The Moroccan-American Treaty of Peace and Friendship, sealed by Sultan Mohammed III.
Comanche Indians Chasing Buffalo with Lances and Bows, by George Catlin
The Cultural areas of pre-Columbian North America, according to Alfred Kroeber
This map shows the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites (Clovis theory).
A Folsom point for a spear
Artists conception of Ohio Hopewell culture Shriver Circle with the Mound City Group to the left
Cahokia, the largest Mississippian culture site
Map showing the approximate locations of the Native American nations circa 16th century
Discovery of the Mississippi by William Henry Powell (1823–1879) is a Romantic depiction of Spanish explorer de Soto's seeing the Mississippi River for the first time. It hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda.
1882 studio portrait of the (then) last surviving Six Nations warriors who fought with the British in the War of 1812
Early Native American tribal territories color-coded by linguistic group
The Treaty of Penn with the Indians by Benjamin West, painted in 1771
Yamacraw Creek Native Americans meet with the Trustee of the colony of Georgia in England, July 1734. The painting shows a Native American boy (in a blue coat) and woman (in a red dress) in European clothing.
Benjamin Hawkins, seen here on his plantation, teaches Creek Native Americans how to use European technology, painted in 1805
Native-controlled territories in the West, 1836
Tecumseh was the Shawnee leader of Tecumseh's War who attempted to organize an alliance of Native American tribes throughout North America.
The Rescue sculpture stood outside the U.S. Capitol between 1853 and 1958. A work commissioned by the U.S. government, its sculptor Horatio Greenough wrote that it was "to convey the idea of the triumph of the whites over the savage tribes".
Mass grave for the dead Lakota following the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre, which took place during the Indian Wars in the 19th century
Ely Parker (of the Seneca people) was a Union Civil War general who wrote the terms of surrender between the United States and the Confederate States of America.
Republican Charles Curtis, of Kaw, Osage, Potawatomi, French and British ancestry from Kansas, was 31st vice president of the United States, 1929–1933, serving with Republican Herbert Hoover.
General Douglas MacArthur meeting Navajo, Pima, Pawnee and other Native American troops
A Navajo man on horseback in Monument Valley, Arizona, United States
Byron Mallott, an Alaskan Native, was the lieutenant governor of Alaska.
Proportion of Indigenous Americans in each U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico as of the 2020 United States Census
This Census Bureau map depicts the locations of differing Native American groups, including Indian reservations, as of 2000. Note the concentration (blue) in modern-day Oklahoma in the South West, which was once designated as an Indian Territory before statehood in 1907.
Indian reservations in the continental United States
Native peoples are concerned about the effects of abandoned uranium mines on or near their lands.
National Indian Youth Council demonstrations, Bureau of Indian Affairs Office
A discriminatory sign posted above a bar. Birney, Montana, 1941
Chief Plenty Coups and seven Crow prisoners under guard at Crow agency, Montana, 1887
Protest against the name of the Washington Redskins in Minneapolis, November 2014
Secotan Indians' dance in North Carolina. Watercolor by John White, 1585
Sandia Casino, owned by the Sandia Pueblo of New Mexico
Three Native American women in Warm Springs Indian Reservation, Wasco County, Oregon (1902)
Geronimo, Chiricahua Apache leader. Photograph by Frank A. Rinehart (1898).
Pre-contact: distribution of North American language families, including northern Mexico
Oklahoma Cherokee language immersion school student writing in the Cherokee syllabary
The Cherokee language taught to preschoolers as a first language, at New Kituwah Academy
Maize grown by Native Americans
Ojibwe baby waits on a cradleboard while parents tend wild rice crops (Minnesota, 1940).
Frybread, made into an Indian taco.
Makah Native Americans and a whale, The King of the Seas in the Hands of the Makahs, 1910 photograph by Asahel Curtis
Saint Kateri Tekakwitha, the patron of ecologists, exiles, and orphans, was canonized by the Catholic Church.
Baptism of Pocahontas was painted in 1840 by John Gadsby Chapman, who depicts Pocahontas, wearing white, being baptized Rebecca by Anglican minister Alexander Whiteaker (left) in Jamestown, Virginia. This event is believed to have taken place either in 1613 or 1614.
Susan La Flesche Picotte was the first Native American woman to become a physician in the United States.
Jim Thorpe—gold medalist at the 1912 Olympics, in the pentathlon and decathlon events
Ball players from the Choctaw and Lakota tribe in a 19th-century lithograph by George Catlin
Billy Mills crosses the finish line at the end of the 10,000-meter race at the 1964 Tokyo Olympics.
Fancy Dancer at the Seafair Indian Days Pow-Wow, Daybreak Star Cultural Center, Seattle, Washington
Jake Fragua, Jemez Pueblo from New Mexico
Lillian Gross, described as a "Mixed Blood" by the Smithsonian source, was of Cherokee and European-American heritage. She identified with the Cherokee culture in which she was raised.
The 1725 return of an Osage bride from a trip to Paris, France. The Osage woman was married to a French soldier.
Five Indians and a Captive, painted by Carl Wimar, 1855
Charles Eastman was one of the first Native Americans to become certified as a medical doctor, after he graduated from Boston University.
Buffalo Soldiers, 1890. The nickname was given to the "Black Cavalry" by the Native American tribes they fought.
Ben Nighthorse Campbell, one of only four Native Americans elected to the U.S. Senate
Sharice Davids became one of the first two Native American women elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
Deb Haaland became one of the first two Native American women elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
Yvette Herrell became the first Cherokee woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives.
Ada E. Brown, a citizen of the Choctaw Nation with mixed-African-American heritage, nominated by President Donald Trump in 2019 to be a federal judge in Texas
Members of the Creek (Muscogee) Nation in Oklahoma around 1877; they include men with some European and African ancestry.

