List of Arabic star names

traditional star namesArabic and Persian namesArabic names now used for individual starsArabic names to many starsearly Arabian astronomersList of Arabic star names § History of Arabic star nameslists numerous starstheir Arabic nameswestern
This is a list of Arabic star names.wikipedia
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Astronomy

astronomicalastronomerastronomers
This is a list of Arabic star names. In Western astronomy, most of the accepted star names are Arabic, a few are Greek and some are of unknown origin.
Astronomers during that time introduced many Arabic names now used for individual stars.

Astronomy in the medieval Islamic world

astronomerastronomyMuslim astronomers
Muslim astronomers adopted some of these as proper names for stars, and added names from traditional Arabic star lore, which they recorded in various Zij treatises.
A significant number of stars in the sky, such as Aldebaran, Altair and Deneb, and astronomical terms such as alidade, azimuth, and nadir, are still referred to by their Arabic names.

List of proper names of stars

by constellationgiven a proper namein alphabetical order
List of proper names of stars
List of Arabic star names

Islamic world contributions to Medieval Europe

Arab importationArab world contributed several key elements to the English worldArabic culture found hidden in European countries
This includes traditional star names such as Aldebaran, scientific terms like alchemy (whence also chemistry), algebra, algorithm, etc. and names of commodities such as sugar, camphor, cotton, coffee, etc.

Astronomical naming conventions

formally designatednaming conventionalso written
Most such names are derived from the Arabic language (see List of Arabic star names § History of Arabic star names).

Timeline of stellar astronomy

964 — Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Azophi) writes the Book of Fixed Stars, in which he makes the first recorded observations of the Andromeda Galaxy and the Large Magellanic Cloud, and lists numerous stars with their positions, magnitudes, brightness, and colour, and gives drawings for each constellation

61 Cygni

61 Cyg61 Cygni A61 Cyg A
61 Cygni is relatively dim, so it does not appear on ancient star maps, nor is it given a name in western or Chinese systems.

Star

starsmassive starstellar radius
Medieval Islamic astronomers gave Arabic names to many stars that are still used today and they invented numerous astronomical instruments that could compute the positions of the stars.

Astrology in medieval Islam

astrologerastrologyArabian, Persian
Many modern star names are derived from their Arabic and Persian names.

Proper names (astronomy)

proper namenamesproper name for some stars
Many of the proper names that remain in use in modern astronomy are based on Arabic star names from medieval Islamic astronomy, which in turn was substantially based on Claudius Ptolemy’s Almagest, which contained the original Greek and Latin names for stars.

Gamma Columbae

γ Col
For early Arabian astronomers, this star, along with ζ CMa, λ CMa, δ Col, θ Col, κ Col, λ Col, μ Col and ξ Col, formed Al Ḳurūd (ألقرد - al-qird), the Apes.

Mizar and Alcor

MizarAlcorMizar-Alcor
It appears as الخوّار, 'the Faint One', in an interesting list of Arabic star names, published in Popular Astronomy, January 1895, by Professor Robert H. West, of the Syrian Protestant College at Beirut.

Star catalogue

star catalogNLTTLTT
Many stars are still known by their Arabic names (see List of Arabic star names).

Arabs

ArabArabianArabic
This includes traditional star names such as Aldebaran, scientific terms like alchemy (whence also chemistry), algebra, algorithm, alcohol, alkali, cipher, zenith, etc.

Influence of Arabic on other languages

Arabic influencelanguageArabic loanwords
List of Arabic star names

Stellar designations and names

designationsproper names for the starsstellar designation
List of Arabic star names

Greek language

GreekAncient GreekModern Greek
This is a list of Arabic star names. In Western astronomy, most of the accepted star names are Arabic, a few are Greek and some are of unknown origin.

Arabian Peninsula

ArabiaArabianArabic
Very old star names originated among people who lived in the Arabian Peninsula more than a thousand years ago, before the rise of Islam.

Islam

MuslimMuslimsIslamic
Very old star names originated among people who lived in the Arabian Peninsula more than a thousand years ago, before the rise of Islam.

Ptolemy

Claudius PtolemyPtolemaicPtol.
The astronomer Claudius Ptolemy in his Almagest (2nd century) tabulated the celestial position and brightness (visual magnitude) of 1,025 stars.

Almagest

cataloghis book on astronomyMagna Syntaxis
The astronomer Claudius Ptolemy in his Almagest (2nd century) tabulated the celestial position and brightness (visual magnitude) of 1,025 stars.