List of United States treaties

The Moroccan-American Treaty of Peace and Friendship, sealed by Sultan Mohammed III.

List of treaties to which the United States has been a party or which have had direct relevance to U.S. history.

- List of United States treaties

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Yuma (1971 film)

1971 American Western television film directed by Ted Post and starring Clint Walker.

Justus D. Barnes in Western apparel, as "Bronco Billy Anderson", from the silent film The Great Train Robbery (1903), the second Western film and the first one shot in the United States

The murderer had tricked army Captain White (John Kerr) into coming with him to the jail and being an accomplice to the crime, as the freight owner, his employee Sanders, and the Captain are all involved in an ongoing scheme to defraud the Indians out of cattle they need for food that is due them according to a treaty.

History of Native Americans in the United States

The history of Native Americans in the United States began before the founding of the country, tens of thousands of years ago with the settlement of the Americas by the Paleo-Indians.

This map shows the approximate location of the ice-free corridor and specific Paleoindian sites (Clovis theory).
The Cultural areas of pre-Columbian North America, according to Alfred Kroeber.
A Folsom point for a spear.
Watson Brake Aerial Illustration
Grave Creek Mound in Moundsville, West Virginia is one of the largest conical mounds in the United States. It was built by the Adena culture.
A map showing the extent of the Coles Creek cultural period and some important sites.
The Great House at the Casa Grande Ruins National Monument.
Map of the Five Nations of the Iroquois (from the Darlington Collection).
Discovery of the Mississippi by William Henry Powell (1823–1879) is a Romantic depiction of de Soto's seeing the Mississippi River for the first time. It hangs in the United States Capitol rotunda.
A conference of French and Indian leaders around a ceremonial fire by Émile Louis Vernier
Native California Population, according to Cook 1978. The 2010 U.S. Census reported 723,225 Native Americans in California.
The Treaty of Penn with the Indians by Benjamin West painted in 1771.
Yamacraw Creek Native Americans meet with the Trustee of the colony of Georgia in England, July 1734. The painting shows a Native American boy (in a blue coat) and woman (in a red dress) in European clothing.
Mishikinakwa ("Little Turtle")'s forces defeated an American force of nearly 1000 U.S Army soldiers and other casualties at the Battle of the Wabash in 1791.
George Washington advocated the advancement of Native American society and he "harbored some measure of goodwill towards the Indians."
Benjamin Hawkins, seen here on his plantation, teaches Creek Native Americans how to use European technology. Painted in 1805.
Tecumseh was the Shawnee leader of Tecumseh's War who attempted to organize an alliance of Native American tribes throughout North America.
Native Americans flee from the allegorical representation of Manifest Destiny, Columbia, painted in 1872 by John Gast
Chief Red Cloud and other Sioux Warriors
Ely Parker was a Union Civil War General who wrote the terms of surrender between the United States and the Confederate States of America. Parker was one of two Native Americans to reach the rank of brigadier general during the Civil War.
Cherokee confederates reunion in New Orleans, 1903.
Charles Curtis, of Kaw, Osage, Potawatomi, French and British ancestry, was 31st Vice President of the United States, 1929–1933.
General Douglas MacArthur meeting Navajo, Pima, Pawnee and other Native American troops.

In the years after the American Revolution, the newly formed nation set about acquiring lands in the Northwest Territory through a multitude of treaties with Native nations.

List of treaties unsigned or unratified by the United States

List of international treaties the United States has either not signed, not ratified, or signed/ratified but later withdrawn its signature/ratification from.

The Moroccan-American Treaty of Peace and Friendship, sealed by Sultan Mohammed III.

Between 1789 and 1990, the Senate approved more than 1,500 treaties, rejected 21, and 85 treaties were withdrawn because the Senate did not act on them.

Antoine v. Washington

United States Supreme Court case in which the Court held that treaties and laws must be construed in favor of Native Americans (Indians); that the Supremacy Clause precludes the application of state game laws to the tribe; that Congress showed no intent to subject the tribe to state jurisdiction for hunting; and while the state can regulate non-Indians in the ceded area, Indians must be exempted from such regulations.

Colville Reservation
Justice Brennan, author of the majority opinion
Justice Rehnquist, author of the dissenting opinion

The state of Washington argued that the agreement was not a treaty, but a mere contract.

Sam Houston and Native American relations

Sam Houston had a diverse relationship with Native Americans, particularly the Cherokee from Tennessee.

Sam Houston, a Cherokee Nation citizen also known as Colonneh, meaning "the Raven", ca. 1830
Reconstruction of an early 19th-century Cherokee farm in Tennessee
Louisiana Purchase (1803), map of present-day United States with an overlay of the Louisiana Purchase in white
Arkansas Territory's evolution to the state of Arkansas and Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma)
John Jolly, also known as Ahuludegi and Oolooteka, painted by George Catlin, 1834
Map of the United States, showing the routes that Native Americans were driven from their homeland to the Indian Territory along what is called the Trail of Tears
Half-length portrait of Sam Houston of the 35th United States Congress in Washington, D.C., 1859

He felt that Cherokees and other indigenous people had been short-changed during negotiation of treaties with United States government, the realization influenced his decisions as a military officer, treaty negotiator, and in his roles as governor of the states of Tennessee and Texas, and president of the Republic of Texas.