List of treaties to which the United States has been a party or which have had direct relevance to U.S. history.

- List of United States treaties

After its formation, the United States, as part of its policy of settler colonialism, continued to wage war and perpetrated massacres against many Native American peoples, removed them from their ancestral lands, and subjected them to one-sided treaties and to discriminatory government policies, later focused on forced assimilation, into the 20th century.

- Native Americans in the United States

500 related topics


South Dakota

U.S. state in the North Central region of the United States.

Deadwood, like many other Black Hills towns, was founded after the discovery of gold.
A harvest in South Dakota, 1898
A South Dakota farm during the Dust Bowl, 1936. Normal tilling practices turn South Dakota's fragile soil into a fine, loose powder that blows away, and sometimes covered vehicles, equipment, and buildings with dust during the Dust Bowl.
Terrain and primary geographic features of South Dakota
Badlands National Park
The Black Hills, a low mountain range, is located in Southwestern South Dakota.
Much of western South Dakota is covered by buttes.
Köppen climate types in South Dakota
Mount Rushmore in the Black Hills
South Dakota population density map
Indian reservations in South Dakota
East Side Lutheran Church, Sioux Falls
A B-1B Lancer lifts off from Ellsworth Air Force Base, one of South Dakota's largest employers
Ethanol plant in Turner County
Beaver Creek Bridge in Wind Cave National Park
The South Dakota State Capitol in Pierre
Congressional delegation in 2015: (from left) Senator Mike Rounds, Senator John Thune, and Representative Kristi Noem.
Nicholas Black Elk with his family, circa 1910
Sioux Falls, with a population of around 180,000, is the largest city in South Dakota.
The Coughlin Campanile, a landmark on the campus of South Dakota State University in Brookings
A tunnel along the George S. Mickelson Trail in the Black Hills

South Dakota is named after the Lakota and Dakota Sioux Native American tribes, who comprise a large portion of the population with nine reservations currently in the state and have historically dominated the territory.

