List of English monarchs

MonarchKing of EnglandKingKings of EnglandEnglishQueen of EnglandEnglish monarchsEnglandEnglish CrownEnglish king
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (Heptarchy) which made up modern England.wikipedia
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Alfred the Great

King AlfredAlfredKing Alfred the Great
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (Heptarchy) which made up modern England.
Alfred the Great (Ælfrēd, Ælfrǣd, 'Elf-counsel' or 'Wise-elf'; between 847 and 849 – 26 October 899) was King of Wessex from 871 to c. 886 and King of the Anglo-Saxons from c. 886 to 899.

List of monarchs of Wessex

King of WessexKingkings of Wessex
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (Heptarchy) which made up modern England.
For later monarchs, see the List of English monarchs.

Kingdom of Scotland

ScotlandScottishScots
The last monarch of a distinct kingdom of England was Anne, who became Queen of Great Britain when England merged with Scotland to form a union in 1707.
In 1603, James VI of Scotland became King of England, joining Scotland with England in a personal union.

Kingdom of England

EnglandEnglishAnglo
This list of kings and queens of the Kingdom of England begins with Alfred the Great, King of Wessex, one of the seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms (Heptarchy) which made up modern England. The Principality of Wales was incorporated into the Kingdom of England under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284, and in 1301 King Edward I invested his eldest son, the future King Edward II, as Prince of Wales.
| title_leader = Monarch

Æthelstan

King AthelstanAthelstanKing Æthelstan
His son Edward the Elder conquered the eastern Danelaw, but Edward's son Æthelstan became the first king to rule the whole of England when he conquered Northumbria in 927, and he is regarded by some modern historians as the first true king of England.
undefined 894 – 27 October 939) was King of the Anglo-Saxons from 924 to 927 and King of the English from 927 to 939 when he died.

Principality of Wales

WalesPrincipalityWelsh
The Principality of Wales was incorporated into the Kingdom of England under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284, and in 1301 King Edward I invested his eldest son, the future King Edward II, as Prince of Wales.
However, for a few generations, specifically the period from its foundation in 1216 to Edward I's completion of the conquest of Wales in 1284, it was de facto independent under a Welsh Prince of Wales, albeit one who swore fealty to the King of England.

Prince of Wales

The Prince of WalesPrincePrinces of Wales
The Principality of Wales was incorporated into the Kingdom of England under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284, and in 1301 King Edward I invested his eldest son, the future King Edward II, as Prince of Wales.
One of the last Welsh princes, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, was killed in battle in 1282 by Edward I, King of England, whose son Edward (born in Caernarfon Castle in 1284) was invested as the first English Prince of Wales in 1301.

Eadwig

King EadwigKing EdwyEadwig (Edwy)
| Eadwig
Eadwig, also spelled Edwy (died 1 October 959), sometimes called the All-Fair, was King of England from 955 until his premature death.

Eadred

EdredKing EadredKing Edred
| Eadred
Eadred (also Edred) (923 – 23 November 955) was King of the English from 946 until his death.

Edward the Martyr

EdwardEdward IIKing Edward
| Edward the Martyr
96218 March 978) was King of England from 975 until he was murdered in 978.

Edgar the Peaceful

King EdgarEdgarEdgar I
| Edgar the Peaceful
943—8 July 975), known as the Peaceful or the Peaceable, was King of England from 959 until his death.

Æthelred the Unready

Æthelred IIÆthelredEthelred
Æthelred
undefined 966 – 23 April 1016), known as the Unready, was King of the English from 978 to 1013 and again from 1014 until his death.

Edmund Ironside

EdmundEdmund IIKing Edmund Ironside
| Edmund Ironside
Edmund Ironside (c. 990 – 30 November 1016; Ēadmund Isernside, Edmundus; sometimes also known as Edmund II) was King of England from 23 April to 30 November 1016.

Harold Harefoot

Harold IKing Harold IHarold
| Harold Harefoot
undefined 1016 – 17 March 1040), also known as Harold Harefoot, was King of England from 1035 to 1040.

London

London, EnglandLondon, UKLondon, United Kingdom
London
After winning the Battle of Hastings, William, Duke of Normandy was crowned King of England in the newly completed Westminster Abbey on Christmas Day 1066.

Harthacnut

HarthacanuteCanute the HardyHardicanute
| Harthacnut
Harthacnut (Hardeknud; "Tough-knot"; c. 1018 – 8 June 1042), sometimes referred to as Canute III, was King of Denmark from 1035 to 1042 and King of England from 1040 to 1042.

Statute of Rhuddlan

Statuta WallieStatutes of Rhuddlan
The Principality of Wales was incorporated into the Kingdom of England under the Statute of Rhuddlan in 1284, and in 1301 King Edward I invested his eldest son, the future King Edward II, as Prince of Wales.
By this means the principality became "united and annexed" to the Crown of England.

Palace of Westminster

WestminsterHouses of ParliamentParliament
Westminster Palace
The first royal palace was built on the site in the 11th century, and Westminster was the primary residence of the Kings of England until fire destroyed much of the complex in 1512.

Kingdom of Great Britain

Great BritainBritishBritain
By royal proclamation, James styled himself "King of Great Britain", but no such kingdom was actually created until 1707, when England and Scotland united to form the new Kingdom of Great Britain, with a single British parliament sitting at Westminster, during the reign of Queen Anne.
The former kingdoms had been in personal union since James VI of Scotland became King of England and King of Ireland in 1603 following the death of Elizabeth I, bringing about the "Union of the Crowns".

William the Conqueror

William IKing WilliamWilliam
Among them were Harold Godwinson, elected king by the Witenagemot after the death of Edward the Confessor, as well as Harald Hardrada, King of Norway who claimed to be the rightful heir of Harthacnut, and Duke William II of Normandy, vassal to the King of France, and first cousin once-removed of Edward the Confessor.
William I (c. 1028 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first Norman King of England, reigning from 1066 until his death in 1087.

Edward the Exile

EdwardEdward the AthelingEdward Ætheling
Son of Edward the Exile
Edward the Exile (1016 – 19 April 1057), also called Edward Ætheling, was the son of King Edmund Ironside and of Ealdgyth.

Harald Hardrada

Harald HardrådeHarald IIIHaraldr Harðráði
Among them were Harold Godwinson, elected king by the Witenagemot after the death of Edward the Confessor, as well as Harald Hardrada, King of Norway who claimed to be the rightful heir of Harthacnut, and Duke William II of Normandy, vassal to the King of France, and first cousin once-removed of Edward the Confessor.
In addition, he unsuccessfully claimed the Danish throne until 1064 and the English throne in 1066.

Westminster Abbey

WestminsterAbbot of Westminsterabbey of Westminster
William was crowned King William I of England on Christmas Day 1066, in Westminster Abbey, and is today known as William the Conqueror, William the Bastard or William I.
It is one of the United Kingdom's most notable religious buildings and the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and, later, British monarchs.

Edgar Ætheling

Edgar IIaetheling EdgarEdgar
Edgar Ætheling
He was elected King of England by the Witenagemot in 1066, but never crowned.

Henry I of England

Henry IKing Henry IHenry
| Henry I
Henry I (c. 1068 – 1 December 1135), also known as Henry Beauclerc, was King of England from 1100 to his death in 1135.