List of Bohemian monarchs

King of BohemiaDuke of BohemiaBohemiaKings of BohemiaList of rulers of BohemiaKingBohemian kingsBohemian kingDukes of BohemiaBohemian crown
This is a list of Bohemian monarchs (now also referred to as list of Czech monarchs) who ruled as Dukes and Kings of Bohemia (Czech: Český král).wikipedia
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Kingdom of Bohemia

BohemiaBohemianBohemian Kingdom
The Duchy of Bohemia was established in 870 and raised to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 (although several Bohemian monarchs ruled as non-hereditary Kings of Bohemia beforehand, first gaining the title in 1085).
It was an Imperial State in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Bohemian king was a prince-elector of the empire.

Golden Bull of Sicily

1198hereditary elevation of his title to kingheredity of the royal title established in 1212
The Duchy of Bohemia was established in 870 and raised to the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 (although several Bohemian monarchs ruled as non-hereditary Kings of Bohemia beforehand, first gaining the title in 1085).
The Golden Bull of Sicily (Zlatá bula sicilská, ) was a decree issued by Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor in Basel on 26 September 1212 that confirmed the royal title obtained by Ottokar I of Bohemia in 1198, declaring him and his heirs Kings of Bohemia.

Czech lands

Czechhistorical landRegion
Following the dissolution of the monarchy, the Bohemian lands, now also referred to as Czech lands, became part of Czechoslovakia, and form today's Czech Republic (Czechia) since 1993.
In a historical context, Czech texts use the term to refer to any territory ruled by the Kings of Bohemia, i.e., the lands of the Bohemian Crown (země Koruny české) as established by Emperor Charles IV in the 14th century.

Czech Republic

CzechCZEthe Czech Republic
Following the dissolution of the monarchy, the Bohemian lands, now also referred to as Czech lands, became part of Czechoslovakia, and form today's Czech Republic (Czechia) since 1993.
The 14th century, in particular, the reign of the Bohemian king Charles IV (1316–1378), who in 1346 became King of the Romans and in 1354 both King of Italy and Holy Roman Emperor, is considered the Golden Age of Czech history.

Spytihněv I, Duke of Bohemia

Spytihněv ISpytihněvPrince Spytihněv I
875 – 915), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 894 or 895 until his death.

Vratislaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Vratislaus IVratislaus I of BohemiaVratislaus
888 – 13 February 921), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 915 until his death.

Boleslaus II, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus II of BohemiaBoleslaus IIBoleslaus II the Pious
930 - 7 February 999), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 972 until his death

Bolesław I the Brave

Bolesław I ChrobryBolesław IBoleslaw I of Poland
As Boleslav IV, he was also Duke of Bohemia between 1002 and 1003.

Prince-elector

ElectorElectorsprince elector
From 1004 to 1806, Bohemia was part of the Holy Roman Empire, and its ruler was an elector.
Under it, the Archbishops of Mainz, Trier, and Cologne, as well as the King of Bohemia, the Count Palatine of the Rhine, the Duke of Saxony, and the Margrave of Brandenburg held the right to elect the King.

Boleslaus III, Duke of Bohemia

Boleslaus IIIBoleslaus III of BohemiaBoleslav III
Ryšavý; to denote "red hair") or the Blind, a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was duke of Bohemia from 999 until 1002 and briefly again during the year 1003.

Bretislav I

Bretislaus IBretislaus I of BohemiaBretislaus I, Duke of Bohemia
Bretislav I (Břetislav I.; 1002/1005 – 10 January 1055), known as the "Bohemian Achilles", of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1035 until his death.

Jaromír, Duke of Bohemia

JaromírJaromirJaromir, Duke of Bohemia
Jaromír (died 4 November 1035), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia, in 1003, from 1004 to 1012, and again from 1034 to 1035.

Oldřich, Duke of Bohemia

OldřichOldřich of BohemiaOldrich
975 – 9 November 1034), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1012 to 1033 and briefly again in 1034.

Vratislaus II of Bohemia

Vratislaus IIVratislav IIVratislaus
14 January 1092), the son of Bretislaus I and Judith of Schweinfurt, was the first King of Bohemia as of 15 June 1085, his royal title granted as a lifetime honorific from Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV that did not establish a hereditary monarchy.

Svatopluk, Duke of Bohemia

SvatoplukSvatopluk of BohemiaSvatopluk of Olomouc
Svatopluk the Lion (died 21 September 1109) was Duke of Bohemia from 1107 until his assassination in 1109.

Spytihněv II, Duke of Bohemia

Spytihněv IISpytihnev IISpytihněv II of Bohemia
Spytihněv II (also Spitignew, Spitihnew or Spytihnev; Spitigneus; 1031 – 28 January 1061), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1055 until his death.

Bretislav II

Bretislaus IIBretislaus II of BohemiaBřetislav II
Bretislaus II (Břetislav II.; c. 1060 – 22 December 1100) was the duke of Bohemia from 14 September 1092 until his death.

Soběslav I, Duke of Bohemia

Soběslav ISoběslav I of BohemiaSoběslav
Soběslav I (also "Sobeslaus"; c.1075 – 14 February 1140) was Duke of Bohemia from 1125 until his death.

Conrad I, Duke of Bohemia

Conrad IConradConrad I of Bohemia
Conrad I of Brno (Konrád I. Brněnský; died 6 September 1092) was the duke of Bohemia for eight months in 1092.

Bořivoj II, Duke of Bohemia

Bořivoj IIBorivoj II of BohemiaBořivoj II of Bohemia
1064 – 2 February 1124) was the duke of Bohemia from 25 December 1100 until May 1107 and from December 1117 until 16 August 1120.

Vladislaus II, Duke and King of Bohemia

Vladislaus II of BohemiaVladislaus IIVladislaus II, Duke of Bohemia
Vladislaus II or Vladislav II (c.1110 – 18 January 1174) was the Duke of Bohemia from 1140 and then King of Bohemia from 1158 until his abdication in 1173.

Vladislaus I, Duke of Bohemia

Vladislav IVladislaus IVladislaus I of Bohemia
1065 – 12 April 1125) was Duke of Bohemia from 1109 to 1117 and from 1120 until his death.

Frederick, Duke of Bohemia

FrederickFrederick of BohemiaFrederick I
1142 – 25 March 1189), a member of the Přemyslid dynasty, was Duke of Bohemia from 1172 to 1173 and again from 1178 to his death.

Ottokar I of Bohemia

Ottokar IPřemysl Otakar IOttokar
Ottokar I (Přemysl I. Otakar; c. 1155 – 1230) was Duke of Bohemia periodically beginning in 1192, then acquired the title King of Bohemia, first in 1198 from Philip of Swabia, later in 1203 from Otto IV of Brunswick and in 1212 from Frederick II.