Settlement by Americans and Europeans was by this time increasing rapidly, and in 1858 the Yankton Sioux signed the 1858 Treaty, ceding most of present-day eastern South Dakota to the United States.

Occupation of Alcatraz

Graffiti from the occupation of Alcatraz as it appeared in 2010
Graffiti on the Water Tower
Graffiti from the occupation, featuring a Navajo greeting, "Yata Hey"

The Occupation of Alcatraz (November 20, 1969 – June 11, 1971) was a 19-month long protest when 89 Native Americans and their supporters occupied Alcatraz Island.

The occupiers specifically cited their treatment under the Indian termination policy and they accused the U.S. government of breaking numerous Indian treaties.

History of Native Americans in the United States

This map shows the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites (Clovis theory).
The Cultural areas of pre-Columbian North America, according to Alfred Kroeber.
A Folsom point for a spear.
Watson Brake Aerial Illustration
Grave Creek Mound in Moundsville, West Virginia is one of the largest conical mounds in the United States. It was built by the Adena culture.
A map showing the extent of the Coles Creek cultural period and some important sites.
The Great House at the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument.
Map of the Five Nations of the Iroquois (from the Darlington Collection).
Discovery of the Mississippi by William Henry Powell (1823–1879) is a Romantic depiction of de Soto's seeing the Mississippi River for the first time. It hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda.
A conference of French and Indian leaders around a ceremonial fire by Émile Louis Vernier
Native California Population, according to Cook 1978. The 2010 U.S. Census reported 723,225 Native Americans in California.
The Treaty of Penn with the Indians by Benjamin West painted in 1771.
Yamacraw Creek Native Americans meet with the Trustee of the colony of Georgia in England, July 1734. The painting shows a Native American boy (in a blue coat) and woman (in a red dress) in European clothing.
Mishikinakwa ("Little Turtle")'s forces defeated an American force of nearly 1000 U.S Army soldiers and other casualties at the Battle of the Wabash in 1791.
George Washington advocated the advancement of Native American society and he "harbored some measure of goodwill towards the Indians."
Benjamin Hawkins, seen here on his plantation, teaches Creek Native Americans how to use European technology. Painted in 1805.
Tecumseh was the Shawnee leader of Tecumseh's War who attempted to organize an alliance of Native American tribes throughout North America.
Native Americans flee from the allegorical representation of Manifest Destiny, Columbia, painted in 1872 by John Gast
Chief Red Cloud and other Sioux Warriors
Ely Parker was a Union Civil War General who wrote the terms of surrender between the United States and the Confederate States of America. Parker was one of two Native Americans to reach the rank of brigadier general during the Civil War.
Cherokee confederates reunion in New Orleans, 1903.
Charles Curtis, of Kaw, Osage, Potawatomi, French and British ancestry, was 31st Vice President of the United States, 1929–1933.
General Douglas MacArthur meeting Navajo, Pima, Pawnee and other Native American troops.

The history of Native Americans in the United States began before the founding of the country, tens of thousands of years ago with the settlement of the Americas by the Paleo-Indians.

In the years after the American Revolution, the newly formed nation set about acquiring lands in the Northwest Territory through a multitude of treaties with Native nations.

First Nations in Canada

Term used to identify those Indigenous Canadian peoples who are neither Inuit nor Métis.

