer Society Computer Pioneer AwardIEEE Computer Society Pioneer Award
He is also the recipient of the 2014 IEEE Computer Society Computer Pioneer Award and the 2018 IEEE Masaru Ibuka Consumer Electronics Award.

Ole Torvalds

He is the son of journalists Anna and Nils Torvalds, and the grandson of statistician Leo Törnqvist and of poet Ole Torvalds.
He was the father of journalist-politician Nils Torvalds and grandfather of software engineer Linus Torvalds of Linux kernel fame.

Nils Torvalds

Nikke Torvalds
He is the son of journalists Anna and Nils Torvalds, and the grandson of statistician Leo Törnqvist and of poet Ole Torvalds.
Swedo-Finnish Torvalds is the son of the poet Ole Torvalds, and the father of the software engineer Linus Torvalds of Linux kernel fame.

Operating system

operating systemsOScomputer operating system
Linus Benedict Torvalds (, ; born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator and, historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which is the kernel for Linux operating systems (distributions) and other operating systems such as Android and Chrome OS.
In 1991, Finnish computer science student Linus Torvalds, with cooperation from volunteers collaborating over the Internet, released the first version of the Linux kernel.

Android (operating system)

AndroidAndroid operating systemList of Android devices
Linus Benedict Torvalds (, ; born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator and, historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which is the kernel for Linux operating systems (distributions) and other operating systems such as Android and Chrome OS.
In August 2011, Linus Torvalds said that "eventually Android and Linux would come back to a common kernel, but it will probably not be for four to five years".

Kernel (operating system)

kerneloperating system kernelkernels
Linus Benedict Torvalds (, ; born December 28, 1969) is a Finnish-American software engineer who is the creator and, historically, the principal developer of the Linux kernel, which is the kernel for Linux operating systems (distributions) and other operating systems such as Android and Chrome OS.
As a result, the design of Linux as a monolithic kernel rather than a microkernel was the topic of a famous debate between Linus Torvalds and Andrew Tanenbaum.

Andrew S. Tanenbaum

Andrew TanenbaumAndy TanenbaumTanenbaum
Torvalds bought computer science professor Andrew Tanenbaum's book Operating Systems: Design and Implementation, in which Tanenbaum describes MINIX, an educational stripped-down version of Unix.
His book, Operating Systems: Design and Implementation and MINIX were Linus Torvalds' inspiration for the Linux kernel.

Linux Foundation

The Linux FoundationPatent CommonsEmbedded Linux Conference
He then moved to the Open Source Development Labs, which has since merged with the Free Standards Group to become the Linux Foundation, under whose auspices he continues to work.
The Linux Foundation sponsors the work of Linux creator Linus Torvalds and lead maintainer Greg Kroah-Hartman and is supported by members such as AT&T, Cisco, Fujitsu, Hitachi, Huawei, IBM, Intel, Microsoft, NEC, Oracle, Orange S.A., Qualcomm, Samsung, and VMware, as well as developers from around the world.

GNU Project

GNUFSDGGNU Free System Distribution Guidelines
Torvalds first encountered the GNU Project in 1991, after another Swedish-speaking computer science student, Lars Wirzenius, took him to the University of Technology to listen to free software guru Richard Stallman's speech.
In 1991, the Linux kernel appeared, developed outside the GNU project by Linus Torvalds, and in December 1992 it was made available under version 2 of the GNU General Public License.

GNU General Public License

GPLGNU GPLGPLv2
Torvalds used Stallman's GNU General Public License version 2 (GPLv2) for his Linux kernel.
Others, notably some high-profile Linux kernel developers such as Linus Torvalds, Greg Kroah-Hartman, and Andrew Morton, commented to the mass media and made public statements about their objections to parts of discussion drafts 1 and 2.

Millennium Technology Prize

Millenium PrizeWalter Ahlström Prize
He was honored, along with Shinya Yamanaka, with the 2012 Millennium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Finland "in recognition of his creation of a new open source operating system for computers leading to the widely used Linux kernel."

Tux (mascot)

Tuxfemale counterpart to Tux the Penguin in Linux computer gamesLinux mascot
His personal mascot is a penguin nicknamed Tux, which has been widely adopted by the Linux community as the mascot of the Linux kernel.
The concept of the Linux brand character being a penguin came from Linus Torvalds, the creator of Linux.

Git

git repositoryJunio HamanoGit (software)
He also created the distributed version control system Git and the scuba dive logging and planning software Subsurface.
Git was created by Linus Torvalds in 2005 for development of the Linux kernel, with other kernel developers contributing to its initial development.

Leo Törnqvist

Törnqvist, Leo
He is the son of journalists Anna and Nils Torvalds, and the grandson of statistician Leo Törnqvist and of poet Ole Torvalds.
Törnqvist bought a Commodore VIC-20 about 1981 and asked his daughter Anna's son, Linus Torvalds, to help him program it.

Open Source Development Labs

OSDLOpen Source Development LabThe Open Source Development Lab (OSDL)
He then moved to the Open Source Development Labs, which has since merged with the Free Standards Group to become the Linux Foundation, under whose auspices he continues to work.
Its employees included Linus Torvalds, the first OSDL fellow, and Bryce Harrington.

Fedora (operating system)

FedoraFedora CoreFedora Linux
In 2008, Torvalds stated that he used the Fedora distribution of Linux because it had fairly good support for the PowerPC processor architecture, which he had favored at the time.
, Fedora has an estimated 1.2 million users, including Linus Torvalds, creator of the Linux kernel.

History of Linux

Ari LemmkeFreaxHistory of the Linux kernel
Initially, Torvalds wanted to call the kernel he developed Freax (a combination of "free", "freak", and the letter X to indicate that it is a Unix-like system), but his friend Ari Lemmke, who administered the FTP server where the kernel was first hosted for download, named Torvalds's directory linux.
Linux began in 1991 as a personal project by Finnish student Linus Torvalds: to create a new free operating system kernel.

Transmeta

Transmeta CorporationTransmeta lawsuit
After a visit to Transmeta in late 1996, Torvalds accepted a position at the company in California, where he would work from February 1997 until June 2003.
Among its crew of technologists, Transmeta employed some of the industry's more public figures including Linux founder Linus Torvalds, Linux kernel developer Hans Peter Anvin and game developer Dave D. Taylor.

Open-source model

open sourceopen-sourceopen source technology
Although Torvalds believes "open source is the only right way to do software", he also has said that he uses the "best tool for the job", even if that includes proprietary software.
Linus Torvalds gave his support the following day, and Phil Hughes backed the term in Linux Journal.

Richard Stallman

Richard M. StallmanStallmanRichard Matthew Stallman
Torvalds first encountered the GNU Project in 1991, after another Swedish-speaking computer science student, Lars Wirzenius, took him to the University of Technology to listen to free software guru Richard Stallman's speech.
In 1991, Linus Torvalds, a Finnish student, used the GNU's development tools to produce the free monolithic Linux kernel.