Squamish woman
A traditional Iroquois longhouse.
Details of Ojibwe Wigwam at Grand Portage by Eastman Johnson
Chief Anotklosh of the Taku Tribe.
Linguistic areas of North American Indigenous peoples at the time of European contact.
Non-indigenous land claims in North America, 1750–2008.
Conference between the French and First Nations leaders by Émile Louis Vernier.
Fur traders in Canada, trading with First Nations, 1777
Assiniboine hunting buffalo, c. 1851
Pîhtokahanapiwiyin (Poundmaker)
Mi'kmaq Grand Chief Jacques-Pierre Peminuit Paul (3rd from left with beard) meets Governor General of Canada, Marquess of Lorne, Red Chamber, Province House, Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1879
St. Paul's Indian Industrial School, Manitoba, 1901
Buying provisions, Hudson's Bay territory, 1870s
Ethnomusicologist Frances Densmore recording Blackfoot chief Mountain Chief (1916)
Aboriginal War Veterans monument
Defence of Cree rights
David Laird explaining
terms of Treaty 8, Fort Vermilion, 1899
Ovide Mercredi, former national chief of the Assembly of First Nations
Haida totem pole, Thunderbird Park, Victoria, British Columbia
Pow-wow at Eel Ground First Nation
People who self-identify as having North American Indian ancestors are the plurality in large areas of Canada (areas coloured in brown).

Although not without conflict, early colonists' interactions with First Nations, Métis, and Inuit populations were less combative than the often violent battles between colonists and native peoples in the United States, and far less than those of other British colonies in modern-day Australia and South Africa.

George Washington

American military officer, statesman, and Founding Father who served as the 1st president of the United States from 1789 to 1797.

Portrait based on the unfinished Athenaeum Portrait by Gilbert Stuart, 1796
Ferry Farm, the residence of the Washington family on the Rappahannock River
Lieutenant Colonel Washington holds night council at Fort Necessity
Washington the Soldier: Lieutenant Colonel Washington on horseback during the Battle of the Monongahela (oil, Reǵnier, 1834)
Colonel George Washington, by Charles Willson Peale, 1772
Martha Washington based on a 1757 portrait by John Wollaston
General Washington, Commander of the Continental Army by Charles Willson Peale (1776)
Washington taking command of the Continental Army, just before the siege.
Battle of Long Island
Alonzo Chappel (1858)
Washington Crossing the Delaware, Emanuel Leutze (1851)
The Passage of the Delaware, by Thomas Sully, 1819 (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston)
See map
The Capture of the Hessians at Trenton, December 26, 1776
by John Trumbull
Washington and Lafayette at Valley Forge, by John Ward Dunsmore (1907)
Washington Rallying the Troops at Monmouth, Emanuel Leutze (1851–1854)
An engraving of Washington, likely made after his tenure in the army.
French King Louis XVI allied with Washington and Patriot American colonists
Siege of Yorktown, Generals Washington and Rochambeau give last orders before the attack
General George Washington Resigning His Commission, by John Trumbull, 1824
Shays' Rebellion confirmed for Washington the need to overhaul the Articles of Confederation.
Scene at the Signing of the Constitution of the United States by Howard Chandler Christy, 1940. Washington is the presiding officer standing at right.
President George Washington, Gilbert Stuart (1795)
The President's House in Philadelphia was Washington's residence from 1790 to 1797
John Jay, negotiator of the Jay Treaty
Seneca chief Red Jacket was Washington's peace emissary with the Northwestern Confederacy.
Battle of Fallen Timbers by R. F. Zogbaum, 1896. The Ohio Country was ceded to America in its aftermath.
USS Constitution: Commissioned and named by President Washington in 1794
Washington's Farewell Address (September 19, 1796)
Washington on his Deathbed
Junius Brutus Stearns 1799
Miniature of George Washington by Robert Field (1800)
The sarcophagi of George (right) and Martha Washington at the present tomb's entrance
The Washington Family by Edward Savage (c. 1789–1796) George and Martha Washington with her grandchildren. National Art Gallery
George Washington's bookplate with the Coat of arms of the Washington family
George Washington as Master of his Lodge, 1793
Washington as Farmer at Mount Vernon
Junius Brutus Stearns, 1851
Runaway advertisement for Oney Judge, enslaved servant in Washington's presidential household
In 1794, Washington privately expressed to Tobias Lear, his secretary, that he found slavery to be repugnant.
Washington, the Constable by Gilbert Stuart (1797)
A drawing from a Japanese manuscript of Washington fighting a tiger.
Washington Monument, Washington, D.C.
nation's first postage stamps
Washington issue of 1862
Washington–Franklin issue of 1917
Washington quarter dollar
George Washington Presidential one-dollar coin
Washington on the 1928 dollar bill

He endeavored to assimilate Native Americans into the Anglo-American culture.


State located in the Southeastern region of the United States.

Map of Florida, likely based on the expeditions of Hernando de Soto (1539–1543)
The Castillo de San Marcos. Originally white with red corners, its design reflects the colors and shapes of the Cross of Burgundy and the subsequent Flag of Florida.
East Florida and West Florida in British period (1763–1783)
A Cracker cowboy, 19th century
A U.S. Marine boat searching the Everglades for Seminoles (hiding in foreground) during the Second Seminole War
The Battle of Olustee during the American Civil War, 1864
People at the newly opened Don Cesar Hotel in St. Pete Beach, Florida in 1928
White segregationists (foreground) trying to prevent black people from swimming at a "White only" beach in St. Augustine during the 1964 Monson Motor Lodge protests
Miami's Freedom Tower, built in 1925, was added to the U.S. National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Memorials left on the fence of the Pulse nightclub in Orlando in 2016
Florida is mostly low-lying and flat as this topographic map shows.
The state tree, Sabal palmetto, flourishes in Florida's overall warm climate.
An alligator in the Florida Everglades
West Indian manatee
Red mangroves in Everglades National Park
Fish and corals in John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park near Key Largo
American flamingos in South Florida
An American alligator and an invasive Burmese python in Everglades National Park
The Florida Keys as seen from a satellite
All of the 67 counties in Florida
Population density of Florida according to the 2020 census
Cuban men playing dominoes in Miami's Little Havana. In 2010, Cubans made up 34.4% of Miami's population and 6.5% of Florida's.
Church of the Little Flower in Coral Gables, Florida
Hindu Temple of Florida in Tampa
Old and New Florida State Capitol, Tallahassee, East view
Treemap of the popular vote by county, 2016 presidential election
Florida Supreme Court building in Tallahassee
Jackson Memorial Hospital in Miami, the primary teaching hospital of the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine and the largest hospital in the United States with 1,547 beds
Miami Art Deco District, built during the 1920s–1930s
University of Miami, Coral Gables
University of Central Florida, Orlando
Florida International University, Miami
University of South Florida, Tampa
Florida State University, Tallahassee
University of Florida, Gainesville
The Sunshine Skyway Bridge over Tampa Bay is a part of Florida's interstate system.
Orlando International Airport is the busiest airport in the state with 44.6million total passengers traveled in 2017.
Brightline train at Fort Lauderdale
The Miami Metrorail is the state's only rapid transit system. About 15% of Miamians use public transit daily.
American Airlines Arena in Miami
Marlins Park in Little Havana
Daytona International Speedway is home to various auto racing events.
In God We Trust motto on Florida license plate with a orange blossom the state flower
The Florida panther is the state animal.

Various Native American groups have inhabited Florida for at least 14,000 years.


A 19th-century hogan
Navajos spinning and weaving
Navajo woman and child, circa 1880–1910
Untitled. Ansel Adams. 1941. Taken near Canyon de Chelly
General Douglas MacArthur meeting Navajo, Pima, Pawnee and other Native American troops
Dibé (sheep) remain an important aspect of Navajo culture.
Hogan at Monument Valley Navajo Tribal Park
Navajo Yebichai (Yei Bi Chei) dancers. Edward S. Curtis. USA, 1900. The Wellcome Collection, London
Hastobíga, a Hataałii photographed in 1904 by Edward S. Curtis
Squash blossom necklace
19th-century Navajo jewelry with the popular concho and dragonfly designs
Navajo weaver with sheep
Navajo Germantown Eye Dazzler Rug, Science History Institute
Probably Bayeta-style Blanket with Terrace and Stepped Design, 1870–1880, 50.67.54, Brooklyn Museum
Jacoby Ellsbury, pictured in a Boston Red Sox uniform, is a Navajo (from his mother's side) baseball player for the New York Yankees.
James and Ernie, a Navajo comedy duo and actors

The Navajo (British English: Navaho; Diné or Naabeehó) are a Native American people of the Southwestern United States.


Anishinaabe people in what is currently southern Canada, the northern Midwestern United States, and Northern Plains.

Five Ojibwe chiefs in the 19th century.
An Ojibwe named Boy Chief, by the noted American painter George Catlin, who made portraits at Fort Snelling in 1835. In 1845 he traveled to Paris with eleven Ojibwe, who had their portraits painted and danced for King Louis Philippe.
A Chippeway Widow, 1838
Plains Ojibwe Chief Sha-có-pay (The Six). In addition to the northern and eastern woodlands, Ojibwe people also lived on the prairies of Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, North Dakota, western Minnesota and Montana.
Plains Ojibwe performing a snowshoe dance. By George Catlin
Wild rice harvesting - 1934
Vintage photo entitled, "Paul Buffalo and wife parching wild rice at their camp" - 1934
Pictorial notation of an Ojibwe music board
Frame of Ojibwe sweatlodge
"Spider web" charm, hung on infant's cradle (shown alongside a "Mask used in game" and "Ghost leg), to frighten children", Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin (1929).
Details of Ojibwe Wigwam at Grand Portage by Eastman Johnson, c. 1906
Vintage stereoscopic photo entitled "Chippewa lodges, Beaver Bay, by Childs, B. F."
Pictographs on Mazinaw Rock, Bon Echo Provincial Park, Ontario
A-na-cam-e-gish-ca (Aanakamigishkaang/"[Traces of] Foot Prints [upon the Ground]"), Ojibwe chief, from History of the Indian Tribes of North America
Bust of Aysh-ke-bah-ke-ko-zhay (Eshkibagikoonzhe or "Flat Mouth"), a Leech Lake Ojibwe chief
Chief Beautifying Bird (Nenaa'angebi), by Benjamin Armstrong, 1891
Bust of Beshekee, war chief, modeled 1855, carved 1856
Caa-tou-see, an Ojibwe, from History of the Indian Tribes of North America
Hanging Cloud, a female Ojibwe warrior
Jack-O-Pa (Zhaagobe/"Six"), a St. Croix Ojibwe chief, from History of the Indian Tribes of North America
Kay be sen day way We Win, by Eastman Johnson, 1857
Kei-a-gis-gis, a Plains Ojibwe woman, painted by George Catlin
Leech Lake Ojibwe delegation to Washington, 1899
Chippewa baby teething on "Indians at Work" magazine while strapped to a cradleboard at a rice lake in 1940.
Ne-bah-quah-om, Ojibwe chief
"One Called From A Distance" (Midwewinind) of the White Earth Band, 1894.
Pee-Che-Kir, Ojibwe chief, painted by Thomas Loraine McKenney, 1843
Ojibwe chief Rocky Boy
Ojibwe woman and child, from History of the Indian Tribes of North America
Tshusick, an Ojibwe woman, from History of the Indian Tribes of North America
Chief medicine man Axel Pasey and family at Grand Portage Minnesota.
Historic 1849 petition of Ojibwe chiefs
Wells American Indian picture writing
Wildfire, English name Edmonia Lewis

According to the U.S. census, in the United States Ojibwe people are one of the largest tribal populations among Native American peoples.


Chief Black Tail Deer and his family at the 1904 World's Fair
Thiyóšpaye at Pine Ridge, South Dakota, c. 1890
Ledger artwork by Lakota artist Black Hawk representing a Heyókȟa, (dreamer of a Wakíŋyaŋ, thunder being), c.1880
Chief Red Cloud and other Lakota leaders, c. 1865-1880
Funeral scaffold of a Sioux chief (Karl Bodmer)
Summerhouse of Wahpeton bands, by Karl Bodmer painted 1832 in Minnesota
Yankton Pipestone Quarries as seen by George Catlin in 1836
Map showing the boundaries of the 1851 Treaty of Traverse des Sioux land cession area (Royce Area 289)
Little Crow, Leader of the Mdewakanton during the 1862 Dakota War, c. 1863
Drawing of the mass hanging of Dakota in Mankato, Minnesota
Illustration of Indians hunting the bison by Karl Bodmer
The Lands of the 1851 Ft. Laramie Treaty
Map showing the major battles of Red Cloud's War, along with major treaty boundaries. During Red Cloud's War, the Sioux defeated the US Army on the same plains on which they previously defeated the Crow
Sioux Indian police lined up on horseback in front of Pine Ridge Agency buildings, Dakota Territory, August 9, 1882
Great Sioux Reservation, 1888; established by Treaty of Fort Laramie (1868)
Mass grave for the dead Lakota after massacre of Wounded Knee.
Map showing the Great Sioux Reservation and current reservations in North and South Dakota
Children with their chickens, Standing Rock Agency (1947)
Solen Basketball team, Standing Rock Agency (1947)
Wounded Knee AIM veterans (2013)
Demonstration in support of Standing Rock to stop DAPL occurred all over the world throughout 2016 and in March 2017 in Washington, DC
Chief Bone Necklace, an Oglala Lakota from the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (1899)
Santee Dakota, Yankton-Yanktonai and Lakota historic distribution (the map still misnames the Yankton-Yanktonai grouping as Nakota)
Portrait of Stella Yellow Shirt and her baby (Dakota, 1899)
Sioux cradleboard
Family members of U.S. Army Master Sgt. Woodrow Wilson Keeble attending his Medal of Honor ceremony
Location of Sioux tribes prior to 1770 (dark green) and their current reservations (orange) in the US
Chiefs Red Cloud and American Horse (1891)
Running Antelope, a Hunkpapa Lakota Chief, depicted on the US 1899 $5 silver certificate.
Woodrow Keeble, Medal of Honor recipient.

The Sioux or Oceti Sakowin (Dakota: Očhéthi Šakówiŋ /otʃʰeːtʰi ʃakoːwĩ/) are groups of Native American tribes and First Nations peoples in North America.

Pacific Northwest

Geographic region in western North America bounded by its coastal waters of the Pacific Ocean to the west and, loosely, by the Rocky Mountains to the east.

The Pacific Northwest from outer space.
None of the multiple possible definitions of the Pacific Northwest is universally accepted. This map shows three possibilities: (1) The shaded area shows the historical Oregon Country. (2) The green line shows the Cascadia bioregion. (3) The labeled states and provinces include Washington, Idaho, Oregon and British Columbia.
was the lead ship used by George Vancouver
New Archangel (present-day Sitka, Alaska), the capital of Russian America
US Navy Lieutenant Charles Wilkes' 1841 Map of the Oregon Territory from "Narrative of the United States Exploring Expedition". Philadelphia: 1845
The Cascades range
Map of "megacity", showing population density (shades of yellow/brown), highways (red), and major railways (black). Public land shown in shades of green.
A man in Portland, Oregon with Cascadian flag on International Worker's Day, 2012
Lumen Field, home of Seattle Seahawks and Sounders FC
Public transportation is utilized in the Pacific Northwest region. Vancouver's SkyTrain rapid transit system achieves daily ridership of over 500,000 passengers per day on weekdays and the overall transit ridership levels in the Metro Vancouver area rank third in North America per capita.

Chinook Jargon reached its height of usage in the 19th century, though remained common in resource and wilderness areas, particularly, but not exclusively, by Native Americans and Canadian First Nations people, well into the 20th century.